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larly Birds (35), some Part of those Tunicles have the Nature, and Hardness of Bone, or Horn.jų:
...But for Creatures, whose Eyes, like the reft bf their Body, are tender, and without the Guard of :Bones ; there Nature hath provided for this necessàry, and tender Senfe, a wonderful kind of Guard, by endowing the Creature with a Faculty of withdrawing its Eyes into its Head (36), and lodging
them in the fame Safety with the Body. ,
I may sayin a cursory, not accurate, strict manner, confidering the prodigious Workmanship thereof; but fo, as abundantly to demonstrate it to be the Contrivance, the Work of no lessa Being than the infinite Wife, Potent, and Indulgent Creator (27). For none lefs could compose fo admirable an Or
an, fo adaptall its Parts, fo adjuft it to all Occa:, fo nicely provide for every Ufè, and for every Emergency: In a Word, none less than GOD, could I fày, thus contrive, order, and providean
- – — (35) Although the Hardness and Firmness of the Adnata, or Sclerotica in Birds, is a good Guard to their Eyes, yeti í dó not think it is made thus, fo much for a Defence, as to ininistereto the lengthning and shortening the Eye, mentioned before in Note
Organ, as magnificent and curious, as the Sense is useful. A Senfe without which, as all the Animal World would be in perpetual Darknefs, fo it would labour under perpetual Inconveniencies, be exposed ::" Harms, and fuffer perpetual Wants and Distreffes. But now by this admirable Senfe, the great GOD who hath placed usin this world, hath as well provided for our comfortable Refidence in it ; enabled us to fee, and chule wholfome, yea delicate Food, to provide our felves useful, „yea gaụ. dy Cloathing, and commodious places of Habitätion and Retreat. We can now dispatch our Affairs . with Alacrity and Pleafirre; go here and there as our Occafions callus. We can, if need be, ranfäck the whole Globe, penetrate into the Bowels of the Earth, descend to the bottom of the Deep, travel to the fartheft Regions of this World, to acquire Wealth, to encrease our Knowledge, or even only to please our Eye and Fancy. We can now look about us, difcern and fhun the Precipices, and Dangers, which every where enclose us, and would destroy us. And those glorious Objećts which fill the Heavens and the Earth, those admirable Works of God which every where furround us, and which would be as nothing to us, without being feen, do by means of this nobleSense present their Gloriesto us (38), and fill us with Admiration and Pleasure. But I need not expatiate in the ueni:: - - CS
(38) The Glorious Landskips, and other Objects that prefent themfelves to the Eye, are manifestly painted on the Retina, and that not erest, but inverted as the Laws of Opticks require ; and is manifest to the Eye, from Monsieur Cartes's Experiment, of laying bare the Vitreous Humour on the back part of the Eye, and clapping over it a bit of white Paper, or the Skin of an Egg i and then placing the fore-part of the Eye to the Hole of the Window of a darkned Room. By which means, we have a pretty Landskip of the Objects abroad invertedly painted on
Praifes of this Senfe, which we receive the Benefit ofevery Moment, and the want, or any defećt of which, we, lament among our greatest MisfortUnGS. * - - - Leaving then this Senfe, I shall proceed to the other Four, but more briefly treat of them, by reafon we have fò ample a Sariple of the Divine Art in the laft, and may prefime that the fame is exerted in all as well as one. For a deifiońftration of which, let us in the next place carry our Scrutiny to the Sense of Hearing, ' ' ' ,:;"
1 I CHAP.
C H A P. III.
Oncerning the Senfe of Hearing, I shall take notice of two Things; the Organ, the Ear; and its Objeći, Sound.
1. For the Organ, the Ear. I shall pafs by its convenient Number of being double, which (as in the laft Senfe) ferves for the commodious Hearing every way round us; as also a wife Provision_for the utter Lofs, or Injury (1) of one of the Ears. But I fhall a little infift upon its Situation, and its admirable Fabrick and Parts. I I. It
(1) I presume it will not be ungrateful to take notice here of the admirable, as well as useful Sagacity of fome deaf Persons, that have learnt to supply their want of Hearing by underfanding what is faid, by the Motion of the Lips. My very ingenious Frienā Mr. Waller, R. S. Secr. gives this account, There live now and have from their Birth in our Town, a Man, and his Siffer, each about fifty Years old, neither of which have the leaf senf of Hearing,– yet both of thefe know, by the Motion of the Lips only, whatever is faid to them, and will answer pertinently to the Question proposed to them, The Mother told me they could bear very well, and speak when they were children, but both loft that Sense afterwards, which makes them retain their Speech :: though that, to Perfons not used to them, is a little uncouth and odd, but intelligible enough. Phil. Tranf. Nr. 312.
Such arother Infance is that of Mr. Goddy, Minister of St. Gervais in Geneva, his Daughter. She is now about Sixteen Years old. Her Wurfe had an extraordinaryThickness of Hearing : at a rear old, the Child fpake all those little Words that children begin to speak at that Age.–At two rears old they perceived fhe bad loft ber Hearing, and was fo Deaf, that ever fînce, though she bears great Noises, yet she hears nothing that one can fpeak to her. But by observing the Motions of the Mouth and Lips of others, she hath aequired jó many Words, that out of thefe she hath formed a fort of fargen, in which she can hold conversation whole Days with those, that can
1. It is fituated in the most convenient Part of the Body, (like as I faid the Eye is,) in a part near the common Senfory in the Brain, to give the more fpeedy Information ; in a Part where it can be beft guarded, and where it is moft free from Annoyances and Harms it felf, and where it gives, t leaft Annoyance, and Hindrance to the Exercifes of any other Part; in a part appropriated to the peculiar Ufe of the principal Senfes; in the most lofty, eminent Part of the Body s where it can perceive the moft Objects, and receive the greatest Information : And laftly, in a Part in the Neighbourhood of its Sifter Senfe the Eye 3 with whom it hath peculiar and admirable Communication by its Nerves, as I intend to fhew in its proper Place. In respect then of its Situation and Place in the Body, this Senfe is well defigned and contrived, and may fo far be accounted the Work of fòme admirable Artift. But, . | 2. If we furvey its Fabrick and Parts, it will appear to be an admirable Piece of the Divine Wif. dom, Art, and Power. For the Manifestation of which, let us diftinćtly furvey the outward, and the inward Part of its curious Organ. . . . . . . I. For the outward Ear. If we obferve its Struéture in all kinds of Animals, it muft needs be ac
-- : - - --- « » - |- est, fpeak her own Language. I could underfand fome of her Words, b could not comprehend a Period, for it feemed to be but a confused Noife. she knows nothing that is faid to ber, unlef she feeth the Motion of their Mouths that fpeak to her, fo that in the Night, when it is nece/Jary to speak to her, they muß light a Candle. Only one thing appeared the firangest part of the whole Narration : She bath a Sister, with whom she bath prattifed her Language rore than with any other : And in the Night by laying her Hand on her Sister's Mouth, fhe can perceive by that what she faith, and fo can diftourfe with her in the Night. Bishop Burmet’s Let. 4. p. 248. ---
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