« PreviousContinue »
made a Way for us into fome of the largest and fartheft distant Nations of the Earth; particularly into the great Empire of China (27). And now, before I quit this Subjećt, I cannot but make one Remark, by way of praćtical Inference from what has been laft faid; and that is, Since it appears that the Souls of Men are ordered, difposed and aćtuated by God, even in fecular, as well as spiritual Christian Aćts; a Duty arifeth thence on every Man, to pursue the Ends, and anfwer all the Defign of the divine Providence, in bestowing his Gifts and Graces upon him. Men are ready to imagine their Wit, Learning,Genius Riches, Authority,and fuch like, to be Works of Nature, things of Courfe, or owing to their own Diligence, Subtilty, or fome Secondary Causes; that they are Mafters of them, and at Liberty to ufe them as they pleafe, to gra-, tifie their Luft or Humour, and fatisfie their depraved Appetites, o But it is evident, that thefe . . . . . " . things
: . . . . * · - - - (27) The Chinese being much addisted to Judicial Astrology, are great Obfervers of the Heavens, and the Appearaňces in them. For which Purpose they have an Objervatory at Pekin, and Five Mathematicians appointed to watch every Night ; Four towards the four Quarters of theWorld, and One towards the Zenith, that nothing may cfcape their Observation. Which Obfervations are the next morning brought to an Office to be registred. But notwithstanding this their Diligence for many Ages, and that the Emperor bath kept in his Service above Hoo Perfons to regulate the Kalendár, yet are they fuch mean Aftronomers, that they owe the Regulation of their Kalendar, the Exastnefs, in calculating Eclipfes, &c. to the Europeans ; which renders the European Mathematicians fo acceptable to the Emperor, that Father Verbief and divers others, were not only made Principals in the Observatory, but put into Places of great Truft'in the Empire, and had the greatest Honours paíd them at their Deaths. Vid. La Comte Mem, of China. Let
things are the Gifts of God, they are foi many Talents entrusted with us by the infinite Lord of the World, a Stewardship, a Truft reposed in us ; for which we muft give an Account at the Day when our Lord fhall call ; according to the parabolical Representation of this Matter by our Blef, fed Saviour. Matt. 25. 14. Our Duty then is not to abufe thefe Gifts of God, not to neglest the Gift that is in us, not to hide cur Talent in the Earth ; but as St. Paul exhorteth Timothy, 2 Tim. 1: 6. we muftfir up the Gift of God avbich is in as, and not let it lie idlë, concealedor dead; but we must årečonveñerò xiesus, blow it up, and enkindle it, as the Original imports; we muft improve and employ our Gift to the Glory of the Giver; or in that Ministration, that Ufe and Service of the World, for which he gave it. "Our Stewardship, our Craft, our Calling, be it that of Ambaffadors of Heaven, committed to us, as'twas to Timothy, by the laying on of Hands; or be it the more fecular Bufiness of the Gentleman,Tradef. man, Mechanick, or only Servant ; nay our good Genius, our Propenfity to any Good, as fuppofe to History, Mathematicks, Botany, Natural Philofophy, Mechanicks, &c. Ifay all these Occupations, in which the Providence of God hath engaged Men, all the Inclinations to which his Spirit hath difpofed them, ought to be difcharged with that Diligence, that Care and Fidelity, that pur great. Lord and Mafter may not fay to us, as was faid to the unfaithful Steward, Luk. 16. 2: Give an account of thy Stewardship, for thou mayeff be no longer Steward: but that he may fay, as 'tis in
the Parable before cited, Matt. 25, 21. Well done
- (28) I Tim. 4. 14.
thou good andfaithful Servant, thou haft been faithful over a few things, I will make thee Ruler over many things, enter thou into the for of thy Lord. Since now the Cafe is thus, let us be perfwaded to follow Solomon’s Advice, Ecclef. 9. 1o. Whatsoever thy Hand findeth to do, do it with thy Might (29): “Lay hold “ on every Occasion that presents it felf, and im“ prove it with the utmoft Piligence ; because: # now is the time of Action, both in the Employ“ ments of the Body, and of the Mind: now is. :: the Seafon of studying either Arts and Scien“ ces, or Wisdom and Vertue, for which thou “ wilt have no Opportunities in the Place whi“ ther thou art going in the other World. För “ there is no Work, mor Device, nor Knowledge, mor “ Wisdom in the Grave whither thougoeff.
- C H A P. II, of Mass B od Y, particularly its Po srus E.
kinâ of View of this admirable Machine, and that
fomewhat briefy too, being prevented by others, , .
particularly two excellent Àuthors of our own '
ζ 1), who have done it on the fâme Account as. my felf. And the -
1. Thingthat prefents itfelfto our View, is the . Ere& Pofture (2) of Man's Body: which is far the ,
moft, if not the only commodious Pofture for a , Rational Creature, for him that hath Dominion , over the other Cfeatures, for one that can invent, ufeful things, and pra&ice curious Arts. For , without this Ere& Pofture, he could not have. readily turned himfelf to every Bufinefs, and om. every Occafion. His Hand (3) particularly could
- - '. nOt
(1) Mr. Ray in bis Wfaom of God. mamifeßed im the Works of Creatiom. Párt. 2d. and Dr. Cockburn' Effays on Faith, Part. 1. Effày 5. (2) Ad hanc providentiam Naturae tam diligentem [of which he had been before fpeaking] tamque fòlertem adjungi mult4 poffumt, è quibus intelligatùr, quantae res hominibus a Deo, 4uamque eximiæ tributæ funt : qui primum eos humo excitatos, celfos &* ereéfos conftituit, ut Deorum cognitionem, cælum intuentes, eapere poffunt. Sunt enim è terra homines non ut incolæ, atque habitátores, fed quaß fpe&atores fuperarum rerum, atque caeleffium, quarum fpe&faculum ad nullum aliud genus awimantium pertinet, Cic. de Nat. Deor. L. 2. c. 56. . . (3) Ut autem fàpientiffimum animalium eft. Homo, fic &*Mamu* funt organa fapienti animali convenientia. Non enim quia Manus habuit, prôpterea ef /apientiffimgm, ut Anaxagoras dicebat ; fed quià fàpientiffimium erai, pÃpter hoc Marius babuit, ut reäiffime cenfuit Ariftoteles. Nón enim Manus ipfe hominem artes docuerunt, fed Ratio. . Manus autem Â£ Junt artium organa, &c. Galen. de Uf. Part. L. 1. c. 3. After which in the reft of this firft Book and part of theTecond, hae confiders the Particulars of the Hand, in order to enquire, as he faith, ch. 5. Num eam omnino Conßitutionem habeat [manus] qua meliorem aliam habere non potuit. Ofthis Part, (and indeed of the othér Parts of human : Bodies) he gives fo good an Account, that I confefs J could not but admiire thc §íí of that ingeniöus afid famed É thcn.
not have beenin fo greataReadiness to execute the Commands of the Will, and Dićtates of the Soul. His Eyes would have been the most prone, and incommodiously fituated of all Animals; but by this Situation, he can caft his Eyes upwards, downwards, and round about him ; he hath a glorious Hemifphere of the Heavens (4), and an ample Horizon on Earth (5) to entertain his Eye.
- - And
then. For an Example, (becaufe it is a little out of the Way) I shall pitch upon his Account of the different Length of the Fingers, L. I. 2. 24. The Reafon of this ::::::, he faith, is, That the Tops of the Fingers may come to an Equality, cum magnas aliquas moles in circuitu comprehendunt, & cum in seipsis humidum vel parvum corpus continere conazatzer. Apparent vero in unam circuli circumferentiam convenire Digiti quinque in astionibus hujusmodi maxime quando exquisite sphæricum corpus comprehendunt. And this Evennefs of the Finger's Ends, in grafping Sphærical, and other round Bodies, he truly enough : makes the Hold the firmer. And it feems a noble and pious Defign he had in fo ffri&tly furveying the Parts of Man’s Body, which take in his own tranflated Words, Cum multa namque effet apud veteres, tam Medicos, quam Philosophos de utiiitate particularum diffensio (quidam enim corpora nostra nullius gratia effe fasta existimant, nullaque omnino arte ; alii autem So alicujus gratia, & artificiose, -) primùm quidem tante hujus diffentionis xeurúetov invenire fudui : deinde vero &o unam aliquam universalem methodum confituere, qua fingularum þartium corporis, & eorum que illis accidunt utilitatem invenire possemus, Ibid. cap. 8. (4) Pronaque cum spe#ant animalia cetera terram, Os Homini fublime dedit, cælumque tueri 3Fulfit, & erestos ad fidera tollere vultus. Ovid. Metam. L. 1. car 84. (5) If any should be fo curious to defits to know, how far a Man’s ‘Profpest reacheth by means of the Height of his Eye, fuppofing the Earth was an uninterrupted Globe, the Method'is of a common Cafe of Right angled plain Triangles ; where two Sides, and an oppofite Angle are given: TŘus iń Fig.4. A H B is the Surface, or a great Circle of the terraqueous Globe : C the Center, H 9 it's Semidiameter : & the Height of the Eye, and forafmuch as H & is a
Tangent, therefore the Angle at H is a Right-angle. :: FR3