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and so came again to London, where having assisted at the annual meeting, he, with William Penn, Robert Barclay, George Keith, &c. went over to Holland, to see his friends there, and to edify them with his gift. William Penn and Robert Barclay travelled up into Germany, and since R. Barclay the year before had spoken with the princess Elizabeth of the Palatinate, daughter of Frederick, king of Bohemia, and sister of Sophia, late duchess of Hanover, mother of George, king of Great Britain, W. Penn had also written two letters to her from England, which she answered by this following:

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Herford, May 2, 1677. This, friend, will tell you that both your letters were very acceptable, together with your wishes for my obtaining those virtues which may make me a worthy follower of our great King and Saviour Jesus Christ. What I have done for his true disciples is not so much as cup of cold water: it affords them no refreshment; neither did I expect any fruit of my letter to the duchess of L. as I have expressed at the same time into B. F. But since R. B. desired I should write it, I could not refuse him, nor omit to do any thing that was judged conducing to his liberty, though it should expose me to the derision of the world. But this

a mere moral man can reach at; the uue inward graces are yet wanting in

“your affectionate friend

“ Elizabeth."

G. Fox also from Amsterda in wrote a letter to this virtuous princess, wherein he commended her modest and retired life, and exhorted her to piety and Godliness : to which she answered with this letter:

“Dear friend, I cannot but have a tender love to those that love the Lord Jesus Christ, and to whom it is given not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him: therefore your letter, and your friends visit, bave been both very welcome

I shall follow their and your counsel, as far as God will afford me light and unction ; remaining still "your loving friend,

“ Elizabeth." Herford, the 30th of

August 1677.

to me.

This correspondence gave occasion to William Penn and Robert Barclay to pass towards Herford, a town on the frontiers of Paderborn, and to give the said princess, who resided there, a visit. With her lived Anna Maria,

countess of Hornes; and in one of the chambers of the princess, William Penn and Robert Barclay had a meeting with the princess, the countess, and several others to their great satisfaction. And the countess, who was

one of Labadies adherents, signified to William Penn, that she wished a meeting might be had where the inferior servants might freely appear. William Penn not refusing this, the princess consented to it; and after the meeting, (where she was not present, that so her servants might have a more free access) she expressed much satisfaction in having had that good opportunity. And then so earnestly invited William Penn and Robert Barclay, (who lodged at an inn) to sup with her, that they not being well able to refuse the invitation, yielded to it. There was then with her a French woman of quality, who having had before a very slight opinion of the Quakers, now became deeply broken, and very affectionately kind and respectful to William Penn and Robert Barclay. The next day was the first of the week; and it being agreed with the princess to have another meeting, William Penn desired that not only as many of her own family, but as many of the town as would willingly be there, might be admitted. To this she yielded. And thus William Penn and Robert Barclay had a large opportunity to preach effectually, and to discharge themselves. “After

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the meeting was done the princess came to William Penn, and taking him by the hand, she spoke to him of the sense she had of the power

and presence of God that had been among them; and thus going on she broke forth into an extraordinary passion, crying out, “I cannot speak to you, my heart is full," clapping her band upon her breast. This affected William Penn not a little, yet he spoke a few words to her by way of admonition; and then taking his leave of her, she said, “Will you not come hither again? Pray call here as ye return out of Germany.” To this he returned, “ We are in the hand of the Lord, and being at his pleasure, cannot so fully dispose of ourselves.” Solemn leave then being taken, Robert Barclay returned to Amsterdam, and William Penn went to Paderborn, and so by the way of Cassell (where, he spoke with the aged and learned Dureus) to Frankfort. Here he found several persons of note, with whom he had several times a meeting, and once at the house of a young gentlewoman, noble of birth, called Johanna Eleonora Merlane, who said to him, “ Our quarters are free for you, let all come that will come; and lift up your voices without fear.”

Departing thence William Penn came to Chrisheim, a village near Worms, where then lived some of his friends who afterwards went

to Pennsylvania and settled themselves there. Whilst William Penn was in the Palatinate, he wrote an exhortatory epistle 10 Elizabeth princess Palatine, and Anna Maria countess of Hornes; and then went to Heidelberg, the chief city of the Palatinate, to speak with the prince Elector, Charles Ludowick, brother of the said princess Elizabeth ; but the said prince then happened to be out of town: and since his chief message was to desire the prince that the Quakers at Chrisheim might be treated more mildly, (for tithes were exacted from them not only by the parson of the village, but also by the popish priest of Worms; and the vaught, or mayor of the town, endeavoured to restrain their due liberty of religious meeting together) he from thence took occasion to write a letter in their favour to the said prince t, because he had not been able to speak to him. Returning afterwards to Chrisheim, and preaching there in a meeting of his friends, he was overheard by the vaught, or chief officer, who stood at the back-door that he might not be seen, who was so well pleased with what he heard, that he afterwards told the parson, that it was his work, if the Quakers, were heretics, to discover them to be such : “ But for my part, continued

* See Penn's Travels in Holland, &c. 3d impression,

p. 77. + lbid. p. 84

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