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i , . . - - - - - · · · · · · -- C H A P. VII. Of the P R o vi s 1 on in Man’s Bodh against - . E v 1 L s. * [Aving taken a tranfient View of the Strućture H H and Lodgment of the Parts of human Bodies, let us next confider the admirable Provision that is made throughout Man’s Body to ftave off Evils, i and to discharge (1) them when befallen. For the Prevention of Evils, we may take the Instances already given, of the Situation ofthofe faithful Sentinels, the Eye, the Ear, and Tongue in the superiour part of the Body, the better to defery Dangers at a Distance, and to call out prefently for Help. And how well fituated is the Hand to be a fure and ready Guard to the Body, as well, as the faithful Performer of most of it's Services ? The Brain, the Nerves, the Arteries, the Heart (2), the Lungs, and in a word, afi - |- : ; · the
(1) One of Nature's most constant Methods here, is by the Glands, and the Secretions made by them : the particulars of which being too long for thefe Notes, I shall refer to the modern Anatomifts who have written on thefe Subje&s, and indeed who are the only Men that have done it :::::: bly e particularly, our learned Drs. Cockburn, Keil, Morland, and others at home and abroad : an Abridgment of whofe Opinions and Observations, for the Reader'seafe, may be met with in Dr. Harris's Lex, Tech. Vol., 2. under the Words Glands, and Animal Secretion. \ (2)In Man, and most other Animals, the Heart hath the guard of Bones. But in the Lamprey which hath no Bones, no not fo much as a Back-bone) the Heart is very frangely fecured, and lies immured, or capsulated in a Cartilage, or grifly Substance, which includes the Heart, and its Auricle, as the Škull -- doth the Brain in other Animals, Powers Microf. Obfer, 22. - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
the principal Parts, how well are they barricaded. either with strong Bones, or deep Lodgments in
Method, most agreeable to the Office and Action of the Part ? Besides which, for greater Preçaution, and a farther Security, what an incompa
rablé Provision hath the infinite Contriver of
Man’s Body made for the Lofs of, or any Defećtin fome of the Parts we can leaft spare, by doubling them ? by giving us two Eyes, two Ears, two Hands, two Kidneys, two Lobes of the Lungs, Pairs of the Nerves, and many Ramifications of the Arteries and Weins in the fiefhy Parts;; that there may not be a Defećt of Nourishment of the Parts, in Çafes of Amputation, or Wounds, or Ruptures of any of the Veffels. , . - ::::::::: is admirably contrived, and made to prevent Evils ; fo ho less Art and Cauti" on hath been used to get rid of them, when they do happen. When by any Misfortune, Wounds or Hurts do befal, or when by our own wicked Fooleries and Vices, we pull down Diseases and Mischiefs upon ourselves, what Emunćtories (3), what admirable Paffages (4),are difperfedthrough- . . . . Out
, (3) Here [from the Puffules he obferved in Monomotapal zvere grounds to admire the Contrivance of our Blood, which on fome Occasions, fofoon as any thing defruttive to the Confitution of it, comes into it, immediately by an intefine Commotion endeavoureth to thruf it forth, and is not only freed from the new Gueff, but fðmetimes what likewife may have lain lurking therein – r a great while. And from
hence it comes to pas, that moff part of Medicines, when dul adminifred, are not only fent out of the Body themfelves, but likewife great Quantities of morbifick Matter ; as in Salivation, &c. Dr. Sloane's Voy. to famaica, p. 25. - (3) Valsaiva discovered fome Paffages into the Region of the Ear-drum, of mighty ufe (among others) to make Difcharges
out of the Body, what incomparable Methods doth Nature take (5), what vigorous Efforts is she ena' - -- |- bled — / charges of Bruises, Imposthumes, or any purulent, or morbifick Matter from thë Brain, and parts of the Head. Of which he gives two Examples : oue, a Perfon, who from a blow on his Head, had difinal Pains therein, grew Speechlefs, and lay under an absolute Suppreffion and Decay of his Strength :, but found certain Relief, whenever he had a Flux of Blood, or purulent Matter out of his Ear : which :::::: Death Valfalva difcovered, was through those Paf1ages. . * , - - - - - The other was an Apoplestical Cafe, wherein he found a large quantity of extravafated Blood, making way from the Ventricles of the Brain, through thofe fame Paffages. Valfal. de Aure hum. c. 2. § 14, and c. 5. § 8. , , (5) Hippocrates Lib. de Alimentis, takes notice of the Sagacity of Nature, in finding out Methods and Passages for the difcharging Things offenfive to the Body, of which the late learned and ingenious Bishop of Clogher, in Ireland : gave this remarkable . Instance to, my very curious and ingenious Neighbour and Friend, D'Aere Barret, Efq; viz: That in the Plague-year a Gentleman at the University, had a large Plague-Šore gathered under his Arm, which, when they expeƐted it would have broken, difcharged it felf by a more than ordinary large and fætid Stool; the Sore having no other Vent for it,and immediately becoming found and well thereon. . Like to which, is the Story of fof. Lazonius, of a Soldier of 35 Years of age, who had a Swelling in his right Hip, accompanied with great Pain, &c. By the ufe of emollient Medicines having ripened the Sore, the Surgeon intended the next day to : opened it ; but about midnight, the Patient having great Provocations to Stool, disburthened himself three times ; immediately upon which, both the Tnmor and Pain ceafed, and thereby difappointed the Sureons Intentions, Ephem. Germ. Anno 1696. Obf 49. More ;: Instances we find of Mr. Tonges in Philos. Tranfast. No. 323. But indeed there are fo many Examples of this nature in our Phil. Tranf in the Ephem, German. Tho. Bartholine, Rhodius, Sennertus, Hildanus, &c. that it would beendlefs to recount them. Some have fwallowed Knives, Bodkins, Needles and Pins, Bullets, Pebbles and 2o other fuch things as could not find a Paffage the ordinary Way, but have met with an Exit through the Bladder, or fome other way of Nature's * GWB
bled to make, to difcharge the Peccant Humours; to correct the morbifick Matter, and in a word; to fet all things right aagin? But here we had beft take the Advice of a learned Physician in the Cafe : “ The Body (faith he) is fo contrived, as “ to be well enough fecured ::::: Mutati“ ons in the Air, and the leffer Errors we daily “ run upon; did we not in the Excęffes of Eating, “ Drinking, Thinking, Loving, Hating, or fomie “ other Folly, let in the Enemy, or láy violent “ Hands upon our felves. Nor is the Body fitted “ only to prevent, but alfo to cure, or mitigate “ Diseases, when by thefe Follies brought upon “ us. In most Woúnds, if kept clean, ánd from “ the Air,—the Flesh will glew together, with ** its own Native Balm. Broken Bones are ce: mented with the gallus, which themfelves help “ to make. And fo he goes on with ample Inftances in this Matter, too many to be here fpecified (6). Among which he inftanceth in the Diftempers of our Bodies, fhewing that even many of them are highly ferviceable to the Difcharge of malignant Humours, and preventing greater Evils. - e And no lefs kind than admirable is this Contrivance of Man’s Body, that even its Diftempers fhould many times be its Cure (7), that when |- - the
own providing: But paffing over many Particulars, I shall only give one Instance more, because it may be a good Caution tó fome Perfons, that these Papers may probably fall into the hands of, and that is the Danger of fwallowing Plumfones, Prune-fones, &c. Sir Francis Butler's Lady had many Prune ftones that made way through an Abfeefs near her Navel. Philof. Tranf. No. 265, where are other fuch like Exámples. More alfo may be found in No. 282, 3o4, &c. And at thisDay a : Man, living not far off me, laboureth under very troublefome and dangerous Symptoms from the Stones of Sloes and Bullace, which he fwallowed 8 or í o
Years ago, (6) Grew’s Cofmol. § 28, 29. (7) Nor are Difeafes themfelves ufeless. For the Blood in a Fever, if well governed, like Wine upon the fret, dischargető
the Enemy lies lurking within to destroy us, there should be fuch a Relućtancy, and all Nature excited with its utmoft Vigour to expel him thence. To which purpose, even Pain it felf is of great and excellent Ufe, not only in giving us Notice of the Prefence of the Enemy, but by exciting us to ufe our utmoft Diligence and Skill to root out fo troublefome and destructive a Companion.
C H A P. VIII.
Of the Confent between the P A R T s of Man’s Body.
TT is an admirable Provision the merciful Creator hath made for the good of Man’s Body,
it felf of all heterogeneous Mixtures; and Nature, the Disease, and Remedies clean all the Rooms of the House; whereby that which tbreatens Death, tends, in Conclusion, to the prolonging of Life. Grew ubi fup. §. 52. • . And as Difeafes minifter fometimes to Health, fo to other good ufes in the Body, fuch as quickning the Senfes: of which take these Infances relating to the Hearing and Sight. A very ingenious Physician falling into an odd Kind of Fever, bad bis Sense of Hearing thereby made fo very nice and tender, that be very plainly beard soft Whispers, that were made at a confiderable Difiance off, and which were not in the leaft perceived by the Byfianders, nor would have been by him before bir Sickness. * A Gentleman of eminent Parts and Note, during a Diffemper be had in his Eyes, had his Orgens of Sight brought to be Jo tender, that both bis Friends and himself have assured me, that when be waked in the Night, be could for a while plainly fee and diffinguish Colours, as well as other Objećřs, discernable by the Eye, as was more than once tryed. Boyl deter. nat. of Effluv. ch 4. - Daniel Frafer – continued Deaf and Dumb from his Birth, till the 17th Tear of his Age After bis Recovery from a Fever, he perceived a Morion in his Brain, which was very uneasy to bim; and afterwards he began to hear, and in Process of Time, to underffand Speech, : Vid. Philof. Tranf No. 31 Žy - I