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given an Instance in the Eagle, Job. 39, 27, 28.) And fo among the Infećt and Reptile Kinds, if fome repositeitheir Eggs or Young in the Earth, fome in Wood, fome in Stone, fome on one kind of Plant, fome on another, fome in warm and dry Places, fome in the Water and moift Places, and fome in their own Bodies only, as shall be fhewn in proper place; in all thefe Cafes ir is in all probability, the best or only Method the Animal can take for the Hatching and Prođućtion of its Young, for their Supplies, Safety, or fome other main point of their Being, or Well being. This is manifest enough in many Cafes, and therefore probable in all. It is manifest that fuch Animals, for inítance, as breed in the Waters (as-not only Fish, but divers Infećts, and other LandAnimials do) that their Young cannot be hatched, fed, ornuffed up in any other Element. It is manifest alfo, that Infects, which lay their Eggs on this, and that, and the other agreeable Tree, or Plant, or in Flesh, &c. that it is by that meaņs their Young are fed and nurfed up. And it is little to be doubted alfo, but that thefe Matrixes may much conduce to the Maturation and Prodüćtion of the Young. And fo in all other the like cafes of Nidification, of Heat or Cold, Wet or Dry, Exposed or Open, in all probability this is the best Method for the Animal's Good, most falutary and agreeable to its Nature, most for its Fecundity, and the Continuance and Increafe of its Species; to which every Species of Animals is naturally prompt and inclined. , * . * ', ! - - - - Thtis funt,---certis hebdomadis cibo in gutture collesto, egefo, & refampto vivunt, Venatorum canibus non produntur.----. Quod fi presentiunt nivem imminere majorem, preditfo frustu, Titerum devorato, aliud domicilium captant, in eoque manent usque ad finem Martii, &c. o': Hift. l. 19. c. 33. (7) |- 4 -

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„ Thus admirable is the natural Sagacity and Inftinét (7) of the irrational Animals in the Convenience and Method of their Habitations. And no lefs is it in the Fabrick of them. Their architećtonick Skill, exerted in the Curiofity and Dexterity of their Works, and exceeding the Skill of Man to imitate, this, I fay, deferves as much or more Admiration and Praife, than that of the most exquifite Artist among Men. For with what inimitable Art (8) do thefe poor untaught Creatures lay a parcel of rude and ugly Sticks and Straws, Moss and Dirt together, and form them into commodious Nests ? With what Curiofity do they line them within, wind and place every Hair, Feather, or Lock of Wool, to guard the tender Bodies of themselves and their Young, and to keep them warm ? And with what Art and Craft do many of them thatch over, and coat their Nefts without, to dodge and deceive the Eye of Speċtators, as well as to guard and fence against the Injuries of Weather (9) ? With what prodigious Subtilty do

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fome foreign Birds (Io), not only plat and weave the fibrous Parts of Vegetables tógether, and curiously tunnel them, and commodiously form them into Nefts; but alfo artificially fufpend them on the tender Twigs of Trees, to keep them out of the reach of rapacious Animals ? And fo for Infests, those little, weak, those tender Creatures; yet, what admirable Artists are they in this bufiness of Nidification ! With what #: Diligence doth the little Bee gather itsCombs rom various Trees (11) and Flowers, the wasp · - - - from

ders, caft out from them when they take their Flight (fee Book VIII. Chap. 4. Note 5.) with which the other Materials are ftrongly tied together, , Having neatly built, and covered her Neft with thefe Materials without ; she thatcheth it on the top with the Mufcus arboreur ramofus, or fuch like broad, whitish Mofs, to keep out Rain, and to dodge the Spectator's Eye: and within fhe lineth it with a great number of foft Feathers ; fo many, that I confefs I could not but admire how fofmalla Room could hold them, especially that they could be laid fo clofe and handfomely together, to afford fufficient Room for a Bird with fo long a Tail, and fo numerous an Iffue as this Bird commonly hath, which Mr. Ray faith (Synops. Method. Avium, p. 74.) Qua inter omnes avículas numerofissima ponit.. See more of the Neft of this Bird from Aldrovand. in Willugh, Ornith. p. 243. (1o) The Neft of the Guira tangeima, the Isterus minor, and the župujuha, or whatever other Name the American Hang-Nefis may be called by, are of this kind. Of which fee Willughby's Ornith, Lib. 2: Chap 5 Sest. 12, 13. _Alfo Dr. Grew’s Museum Reg Soc. Part 1. Sest. 4. Chap. 4 Thefe Nests I have divers times feen, particularly in great Perfestion in our R. S. Repofitory, and in the noble and well-furnished Museum of my often-commended Friend Dr.Sloane; and at the fame time I could not but admire at the neat Mechanifm of them, and the Sagacity of the Bird, in hanging them on the Twigs of Trees, to fecure their Eggs and Young from the Aper. . (11 j. Í mention Trees, becaufe I have feen Bees gather the Gum of Fir-Trees, which at the fame time gave me the Pleasure of feeing their way of loading their Thighs therewith ; performęd with great Art and Dexterity. (12)

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from folid (12) Timber; and with what prodigious Geometrical Subtilty do thofe little Animals work their deep hexagonal Cells, the only proper Figure that the best Mathematician could chufe for fuch a Combination of Houfes (i3)! With what

Accuracy do other Infećts perforate the Earth(14),

Wood, yea Stone it felf (15)! For which Service the compleat Apparatus of their Mouths (16) and Feet (17) deserves particular Observation, as hath :oi; , , . " |- ', , been,

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(I 5) See Chap. 11. Note 22. " : · : - ...: (16) See Chap. 11. Note 21. ; : " " . ;" (17) Among many Examples, the Legs and eet of the Mole-Cricket, (Gryllotalpa) are very remarkable. The Fore

Legs are very brawny, and strong ; and the Feet armed each ·

with four flát ftrong Claws, together with a fmall Lamina with two larger Claws, and a third with two little Claws: which Lamină is joynted to the bottom of the Foot, to be extended, to make’the Foot wider, or withdrawn wi:

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been, and will behereafter observed. And further yet, with whạt Care and Neatnefs do most of those little fagacious, Animals line those their Houfes within, and seal them up, and fence them. without (18) | How artificially will others fold up. the Leaves of Trees aņd Plants (19), others houfe themfelves in Sticks and Straws, others glue light and floating Bọdies together (29), and by that Artifice make themselvęs floating Houfes in the Wa- -, -: ; , . ', :tr: t: , : , ters,

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the Foot. Thefe Feet are placed to fcratch fomewhat fideways, as well as downward, after the manner of Moles Feet, and they are very like them alfo in Figure, . . |- - - Somewhat of this nature Swammerdam obferves of the Worms of the Ephemeron. To this purpose [to dig their CelIs] the wife Creator hath furnished them (faith hế) with Members. For, befdes that their two Fore-Legs are formed fomewhat like those of the ordinary Moles, or Gryllotalpa, he batb alfofurnifbed them with two toothy Cheeks, fomewhat like the Sheers of lobfters, which ferve them more readily to bore the Clay. Swammerdam's Ephem. Vit. Published by: P:::::: Ř: - · · ---, . . (18) See the before-cited Note 2. ; * . |- (19). They are for the most part fome of the PhaleneTribe, which inhabit the tunnelled, convolved Leaves, that we meet with on Vegetables in the Spring and Summer. And it is a fomewhat wonderful Artifice, how fo fmall and weak a Creature, as one of those newly-hatched Maggots (for doubtlefs it is they, not the :::::::::: because the emits no Web, nor hath any testrine Art) ean be able to convolve the stubborn Leaf, and then bindít in that neat round Form, with the Thread or web it weaves from its own Body; with which it commonly lines the convolved Leaf, and stops up the two ends, to prevent its own falling out, and Ear-wigi, and other noxious Animáls getting in (2o). The feveral forts of Phryganea, or Cadews, in their Nympha, or Maggot-state, thus house themfelves , one fort in Straws, called from thence Straw-Worms ; others în two : or more Sticks, laid parallel to one another, creeping at thei bottom of Brooks; others with a fmall bundle of pieces of Rushes, Duck-weed, Sticks, Soc. glued together, wherewith they float on the top, and can row thểmfelves therein · about the Waters, with the help of their Feet. Both thefe are called Cod-bait. Divers other forts there are, which the - -- Reader

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