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Bends to the golden coast of rich * Cathay,
With news of human kind. Yet there life glows;
Yet cherish'd there, beneath the thining waste,
The turry nations harbour : tipt with jet, 819
Fair ermines, spotless as the snows they press;
Sables, of glofly black; and dark-embrown'd,
Or beauteous freakt with many a mingled hue,
Theufands besides, the costly pride of courts.
There; warm together press'd, the trooping deer 815
Slécp on the new fallen (nows; and, scarce his head
Rajs'd o'er the heapy wreath, the branching elk
Lies slumbering fullen in the white abyss.
The ruthless hunter wants nor dogs nur toils,
Nor with the dread of sounding bows he drives 820
The fearful flying race; with ponderous clubs,
As weak against the mountain-heaps they push
Their beating breast in vain, and piteous bray,
He lays them quivering on th' enfanguin'd snows,
And with loud ihouts rejoicing brings them home.
Therë thro' the piny forest half absorpt, 826
Rough tenant of these shades, the shapeless bear,
With dangling ice all horrid, stalks forlorn ;
Slow-pac'd, and fourer as the storms increaie,
He makes his bed beneath th' inclement drift, 830
And, with stern patience, scorning weak complaint,
Hardens his heart against afailing want.

· Wide o'er the spacious regions of the north,
That see Boöte's urġe his tardy wain,
A boisterous race, by frosty + Caurus pierc'd 835
Who little pleasure know and fear no pain,
Prolific (warm. They once relum d the flame
Of lost mankind in polish'd Pavery funk,
Drove martial 1 hörde on horde, with dreadful sweep
Refifless rushing o'er th' enfeebled south, 840
And gave the vanquish'd world another form.
Not fuch the sons of Lapland : wisely they
Despise th' insensate barbarous trade of war ;
They alk no more than simple Nature gives,

* The old Name for China.
+ The Norld We Wind.
Tbe wandering Scythian-Clans,

They 849

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They love their mountains and enjoy their storms. No false desires, no pride-created wants, 846 Disturb the peaceful current of their time; And thro' the reftless ever-tortur'd maze Of pleafure, or ambition, bid it rage. Their rein-deer form their riches. These their tents, Their robes, their beds, and all their homely wealth Supply, their wholefom fare, and chearful cups. Obsequious at their call, the docile tribe Yield to the fled their necks, and whirl them fnift O'er hill and dale, heap'd into one expanfe Of marbled snow, or far as eye can sweep With a blue crust of ice unbounded glaz'd. By dancing meteors then, that ceaseless Make A waving blaze refracted o'er the heavens, And vivid moons, and stars that keener play 860 With double luftre from the radiant waste, Even in the depth of Polar Nigbt, they find A wondrous day : enough to light the chase, Or guide their daring steps to Finland-fairs. With'd Spring returns; and from the hazy south, While dim Aurora Nowly moves before, 866 The welcome sun, just verging up at first, By small degrees extends the swelling curve ; Till seen at last for gay rejo cing months, Still round and round, his spiral course he winds, And as he nearly dips his flaming orb, Wheels up again, and reafcends the sky. In that glad season, from the lakes and floods, Where

pure * Niemi's fairy mouncains rife, * M. de Maupertuis, in bis book on the figure of be eartb, after having defcribed the beautiful lake and mountain of Niemi in Lapland, says" From " ibis beight we bad occafion feveral times to fec.

tboje vapour's rise from the lake wbich the peo

ple of the country call Haltios, and wbich they deem co be the guardian spirits of tbe mountains. We bad been frigbted with fories of Bears that. baunted ibis place. but fawu none. It seemed ratber a place of refort for fairies and Genii sban Bears."

And

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And fring'd with roses * Tenglio rolls his Aream,
They draw the copious fry. With these at eve, 876
They chearful-loaded to their tents repair ;
Where, all day long in useful cares employ'd,
Their kird unblemith'd wives the fire prepare.
Thrice happy race ! by poverty secur'd 880
From legal plunder and rapacious power :
In whom fell intereft never yet has sown
The seeds of vice ; whose spotless swains ne'er knew
Injurious deed, nor, blasted by the breath
Of faithless love, their blooming daughters woe.

Still pressing on, beyond Tornéa's lake, 886
And Hecla flaming thro' a waste of snow,
And farthett Greenland, to the pole itself,
Where failing gradual life at length goes out,
The Muse expands her solitary fight; 890
And, hovering o'er the wild stupendous scene,
Beholds new feas beneatla + another sky.
Thron'd in his palace of cerulean ice,
Here Winter holds his unrejoicing court;
And thro' his airy hall the loud mifrule
Of driving tempeft is for ever heard :
Here the grim tyrant meditates his wrath;
Here arms h's winds with all-fubduing froit
Moulds his fierce hail, and treasures up his înows,
With which he now oppreises half the globe.

900
Thence winding eaft ward to the Tartar's coast,
She sweeps the howling margin of the main;
Where unditlolving, from the first of time,
Snows swell on snows amazing to the sky;
And icy mountains high on mountains pil'd, 905
Seem to the shivering failor from afar,
Şhapeless and white, an atmosphere of clouds.
Projected huge, and horrid, o'er the surge,
Alps frown on Alps; or ruthing hideous down,
As if old Chaos was again return'd,

910 * The same au bor observes-

esame I was surprized to see upon the banks of tbis river, (tbe Tenglio) roses

, of as lively a red, as any bar are in our gardens.” * Tbe aber bemisphere.

895

Wide-rend the deep, and Thake the folid pole.
Ocean itself no longer can refift
The binding fury; but, in all its rage
Of tempeft taken by the boundless frost,
Is many a fathom to the bottom chain'd,

915
And bid to roar no more : a bleak expanse,
Shagg'd o'er with wavy rocks, chearless, and void
Of every life, that from the dreary months
Elies conscious fouthward. Miferable they !
Who, here entangled in the gathering ice, 920
Take their laft look of the descending fun ;
While, full of death, and fierce with tenfold frost,
The long long night; incumbent o'er their heads,
Falls horrible. Such was the * 'Briton's fate,
As with first prow, (what have not Britons dar'd!)
He for the passage sought, ättempted fince 926
So much in vain, and seeming to be thut
By jealous Nature with eternal bars.
In these fell regions, in Arzina caught,
And to thiç ftony deep his idle thip

930 Immediate seal'd, he with his hapless crew, Each full exerted at his several task, Froze into Statues ; to the cordage glued The failor, and the pilot to the helm.

Hard bytheseshores, wherescarcehisfreezing stream Rolls the wild Oby, live the laft of Men; 936 And half enliven'd by the distant fun, That rears and ripens Man, as well as plants, Here human Naturewears its rudeft form. Deep from the piercing season funk in caves, 948 Here by dull fires, and with unjoyous cheer, They waste the tedious gloom, Immers'd in furs, Doze the gross race. Nor (prightly jest, nor Tong, Nor tenderness they know ; nor aught of life, Beyond the kindred bears that talk without.

945 Tillmorn at length, her roses drooping all, Sheds a long twilight brightening o'er their fields, And call the quiver'd savage to the chace.

* Sir Hugh Willoughby, sene by Queen Elizabeth so discover ibe North-Eaft-Passage.

What 966

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What cannot active government perform, [shores,
New-moulding Man ? wide-stretching from these
A people savage from remotest time,

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A huge neglected empire one vast Mind,
By Heav'n inspir'd, from Gothic darkness callid.
Immortal Peter ! first of Monarchs! He
His stubborn country tam'd, her rocks, her fens, 955
Her floods, her feas, her ill-submitting fons ;
And while the fierce Barbarian he fubdu'd,
To more exalted foul he rais'd the Man.
Yc thades of ancient heroes, ye who toil'd
Thro' long fucceflive ages to build up

убо
A labouring plan of state, behold at once
The wonder done! behold the matchless prince !
Who left his native throne, where reign'a till then
A mighty thadow of unreal power ;
Who greatly spurn'd the Nothful pomp of cours;
And roaming every land, in every port,
His scepter laid aside, with glorious hand
Unweary'd plying the mechanic tool,
Gather'd the seeds of trade, of useful arts,
Of civil wisdom, and of martial skill.

970
Chargʻd with the stores of Europe home he goes!
Then cities rise amid th'illumin'd waste;
O'er joyless defarts fm.les the rural reign;
Far-diftant food to flood is focial join'd;
Th' aftonith d Euxiné hears the Baltic roar; 975
Proud navies ride on seas that never foam'd
With daring keel beforc; and armies stretch
Each way thcir dazzling files, reprefing here
The frantic Alexander of the north,
And awing there ftern Othman's thrinking Sons. 980
Slosb Alies the land, and Ignorance, and Vice,
of old dishonour proud : it glows around,
Taught by the Royal Hand that rous'd the whole,
One scene of arts, of arms, of rising trade :
For what his wisdom plann'd, and power enforc'd,
More potent still, his great Example shew'd. 986

Muttering, the winds at eve, with blunted point,
Blow hollow blustering from the south. Subdu'd,
The frost resolves into a trickling thaw.
Spotted the mounrains fint; loose fleet defcends, ,

And

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