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by the Confent and Harmony between the Parts tħereof. Of which let us take St. Paul's Defcription in 1 Cor. 12. 8. But now bath Godfet the Members every one of them in the Body, as it bath pleased him. And (v. 21.) The Eye cannot fay unto the Hand, I have no needoftbee: Nor again, the Head to the Feet, I have no need of you. But fuch is the Confent of all the Parts, or as the Apoftle wordeth it, God hath fo tempered the Body together, that the Members should have the fame Care one for another, v. 25 So that whether one Member fuffer, all the Members fuffer with it ; or one Member be honoured, (or affected with any Good) all the Members rejoice [and fympathize] with it, v. 26. This mutual Accord, Confent and Sympathy of the Members, there is no Reason to doubt (1), is made by the Commerce of the Nerves (2), and their artificial Pofitions, and curious Ramifications throughout the whole Body, which is admirable and incomparable, and might deferve a: Place in this Survey, as greatly and manifestly fetting forth the Wifdom and Benignity of the great Creator; but that to give a Defcription thereof from the Origin of the Nerves in the Brain, the Cerebellum and Spine, and fo through every Part of the Body, would be tedious, and
motoriis Motum. 3. Ut omnibus aliis [partibus] daret, ut quæ
fi dolorem adferrent, dignoscerent; . And afterwards, Si quis in diffestionibus speltavit, confideravitque juffene, an fecus Natura Nervos non eadem mensura omnibus partibus distribuerit, fed aliis quidem liberalius, aliis vero parcius, eadem cum Hippocrate, velit nolit, de Natura omnino pronunciabit, quod ez. scilicet fagax, justa, artificiosa, animaliumque provida eff. Galen. de uf, part, L. 5. c. 9, |- :) - (3
intrench too much upon the Anatomiff's Province: and therefore one Inftance fhall fuffice for a Sample of the whole; and that shallbe (what was promised before, (3), the great Sympathy occafioned by the Fifth Pair of Nerves; which I chufè to Inftance in, rather than the Par vagum, or any other of the Nerves; because although we may have lefs variety of noble Contrivance and Art, than in that Pair, yet we shall find enough for our purpofè, and which may be difpatched in fewer words. Now this Fifth Conjugātion of Nerves is branched to the Ball, the Muscles and Glands of the Eye; to the Ear; to the Jaws, the Gums, and Teeth ; to the Muscles of the Lips (4); to the Tonfils, the Palate, the Tongue, and the Parts of the Mouth ; to the Precordia alfo, in fome measure, by inofculating with one of its Nerves; and laftly, to the Muscles of the Face, particularly the Cheeks, whofè fanguife
rous Veffels it twifts about.
From hence it comes to pafs, that there is a reat Confent and Sympathy (5) between thefe #::, fo that a Guftable Thing feen or finelt, excites the Appetite, and affećts the Glands and Parts of the Mouth; that a Thing feen or : - that
(3) Book 4. Ch. 5. (4) Dr. Willis gives the Reason, cur mutua Amaforum s: labiis impressa, tum præcordia, tum genitalia afficiendo, amorem ac libidinem tam facile irritant, to be from the confent of those Parts, by the Branches of this 5th Pair. Merv, Descr. c. 22. And Dr. Sachs judges it to be from the Confent of the Labia Oris cum Labiis Uteri, that in April, 1669. a certain breeding Lady, being affrighted with feeing one that had feabby Lips, which they told her were occasioned by a Peftilential Fever, had fuch like Puftules brake out in the Labia Vieri. Ephem. Germ. T. 1. Obf. 2o. |(5) Consult Willis ubi fupra. -X, 2; (6)
that is fhameful, affećts the Cheeks with modeft Blushes; but on the contrary, if it pleafes and tickles the Fancy, that it affećts the Pracordia and Muscles of the Mouth and Face with Laughter; but a thing causing Sadness and Melancholy, doth accordingly exert it felf upon the Præcordia, and demonftrate it felf by caufing the Glands of the Eyes to emit Tears (6), and the Muscles of
Hence also that torvous four Look produced by Anger and Hatred: And that gay and pleafing Countenance accompanying Love and Hope. And in short, it is by Means of this Communication of the Nerves, that whatever affećts the Soul, is demonstrated (whether we will or no) by a Confentaneous Difpofition of the Præcordia within, and fuitable Configuration of the Muscles and Parts of the Face without. And an admirable Contrivance of the great GOD of Nature this is: That as a Face is given to Man, and as Pliny faith (7), to Man alone of all Creatures ; foit should be (as he obferves) the Index of Sorrow and Cheerfulnefs, ef Compassion and Severity. In its afcending Part is the Brow, and therein a Part of the Mind too. Therewith we Deny, therewith we Confent. Witb this it is we fhew our Pride, which bath its Source in another Place, but bere its Seat: În the Heart it hath its Birth, but here it abides and dwells; and that because it could find no other Part throughout the Body higher or more croggy (8), where it might reside alone.
viate it, according to that of Ölyffes to Andromache, in Seneca's Troas, v. 762.
Tempus moramque dabimus, arbitrio tao Implere lachrymis : Fletus ærumnas levat. (7) Plin. Nat. Hift. L. 11. c. 37. (3) Nihil altius fimul abruptiusque invenit. (1) Thus I have difpatched what I shall remark concerning the Soul and Body of Man. There are divers other things which well deferve a place in this Survey ; and thefe that I have taken notice of deferved to have been enlarged upon : Buf what hath been faid, may fuffice for a Tafte and Sample of this admirable Piece of God’s Handy-work; at leaft ferve as a Supplement to what others have faid before me. For which reafon I have endeavour'd to fay as little wittingly as I could of what they have taken notice of, except where the Thread of my Discourse laid a Neceflity upon me.
H ERE I would have put an End to my Obfervations relating to Man ; but that there are three things fo exprefly declaring the Divine Management and , Concurrence, that I shall juft" mention them, although taken Notice of more amply by others; and that is, The great Variety throughout the World of Mens Faces (1), Voices (2), and Hand-writing. Had Man’s : * : - - Cell
(1) If the Reader hath a Mind to fee Examples of Men's Likeneß, he may consult Valer. Maximus, (L. 9. c. 14.) concerning the Likeness of Pompey the Great, and Vibius and Pak licius Libertinus; as also of Pompey the Father, who got thề Name of coquus, he being like Menogenes the Cook; with divers
others. * (2) As the Difference of Tone makes a Difference between every Man's Voice, of the fi: Country, yea, Family: So 3 fl
been made according to any of the Atheistical Schemes, or any other Method than that of the infinite Lord of the World, this wife Variety would never have been: But Mens Faces would have been caft in the fame, or not a very different Mould, their Organs of Speech would have founded the fame, or not fo great a Variety of Notes; and the fame Strućture of Muscles and Nerves, would have given the Hand the faune Direćtion in Writing. And in this cafe, what Confufion, what Difturbance, what Mischiefs would the World eternally have lain under? No Security could have been to our Perfons; no Certainty, no Enjoyment of our Poffesions (3); no Justice between Man and Man ; no Diftinćtion between Good and Bad, between Friends and Foes, between Father and Child, Husband and :
- - * ale
a different Dialest and Pronunciation, differs Persons of divers Countries; yea, Perfons of one and the fame Country, fpeaking the fame Language. Thus in Greece, there were the Ionick, Dorick, Attick, and Ælick Dialects: So in GreatBritain, befidés the grand Diverfity of English and scotch, the different Counties vary much in their Pronunciation, Accent and Tone, although all one and the fame Language. And the way of the Gileadites proving the Ephraimités, Judg. 12. 6. by the Pronunciation of Sbibbleth, with a Schin, or Gibboleth with a Samech, is well known. So a Lapide faith, the Flemings prove whether a Man be a Frenchman or not, by bidding him pronounce, Acht en tachtentich; which they pronounce, Ali en talientic, by reafon they can't pronounce the Aspirate ch. (3) Regi Antiocho unus ex æqualitus momine Artemom, perquam fimilis fuisse traditur. Quem Laodice, uxor Antiochi, interfestio viro, dissimulandi sceleris gratiá, in letłula perinde quafi ifum Regem agrum collocavit. Admilumq; uni, verfum populum, & fermone ejus & vultu confimili fefellit : credideruntque homines ab Antiocho moriente Laodicem ór natos ejus fibi commendari, Valer. Max, ib. a s (4)