Presbyterian Reformers in Central Africa: A Documentary Account of the American Presbyterian Congo Mission and the Human Rights Struggle in the Congo, 1890-1918

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Robert Benedetto
BRILL, 1996 - Religion - 580 pages
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This volume contains 123 documents which illustrate the early history of the American Presbyterian Congo Mission and its struggle for human rights in the Congo from 1890 to 1918. The documents, many of which have never previously been published, are crucial to a full understanding of both the work of the Presbyterian Mission and its impact on the social, political, and religious life of the Congo.
The book is divided into four parts. Part One documents the founding and early history of the Presbyterian Mission from 1890 to 1898. Part Two documents the deterioration of social conditions in the Congo under King Leopold, and the reform campaigns initiated by the American Mission in Britain and the United States. Part Three consists of documents related to the 1909 libel trial of William M. Morrison and William H. Sheppard, the principal leaders of the American Mission. Part Four documents the Mission's reaction to continuing human rights abuses, particularly religious persecution, under Belgian rule to 1918. The documents - translated chiefly by Winifred K. Vass - are annotated and the volume contains an introduction and an index.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
A Origin and Context
53
B Laying the Foundation 18901892
71
The Early Mission 18921898
91
2 Arrival of William M Morrison
104
A The Public Campaign in England and the United States
121
2 The Public Campaign in England
150
3 The Public Campaign in the United States
189
B Accusations and Preparation for Trial 1909
333
2 Forced Labor and Slavery Continue
359
3 Pretrial Preparations
376
The Trial and Its Aftermath 19091911
387
A Beginning of Religious Persecution 19131914
437
B Appeals to the Colonial Government Regarding Forced
461
2 Further Appeals
478
Letter to Jules Renkin Colonial Minister
479

B Conditions in the Congo 19041909
225
4 Public Protest of the Protestant Missions
263
A Conflict with the Colonial Government and
281
2 Further Atrocities and Investigative Reports
297
Government Appeals and Public Protest Regarding
489
2 Public Protest and Call for an Investigation
525
Index
553
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Page ii - STUDIES IN CHRISTIAN MISSION GENERAL EDITOR Marc R. Spindler (University of Leiden) EDITORIAL BOARD Adrian Hastings (University of Leeds) Jocelyn Murray (London) Jean Pirotte (Université de Louvain) VOLUME

About the author (1996)

Robert Benedetto is Associate Librarian and Associate Professor of Bibliography at Union Theological Seminary in Richmond, Virginia. His publications include "Guide to the Manuscript Collections of the Presbyterian Church, U.S." ("Greenwood Press," 1990

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