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P. 270, 1. 33. M- : Milbourne. 1. 33. B
—: 'the City Bard or Knight Physician,' Sir Richard Blackmore.
P. 272, 1. 5. his Arthurs: Prince Arthur and King Arthur. Blackmore's Epics, published in 1695 and 1697.
1. 8. the Guardian Angels of Kingdoms. See Preface to Juvenal, p. 34.
1. 11. the whirl-bats of Eryx. Aen. V. 400.
1. 17. Mr. Collier. Jeremy Collier, 1650-1726, a non juring clergyman, wrote, besides his Skort View of the Immorality and Profaneness of the Stage, 1698, an Historical Dictionary, 1701–1721, from which a remark on Shakespeare is quoted by Mr. Browning: 'His genius was jocular but, when disposed, he could be very serious.' Collier had found fault with Dryden's want of religion : ‘The Author of Don Sebastian strikes at the Bishops through the sides of the Mufti, and borrows the Name of the Turk to make the Christians ridiculous.' 'In Cleomenes Cassandra rails against Peligion at the Altar, and in the midst of a publick Solemnity:
" Accurs'd be thou, Grass eating fodder'd God!
Accurs’d thy Temple, more accurs'd thy Priests !” P. 273, 1. 24. the battle of Senneph (Senef), Aug. 11, 1674, when Condé fell on the rear-guard of the Prince of Orange, then retreating between Charleroi and Mons. The battle had been described by Sir William Temple in his Memoirs of what passed in Christendom from 1672 to 1679.
A SHORT HISTORY OF CRITICISM FROM THE
TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE TO MIXT ESSAYS
AFTER the Italians the French took fire, and began to sublime and purifie themselves upon the rising of that glorious Minister Cardinal Richlieu, who founded the Royal Academy, and having muster'd the best Wits together, employ'd them in reforming the Stage, the Language, and Manners of his Country. L'Abbé Hedelin undertook the Theater, of which he published the most perfect Treatise yet extant; and if the Cardinal had livd some years longer, he would have carried it much higher, and even contended with Athens, and Rome themselves. Malherbe, Corneille, Chapelain, Moliere, Boileau, Fontaine, and Rapin, have cultivated, and exalted the Subject. The Learned Chanoine of St. Genevieve R. P. le Bossu, hath given us the best Idea, and most exact Model of Epick Poem. The Dutch and Germans (as though frozen up) have produced little in this kind; yet we must confess that Grotius, Heinsius, Scaliger and Vossius were Learned Criticks. Some of the English have indeed rais'd their Pens, and soar'd as high as any of the Italians, or French; yet Criticism came but very lately in fashion amongst us; without doubt Ben Johnson had a large stock of Critical Learning; Spencer had studied Homer, and Virgil, and Tasso, yet he was misled, and debauched by Ariosto, as Mr. Rymer judiciously observes; Davenant gives some stroaks of great Learning and Judgment, yet he is for unbeaten Tracks, new Ways, and undiscover'd Seas; Cowley was a great Master of the Antients, and had the true Genius and Character of a Poet; yet this nicety and boldness of Criticism was a stranger all this time to our Climate; Mr. Rymer and Mr. Dryden have begun to launch out into it, and indeed they have been very fortunate Adventurers. The Earls of R. and M. and Mr. W. have given some fine touches; Mr. Drydens Criticks are generally quaint and solid, his Prefaces doth as often correct and improve my Judgment, as his Verses doth Charm my Fancy; he is every-where Sweet, Elegant, and Sublime; the Poet and Critick were seldom both so Conspicuous and Illustrious in one man as in him, except Rapin. Mr. Rymer in his incomparable Preface to Rapin, and in his Reflections upon some late Tragedies, hath given sufficient proofs that he hath studied and understands Aristotle and Horace, Homer, and Virgil, besides the Wits of all Countries and Ages; so that we may justly number him in the first rank of Criticks, as having a most accomplish'd Idea of Poetry and the Stage.
AUTHORITIES, CRITICAL AND HISTORICAL.
BELJAME, Le Public et les Hommes de Lettres en Angleterre.
1883. BLOUNT, De Re Poetica, 1694. Bossu, Traité du Poëme épique. 1675. BOUHOURS, Les Entretiens d'Ariste et d'Eugène. 1671. BREITINGER, Les Unités d'Aristote avant le Cid de Corneille.
1879. BUTCHER, Aristotle's Theory of Poetry and Fine Art. 1897. BUTLER, Samuel, The Genuine Remains in Verse and Prose.
1759. CAMPBELL, Lewis, Greek Tragedy. 1891. CHAPELAIN, Preface to L'Adone of Marino. 1622.
Preface to La Pucelle. 1656.
containing the three Discourses and the Examens :-
traiter selon le vraysemblable ou le necessaire.