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Part ; made of the most proper Strength and
Texture; shaped in the compleatest Form ; and in a word, accouter’d with every thing neceffary for it's Motion, Office, Nourishment, Guard, and what not! What fo commodious a Strućture and Texture could have been given to the Bones, for instance, to make them firm and ftrong, and withal Light, as that which every Bone in the Body hath ? who could have shaped them fo nicely to every Ufe, and adapted them to every Part, made them of fuch just Lengths, given them fuch due Sizes and Shapes, channelled, hollowed, headed, lubricated, and every other thing miniftringin the beft, and most compendious manner to their feveral Places and Ufes ? What a glorious Collećtion and Combination have we alfo of the Inoft exquifite Workmanship and Contrivance ini the Eye, in the Ear, in the Hand (z), in the Foot £3), in the Lungs, and other Parts already mentioned? What an Abridgment of Art, what
42:20 i - -- - - - - - , , (2) Galen having defcribed the Mufcles, Tendons, and other Parts of the Fingers, and their Motions, criès out, confidera igitur etiam hic mirabilem C R E A T o R 1 s Japientiam. De Uf Part. L. I. c. 18: ;" - (3) And not only in the Hand, but in his account of the Foot (L. 3), he frequently takes notice of what he calls Artem, Providentiam & Sapientiam Conditoris. As Ch. 13: An igitur non equum ef hic quoque admirari Providentiam Conditoris, qui ad utrumque ufum, etsi certe contrarium, exaste convenientes & confentientes invicem fabricatus ef totius membri [tibiæ] particulas ? And at the end of the Chap. Quod f: omnia que ipsarum funt partium mente immutaverimus, neque invenerimus positionem aliam meliorem eo quam nung fortita sunt, neque figuram, neque magnitudinem, neque coninexionem, neque (ut paucis omnia complestar) aliud quidquam eorum, que corporibus necessario infant, perfećfissimam pronunčiare oportet, : undique restè constitutam presentem ejus confrustionem. The like also concludes, Cħ, 15. a
a Variety of Ufes (4) hath Nature laid upon that one Member of the Tongue, the grand Inftrument of Taft, the faithful Judge, the Centinel, the Watchman of all our Nourishment, the artful Modulator of our Voice, the neceffary Servant of Mastication, Swallowing, Sucking, and a great deal befides? But I múlt defift from proceeding upon Particulars, finding I am fallen
upon what I proposed to avoid. - |And therefore for à Clofe of this Chapter, I shall only add part of a Letter I received from the before-commended very curious and ingenious Phyfician Dr. Tancred Robinson, What (faithhe) can poffbly be better contrivedfor Animal Motion and Life, than the quick Circulation of the Blood and Fluids, which run out of fight in Capillary Veseli, and very minute Duits without Impediment (except in fome Diseases) being all dirested to their peculiar Glands and Channels for the different Secretion, Sensible and Infensible ; avhereofthe last is far the greatest in Quantity and Effetts, as to Health and :::::: Diffempers::::::: arifing from a Diminution of Transpiration through the cutaneous Chimneys, and some Chronical ones from an Augmentation: whereas Obstruấtions in the Liver, Pancreas, and other Glands,may only cause a Schirrus, a faundice, an Ague, a Dropff, or other floov Diseases. So an increase of that Secretion may accompany the general Colliquations, as in Fluxes, Heffick Sweats and Coughs, Diabetes, ond other Consumptions. What a mighty Gontrivance is there to preferve thefe due Secretions from the Blood(on which Life fo much depends) byfrequent Attritions and Communications of the Fluid; in their passage through the Heart, the Lungs, and the whole System of the Muscles? What Meanders and ""; 1 ", - ; " 0 í
(4) At enim Opificis indufirii maximum ef indiċium (quemadmodum ante . #:: jam diximus) iis que adalium ufum fuerunt comparata, ad alias quoque utilitates abuti, neque laborare ut fingulis utilitatibus fingulas faciat proprias ?articulas, Galen, ubi fupr, L. 9. c. 5. * * * * * (1)
of Vesels in the Organs of Separation ? And what a Concourse of Elastick Bodies from the Air,tofupply the Springtand continual Motions offome Parts, not only in Sleep and Reff, but in long violent Exercises of the Muscles ? avhofe force drive the Fluids round in a wonderfulrapid Circulation through the minutest Tubes, assified by the constant, Pabulum of the Atmosphere, and their own Elastick F#bres, which impress that Velocity on the Fluids. , , Now I have mentioned fome Ufes of the Air in carrying on feveral Funstions in Animal Bodies, Imay add the Share it hath in all the Digestions of the Solid and Fluid Parts. For when this System of Air comes, by divine Permittance, to be corrupted with possonous, acrimonious Steams, either from the Earth, from Merchandife, or Infeċied Bodies, what Havock is made in all the Operations of living Creatures? The Parts gangrene, and mortif under, Carbuncles, and other Tokens: indeed the avhole Animal Oeconomy is ruined : offuch Importance is the Air to all the Parts of it. Thus my learned Friend. . . - - |- |- – – C H A P. VI.. . Of the P L a c1 N G the PA R T s of Man's Body. - T N this : I propose to confider the , I Lodgment of the curious Parts of Man’s Body, which is no lefs admirable than the Parts themfelves, all fet in the most convenient Places of the Body, to minifter to to their own feveral Ufes and Purposes, and affift, and mutually to help one another. Where could those faithful Watchmen the Eye, the Ear, the Tongue be fo commodiously placed, as in the upper part of the Building ? where could we throughout the Body find fo proper a Part to lodge four of the five Senfes, as in the Head (1), near the · · · Brain
Brain (2), the common Senfory, a Place well guarded, and of little other Ufe than to be a Seat
to thofe Senfes ? And how could we lodge the
Fifth Senfe, that of Touching otherwife(3), than to difperfeit to all Parts of the Body ? Where could we plant the Hand (4), but juft where it is, to be ready at every Turn, on all Occasions of Help and Defence, of Motion, Aćtion, and every of its useful Services? Where could we fet the Legs and Feet, but where they are, to bear up, and handfomely to carry about the Body ? Where could we lodge the Heart, to labour about the wholé Mafs of Blood, but in, or near the Center
of the Body (5) ? Where could we find Room
for that noble Engine to play freely in, where could we fo well guard it against external Harms, asit is in that very place in which it is lodged and fecured ? Where could we more commodiously place, than in the Thorax and Belly, the useful Vifcera of those Parts, fo as not to fwagg, and jogg, and overfet the Body, and yet to minifter fo harmoniously, as they do, to all the feveral Ufes of Concoćtion, Sanguification, the Separation of various Ferments from the Blood, for the great Ufes of Nature, and to make Dif
e: ặug plurima conspicientes, fungantur fuo munere. &t aures cum fonum recipere debeant, qui natura in fublime fertur ; rečfe in llis corporum partibus collocate funt. Cicer, de Nat. Deor. L. 2. c. 56, ubi plura de cæteris Senfibus.
(2) Galen well qbferves, that the Nerves ministring to Motion, are hard and firm, to be lefs fubject to Injury : but thofe ministring to Senfe, are foft and tender : and that for this Reafon it is, that Four of the Five Senfes are lodged fo near the Brain, viz, partly to partake of the Brain’s foftnefs and tendernefs, and partly for the fake of the ftrong guard of the Skull, vid. Gal, de Us. Part. L. 8. c. 5. 6. (3) Ses Book 4. Chap. 6. Note 3.
Č4) ğDuam vero aptas, quamqửe multarum artium minifras Manus natura homini dedit? The particulars of which, ehumerated by him, fee in Cie ubi fupr. c. 6o.
(5) See :::: 6. Ch. 5. . . - - (6)
charges of what is ufeless, or would be burdenfome or pernicious to the Body (6)? How could we plant the curious and great Variety of Bones and of Mufcles of all Sorts and Sizes, necessary as I have faid to the Support, and every Motion of the Body ? where could we lodge all the Arteries and Weins, to convey Nourishment ; and the Nerves,Senfation throughout the Body ? where Ifay, could we lodge all thefe Implements of the Body, to perform their feveral Offices ? how could we fecure and guard them fo well, as in the very Places, and in the felffame manner in which they are already placed in the Body? And laftly, to name no more, what Covering, what Fence could we find out for the whole Body, better than that of Nature's own providing, the Skin (7) ? how could we shape it to, or brace it
about every part better, either for Convenience or
Ornament ? What better i Texture could we give it, which altho’ lefs obdurate and firm, than that of fome other Animals, yet is fo much the more fensible of every Touch,and more compliant with every Motion ? and being easily defensible
by the Power of Man's Reafon and Art, is there
fore much the propereft Tegument for a Reasonable Creature.
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