## Aspects of Scientific Explanation: And Other Essays in the Philosophy of Science |

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Page 53

... conception of inductive logic and its applications. 2. INCONSISTENCIES

GENERATED BY

that leads into inconsistencies is represented by the so-called

and ...

... conception of inductive logic and its applications. 2. INCONSISTENCIES

GENERATED BY

**STATISTICAL SYLLOGISMS**One type of inductive inferencethat leads into inconsistencies is represented by the so-called

**statistical syllogism**and ...

Page 55

Now it is readily seen that all broadly

inconsistencies because the individual case a which the conclusion assigns to

the class G (or: to which the conclusion attributes the characteristic, or property, G

) will in fact ...

Now it is readily seen that all broadly

**statistical syllogisms**lead intoinconsistencies because the individual case a which the conclusion assigns to

the class G (or: to which the conclusion attributes the characteristic, or property, G

) will in fact ...

Page 56

Thus, the quasi-

incompatible conclusions.8 To construct an ... Let us assume that this is a random

procedure, so that the

D ...

Thus, the quasi-

**syllogistic**inference schema can lead from true premises toincompatible conclusions.8 To construct an ... Let us assume that this is a random

procedure, so that the

**statistical**probability of obtaining a white ball as a result ofD ...

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### Contents

Studies in the Logic of Confirmation | 3 |

Postscript 1964 on Confirmation | 47 |

Inductive Inconsistencies | 53 |

Copyright | |

10 other sections not shown

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### Common terms and phrases

accepted adequate analogous antecedent application argument assertion assumption atomic sentences basic behavior Carnap causal character characteristics characterized clearly cognitive significance connections consequence considered construal construed criteria criterion deductive deductive-nomological defined definiens definition of confirmation disconfirmation discussion empirical science equivalent essay event example existential clause explanandum explanans explanatory explicit expressed fact finite formulation functional analysis given hypothesis illustrated imply individual inductive inductive logic inference interpretation kind latter lawlike sentences logical probability logically equivalent means nomic object observation report observation sentences occurrence operational definition outcome particular phenomena phenomenon Philosophy of Science physical possible postdiction prediction premises present probabilistic problem procedure question rational reduction sentences reference relevant requirement rules satisfy schematic scientific explanation sense singular sentence specified statements statistical laws statistical probability statistical syllogisms suggested systematic testability theoretical principles theoretical terms theory total evidence true universal vocabulary