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moft abjeći (3) Shrubs, and the very Bushes and Brambles themfelves, the Husbandman can teftify the Ufe of * * . . ' I might also furvey here the curious Anatomy and Structure of their Bodies (4), and : the - - - - - - - - - - * * ** a (III11

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(4) Dr. Beal (who was very curious, and tried many Experi

tmentsupon Vegetables) gives fome good Reasons to imagine,

that there is a direct Communication between the Parts of the Tree and the Fruit, so that the fame Fibres which constitute the Root, Trunk, and Boughs, are extended into the very Fruit. And in old Hornbeams, I have observed fomething very like this; in many of which, thera are divers great and small Ribs (almost like Ivy, only united to the Body) running from the Root úpalong the outfide of the Body, and terminating in one single, or a few Boughs: with Hoog or Boughs spread a

admirable Provifion made for the Conveyance of the lymphatick and effential Juyces, for communicating the Air, as necessary to Vegetable, as Animal Life (5): I might also speak of even the very Covering they are provided with, becaufe it is a curious Work in Reality, although lefs fo in Appearance : and much more therefore might I furvey the neat Variety and Texture of their Leaves (6), the admirable Finery, Gaiety, and Fragrancy of

|- their

gain into Branches, Leaves and Fruit. See what Dr. Beal hath
in Lowth. Abr. V. 2. p. 71o. |-
But as to the particular Canals, and other Parts relating to the
Anatomy of Vegetables, it is too long a Subject for this Place,
and therefore I shall refer to Seigneur Malpighi's and Dr. Grew’s
Labours in this kind.
(5) Tanta est Respirationis necessitas, & usus, ut Matura infingulis
viventium ordinibus varia, fed analoga, paraverit instrumenta, que
Pulmones vocamus [and fo he goes on with observing the Appa-
ratus made in the various Genera of Animals, and then faith]
In Plantis vero, quæ infimum animalium attingunt ordinem, tantam
Trachearum copiam & produłłionem extare par eft, ut his minime
Vegetantium partes præter corticem irrigentur. Plante igitur (ut
conjestari fas eft) cum fint viventia, viseeribus infixa terræ, ab hac,
feu potius ab aqua & aere, commixtis & percolaris a terra, Respira-
tionis fue materiam recipiunt, ipfarumque Trachee ab halitu terre,
extremas radices fubingresso, replentur. Malpig. Op. Anat. Plant.

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(6) Concerning the Leaves, I shall note only two or three |

Things. 1. As to the Fibres of the Leaf, they fand not in the Stalk, in an even Line, but always in an Angular, or Circular Posture, and their vafcular Fibres or Threads, are 3, ẫ or 7. The Reason of their Pofition thus, is for the more ereć

d 4 Growth

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their Flowers (7). I might also inquire into the


Growth and greater Strength of the Leaf, as alfo for the Security of its Sap. Of all which, fee Dr. Grew, L. I. c. 4. § 8. &c. and L. 4. Part 1. c. 3. afo Tab. 4. Fig. 2. to 1 r. Another Observable in the Fibres of the Leaf, is their orderly Pofition, fo as to take in an eighth Part of a Circle, as in Mallows ; in fome a tenth, but in most a twelfth, as in Holyoak; or a fixth, as in Sirynga. Id. ib. Tab. 46, 47. - |- 2. The Art in Folding up the Leaves before their Eruption out of their Gems, Sc. is incomparable, both for its Elegancy and Security, viz. in taking up (so as their Forms will bear) the leaft room ; and in being f0 conveniently couched, as to be capable of receii ing Protestion from other Parts, or of giving it to one another, e.g. First, there is the Bow-lap, where the Leaves are all laid fomewhat convexly one on er another, but not plaited but where the Leaves are not fo thick fet, as to fland in the Bow-lap, there we bave the Plicature, or the Flat-lap; as in Rose tree, &c. And fo that curious Observer goes on fhewing the various Foldings, to which he gives the Names of the Duplicature, Multiplicature, - the Fore rowl, Back rowl, and Tre-roal, or Treble-rowl Grew. ib. L. I. c. 4. § 14. Gc To these he adds fome others, L. 4. P. I. c. 1. §. 9. Confult alfo Malpig. de Gemmis, p. 22 &c. To these curious Foldings, we may add another noble Guard by the Interpofition of Films, &c. cf which Dr. Grew faith,

there are about fix Ways, viz. Leaves, Surfoyle, . Interfoyls,

Stalk:, Hoods, and Mantlings. Grew. ib. and Tab. 41, 42. Malpig ibid. (7) In the Flower may be confidered the Empalement, as Dr. Grew, the Calyx, or Perianthium, as Mr. Ray and others, callit, defigned to be a Security, and Bands, to the other Parts of the Flower. Floris velut baÁs ór fulcimentum eft. Ray Hift. L. I. c. 1o. Flowers, whose Petala are strong (as Tulips) have no Calynx. Carrations whofe Petala are long and flender, have an Empalement of one Piece: And others, fuch as the Knapweeds, have it confifting of feveral Pieces, and in divers Rounds, and all with a counterchangeable Respect to each other, for the greater :::::: and Security of themfelves, and the Petala, &c. they jńclude, « ^ - The next is the Foliation, as Dr. Grew, the Petala, or Folia, as Mr. Ray, and others. In these, not only the admirable Beauty, and luxuriant Colours are observable, but also their curions

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wonderful Generation and Make of the Seed (8),

and the great Usefulnefs of their Fruit, I might fhew that the Rudiments and Lineaments of the Parent-Vegetable, though never fo large and fpacious, is locked up in the little Compass of their Fruit or Seed, though fome of those Seeds are foarce visible to the maked Eye (9). And forafmuch as the Perpetuity and Safety of the Species depends


as in Peafe-bloffoms; the Double-Plait ; as in Blue-bottles, &c.
the couch and Plait together, as in Marigoids, &c. The Rowl,
as in Ladies Bower: The Spire, as in Millows: And laftly, the
Plait and Spire together, as in Convolvulus Doronici folio. L. I.
c. 5. S. 6. and Tab. 54.
As to the Stamina with their Apicet, and t'e Stylus, (called
the Attire by Dr. Grew) they are admirable, whether we con-
fider their Colours, or their Make, especially their Ufe, if it be
as Dr. Grew, Mr. Ray, and others imagine, namely, as a Male
Sperm, to impregnate and fiućtify the Seed. which opinion is
corroborated by the ingenious Observations of Mr. Sam. Mor-
land, in Philos. Iranf No. 287.
Reliqua usus alimentique gratia genuit [Natura] ideoque fecula
annosque tribuit iis. Flores vero odoresque in diem gignit : magna
(ut palam eft) admonitione bominum, quæ spestatissime floreant, ce-
lerrime marcefcere. Plin. N. H. L. 21. c. 1.
(8) As to the curious and gradual Process of Nature in the
Formation of the Seed or Fruit of Vegetables, Cuts being
neceffary, I shall refer to Dr. Grew, p: 45, and 209, and Mal-
g. p. 57•
Þ ($ Vetus eff Empedoc'is dogma, Plantarum femina Ova effe, ab
iisdem decidua Ineft in eo [Ovo vel Semine] velut in cica-
trice, non fola viventis carina, fed cum minimo trunco assurgentes
partes, Gemma fcilicet, & insignis radicis Conus, &c. Malpig. ib.
p. 81. vid. plura in traći. de Seminum veget. p. 14. &. paffim.
In Malpighi's Life, a Debate may be feen between him and
Seign. Triumphetti, the Provoft of the Garden at Rome, whether
the whole Plant be aćtually in the Seed ? The Affirmative is
maintained by Malpighi, with cogent Arguments ; among
which, this is one ; Non præoccupata mente, oculis microfcopio ar-
matis, luftret quæso Phaseolorum feminalem plantulam nondum
fatam, in qua folia fiabilia, becque ampla evidenter observabit ;
in eadem pariter gemmam, nodos, feu implantationes varias foliorum
caulis deprehendet. Caulem insignem fibris ligneis, & utriculorum
feriebus fonstantem conspicue attinget. And whereas S. ":::
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