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The design of the present work has been to afford to plain people a concise, inexpensive, and yet sufficient commentary on the New Testament. It makes no pretense of learning, while at the same time it aims to give the conclusions reached by the best biblical scholars, such as Alford, Lange, Olshausen, Bengel, Tholuck, Trench, Stuart, Robinson, Alexander, Hackett, Prof. Owen, and others, as to the true interpretation of the Sacred Word. To these are added, at the close of each chapter, a few suggestions of a more practical character upon the leading topics of faith and duty.
It is to be understood that for the views presented in these Notes the author is alone responsible. On many points of interpretation there have ever been, perhaps ever will be, differences of opinion among Christians. A commentary which should confine itself to things in regard to which all are agreed, would be both very meager and very useless. The Committee of the American Tract Society, in sanctioning the publication of this work, are to be understood as endorsing it only as coming, in their view, within the proper scope and design of that institution, without imposing further any needless restrictions upon the freedom of authorship. Whatever errors or faults, therefore, may be found in the notes, should be laid to the account of the author alone, not to that of the Society.
The text is conformed to the standard editions of the American Bible Society. No attempt has been made to correct the ordinary reading, although alleged errors and proposed emendations have in some cases been mentioned in the Notes. The references are for the most part from the English polyglott version.
The Notes while going through the press have passed under the revision of a very competent scholar, whose name, if it might be given, would be the guaranty of critical accuracy, and to whose kind suggestions and aid the most grateful acknowledgments are due.
May the blessing of the Lord attend this humble endeavor to aid in the understanding and belief of his Truth.
BOSTON, September, 1867.
CHRONOLOGICAL HARMONY OF THE GOSPELS.
THE following table, taken substantially from Robinson, shows the parallel pas-
sages of the Four Gospels relating to the same events, arranged in the order of
their occurrence. It should be understood, however, that this arrangement is, in
some cases, conjectural. The chronology of the New Testament is, in many re-
spects, undetermined. Even the exact year of Christ's birth is unknown; Robin-
son's conclusion from an elaborate consideration of what data we have is that “our
Lord's birth can not have taken place later than the 749th year of Rome ; it proba-
bly occurred one or two years earlier.” The month and day of the month are still
more doubtful. The duration of his public ministry is estimated from the four
passovers which occurred in it, although the feast recorded in Jno. 5:1 is by
many regarded as the festival of Purim, mentioned in Esther 9: 26.
If there were
four passovers, his ministry must have been about three and a half years. The par-
ticular events are arranged in their most probable order, and numbered consecu-
tively, both in this table and in the text, for convenience of reference.
I. EVENTS CONNECTED WITH THE BIRTH AND CHILDHOOD OF OUR LORD,
Covering a period of about thirteen and a half years, from B. C. 6 to A. D. 8.
1. Luke's Preface,
2. Announcement of the Birth of John,
3. Announcement of the Birth of Jesus,
4. Mary's Visit to Elisabeth,
5. Birth of John the Baptist, .
6. Genealogy by Matthew,
7. Genealogy by Luke,
3 : 23-38
8. The Angel's Message to Joseph,
9. The Birth of Jesus,
10. The Circumcision and Presentation,
11. The Magi, the Massacre, the Flight,
12. The Childhood of Jesus, .
II. THE ANNOUNCEMENT AND INTRODUCTION OF CHRIST'S PUBLIC MINISTRY.
About one year, from the Spring of A. D. 26 to April, A. D. 27.
13. The Ministry of John the Baptist,
14. The Baptism of Jesus,
3:13-17 1:9-11 3:21, 22
15. Christ's Temptation, .
4:1-11 1:12, 13 4:1-13
16. Of the WORD,
17. John's Testimony to Jesus,
18. Jesus gains Disciples,
19. The Marriage at Cana,
III. FROM OUR LORD'S FIRST PASSOVER TILL THE SECOND.
One year, from April, A. D. 27, to April, A. D. 28.
20. Expulsion of the Traders from the Temple,
21. The Discourse with Nicodemus,
22. Jesus Baptizes, - John's Testimony,
23. Departure into Galilee,
24. Discourse with the Woman of Samaria,
IV. FROM OUR LORD'S SECOND PASSOVER TILL THE THIRD.
One year, from April, A. D. 28, to April, A. D. 29.
35. Healing of the Impotent Man at Bethesda,
36. In the Cornfields on the Sabbath,
37. Healing of the Withered Hand,
38. Miracles by the Sea-shore,
39. The Twelve Apostles Chosen,
40. The Sermon on the Mount,
41. Healing of the Centurion's Servant,
42. Raising of the Widow's Son,
43. John's Message to Christ, .
44. Upbraiding of the Unbelieving Cities,
45. Dinner with a Pharisee,
46. Second Circuit of Preaching in Galilee,
47. The Blind and Dumb Demoniac,
48. A Sign demanded of Jesus,
49. Christ's Mother and Brethren,
50. Woes denounced against the Pharisees,
51. Discourse to the Multitude,
52. Slaughter of the Galileans,
53. Parable of the Sower,
54. Parable of the Tares, .
55. Other Parables,
56. Crossing the Lake; The Tempest Stilled,
57. The two Demoniacs of Gadara, .
58. Matthew's Feast,
59. Jairus' Daughter ; The Bloody Issue,
60. Healing of the Blind and the Dumb,
61. Second Rejection of Jesus at Nazareth,
62. Third Circuit of Preaching in Galilee,
63. The Twelve sent forth,
64. Herod's Opinion of Jesus ; Death of John,
65. Feeding of the Five Thousand,
66. Jesus walks upon the Sea, .
67. Discourse at Capernaum,
V. FROM OUR LORD'S THIRD PASSOVER UNTIL THE ENSUING FEAST OF
Six months, from April to October, A. D. 29.
68. Traditions of the Pharisees,
69. The Daughter of a phenician,
70. Healing of the Deaf and Dumb, and others, 15:29-31 7:31-37
71. Feeding the Four Thousand,
72. A Sign a second time Required,
73. Of the Leaven of the Pharisees,
74. A Blind Man Healed,
75. Peter's Confession of Christ,
76. Christ Foretells his Death,
16:21-28 8:31–9:1 9:22-27
77. The Transfiguration, ·
78. Healing of a Demoniac,
17:14-21 9:14-29 9:37-43
79. Christ a second time Foretells his Death,
17:22, 23 9:30-32 9:43-45
8. The Tribute Money,
81. Contention as to who shall be greatest,
VI. FROM THE FEAST OF TABERNACLES TILL CHRIST'S ARRIVAL AT BETHANY,
SIX DAYS BEFORE HIS FOURTH PASSOVER.
Six months, less six days; from Oct. A. D. 29, to April, A. D. 30.
85. Christ's public Teaching in the Temple,
86. The Woman taken in Adultery,
87. Continued Teaching in the Temple, .
88. Parable of the Good Samaritan,
89. Jesus in the House of Martha and Mary,
90. The Disciples again taught how to pray,
91. Return of the Seventy,
92. Healing of the Man born Blind,
93. Jesus at the Feast of Dedication,
94. The Raising of Lazarus,
95. Caiaphas' counsel against Jesus,
96. Departure into Peræa ; The Inốirm Woman,
97. Christ Journeying and Teaching,
98. The Pharisee's Dinner,
99. Who are true Disciples ; Counting the Cost,
100. Parables of Lost Sheep and Prodigal Son,
101. The Unjust Steward, :
102. The Rich Man and Lazarus,
103. Forbearance, Faith, Humility,
104. Of Christ's Coming,
105. Importunate Widow ; Pharisee and Publican,
106. Precepts respecting Divorce,
107. Christ Blesses little Children,
108. The Rich Young Ruler ; Parable of the Laborers 19:16–20:16 10:17-31
109. Christ a third time Foretells his Death,
110. The ambitious Request of James and John, 20 : 20-28 10:35-45
11. Healing of two Blind Men,
112. Zaccheus; Parable of the Pounds,
113. Jesus sought at Jerusalem,
114. Jesus arrives at Bethany,
VII. EVENTS OF THE Six DAYS PRECEDING THE FOURTH PASSOVER.
April, A. D. 30; from Saturday till the ensuing Friday.
115. Christ's public Entry into Jerusalem,
21:1-, 14- II:I-II
116. The Temple Cleansed,
21:12, 13 II:15-19
117. The Barren Fig-tree,
21:18-22 11:12-, 20-
118. Christ's Authority Questioned,
119. The Wicked Husbandmen,
126. The Wedding Supper,
121. On Paying Tribute to Cæsar,
122. On the Resurrection, .
123. The two great Commandments, .
124. Christ the Son of David,
125. Warnings and Woes, .
23:1-39 12:38-40 20:45-47
136. The Widow's Mite,
127. Certain Greeks desire to see Jesus,
128. Unbelief of the Jews, .
129. Christ predicts his Second Coming,
24 : 25:1- 13:1-37 21:5-36
136. Christ as King and Judge, .
131. The Supper at Bethany; The Betrayal,
26:1-16 14:1-II 22:1-6 12:2-8
132. Preparation for the Passover,
26: 17-19 / 14:12-16 22:7-13