The Wild Animal Story

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Temple University Press, 1998 - Nature - 328 pages
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At the beginning of the twentieth century, the wild animal story emerged in Canadian literature as a distinct genre, in which animals pursue their own interestssurvival for themselves, their offspring, and perhaps a mate, or the pure pleasure of their wildness. Bringing together some of the most celebrated wild animal stories, Ralph H. Lutts places them firmly in the context of heated controversies about animal intelligence and purposeful behavior. Widely regarded as entertaining and educational, the early storiesby Charles G. D. Roberts, Ernest Thompson Seton, John Muir, Jack London and othershad an avid readership among adults and children. But some naturalists and at least one hunterTheodore Rooseveltdiscredited these writers as "nature fakers," accusing them of falsely portraying animal behavior. The stories and commentaries collected here span the twentieth century. As present day animal behaviorists, psychologists, and the public attempt to sort out the meaning of what animals do and our obligations to them, Ralph Lutts maps some of the prominent features of our cultural landscape.
 

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Contents

Animals and Ideas
1
1 Tales
23
2 On His Animal Stories
25
3 Do Seek Their Meat from God
31
4 The Rivals of Ringwaak
36
5 On His Animal Stories
45
The King of the Currumpaw
48
7 The Springfield Fox
59
18 The Writings of William J Long
155
19 Truth Plain and Coloured w H HUDSON
158
20 Nature as a Field for Fiction
161
21 Roosevelt on the Nature Fakirs
164
22 I Propose to Smoke Roosevelt Out Dr Long
172
23 Charles G D Roberts Defends His Nature Stories
182
24 Real Naturalists on Nature Faking
184
25 Nature Fakers
192

8 On His Animal Stories
71
9 A School for Little Fishermen
76
10 Trails That Cross in the Snow
81
11 A Woodcock Genius
89
12 The Sounding of the Call
91
13 Stickeen JOHN MUIR
103
14 Journey to the Sea
117
II Controversy
127
15 Real and Sham Natural History
129
16 The Modern School of NatureStudy and Its Critics
144
17 The Fate of Little Mucky
153
26 The Other Animals
199
27 Chipmunk Thoughts
211
III Interpretations
213
28 Animal Victims
215
The Animal Stories of Seton and Roberts
225
Ernest Thompson Seton Charles Roberts and Darwinism
237
31 Stickeen and the Moral Education of John Muir
248
32 Will the Real Wild Animal Please Stand Up The Nature Fakers
268
About the Writers
291
Index
295
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About the author (1998)

Ralph H. Lutts, Associate Faculty, Goddard College Off-Campus BA./MA Program and Adjunct Faculty, University of Virginia, Division of Continuing Education, is the author of The Nature Fakers: Wildlife, Science, and Sentiment.

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