History and Crime

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This lively and accessible text provides an introduction to the history of crime and crime control. It explains the historical background that is essential for an understanding of contemporary criminal justice, and examines the historical context for contemporary criminological debates.

Topics covered include:

  • Crime statistics
  • Constructions of criminality
  • Policing
  • Prisons
  • Surveillance
  • Governance
  • White-collar crime
  • Immigration and crime

For each topic, the book provides an overview of current research, comment on current arguments and links to wider debates.

The Key Approaches to Criminology series celebrates the removal of traditional barriers between disciplines and, specifically, reflects criminology’s interdisciplinary nature and focus. It brings together some of the leading scholars working at the intersections of criminology and related subjects. Each book in the series helps readers to make intellectual connections between criminology and other discourses, and to understand the importance of studying crime and criminal justice within the context of broader debates.

The series is intended to have appeal across the entire range of undergraduate and postgraduate studies and beyond, comprising books which offer introductions to the fields as well as advancing ideas and knowledge in their subject areas.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
2 History Criminology and Historical Criminology
5
3 The History of Criminal Statistics
25
4 Police Governance Enforcement Discretion Professionalism and Accountability
51
5 Changing Perceptions of Criminality
77
6 Immigration Ethnicity Race and Crime
101
From the Workplace to the Streets?
127
8 Incarceration and Decarceration
149
Glossary
173
Bibliography
181
Index
191
Copyright

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Page 13 - I believe it to be not less true that, in consequence of evil ancestral influences, individuals are born with such a flaw or warp of Nature that all the care in the world will not prevent them from being vicious or criminal, or becoming insane. Education, it is true, may do much, and the circumstances of life may do much ; but we cannot forget that the foundations on which the acquisitions of education must rest are not acquired, but inherited. No one can escape the tyranny of his organization ;...
Page 7 - It includes within its scope the processes of making laws, of breaking laws, and of reacting toward the breaking of laws. . . . The objective of criminology is the development of a body of general and verified principles and of other types of knowledge regarding this process of law, crime, and treatment.

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