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THE

Gentleman's Magazine:

AND

Historical Chronicle.

From JANUARY to JUNE, 1821.

VOLUME XCI.

(BEING THE FOURTEENTH OF A NEW SERIES.)

PART THE FIRST.

PRODESSE ET DELECTARE.

E PLURIBUS UNUM.

By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent.

LONDON: Printed by JOHN NICHOLS and SON,

25, Parliament-street, Westminster ; where LETTERS are particularly requested to be sent, Post-PAID;

AND SOLD BY

JOHN HARRIS and SON (Successors to Mrs. NEWBERY), at the Corner of St. Paul's Church Yard, Ludgate Street;

and by Perthes and BESSER, Hamburgh. 1821.

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PÆSTUM.
'MID the deep silence of the pathless wild,

Where kiödlier nature once profusely smild,
Th' eternal TEMPLES stand untold their age,
Untrac'd their annals in Historic Page ;
All that around them stood, now far away,
Single in ruin, mighty in decay,
Between the mountains and the azure ipain,
They claim the empire of the lonely plain.
lo solemn beauty, through the clear blue light,
The Doric columps rear their massive height,
Emblems of strength untam'd; yet conquering Time
Has mellow'd half the steroness of their prime,
And bade tbe lichen, 'mid their ruins grown,
Imbrown with darker tints the vivid stone.
Each cbannel'd pillar of the fane appears
Unspoil'd, yet soften’d by consuming years ;
So calmly awful, so serepely fair,
The gazer's heart still mutely worships there.

Not always thus-when beam'd beneath the day;
No fairer scene thao Pæstum's lovely bay;
When her light soil bore plants of ev'ry hue,
And twice each year ber storied roses blew ;
Wbile Bards ber blooming honours lov'd lo sing,
Aod Tuscan zephyrs faoo'd the eternal spring.
Proud in her port the Tyrian moord bis fleet,
And Wealth and Commerce fillid the peopled street ;
While here the rescued Mariner ador'd
The Sea's dread sovereign, Posidonia's lord,
With votive tablets deck'd yon ballow'd walls,
Or sued for Justice in her crowded balls.
There stood on high the white-rob’d Flamen-there
The opening portal pour’d the choral prayer ;
While to the o'er arching Heaven swelld full the soupd,
Aud iocense blaz’d, and myriads koelt around.

'Tis past : the echoes of the plain are mute,
E’en to the herdsman's call or shepherd's fute ;
The toils of Art, the charms of Nature fail,
And Death triumphant rides the taioted gale.
From the lone spot the trembling peasants hasle,
A wild the garden, and the town a waste.
But THEY are still the same ; alike they mock
The lavader's menace, and the Tempesl's shock ;
Such ere the world had bow'd at Cæsar's Throne,
Ere proud Rome's all-conquering name was known),
They stood, and fleeting Centuries in vain
Have pour'd their fury o'er the enduring fane;
Such Toog sball stand-proud relicks of a clime
Where man was glorious, and his works sublime;
While in the progress of their long decay,
Thrones sink to dust, and Nations pass away.

*

* The Temples.

( i )

PREFACE.

We have now the pleasing satisfaction of announcing the completion of the First Part of our Ninety-First VOLUME. After the expiration of so many revolving years, we necessarily feel a conscious pride on viewing the successful result of our labours. SYLVANUS URBAN has not only accumulated a mass of information more general and extended than any contemporary Magazine contains ; but he still possesses, through the agency of numerous Friends and Contributors, the most ample resources in every Department of Literature,

To remove the impediments that might otherwise have existed, in discovering any particular information amongst so extensive a collection of Volumes, a complete and general Index has been recently published, which affords immediate reference to the whole series. By such an auxiliary the Gentleman's Magazine forms a species of Encyclopædia, embracing almost every subject connected with History, Literature, or Science.

In the present Volume several articles have been extended beyond the limits usually prescribed; but we flatter ourselves that the interesting information they convey will afford ample compensation. The “ Progress of Anecdotal Literature" contains many curious fragments of unpublished Biography, in addition to a considerable fund of genuine amusement. The “ Tour on the Continent” will always be perused with interest, as conveying a just idea of the state of Europe in the year 1818.--" The Progress of Literature in different Ages of Society" glows with bold and energetic sentiments, and is replete with ingenious and original remarks. — These papers conclude with the present Volume.

The Gentleman's Magazine was for many years the earliest and almost only vehicle for giving authentic publicity to the Parliamentary Proceedings; but, as there is now no restraint on the daily publication of Parliamentary affairs, by which they lose their originality in a Monthly Magazine, these proceedings are necessarily confined to a more limited space. Notwithstanding, when questions of public im, portance transpire, the speeches of the most distinguished speakers will be given; so that this department may still remain an historical record of constant reference.

The Embellishments, particularly in Wood, will be found more numerous than usual. As the art of Wood - Engraving of late years

has

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