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IN D E X.

ABACUS, 430

Anglo-Saxons, worshiped wells, 36. Homily,
Achelous and Hercules, fable of explained, ibid. Buckets, 67. Mirrors, 121. Swape,
120

99. Windlass, 72. Steam idols, 398
Adam, traditions of, 12

Animals, employed to raise water, 74, 117,
Adventures of a bottle, 478

573. Devices of, 365. Their physiology
Æschylus, singular death of, 365

illustrated, 180, 181, 209, 210, 256-258
Agricola, quoted, 69, 72, 117, 126, 151, 219, Anthemius and Zeno, 393
240, 278, 315

Antipater, 282
Agriculture, 79, 118. Implements of, 12, 132 Antlia of the Greeks, 213
Air, its properties, 176—186. Ancient expe- Anvil, blacksmith's, 12, 43, 240, 241

riments on, 192. Rarefaction by heat, 374– Aquarius, 85
380. Liquids raised by currents of, 224–5, Arabs, 41
447, 473

Arago, 145, 411, 433
Air-barometer, 188, 375

Archimedes, 141, 360, 438
beds, 177. Guns, 181, 192, 270, 425 Archytas, 7, 268

chambers to pumps, 265, 269, 270, 306, Argand's siphon, 525
307, 326, 337, 338, 371

Arkwright, 359
- machines, 374—380, 447, 473

Arts, useful, their origin, &c. 2, 6, 11, 12, 81,
pumps, 179, 180, 190, 403, 426

83, 232, 282
Air and steam, their supposed identity, 395— Artificial hands and feet, 4
400, 418, 420, 421, 572

Atabalipa, 169
Ajutages, conical, effect of, 479, 480, 486_ Astronomy, 85
488, 4904496

Aqueducts, 165—169,212
Alberius, 104

Auto da Fe, 351
Alchemists, 395, 407,408

Awls, 87, 469
Alcithæ, taken off by priests, 385

Atmosphere, its properties, 176—189. Dis.
Alcoholic engines, 441, 472

covery of its pressure, 187, 425, 426. Its
Aleppo, water-wheels at, 115

pressure diminished during storms, 481.
Alexandria, library at, 415. Wells at, 54, 55 By currents of air, 482-8. By currents of
Alfred the Great, 'measured time by candles,

steam, 489–496.

By currents of water,
350

479
Algerines, their superstitions, 36

Atmospheric pumps, 173, 175, 187—191, 206
Aliars, 107. Tricks at, 383–385

-230
Alum, used to make wood incombustible, 304

sprinkling pots, 194, 195, 567,
America, ancient arts in, 159—172

573
American water-works, 298–301. Fire-en-

B.
gines, 339—348. Wells, 50, 160, 164, 298 Babylon, 79. Hydraulic engine at, 133, 303
Amontons, his fire-mill, 463

Bacchus, tricks at his temples, 200, 385
Androids and automata, 104, 183, 294, 534, Bacon, Roger, 403
568, 573

Lord, 416–17, 550
Anecdotes, of Mahomet, 10. Dentatus, 19. Balls supported on jets of air, steam, and
Darius, 22.

Egyptian priests, 22. Two water, 270, 395
elephants, 39. A boy and goose 39. Alex Barbers, 121, 162. See preface.
ander, 39

A caliph, 42. Cleanthes, 56. Barometer, 190, 375, 481
An ass, 74. An Indian Cacique, 107. Ćtesi. Basket, swinging, for raising water, 85, 86
bius, 121, 122. Valentinian, 196. A raven, Bate, John, 321, 375, 421, 565, 568, 569
203. A Spanish pump-maker, 224. A Baths, 120, 147, 169, 393, 552, 558
Basha, 316. A Dutch Burgher, 366. Lord Bears employed in tread-wheels, 74
Bacon, 375. Marquis of Worcester, 392. Beer, 87
Zeno, 393. Cromwell, 442. Savery, 454. Bees, 257, 276
Phocion, 537, 565. Oxen, 573

Beds. air and water, 177, 178. Bedcloths, 178
Angelo, M. 534

Bedsteads, 87, 178, brazen feet. See preface.

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Bel and the Dragon, 519

Chinese tinker, 20, 248. Juggler, 199. Wells,
Bellona, 308

28, 30, 35, 83. Proverbs, 30, 31. Printing,
Bells used as fire-engines, 313, 314. Bellmen, Windlass, &c. 69, 70. Irrigation, 82, 83,
315

86. Noria, 112. Chain-pump, 150. Ships,
Bellows, 87, 90, 177, 180, 232—243, 261, 268, 158. Bellows, 248. Digesters, 393. Clocks,

483. Origin of the word, 570. Vulcan's 545
233, 240, 268, 568. African, 235, 246, 252. Chisels of gold, and faced with iron, 5
Asiatic, 236. Egyptian, 237, 238. Mada. Chuck, eccentric, 285
gascar, 246, 252. Lantern, 240, 241. Rotary, Churches, fountains in, recommended, 540
252, 255

Circulation of the blood, 132, 257
piston, 244–252. Philosophical, Cisterns, 48, 58, 169, 170, 557
396, 397, 569, 570

Cistern pole, 57
pumps, 205, 210, 235, 241, 243, 568 Cleanthes, 56
Belt, hydraulic, 137

Clepsydra, 95, 542—7
Belzoni, 124

Clocks and watches, 122, 285, 323. Substi.
Berenice's hair, 143

tutes for, 350
Besson's Theatre, quoted, 69, 114, 126, 152, Clysters, 260
218, 280, 317, 410

Coach with portable kitchen, 445
Bethlehem, well at, 48

Coal-pits, raising water from, by fire, 419
Bible quoted or illustrated, 2, 10, 11, 19, 22, Cocks, of gold, silver, &c. 170, 559, 560.

24, 26, 30, 31, 33, 35, 38, 40, 44,51,52, 84, 87, Three and four way, 354, 355, 421, 433, 419,
90,95, 117, 132, 195, 292, 283, 291, 303, 366, 462, 523. Ancient, 394, 557, 559. Guage,

391, 393, 400, 476, 517, 536, 560, 565, 571 459. Siphon, 527.' Sliding, 561
Birmah, raising water in, 73

Cottins of iron and lead, 551
Blacksmiths, Adam one, 12. Vulcan, 240. Cog-wheels, 71, 72, 114, 121. Engine for
Grecian, 241. See preface.

culting teeth, 323
Blakey, 462

Cohesion of liquids, 513, 515
Blood, circulation of, 132, 257

Coining, Roman mode of, 6
Blow-pipes, 19, 234, 569.' Eolipilic, 569 Combs, 87. See preface.
Blowing tubes, Ewbank's, 484—496

Condensation of steam by injection discovered
siphons, Ewbank's, 527, 528

by chance, 466
Boa Constrictor, 180

Conon, 143
Boats, steam and others, 258, 403, 419, 423, Constantinople, water-works at, 43, 553. An-
438

cient baths ai, 552. Fire-engines at, 316
Boilers, of wood and of granite, 470. Heated Constellations, 143
by the sun, 471

Cooking by steam, 471
ancient, 392, 393, 522. Of coiled tubes, Cord and bucket for raising water, 53–56
394

Cornucopia, 119, 120
Branca, 418

Cortez, 159-163
Buckets, 32, 52, 54, 63, 73, 83, 167, 171, 302, Coryatt, 78

314, 315, 340, 341. War caused by one, 67, Cotion gin, 359
Ancient metallic ones, 230

Coupling screws, 326, 459
Buckel engines, 64–66, 128. Ancient, 573 Couvre feu, 350
Burckhardt at Petra, 42. At Hamath, 116 Crassus, bad practice of his, 311

Crates, saying of his about war,

309
с

Creusa, 383
Calabash, 14, 16

Crucibles, Egyptian, 87, 234
Cambyses, 377

Crusaders, 32, 372
Camera Obscura, 379, 403, 430

Cupelo furnaces, 397
Candles, lime measured by, 350

Cupping, 202, 203
Canne hydraulique, 372, 373

Curfew bell, 350
Canopus, origin of these vessels, 23

Ctesibius, 121, 122, 192, 213, 259, 266—270,
Capillary attraction, 510, 513

547
Cardan, 396, 407, 410

D
Carpenter's tools and work, 87

Dædalus, inventions ascribed to him, 268
Carihagenian wells, 27, 38

Damasking linen, 323
Cast iron, 268, 553

Danaus, carried pumps to Greece, 130
Cato the Censor, 536

Darius, anecdote of, 22
Cauldrons, 19–21, 120, 162, 171, 237, 238, Decaus, 319, 380, 410–13, 529, 533

Delphic oracle, 241, 392
Caus. See Decaus.

Democritus, saying of his, 57
Cawley, 461, 468

Demons, superstitions respecting, 313,482, 521
Cecil's motive engine, 473

Demosthenes, his father a cutler, 6
Cement, 58

De Moura's steam-engine, 463
Centrifugal pumps, 229, 230, 290, 291 Dentatus, anecdote of, 19
Chains, golden, 162. Watch, 323

Desaguliers, his bucket-engines, 63, 66. Re-
Chain of pots machine, 122—132

marks on Savery, 460. Steam-engine,

461
Chain-pumps, 148158, 567. In ships, 154- Dials, 542
157, 567

Digesters, 392, 393, 446, 447
Chain' and sector, 467

Discoveries in the arts, way to make, 359
Chairs, imprisoning, 29, 573. Cane, 323 Diogenes, buried heels up, 36
Chemists' siphons, 526

Distaff and spindle, 283
Chemnitz pressure engine, 362

Distilling, 381, 393, 407
Child's rattle, inventor of, 268

Divination, by water, 34, 36. With cups, 200,
Chili, aqueducts in, 165

201. With fire, 383,571. Steam, 392, 399
Chimneys, increasing the draft of, 395, 482, Diving ships and apparatus, 430, 431
483, 485

Dogs in tread wheels, 74, 75

391, 394

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Dolls. 87, 268

F
Doors and gates, self-moving, 384, 555,556 Faye's La, improved tympanum, 111
Dove-tailing, 87, 268

Feast of Cana, siphons used at, 517
Dowry of Scipio's daughter, 121

Females, employment of ancient, 283
Drawing water, imposed as a punishment, 84, Fetters, Lacedemonians bound with their

own,
131, 533

* 84. Found on skeletons in Pompeii, 29
Drebble, C. 186, 323, 381, 430

Fire, modes of obtaining it, 197. Sacred, 196,
Drinking vessels, 4, 11, 14–16, 162, 195, 205, 197. Superstitions respecting, 312—314.
520–2

Protecting buildings from, 304, 349. Greek
Drops of liquid, 511

fire, 307. Laws respecting, 351. Raising
Dropping tubes, 199

water by, 374—384, 418, 419, 431, 442.
Dunstan, St. 104, 105. Adroit trick of his, Kindling on altars, 383, 384
107

Fire-escapes, 350
Dutch scoop, 93. Fire-engines and hose, 328, Fire-engines, 302–349, 573
329. Inventions. See preface.

Firemen, Roman, 309. American, 340–345
Dwellings, heated by steam, 471. Fountains Fire-places, 483
in, recommended, 361, 540

Fish, fishing, 86, 87, 185. Nets, 550. Salt.

ing fish, 86
E

Fitch, John, 424
Ear-trumpets, 379, 573

Flatterers, among men of science, 143, 145
Ecclesiastes, a fine passage in, illustrated, Flies, curious mechanism of, 182, 183
132

Flying, 103, 104, 324, 430
Ecclesiastics, devices of, 103—108, 383–387, Fly.wheels, 278, 283
392, 398—400

Floats for steam-boilers, 471
Eddystone light-house, 258, 366, 367

Fludd, Robert, 65, 194, 219, 354, 407
Egypt, labor of, what it was, 86

Forcing pumps, 262
Egyptian wells, 26–28. Customs, 34, 78, Forks derived from China, 70. Their use in
81, 83, 87. Noria, 113. Shadoof, 94, 95. Europe, 76—78
Mental, 85. Chain of pots, 123, 131. Screw, Fortification, a moveable one, 430
142. Siphons, 516. Clepsydræ, 544, 547. Fortune, wheel of, 119
Goldsmiths, 234. Fire-engine, 307

Fountains, 27, 33, 34, 35, 41, 43, 49, 119, 163,
Emblematic devices, 32, 194, 203, 261, 314, 170. Artificial, 30, 361, 379, 445, 532–541
557

Fountain lamps, &c. 193
Endosmosis, 510

Forcing pumps, 262–281
Engines of motion, 419, 423

Francini's bucket machine, 128
Engines to extinguish fires, of great antiquity, Francois' steam machine, 463

303. Employed in ancient wars, 303, 305. French inventions. See preface. Water.
Referred to by Apollodorus, 235, 304. Des. works, 277, 296—298. Fire-engines, 317,
cribed and figured by Heron, 305. Portable 324–331, 336
engines, 311. Syringe engine, 315, 317, 321. Frictionless pumps, 208, 209, 321, 274, 568.
German, 318, 319, 324, 331. English, 320,

See bellous pumps.
321, 322, 332—335, 568. French, 324, 325, Frogs, climb by atmospheric pressure, 183
327, 329, 336. Duich, 328, 331. American, Fuel, in steam idols, 400. Lord Bacon on,
339, 344, 345. Rotary, 285, 573. Steam 417
fire-engines, 338, 346–349

Fulton, Robert, 359, 464
English, inventions of, 323. See preface. Fusee, 71. Fusee windlass, 69–71

Water-works. 294—296 Fire-engines, 320, Future happiness, erroneous views of, 508
332—335. Steam-engines, 420, 437, 455,
465

G
Eolian harp, 104

Gaining and losing buckets,64–66, 128
Eolipiles, an emblematic device, 261. From Galileo, 104, 187, 188

Heron's Spiritalia, 394. For blowing fires, Games, ancient, 81
395—400, 573. Increasing draft of chim Garcilasso, 167, 170, 509
neys, 395, 401. Diffusing perfumes, 401. Gardens, Égyptian, 101. Babylonian, 134.
Producing music, 401. Fusing metals, 397, Mexican, 163, 537. Peruvian, 171. Ro.
569, 570. In the human form, 398, 399. man, 536. Italian, 537. Persian, 539, 573

Used in war, 400. Charging, 395, 407, 570 Floating, 539
Eolipilic idols, 398, 400, 570

Garden watering pots, 194, 195, 567, 573.
Eolus, god of winds, 400

Garden syringes, 261
Ephesus, fountains at, 49

Gates and doors, closed by machinery, 556
Epigrams, ancieni, 282, 537

Gauls, 36. Induced to invade Rome by the
Erckers, blowing eolipiles from, 307, 570 report of a smith, 19
Evans, Oliver, 424

Geese, in tread wheels, 75
Evaporation of water from the earth, 506 Genevieve, St. 37
Ewbank's experiments on raising water, 225. Gensanne's engine, 463

Mode of propelling vessels, 406. Blowing Gerbert, 104, 401
tubes, 484—496. Spouting. tubes, 497— German snail, 138. Bellows pump, 207. Fire.
504. Mode of evaporating liquids in vacuo, engines, 319, 323–326. German inventions.
495. Experiments on the force of sap, 509

See preface.
Increasing the draft of chimneys, 488. Ven. Gesner, 381
ating ships and mines, 488. Siphons, 527, Geysers, 411, 507
528. Siphon cocks, 527.. Tubular valve, Glass, painting on, 4. Engine for working,
556. Sliding cocks, 560,561. Tinned leaden 323. Mirrors, 121. Glass tomb of Belus,
pipes, 555

200
Explosion of boilers, 392

Glass tubes, curious motion of, 429
Esplosive motive engines, 441, 450, 471–473 Glazier's vise, antiquity of, 554

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Glauber, device of his, 440. Safety valves Hour-glasses, 545, 547

used by him, 451. Wooden boilers, 470 Hose pipes, 304, 326–328, 345
Glue, ancient, 87,

House warıning, 37
Gnat, the, a boat builder, 258

Hudibras, 265
Goats employed in tread wheels, 152. Battles Hurricanes, commence at the leeward, 481
between, 366

Huyghens, 441
Goblets for unwelcome guests, 521. Magical, Hydraulic belt, 137
520

Hydraulic ram, 367—372
Gold-beating, 87

Hydraulic machines, ancient, 7, 10, 81, 131,
Golden legend, extract from, 313, 314

132–135, 267. Used as first movers of ina.
Goose-neck joint, 307, 322, 327, 573. Substi. chinery, 128, 140, 158
tute for, 324–326

Hydrostatic press, 276
Gosset's frictionless pump, 208
Goths employed bears in tread wheels, 74

I
Gravity, suspension of objects against, 142 Idols, 82, 106—108. Eolipilic, 398, 399,570—
Greece, wells in, 27, 36. Antiquities found

572
in them, 50. Water raised from them by Impostures, 23, 106-108, 376_378. See
the swape, 96

juggling
Greeks, 268

Imprisoning chairs, 429, 573
Green-houses heated by steam, 471

Incas of Peru. Aqueducts erected by them,
Guage cocks, 459

165—168
Guage, mercurial, 451

Incendiaries, 308, 350. Punishment of, 351
Guerricke, Otto, 181, 190, 426

India ink, 70
Gulf stream, 477, 478

Indians, American, 50, 107, 180
Guns, repeating, 430. Air, 181, 192, 270, 379, Inertia, 373, 503
573. Steam, 395, 423, 573

Intermitting springs, 506
Gunpowder, 143, 383. Known to Roger Inventions, how realized, 359. Few record.
Bacon, 403. Engines moved by, 441, 450,

ed, 416.

Cause of this, 427. Advantages
472

of recording them, 453. Century of, 64,
Gutters, for raising water, 88, 91, 92. Spouts 140, 362, 428-438
of, ornamented, 119

Inventors, old, concealed their discoveries,

and why, 427. Caricatured, 439
H

Iodine, discovery of, 414
Hair, coloring it practised of old, 120. Bere. Iron cauldrons soldered, 20. Iron statues,

nice's hair, 143. Pulling up trees by one of 142. Planing iron, 283
Sampson's hairs, 418

Iron first cast in England, 553
Hamath, water-works at, 115, 116

Irrigation, 28, 79, 80, 83, 84, 95, 118, 119,
Hamıner, its origin and history, 5,6

6

126, 131, 132, 163. Aquarius, an emblem
Hand, used as a cup, 11, 40, 52. Artificial

of, 119
hand, 4

Italian mode of raising water to upper floors,
Haskin's quicksilver pump, 274, 275

63. Fountains, 534, 537
Hautefille, 441
Heart, the, a pump, 258

J
Hegisostratus, wooden foot of, 4

Jack, old name of a man-servant, 75. Smoke-
Helepoles, 304

jack, ibid.
Heliopolis, fountain at, 43, 49

Jack of Hilton, a Saxon eolipile, 398
Heliogabalus, 177,561

Jacks of the clock, 543
Heraldic devices, 261, 314, 396

Jacob's well, 38, 42, 44
Herculaneum, wells at, 28, 29, 55. Fountains Jaculator fish, 257

Jantu, 89. alluded to by Moses, 90
Hereward, the Saxon, 36

Japanese water-works, 125, 557. Clocks, 543
Herodotus, quoted, 4, 11, 12, 20, 22, 27, 58, Jehoahaz, portrait of at Thebes, 116
79, 80, 81, 84, 96, 133, 241, 260

Jets d'eau, 163, 532–541
Heroes, old mechanics the true, 5

Jeweled holes for pivots of watches, 122, 547
Heron, 65. His fountain, 361. Air-machines, Jews, their wells, 25, 33, 34. Watering land,

378. Account of his Spiritalia, 385, 386. 86. Their arts, 133
Eolipiles from, 394

Joseph's well, 38, 45-47. Divining cop, 200
Hieroglyphics, American, 164

Josephus, quoted, 38, 40, 54
Hindoos, their mode of drinking, 11. Wells, Juggling, jugglers, magicians, &c. 23, 106

30, 33, 35, 38, 52. Carrying water, 84. 108, 198—201, 376—385, 519,521–523
Picotah, 97. Swinging basket, 85. Jantu, Juvenal, quoted, 19, 43, 121, 310, 311, 312,
89, 90. Syringes, 260, 261. Water-clocks, 377. Banished, 48

544
Hire La, his double acting pump, 271

K
Holy water, derived from the heathen, 166, Kircher, on the speaking statue of Memnon,

196, 386. Ancient vase for selling it, 387. 377. Bellows-pump from, 243. Turned a
Used in consecrating bells, 313, 314, and spit by an eolipile, 396. His mode of
various other articles, 196

raising water by steam, 422
Homer, quoted, 19, 21, 22, 33, 233, 240, 250, Kitchens, 75. Egyptian, 237, 238, 517
536. Kept a school at Scio, 131

Kites, boys', 422
Honors, titles of, absurd origin of some, 144, Knives of gold and edged with iron, 5. Port
145, 445, 446

able knives, 205
Hookah, 270

Koran, quoted, 10, 54, 117
Hooke, Dr. 441
Horn of abundance, 119, 120

L
Horn, drinking, saying respecting it, explain. Laban's images, 571
ed, 205

Ladders, portable, 350, 431

at, 534

[blocks in formation]

549

270, 547

Lakes Mæris and Mareotis, 80

Mines, ventilation of, 488. Raising water
Lamps, 242, 243, 421

from. See Agricola, Ramseye, Savery, New-
Lantern bellows, 237—240. Pump, 241, 242 comen, Worcester.
Lares. See Idols.

Mirrors, 87, 121, 172
Lateral communication of motion, 475–480 Moclach, a vizier, 55
Laver of brass, 557

Momentum, 883, 366, 367, 373. Animals have
Law, a bar to the progress of the arts, 427 a knowledge of it, 365
Lead, pigs of: leaden roofs, coffins, rolled Monks, their ingenuity and professions, 104
lead, pipes, &c. 163, 211, 550—554

108, 386
Leaden pipes tinned, 555

Montgolfier's ram, 369—372
Leather pipes, 304, 326

Moon, Wilkin's project to reach it, 103
Lenses, concave and convex, 380, 381 Moreland, Samuel, his pump and speaking.
Leopold's Fire-engines, 329–331. Steam- trumpet, 273. Steam-engine, 441–445
engines, 462, 469

Morey's motive engine, 473
Level, 268

Motion, transmitted by air, 448. Rotary,
Library, in an ancient ship, 147. Alexandrian, 282–284
destroyed, 415

Motive engines, 423, 472–474
Lions' heads on cocks, gutters, &c. 119, 557 Mouth, various operations of, 477
Liquor tasters, 195, 1999

Musical machines, 17, 381. See Eolipiles,
Llama of Peru, 257

Memnon.
Load-stone for suspending an iron statue, &c, Mythology, Egyptian, 82~-85. Peruvian, 167

142
Lobster's tail, mechanism of, 258

N
Locomotive carriages, 403, 423, 424, 473. Naamah, the supposed inventress of spinning,

Increasing draft of chimneys of, 397, 488 283
London water-works, 294–296, 321, 434, 567 Nabis, his cruelty, 573
Looking-glasses, 121

National vauntings, 402
Lucan, quoted, 108, 125, 540

Natural pumps and devices for raising liquids,
Lustral vase and water, 387

209, 210, 256-258, 505513

Neptune, 507
M

Nero, his golden house, 539. Water-clock,
Macaroni, kneading, 91
Machines, worked by the feet, 90, 237–239. Nets, fishing, 86, 87
War machines, 305

New-Amsterdam, wells in, 299. Fires and
Machines of Ciesibius, 122, 192, 213, 259,266– fire-wardens in, 339, 340

New-York, minutes of common council, 299
Madagascar, bellows of, 246, 252

300. Old treasury note, 300. Fire-engines,
Magic goblets, 518, 520

341-345
Magnet, ancient one, 142

Newcomen and Cawley's engine, 296, 464
Mahomedans, traditions and customs of, 12, -468

Niagara falls, currents of air at, 476
Mahomet, 10, 54. His coffin, 142

Nineveh, well at, 26, 36
Man, his body a living pump, 257. His past Noria, Chinese, 112. Egyptian, 113. Spanish,
and future condition, 388-390, 508

114. Roman, 113. Syrian 116. Mexican,
Manco Capac, 168, 172

163
Mangle, Chinese, 90

Nuremburg, in the 16th century, 324. Curious
Manuscripts, 108

report of Engineers, 556
Mariner's compass, 143
Marli, water-works at, 296—298
Mars, represented, 308

Omar, logic of, 415
Martial, quoted, 521

Oracle at Delphi, prediction of, 241
Mastodon, tradition of, 165. No extinct ani- Organs, 547–550

mals of the ox kind thirty feet high, 210 Organ-makers, priests, 401
Mathesius, 410

Oscillation of liquids, 497
Mechanic powers, origin of some, 1. Imple. Osiris, 82. Made his own plough, 83, 132
ments, 5, 6

Ovid, quoted, 11, 13, 52, 76, 120
Mechanics, ancient, little known of them, Oysters, swallowing, 181. Their movements,

3, 4. An account of their works and work 257
shops would have been invaluable, 4. The
true heroes of old, 4, 5. Formerly seated Paddle-wheels, 454. Their antiquity, 406.
when at work, 139, 240. Advantages of Substitutes for, 291, 406
studying the mechanism of animals, 258. Palladium of Troy, 12, 571
Old priests first-rate mechanics, 104, 401, Panama chains, 162
441

35, 36

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Paper, Chinese mill, 90. Made by steam,
Mechanism, revolving, 282–284

388. Experiments with a sheet of, 483.
Medea, inventress of warm and vapor baths, Marbling, 323
120

Papin, 1. His air-gun, 181. Driven from
Medicines, quack, 120

France by religious persecution, 446. His
Memnon, statue of, 377, 401

digesters, 447. Safeiy valve, 447, 451. Air.
Mercurial guage and safety valves, 451 machine, 447–450. Explosive engine, 450.
Metals, hammered into plates, 2, 283, 551. Steam machines, 450—452
Drawn into wire, 2. And into pipes, 554. Parabolic jambs of fire places, 483
Ancient works in, 6, 87, 162, 171, 657. See Paris, water-works of, 296-298. Fire-engines,
preface.

327–331, 336
Metallic mirrors, 121

Pascal, his experiments on atmospheric pres.
Mexicans, 34, 159—162
Mills, 282, 419, 423

Patents and patentecs, old, 439

sure, 189

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