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was in the upper city. Josephus, in the same place, says, " he built himself a palace in the upper city, containing two very large and beautiful apartments, to which the holy house itself could not be compared. The one apartment he named Cæsareum, and the other Agrippium, from his two friends.” In fact, no part of Herod's actions distinguished him more, than his executing so many splendid and strong buildings. He was the greatest builder of cities, and temples, and palaces, for the extent and resources of his kingdom, of any of the sovereigns of whom history has preserved any detailed account.-- We have already seen how literally the predictions, in the 38th and 39th verses, were fulfilled in his rebuilding the temple at Jerusalem, and, at the same time, building cities and temples in honour of Augustus Cæsar. In this 45th verse we have the subject of the king's buildings again introduced ; but they are now his palaces, or royal dwellingplaces, and not his cities, as formerly. Introduced as the palaces are here, in near connection with the tidings that troubled him, the whole becomes a prediction fulfilled in the event, recorded by Matthew, of the wise men coming from the east to Jerusalem. From Matthew's narrative, it is obvious, that Herod was at Jerusalem, and, consequently, in one of his royal dwelling-places, when the wise men came to Jerusalem. One of these royal dwellingplaces was well adapted for holding the consultation with the chief priests and scribes, when Herod demanded of them where Christ should be born. The palace Antonia communicated by covered passages with the temple, the daily resort of the priests,— from whence they could be
easily called into that palace. Thus, the prophet's separating the account of the building of the palaces, from that of the building of the walled fortresses, is not without significance, but fills up the prediction of the circumstances related by Matthew.
“ And he shall come to his end, and none shall help him." This part of the prediction obviously implies, that, in his last hours, the king would apply for deliverance, or remedy, from some affliction or disease, but would receive none; and how literally fulfilled was it in the end of Herod the Great ? History has preserved to us few such circumstantial accounts of the last days of remarkable men, as that which Josephus has transmitted to us of his ; but we deem it too long for insertion here. It exhibits the most fearful picture, to be found almost any where, of the end of an impenitent sinner, who, having thrown out of his heart all fear of God, and feeling of responsibility to him, had equally lost all sense of duty to man; and after committing innumerable crimes and cruelties, in which he spared not those connected with him by the dearest and tenderest ties, any more than others,—was at last seized, in his old age, with a painful and loathsome disease ; and suffering alike from that, and from the pangs of guilty fear, yet continued in a course of extreme wickedness to the last hour ;-seeking no remedy for his evil passions, but exhausting all the resources of the physician's skill to mitigate his bodily distemper, and lengthen out his wretched life. We refer to Josephus for the account of the remedies and expedients he had recourse to, by the advice of his physicians; all of which failed to relieve or impede the progress of the disease, which cut him off, while he was meditating new crimes of matchless cruelty.* Thus he came to his end, and none helped him.
The succeeding twelfth chapter presents predictions of events, of a kind so different from those we have now considered, that we assign a distinct section to its illustration.
* Antiq. xvii. 6--8; and Wars, i. 33.
Contents.—Illustrations of the xii. chapter.-Michael proved by Bishop Horsley to be a name of the Saviour.— The same proved by another train of argument.—Meaning of the name, He who is like unto God. It would seem to be repeatedly translated by the Apostle Paul, when declaring the Divinity of the Saviour.—The predictions, in the 1st verse, fulfilled—in Jesus being born in Bethlehem in the days of Herod the king, and afterwards entering on his public ministry—in his addressing himself first to the Jews—in the calamities sent upon the unbelieving Jews--and in the deliverance, both eternal and temporal, granted io the believing. The predictions, in the 2d verse, fulfilled—in the preaching of Christ, awakening men from the death of sin—in some believing on him to everlasting life—and in others knowing him to be the Messiah, yet refusing to acknowledge him, from motives of worldly ambition, or for fear of the Jewish Rulers. The predictions, in the 3d verse, fulfilled-in the preaching and writings of the Apostles and Evangelists, and in the effect of them, -the conversion of men to righteousness.— The predictions, in the 4th verse, fulfilled—in the concluding part of this prophecy of Daniel not being understood, till it was explained by Christ, in his own prediction of the destruction of Jerusalem—and in the preaching of the Gospel to the Gentiles. The 5th verse, a description of the outward appearances of the vision.— The predictions, in the 6th, 7th, 11th, and 12th verses, fulfilled—in the length of time, consisting of two unequal predicted periods, during which the great Jewish war lasted-in the issue of that war, which was the complete dispersion of the Jewish nation-and in the blessedness,-secured to them by their Saviour's promise,—of the Christians who endured to the end, amidst the sufferings and trials of the time of trouble.—The 9th verse, a repetition of part of the 4th verse.— The predictions, in the 10th verse, fulfilled in the sanctification of the Christian Converts -in their understanding this prophecy, which was explained to them