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By thee how fairly is the giver now
Repaid? But gratitude in thee is lost
Long since. Wert thou so void of fear or shame,
As offer them to me the Son of God, 190
To me my own, on such abhorred pact,
That I fall down and worship thee as God?
Get thee behind me; plain thou now appear'st
That evil one, Satan for ever damn'd.

Towhom the Fiend with fear abash'd reply'd. 195
Be not so fore offended, Son of God,
Though sons of God both Angels are and Men,
If I to try whether in higher sort
Than these thou bear'st that title, have propos'd
What both from Men and Angels I receive, 200
Tetrarchs of fire, air, food, and on the earth
Nations besides from all the quarter'd winds,
God of this world invok'd and world beneath;
Who then thou art,, whose coming is foretold
To me so fatal, me it most concerns.

205 The trial hath indamag’d thee no way, Rather more honor left and more esteem; Me nought advantag'd, missing what I aim'd. Therefore let pass, as they are transitory, The kingdoms of this world; I shall no more 210 Advise thee; gain them as thou canst, or not. And thou thyself seem'st otherwise inclin'd Than to a worldly crown, addicted more To contemplation and profound dispute,

As

As by that early action may be judg’d, 215
When slipping from thy mother's eye thou went'st
Alone into the temple; there wast found
Among the gravest Rabbies disputant
On points and questions fitting Moses chair,
Teaching not taught; the childhood shows the man,
As morning shows the day. Be famous then 220
By wisdom; as thy empire must extend,
So let extend thy mind o'er all the world
In knowledge, all things in it comprehend:
All knowledge is not couch'd in Moses Law, 225
The Pentateuch, or what the Prophets wrote;
The Gentiles also know, and write, and teach
To admiration, led by nature's light;
And with the Gentiles much thou must converse,
Ruling them by persuasion as thou mean'st; 230
Without their learning how wilt thou with them,
Or they with thee hold conversation meet?
How wilt thou reason with them, how refute
Their idolisms, traditions, paradoxes ?
Error by his own arms is best evinc'd.

235
Look once more ere we leave this specular mount
Westward, much nearer by southwest, behold
Where on the AEgean shore a city stands
Built nobly, pure the air, and light the soil,
Athens the eye of Greece, mother of arts 240
And eloquence, native to famous wits
Or hospitable, in her sweet recess,
K 2

City'

City' or suburban, studious walks and shades;
See there the olive grove of Academe, ..
Plato's retirement, where the Attic bird 245
Trills her thick-warbled notes the summer long;
There flow’ry hill Hymettus with the sound
Of bees industrious murmur oft invites
To studious musing; there Ilissus rolls 249
His whisp’ring stream: within the walls then view
The schools of ancient sages; his who bred
Great Alexander to subdue the world,
Lyceum there, and painted Stoa next :
There thou shalt hear and learn the secret power
Of harmony in tones and numbers hit 255
By voice or hand, and various-measur'd verse,
AEolian charms and Dorian lyric odes,
And his who gave them breath, but higher fung,
Blind Melesigenes thence Homer call’d,
Whose poem Phæbus challeng'd for his own. 260
Thence what the lofty grave tragedians taught
In Chorus or Iambic, teachers best
Of moral prudence, with delight receiv’d
In brief sententious precepts, while they treat
Of fate, and chance, and change in human life; 265
High actions, and high passions best describing:
Thence to the famous orators repair,
Those ancient, whose resistless eloquence
Wielded at will that fierce democratie,
Shook th' arsenal and fulmin'd over Greece, 270

Το

To Macedon and Artaxerxes throne:
To sage philosophy next lend thine ear,
From Heav’n descended to the low-rooft house
Of Socrates; see there his tenement,
Whom well inspir'd the oracle pronounc'd 275
Wisest of men; from whose mouth issued forth
Mellifluous streams that water'd all the schools
Of Academics old and new, with those
Sirnam’d Peripatetics, and the sect
Epicurean, and the Stoic severe;

280 These here revolve, or, as thou lik'st, at home, Till time mature thee to a kingdom's weight; These rules will render thee a king complete Within thyself, much more with empire join'd.

To whom our Saviour sagely thus reply'd. 285 Think not but that I know these things, or think I know them not; not therefore am I short Of knowing what I ought: he who receives Light from above, from the fountain of light, No other doctrin needs, though granted true; 290 But these are false, or little else but dreams, Conjectures, fancies, .built on nothing firm. The first and wisest of them all profess’d To know this only, that he nothing knew; The next to fabling fell and smooth conceits; 295 A third sort doubted all things, though plain sense; Others in virtue plac'd felicity, But virtue join'd with riches and long life;

In corporal pleasure he, and careless ease;
The Stoic last in philosophic pride,

300
By him call’d virtue; and his virtuous man,
Wise, perfect in himself, and all possessing,
Equals to God, oft shames not to prefer,
As fearing God nor man, contemning all 304
Wealth, pleasure, pain or torment, death and life,
Which when he lists, he leaves , or boasts he can,
For all his tedious talk is but vain boast,
Or subtle shifts conviction to evade.
Alas what can they teach, and not mislead,
Ignorant of themselves, of God much more, 310
And how the world began, and how man fell
Degraded by himself, on grace depending?
Much of the soul they talk, but all awry,
And in themselves seek virtue, and to themselves
All glory arrogate, to God give none, 315
Rather accuse him under usual names,
Fortune and Fate, as one regardless quite
Of mortal things. Who therefore seeks in these
. True wisdom, finds her not, or by delusion
Far worse, her false resemblance only meets, 320
An empty cloud. However many books,
Wise men have said are wearisome; who reads
Incessantly, and to his reading brings not
A.fpirit and judgment equal or superior,
(And what he brings, what needs he elsewhere seek?)
Uncertain and unsettled still remains, 326

Deep

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