## Aspects of Scientific Explanation: And Other Essays in the Philosophy of Science |

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of symbolic logici6 by means of a

simplest case, (*)[P(*)DQ(*)] i.e. 'For any object x: if x is a P, then x is a Q,' or also '

Occurrence of the quality P entails occurrence of the quality Q.' According to the ...

of symbolic logici6 by means of a

**universal**conditional sentence, such as, in thesimplest case, (*)[P(*)DQ(*)] i.e. 'For any object x: if x is a P, then x is a Q,' or also '

Occurrence of the quality P entails occurrence of the quality Q.' According to the ...

Page 271

No sentence may contain free variables, so that generality is always expressed

by

syntactical terms, a number of auxiliary concepts. In the following definitions, S is

always ...

No sentence may contain free variables, so that generality is always expressed

by

**universal**quantification. For later reference, we now define, in purelysyntactical terms, a number of auxiliary concepts. In the following definitions, S is

always ...

Page 272

In accordance with the considerations developed in section 6, we now define: (

7.3a) 5 is a fundamental lawlike sentence in L if 5 is purely

fundamental law in L if S is purely

in L if ...

In accordance with the considerations developed in section 6, we now define: (

7.3a) 5 is a fundamental lawlike sentence in L if 5 is purely

**universal**; S is afundamental law in L if S is purely

**universal**and true. (7.3b) 5 is a derivative lawin L if ...

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### Contents

Studies in the Logic of Confirmation | 3 |

Postscript 1964 on Confirmation | 47 |

Inductive Inconsistencies | 53 |

Copyright | |

10 other sections not shown

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### Common terms and phrases

accepted adequate analogous antecedent application argument assertion assumption atomic sentences basic behavior Carnap causal character characteristics characterized clearly cognitive significance connections consequence considered construal construed criteria criterion deductive deductive-nomological defined definiens definition of confirmation disconfirmation discussion empirical science equivalent essay event example existential clause explanandum explanans explanatory explicit expressed fact finite formulation functional analysis given hypothesis illustrated imply individual inductive inductive logic inference interpretation kind latter lawlike sentences logical probability logically equivalent means nomic object observation report observation sentences occurrence operational definition outcome particular phenomena phenomenon Philosophy of Science physical possible postdiction prediction premises present probabilistic problem procedure question rational reduction sentences reference relevant requirement rules satisfy schematic scientific explanation sense singular sentence specified statements statistical laws statistical probability statistical syllogisms suggested systematic testability theoretical principles theoretical terms theory total evidence true universal vocabulary