The Treatment of Personality by Locke, Berkeley and Hume: A Study, in the Interests of Ethical Theory, of an Aspect of the Dialectic of English Empiricism

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University of Missouri, 1911 - Empiricism - 100 pages
"This essay represents the substance of a thesis accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Harvard University. Although chiefly expository, it is written from the standpoint of constructive criticism. The standpoint itself was earned during a long apprenticeship in philosophy under Professor George Holmes Howison, of the University of California, who, the writer thinks, is one of the most significant of those contemporary philosophers who have made personality the fundamental problem of metaphysics. That the pupil has since modified the viewpoint of his master in important particulars need not concern the reader in connection with the present study. The writer's total metaphysical doctrine, so far as he has any, is not obtruded here save by suggestion. All references to Locke's Essay, as well as to Berkeley's Works, are to the editions edited by A.C. Fraser, unless otherwise noted. All references to Hume's Treatise are to the Selby-Bigge edition. Other references are self-explanatory. Portions of citations are italicized where emphasis is desirable and where no perversion of meaning is involved"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).

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Page 59 - For my part, when I enter most intimately into what I call myself, I always stumble on some particular perception or other, of heat or cold, light or shade, love or hatred, pain or pleasure. I never can catch myself at any time without a perception, and never can observe anything but the perception.
Page 4 - As thou knowest not what is the way of the spirit, nor how the bones do grow in the womb of her that is with child: even so thou knowest not the works of God who maketh all.
Page 24 - And therefore I am apt to doubt, that how far soever human industry may advance useful and experimental philosophy in physical things, scientifical will still be out of our reach...
Page 35 - ... all those bodies which compose the mighty frame of the world, have not any subsistence without a mind, that their being is to be perceived or known ; that consequently so long as they are not actually perceived by me, or do not exist in my mind or that of any other created spirit, they must either have no existence at all, or else subsist in the mind of some Eternal Spirit...
Page 4 - ... it being, in respect of our notions, not much more remote from our comprehension to conceive that God can, if he pleases, superadd to matter a faculty of thinking...
Page 45 - ... accompanying and represented by it. And after the same manner we see God; all the difference is that, whereas some one finite and narrow assemblage of ideas denotes a particular human mind, whithersoever we direct our view, we do at all times and in all places perceive manifest tokens of the Divinity...
Page 35 - Some truths there are so near and obvious to the mind that a man need only open his eyes to see them. Such I take this important one to be, viz. that all the choir of heaven and furniture of the earth, in a word all those bodies which compose the mighty frame of the world, have not any subsistence without a mind...
Page 44 - When I deny sensible things an existence out of the mind, I do not mean my mind in particular, but all minds. Now it is plain they have an existence exterior to my mind, since I find them by experience to be independent of it.
Page 44 - There is therefore some other mind wherein they exist, during the intervals between the times of my perceiving them : as likewise they did before my birth, and would do after my supposed annihilation. And as the same is true with regard to all other finite created spirits, it necessarily follows, there is an omnipresent, eternal Mind, which knows and comprehends all things, and exhibits them to our view in such a manner, and according to such rules as he himself hath ordained, and are by us termed...
Page 14 - I can discover, are the windows by which light is let into this dark room; for methinks the understanding is not much unlike a closet wholly shut from light, with only some little openings left to let in external visible resemblances, or ideas of things without: would the pictures coming into such a dark room but stay there, and lie so orderly as to be found upon occasion, it would very much resemble the understanding of a man in reference to all objects of sight and the ideas of them.

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