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Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 1018. by
CHARLES D. CLEVELAND, in the Clerk's Ofice of the District Court for the Eastern District. of Pennsylvanla.
CLEVELAND'S SERIES OF COMPENDIUMS OF ENGLISH
AND AMERICAN LITERATURE
Comprising English authors from the 14th to the 18th century inclusivo English LITERATURE OF THE NINETEENTH Century, 778 pp., large 12mo.
Comprising living English authors, and those who have died in the
19th century. COMPENDIUM OF AMERICAN LITERATURE,
Comprising American authors from the earliest period of American
literature to the present time.
STEREOTYPED BY L. JOHNSON AND 00.
LANDS SERIES OF COMPENDIUMS OF ENGLISH AND AMERICAN LITERATURE
op Exclish Literature. 762 pp., large 12mo. mjeine English authors from the 14th to the 19th century inclusivo GRATURE OF THE NINETEENTH Century. 778 pp., large 12mo. sing living English authors, and those who have died in the century. P AMERICAN LITERATURE. in American authors from the earliest period of American
ure to the present time.
JOHNSON AND %. DELPHIA. PRINTER
In the preparation and execution of this work, I trust I have not been un mindful of the great, the solemn responsibility that rests upon him who is preparing a book which may form the taste, direct the judgment, and mould the opinions of thousands of the rising generation; and I hope and pray that it may contain not one line, original or selected, which can have the least injurious effect upon a single mind; not one line which, "dying, I might wish lo blot;"—but that, on the contrary, it may render good service to the cause of sound education; may exert, wherever read, a wholesome moral influence; and impress upon the minds of the young, principles essential to their well-being and happiness for time and for eternity-principles in harmony with everlasting truth.
CHARLES D. CLEVELAND. PHILADELPHIA, November 2, 1847.
PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION.
Thougu it is but ten months since the first edition of fisteen hundred copies of the “Compendium” was published, it is now exhausted. For the great favor with which it has been received, I am truly grateful, and have felt that I could return my thanks in no way more suitable than by endeavor. ing to make the second edition (now to be in a permanent form) as much better as my experience in the use of the first edition, further reading and research, and the suggestions of many literary friends would enable me to do. Accordingly, the present stereotyped edition will be found to be considerably enlarged, and I would hope materially improved. To state all the additions, however, would be impracticable in the limits of a preface. I must therefore confine myself to the most important,
First. There are in this edition, numerically, seventy-six more pages than in the first; but owing to a trifling enlargement of the page, and to the notes being printed in a smaller type, there are, at least, one hundred and fifty more pages of the same size and type as the first edition. Yet for all this, no advance in the price is contemplated by the publishers.
Second, Thirty-five new authors have been added; they are the following: John Gower, James I. of Scotland, John Still, Queen Elizabeth, Sir Thomas Ove.bury, Francis Beaumont, Lady Elizabeth Carey, Jolin Fletcher, John Donne, Michael Drayton, George Herbert, Gervase Markham, William Habington, Richard Lovelace, Catherine Philips, Sir William Davenant, Margaret Duchess of Newcastle, Edward Hyde Earl of Clarendon, Owen Felltham, Robert Leighton, Anne Killegrew, Henry Vaughan, Anne Finch, Esther Van. homrigh, George Sewell, John Arbuthnot, Elizabeth Rowe, Thomas Yalden, Elizabeth Tollet, Lady Montagu, Catherine Talbot, Thomas Chatterton, Tobias Smollet, Mrs. Greville, William Pitt Earl of Chatham.
Third. Many new selections will be found from the prose writings of the poets given in the first edition—from Chaucer, Wyatt, Southwell, Spenser, Sandys, Gay, Gray, Cowper, and Sir William Jones. These, with the prose selections from other poets previously given, will fully substantiate the renark of Sir Egerton Brydges, that our best poets will be found to have aqually excelled in prose.
Die piseparation anl execution of this work, I trust I have not been un Hi the great, the solemn responsibility that rests upon him who is in book which may form the taste, direct the judgment, and mould os of thousands of the rising generation; and I hope and pray that can not one line, original or selected, which can bave the least dint upon a single mind; not one line which, "dying, I might wish
but that, on the contrary, it may render good service to the cause retrason; may exert, wherever read, a wholesome moral influ
r ess upon the minds of the young, principles essential to their and happiness for time and for eternity--principles in harmoniy
CHARLES D. CLEVELAND. LLPHLA, November 2, 1847.
EFACE TO TIIE SECOND EDITION.
is but ten months since the first edition of fifteen hundred Compendium” was published, it is now exhausted. For the th which it bas been received, I am truly grateful, and have il return my thanks in no way more suitable than by endeavorthe second edition (now to be in a permanent form) as much xperience in the use of the first edition, further reading and re
suggestions of many literary friends woul' enable me to do. le present stereotyped edition will be found o be considerably I would hope materially improved. To state all the additions d be iinpracticable in the limits of a preface. I must therefore
to the most important.
fire new authors have been added; they are the following: mes I of Scotland, John Still, Queen Elizabeth, Sir Thomas is Beaumont, Lady Elizabeth Carey, Jolin Fletcher, John Drayton, George Herbert, Gervase Markhamn, William HaLornlace. Catherine Philips, Sir William Davenant Marga. 'wcastle, Edward Hyde Earl of Clarendon, Owen Felltham Anne Killegrew, Henry Vaughan, Anne Finch, Esther Van. Sowell. John Arbuthnot, Elizabeth Rowe, Thomas Yalden Lady Montagu, Catherine Talbot Thomas Chatterton, Tobias
Renumont, La Herbert, Gerk William Davena
ville, William Pitt Earl of Chatham. aw selections will be found from the prose writings of the e first edition from Chaucer, Wyatt, South well, Spenser
Cowper, and Sir William Jones. These, with the prose her poets previously given, will fully substantiate the re ton Brydges, that our best poets will be found to have
tracts from this author I have added two papers on Sir Roger de Coverley, and a portion of his poetical Epistle to Lord Halifax. I left out the two hymns, beginning, “ When all thy mercies, ( iny God," and, “How are thy servants blest, O Lord," because it is very doubtful whether he wrote them. Addison introduces them in the Spectator, as if they were the production of another; and the editor of Andrew Marvell's works, Edward Thompson, makes it appear very probable that they were written by his author, as they were found among his manuscripts in his hand-writing, with some variations. Gar. His letter on the “ Village Lovers" is a gem.-Swift. His satire on "Transubstantiation” is omitted for two reasons: the subject is too sacred for such a weapon, and the doctrine too absurd for refutation. Instead of this, the reader will find a still more humorous piece,—that on “ Partridge's Death."--Pope. The extracts from the “ Essay on Criticism," the “ Essay on Man," and his " Letter to Steele," additional; and the extracts from the “Rape of the Lock” better arranged.—TAOMSON.“ The Loves of the Birds," "A Summer Scene," "A Thunder-Shower,” “The Springs of Rivers,” and “A Man perishing in the Snows of Winter," additional.-BOLINGBROKE. «The Use of History,” additional.-GRAY. His “ Ode on a distant Prospect of Eton College," the exquisitely beautiful"Song,' and the four“ Letters," additional.-GOLDSMITA. The “Scenery of the Alps," and the “ History of a Poet's Gar den," take the place of "Alcander and Septimius," a rather unnatural story.-BLACKSTONE. His remarks on "The Origin and Right of Property," omitted, as altogether too dry. Johnson. " Gayety and Good-Humor," u The Conver. sation of Authors," " Books and Tradition,” « Prevention of Evil Habits," and “Parallel between Pope and Dryden," additional.---Lowth. His “Remarks on the Sublimity of the Prophet Isaiah," who will not value?-Jones. His beautiful letter on “Milton's Residence," additional.-BURKE. “ John Howard," " Sir Joshua Reynolds," “Rights of Man," “ Noisy Politicians," all additional.-JUNIUS. This author had rather more than his share before: I there. fore omitted two letters of less importance.Cow PER. " The Wounded Spi. rit Healed," " The Guilt of making Man Property," " The Diverting History of John Gilpin," and five letters, “ Cowper's Amusements," " Writing upon Any Thing," "An Epistle in Rhyme,' “ Expects Lady Hesketh, &c.," " Translation of Homer, &c.," all additional.
Such are the most important additions and alterations which have been made in the second edition. But there is hardly an author that remains precisely as before. In almost every one, some additional notes will be found, and the number of verbal alterations is very great. This is owing to the fact that the second proof of this edition I have read very carefully with a most experienced and critical proof-reader, by the best original edition of each author, One would be surprised to see how many errors have crept into the various reprints. To give but two specimens: the fourth line of the “ Emigrants," of Marvell, reads in the common editions, “ The listening winds received their song." It should be “this song;” and then the song follows, and not in verses as usually printed. The last line but one of Cowper's eulogy on John Bunyan usually reads, “And not with curses on his heart:" it should be
And not with curses on his art, who stole
The gem of truth from his unguarded soul. Numerous cases of a similar character might be cited; but I have already said quite enough of my own efforts to improve this edition: the Publishers, it will be seen, have done their part in a style of unusual beauty; so that, I believe, scarcely any book has been offered to the public at so moderate a price, if the amount of reading matter and the style of mechanical execu. tion be taken into view f'uILADELPHIA, September 2, 1848.