Criminology: A Sociological Introduction

Front Cover

This sociological introduction provides a much-needed textbook for an increasingly popular area of study. Written by a team of authors with a broad range of teaching and individual expertise, it covers almost every module offered in UK criminological courses and will be valuable to students of criminology worldwide. It covers:

  • key traditions in criminology, their critical assessment and more recent developments
  • new ways of thinking about crime and control, including crime and emotions, drugs and alcohol, from a public health perspective
  • different dimensions of the problem of crime and misconduct, including crime and sexuality, crimes against the environment, crime and human rights and organizational deviance
  • key debates in criminological theory
  • the criminal justice system
  • new areas such as the globalization of crime, and crime in cyberspace.

Specially designed to be user-friendly, each chapter contains boxed material on current controversies, key thinkers and examples of crime and criminal justice around the world with statistical tables, maps, summaries, critical thinking questions, annotated references and a glossary of key terms, as well as further reading sections and additional resource information as weblinks.

 

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Contents

Structure of the book
7
Critical thinking questions
8
Methodology and Measurement in Criminology
9
Thinking critically about statistics
10
an exemplar of thinking critically about recorded crime
12
National crime victimization surveys
14
Thinking positively about crime statistics
17
Getting inside the immediacy of crime
18
Ethnicity and the organisation of crime
191
Crime in the world of lawful professions
193
Crime and the professions
195
Crime in the world of corporatelevel business and commerce
198
Transnational corporate crimes
202
Summary
204
Further study
205
Drugs Alcohol Health and Crime
206

Moral ethical and legal difficulties of getting inside the immediacy of crime
19
Taking sides in criminological research
21
Summary
24
Further study
25
THINKING ABOUT CRIME
27
The Enlightenment and Early Traditions
29
A caution
30
Enlightenment thinking about crime
31
The classical tradition in criminology
32
some recent classical developments
35
Statistical regularity and positivism
37
The positivist inheritance
39
The problems with the positivist model
42
Critical thinking questions
43
Further study
44
Early Sociological Thinking about Crime
45
The normality of crime
46
The problems with functionalism
47
The problems with Marxism
50
The Chicago School and crime
51
differential association theory
56
The problems with the Chicago School
57
The problems with anomie theory
58
Gangs youth and deviant subcultures
59
Synthesising the theories?
60
Control theories
61
Social control theory
62
The problems with control theory
63
Summary
64
Further study
65
Radicalising Traditions Labelling New Criminologies and the Gender Issue
67
Deviance and labelling theory
70
Becker Lemert and Cohen
71
The wider contributions
73
The problems with labelling theory
74
Developments
75
Crime as conflict
76
Jeffrey Reiman and economic conflicts
77
Left realism
79
Left idealism?
80
The Birmingham Centre and new subcultural theory
81
Some problems
83
Cultural criminology
84
The critique of malestream criminology
85
bringing women back in
86
masculinity theories and the problem of men
88
Foucault and discourse theory
89
Summary
91
More information
92
Social Change and Criminological Thinking
93
Crime and the movement to late modernity
94
The exclusive society
96
Postmodernism and crime
97
Comparative criminology globalisation and crime
99
Globalisation
100
The rebirth of human rights theories
103
Summary
108
More information
109
DOING CRIME
111
Victims and Victimization
113
The role of victims within the criminal justice system
114
The hierarchy of victimization
115
Different types of victimology
117
Crime victimization surveys
119
Social variables in crime victimization
120
Gender
122
The impact of crime
123
Towards a victimoriented criminal justice process?
125
Summary
128
Critical thinking questions
129
More information
130
Crime and Property
131
Patterns of property crime
132
Comparative experiences
133
The hidden figure of property crime
135
Profile of property crime offenders
136
Everybody does it?
138
The social distribution of crime risks
139
Social class
140
Age
141
Controlling property crime
142
Other forms of property crime
143
Theft of intellectual property
145
New horizons in understanding property crime
146
Summary
147
Critical thinking questions
148
More information
149
Crime and Sexuality
150
sex crimes gender and violence
154
Rape
155
Pornography
158
The panics around sex crimes
160
The changing character of sex crimes
162
Sex crimes on the Internet
164
Changes in the law concerning sexual offences in the United Kingdom
165
Summary
167
Further study
168
Crime and Emotion
170
Rediscovering emotion in crime
171
Hate crime
172
Thrillseeking
174
Selfesteem
177
Respect
178
Revenge
180
Humiliation and rage
182
Summary
183
More information
184
Organisational and Professional Forms of Crime
185
Thinking about organisational and professional crime
186
Crime in the world of illegal enterprise
187
Professional organised crime in Britain 1930s2000
188
The anomaly of alcohol
209
Drugs as a global issue
210
Are drugs a problem?
212
Drugs and crime
214
Drugs offenders
215
Criminal groups and the drug market
216
Controlling drugs
217
Alcohol and crime
218
a public health issue
221
Crime public health and social inequalities
222
Public health as social policing
223
The medicalisation of control in prisons
224
Medicine and the criminal justice system
225
Summary
226
Critical thinking questions
227
More information
228
CONTROLLING CRIME
229
Thinking about Punishment
231
Philosophical justifications
232
Retributivist principles
235
Sociological explanations
238
Marx and political economy
241
Foucault and disciplinary power
243
Feminist challenges
246
Summary
247
Further study
248
The Criminal Justice Process
250
Overview of criminal justice institutions
251
Key stages of the criminal justice process
253
The police
255
The judiciary
256
The Probation Service
257
The nature of criminal justice
259
Substantive justice
262
Negotiated justice
264
Criminal justice in crisis?
266
Summary
267
Further study
268
Police and Policing
270
Historical origins and continuities
271
Police roles and functions
275
Police culture
278
Police accountability
280
Political accountability
281
Managerial accountability
282
Police deviance and criminality
283
Privatisation and pluralisation in policing
285
Summary
286
Critical thinking questions
287
More information
288
Prisons and Imprisonment
289
Comparing penal systems
290
The origins of imprisionment
292
Why prison?
294
The modern prison estate
296
Contemporary crises
297
Authority and managerialism
298
Social consequences
299
Gendered prisons
301
Ethnicity nationality and racism
303
Prison sociology
304
Prison riots and the problem of order
306
Summary
307
More information
308
GLOBALISING CRIME
311
The Greening of Criminology
313
Two opening examples
315
Types of green crimes
316
Secondary or symbiotic green crimes
318
criminalising environmental issues
321
The growth of environmental legislation
322
Green crimes social costs and social exclusion
323
Local communities as dump sites
324
green movements of resistance and change
325
A green backlash?
326
Ways ahead in a risk society
328
Critical thinking questions
329
More information
330
Crime and the Media
331
Blurring boundaries
332
Media effects popular anxieties and violent representations
333
Dramatising crime manufacturing consent and news production
335
Imagining transgression representing detection and consuming crime
338
Crime in cyberspace
344
Summary
347
Further study
348
Human Rights and Crimes of the State
349
The emergence and institutionalisation of the human rights paradigm
350
Criminology human rights and crimes of the state
351
Case studies of debates on crime and human rights
353
Capital punishment
355
case studies
356
Outlawing Holocaust denial
358
Is inequality a crime?
360
Summary
361
Critical thinking questions
362
Futures of Crime Control and Criminology
363
The persistence of the past
365
The extension of current trends
366
The present into the future
367
Criminological thinking present and future?
368
Criminological futures?
369
Risk and risky populations as the future focus of control?
372
Risk prevention the future and the past
373
Summary
374
Glossary
375
Bibliography
380
Webliography
412
Index
421
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

Eamonn Carrabine, Pam Cox, Maggy Lee, Ken Plummer and Nigel South all
work in the Department of Sociology at the University of Essex, Colchester, UK.

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