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Males and Females (8), not in a wide Proportion, not an uncertain, accidental number at all Adventures, but nearly equal. Another thing is, that a few more are Born than appear to Die, in any cer

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by his estimate, I say,) about 1 in 194 marry. For he judgesh the number of the People in England, to be about five Millions and a half; of which about 41ooo annually marry. As to what might be farther remarked concerning Marriaes, in regard of the Rights and Customs of feveral Natiöns, the Âge to which divers Nations : Marriage, Soc. it would be endlefs, and too much out of the way to mention them. I shall only therefore, for the Reader's diverfion, take notice of the Jeer of Lastantius, gouare apud Poetas falacifimus župiter defiit liberos tollere? Utrum feragenarius fastus, & ei Lex Papia fibulam impofuit ? Lastant. Inftit. 1. 1. c. 16. By which Lex Papia, Men were p:tea to marry after ốo, and Women after şo_Years of Age. . . (8) Major Graunt, (whofe Conclusions feem ró be wellgrounded,) and Mr. King, difagree in the Proportions they #ffign to Males and Females. is latter makes in London, Io Males to be to 13 Females ; in other Cities and MarketTowns, 8 to 9 ; and in the Villages and Hamlets 1oo Males to 99 Females...But Major Graunt, both from the London and Country Bills faith, there are 14 Males to 1ằ Females. From whence he justly infers, That #:: ian Religion, probibiting Polygamy, is more agreeable to the Law of Nature, than #:#| and others that allow it. Chap. 8. This Proportion of 14 to 13, I imagine is nearly just, it being agreeable to the Bills I have met with, as well as thofe in Mr. Graunt. In the 1oo Years, for example, of my own Parish-Register, although the Burials of Males and Females were nearly equal, being 636 Males, and 623 Females in all that time ; yet there were baptized 7o9 Males, and but 675 Females, which is 13 Females to 13°7 Males. Which inequality shews, not only, that one Man ought to have but one Wife, but also that éve Woman may, without :: gamy, have an Husband, if she doth not bár her felf by the want of Vertue, by Denial, &c. Alfo this Surplufage of Males is very useful for the Supplies of War, the Seas, and other fuch expences of the Men above the Women. . . ' That this is a Work of the Divine Providence, and not * Matter of Chance, is well made out by the very Laws of Chance, by a Perfon able to do ir, the ingenįqụş and learn? çd Dr. Arbuthnot. He fuppofeth Thomas to lay 2 ;: . . |- - * „** pen;

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tain place (9): ... Which is an admirable Provision

for the extraordinary Emergencies and Occasions

of the World ; to fupply unhealthful Places,where Death out-runs Life ; to make up the Ravages of great Plagues, and Difeafes, and the Depredations of War and the Seas ; and to afford a fufficient number for Colonies in the unpeopled Parts of the Earth. Or on the other handwe may fay, that fometimes those extraordinary Expences of Mankind may be not only a just Punifhment of the Sins of Men, but also a wife Means to keep the Balance of Mankind even ; as one would be ready to conclude by confidering the Afatick, and other the more fertile Countries, where prodigious Multitudes are yearly swept away with great Plagues, and fometimes War, and yetthofe Countries are fo far from being wafted, that they remain full of People. And

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:::: that for eighty two Years running, more Males shall e born than Femalės : and giving all Allowances in the Computation to Thomas's fide, hē makes the odds againft Thomas, that it doth not happenfo, to be near five Millions of Millions, of Millions, of Millions to one; but for Ages of Ages (according to the World’s Age) to be near an infinite Number to one against Thomas. Vid. Phil. Tran/ No. 328. (9) The foregoing Table fhews, that in Éngland in general, fewer Die than are Born, there being but I Death to I :: Births. But in London more Die than are Born. Sa

by Dr, Davenant’s Tables, the Cities likewife and Market-
::::: bury 1 7:; to one Birth. But in Paris they out-do
London, their Deaths being I ; to one Birth : the reafon of
which I conceive is, becaufe their Houfes are more crỏwd-
ed than in London. But in the Villages of England, there
are fewer Die than are Born, there being but I Death to
1 -:: Births. And yet Major Graunt, and Dr. Davenant,
both obferve, that there are more Breeders in Londom, and
the Cities and Market-Towns, than are in the Country,
notwithftanding the London-Births are fewer than the Coun.
try ; the reafon of which fee in Graunt, Chap. 7. and Da-
venant ubi supr. p.2 I. -
The last Remárk I shall make from the foregoing Table
íhall be, that we may from : judge of the Heil:
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And now upon the whole matter, what is all this but admirable and plain Management? What can the maintaining throughout all Ages and Places thefe Proportions of Mankind, and all other Creatures, this Harmony in the Generations of Men be, but the Work of one that ruleth the World ! Is it possible that every Species of Animals should fo evenly be preferved, proportionate to the Occasions of the World ? That they should be fo well balanced in all Ages and Places, without the help of Almighty Wifdom and Power ! How isit possible by the bare Rules, and blind Aćts of Nature, that there should be any tolerable Proportion, for instance, between Males and Females, either of Mankind, or ofany other Creature (1o), especially fuch as are of a Ferine, not of a Domeítick Nature, and confequently out of the command and management of Man! How could Life and Death keep fuch an even pace through all the Animal World ! If we should take it for granted, that, according to the Scripture History, the World had a Beginning (as who can deny it (11) or if we should fuppofe the Deftrućtion thereofby Noah's

nefs of the Places there mentioned. If the Year 1698 was the mean Account of the three Marcks, those Places bid the fairest for being moft healthful ; and next to them Aynbo and Cranbrook for English Towns. (Io) (2uid loquar, quanta ratio in befiis ad perpetuam confervationem earum generis appareat ? Nam primum alie Mares, alie Fæmine funt, quod perpetuitatis caufa machinata natura ef. , Cic. de Nat. Deor. 1. 2. c. 51. (I 1) Altho” Aristotle held the Eternity of the World, yet he feems to have retrasted that Opinion, or to have :ă 3. different Opinion when he wrote his Metaphysicks ; for in his firft Boók, he affirms, that God is the Caufe and Beginning of all things : and in his Book de Mundo he faith, There is no doubt hut God is the Maker and Confervator of att things in the World And the Stoicks Opinion is well known, who strenuously contended that the Contrivance and Beauty ef Noah's Flood : How is it possible (after the World was replenished) that in a certain number of Years, by the greater Increafes and Doublings of each Species of Animals; that, I fay, this rate of Douhling (12 ) should ceafe; or that it should be compenfated by fome other means ! That the World fhould be as well, or better ftocked than now it is, in 1656 Years (the time between the Creation and the Flood, this) we will fuppofe may be done by the natural Methods of each Species Doubling or Increafe : But in double that number of Years, or at this distance from the Flood, of 4.ooo Years, that the World should not be over stocked, can never be made out, without allowing an infinite Providence. |- - I conof the Heavens, and Earth, and all Creátures wasowing to a wife, intelligent Agent. Of which Tully gives a largeAccount in his fecond Book de Nat. Deor. in the Perfon of Balbur,

(12) I have before in Note 7. obferved, that the ordinary rate of the Doubling or Increafe of Mankind is, that every

· Marriage, : one with another, produces about four Births ;

but fome have much exceeded that. Babo, Earl of Aben. fperg, had thirty two Sons and eight Daughters, , and being invited to Hunt with the Emperor Henry II. and bringbüt few Servants, brought only one Servant, and his thirty two Sons. To thefe many others might be added ; but óne of the most remarkable Instances I have any where met with, is that of Mrs. Honywood, , mentioned by Hakewill, Camden, and other Authors ; but having now before me the Names, with fome Remarks (which I received from a pious neighbouring Defcendant from the fame Mrs. Honywood.) I shall give a more ::::::: Account than they. Mrs. Mary Honywood was Daughter, and one of the Co-Heireffes of Robert Atwaters, Efq; of Lenham in Kent. She was Born in 1527, Married in February, 1543. at fixteen Years of Age, to hér only Husband Robert Honywood, of Charing in Kent, Efq ; She died in the ninety third Year of her Age, in May 16:o. She had fixteen :::::: of her own Body, feven Sons and nine Daughters; of which one had no Iffue, _three died young, and the #: jeft was flain at Newport-Battle, ỹune 2o. 15oo. Her Grand-Children in the fecond Generation, were one hundred and fourteen ; in the third two hun-" - Ñ å dred

I conclude then this Observation with the Pfalmifts Words, Pfal. Io4.29, 3o. Thou bidest thy Face, all Creatures are troubled, thou takest away their Breath, they Die, and return to their Duff. Thou fendest forth thy Spirit, they are Created, and thou renewest the Face of the Earth.

C H A P. XI.
Of the Food of Animals.

H E preceeding Reflėćtion of the Psalmist,

T mindeth me of another thing in common to Animals, that pertinently falleth next under Confideration, which is the Appointment of Food, mentioned in ver. 27, 28, of the laft cited ro4 Psalm. These [Creatures] wait all upon thee: that thou mayf: give them their Meat in due Seafon. That thou givef? them, they gather : thou openest thy Hand, they #

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dred and :::::::: ; and nîne in the fourth Generation.. So that she could fay the fame that the Diffick doth, made of one of the Dalburg's Family of Bafil:

I 2 3 4 Mater ait Nate, die Nate, filia Natam 6

5
Ut moneat, Nate plangere Filiolam.
2

I 3 4 Rife up Daughter, and go to thy Daughter, for ber Daughters 6

Davá" bath a Daughter. Mrs. Honywood was a very pious Woman, afflicted, in her declining Age, with #:: in fome meafure ; concerning which, fome Divines once difcourfing with her, she in a Paffion faid, She was as certainly damned as this Glaß is broken, throwing, a VeniceGlafs against the Ground, which she had then in her Hand. But the Glafs efcaped breaking, as credible Witneffes at

tefted.

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