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accommodation bills Adam Smith amount of coin Aristotle assumed Bank of England bank-notes bankers bills given bills of exchange borrowed bullion capital cent commerce Committee commodities consequently consumption contraction convertible corresponding amount cost country Banks debt demand deposits depreciated discharge discount Economists effect equal established excess exports foreign gold and silver greater holders inconvertible increase industry instruments issue issuers kind labor latter liabilities loans Lord Overstone loss means measure ment merchandise merchants nature necessary never notes and credits operations paid paper currency paper money parties payable payment Political Economy possessed precious metals present principle produce profit proper purchase quantity question ratio reason received reduced rency represent reserves revenue says securities sell Smith specie supply supposed symbolic currency thing tion trade transactions usury value of money Wealth of Nations whole wholly
Page 467 - That the government created by this compact was not made the exclusive or final judge of the extent of the powers delegated to itself; since that would have made its discretion, and not the Constitution, the measure of its powers; but that as in all other cases of compact among parties having no common Judge, each party has an equal right to judge for itself, as well of infractions as of the mode and measure of redress.
Page 459 - That every power vested in a government is in its nature sovereign, and includes, by force of the term, a right to employ all the means requisite and fairly applicable to the attainment of the ends of such power, and which are not precluded by restrictions and exceptions specified in the Constitution, or not immoral, or not contrary to the essential ends of political society.
Page 466 - Resolved, that the several States composing the United States of America, are not united on the principle of unlimited submission to their general government; but that by compact under the style and title of a Constitution for the United States and of amendments thereto, they constituted a general government for special purposes, delegated to that government certain definite powers, reserving each State to itself, the residuary mass of right to their own self-government; and that whensoever the general...
Page 11 - And Abraham hearkened unto Ephron; and Abraham weighed to Ephron the silver, which he had named in the audience of the sons of Heth, four hundred shekels of silver, current money with the merchant.
Page 139 - Unto a stranger thou mayest lend upon usury ; but unto thy brother thou shalt not lend upon usury : that the LORD thy God may bless thee in all that thou settest thine hand to in the land whither thou goest to possess it.
Page 139 - Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy brother; usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of any thing that is lent upon usury: unto a stranger thou mayest lend upon usury; but unto thy brother thou shalt not lend upon usury...
Page 2 - And a river went out of Eden to water the garden, and from thence it was parted and became into four heads.
Page 502 - Union, with its boundless means of corruption and its numerous dependents, under the direction and command of one acknowledged head; thus organizing this particular interest as one body and securing to it unity and concert of action throughout the United States and enabling it to bring forward, upon any occasion, its entire and undivided strength to support or defeat any measure of the Government.
Page 482 - Waiving the question of the constitutional authority of the Legislature to establish an incorporated bank as being precluded in my judgment by repeated recognitions under varied circumstances of the validity of such an institution in acts of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the Government, accompanied by indications, in different modes, of a concurrence of the general will of the nation...
Page 502 - ... few/ and to govern by corruption or force, are aware of its^ power, and prepared to employ it. Your banks now furnish your only circulating medium, and money is plenty or scarce, according to the quantity of notes issued by them. While they have capitals not greatly disproportioned to each other,, they are competitors in business, and no one of them can exercise dominion over the rest ; and although, in the present state of the currency, these banks may and do operate injuriously upon the habits...