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Paving cities, 553

in, 190, 223. These limits known to old
Pedal for pounding rice, 90, 91

pump-makers, 191. Deceptions with, 224,
Pegu, customs in, respecting water, 35

225. Bag-pump, 209. Bellows, do. 205–
Pelanque, 164

210. Burr, do. 214. Centrifugal, do. 229,
Pendulum machine to raise water, 92, 93. 230. German, do. 138, 207, 218, 219. Na-
Pendulum for watches, 441

tural, do. 209, 210. Líquor, do. 215. Spa-
Penelope and Ulysses, 283

nish, do. 217, 224
Perfumed fountains, 539, 540

Pumps, forcing, 262—293. Common pump,
Perfumes dispersed by eolipiles, 401

263. Enema, 263. Bellows, 241, 257, 207,
Perpetual motions, 566, 567

568. Double acting, 271. Mercurial, 275.
Peruvians, their Asiatic origin doubtful, 172. Natural, 209, 210, 256-258. Stomach, 264.

Whistling, bottles of, 17. Mirrors, 121, Plunger, 272, 444. Perkins' 281. Rotary,
172. Wells and irrigation, 165—167. Com- 284—291, 373. Reciprocating rotary, 292,
mon utensils of gold, 111. Ancient city 293
disinterred, 17. Sucking tubes, 204. Not Pumps, lifting, 277—279
ignorant of the bellows, 253–256. Dials, Pusterich, a steam idol, 399
542, 547

Pythagoras, 438
Persians, worshiped wells, 36. Ambassadors
thrown into wells, 27. Raising water, 96,

Q
573. Fountains, 539, 541
Persian wheel for raising water,

Quadrant, the, invented by Godfrey, 143
115

Quern, hand-mill, 282
Peter Martyr, quoted, 106, 314
Pewter and pewterers, 162, 260

Quippus, historical cords of the Peruvians,

168, 172
Philadelphia, water-works of, 300. Fire-en-
gines, 344

R
Phocion, 537, 565

Rain at Thebes, a prodigy, 81
Piasa, a bird that devoured men, 165

Rams, battering, 366. Siphon ram,531. Wa.
Picotah, a machine to raise water, 97

ter rams, 366-372. Natural water rams,
Pins and needles, 87, 121. First made in

506
England, 323

Ramseye, his patent for raising water by fire,
Pipes, water, flexible, 258. In_Mexico, 163.

419
În Peru, 170. Asia, 211. Pompeii, 211, Razors, bronze, 121. Mexican, 162
552. Rome, 213, 552. of earthenware, Reciprocating rotatory pumps, 292, 293
58. Of leather, 304. Of lead, 552, 553. Regal, 550
Drawn, 554. Tinned, 555

Religious persecutions, 446
Pipkins, 18, 19

Remora, sucking fish, 185
Pistons, 206, 214, 215, 307, 438

Respiration, 475, 477
Piston bellows, 244–253

Richard III. his coffin, a watering trough, 49
Piston and cylinder, various applications of, Riddles, 437
358, 359, 425

Rigny, De, his steam machine, 463
Piston steam-engine, of Worcester, 435—437. Rivaiz, a Swiss machinist, 462

Of Hautefille and 'Huyghens, 441. Of Pa. Rivaz, his motive engine, 473
pin, 450. Of Newcomen, 465. Of Leopold, Rivius, eolipiles from, 396
469

Rocking machine for raising water,

93
Plato, his views of mechanics, 3. His musi. Rolling press, 323
cal clocks, 543, 548

Rome, invaded by the Gauls from the report
Play-bills, ancient one, 540

of a sinith, 19. Houses in, 310
Pliay the elder, quoted, 9, 15, 19, 35, 43, 68, Roman wells, 28, 34, 40, 41, 50. Chain of

79, 81, 96, 130, 192, 194, 203, 212, 213, 265, pots, 124, Water screw, 138. Fire-engines,
270, 549, 551. His death, 28

310, 311. Firemen, 309. Fountains, 533,
Pliny the younger, his letter to Trajan, 309. 539, 540. Mirrors, 121
Account of his gardens, 536

Roode of Grace, an English idol, 106
Plough, 82, 83, 132. Engine for drawing, 423 Rope pump, 136
Plutarch, quoted, 3, 12, 81, 118, 311, 366, 537, Rotatory movements, 282–284
542, 548

Rotatory pumps, 281-291. Defects of, 291
Poison, in wells, 40

Russia, pumps in, 220
Pompeii, its discovery, 29. Antiquities found

in, 29, 30, 43, 55, 211, 552
Porta, Baplist, 1, 413. Quoted, 379, 381, 430. Safety valves, 387, 391, 447, 451

his Digester, 393. Raised water by heat, Sails of ships, 268

379. By steam, 407_409. By a siphon, 529 Saladin, 47, 372
Potter, a boy, who made the steam-engine Salting fish, in Egypt, 86. Its revival in Eu-

self-acting, 470
Pressure engines, 352-362. Natural, 506 Sanguisuchello, 203
Prester, John, fights the Mongals with eoli- Sap, ascent of, 507-509
piles, 400

Sarbacans, 256
Printing, 2, 70, 388

Sarcophagii, used as watering troughs, 49, 99
Printers' devices, 194.

Sauce pans, 21
Projectors, ridiculed in a public procession, Savery, his experiments and engines, 453–
439

460. His bellows, 483
Propelling vessels on water. See Paddle. Saw, 268
wheels.

Scipio, his baths, 558. Dowry of his daugh.
Pulley, its origin, used by the Egyptians, 59.
Used for raising water,
58-63

Scoop, to raise water, 93. Scoop wheel, 111
Pumps, atmospheric: of uncertain origin, Scots, worshiped wells, 37

212. Mentioned by Pliny, 96, 213. See Screws for raising water, 137–142, 566
also 211-230. Limits to which water rises Scythian tradition, 12

горе, 86

ter, 121

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Seneca, quoted, 26, 310, 394, 558

Sulphur baths, ancient, 120
Serviere, his inventions, 63, 91, 286, 429 Sun, raising water by the heat of, 378—380.
Shadoof, Egyptian, 94, 95

Distilling by, 381. Raising steam by, 470
Shakespeare, quoted, or illustrated, 195, 350, Surgical instruments, found at Pompeii, 282
401, 534, 535

Swape, 94—103
Sheet-lead and other metals, 551

Syene, well at, 48
Ships, steam, of Garay, 403. Of Ramseye, Syracuse, dial'at, 542. The name of Archi-
419. Ventilation of, 488

medes' ship, 146
Ship-building, ancient, 146, 147. Chinese, 158 Syringe, 259–261. An emblematic device,
Ship pumps, 143, 147, 154-157, 214217, 227, 261. Used as fire-engines, 312, 315—317

567
Shoes, ancient, 50. Motezuma's, 161

T
Shrine of Becket, 106

Tacitus, quoted, 214
Siamese water-clocks, 544

Tanks, water, S3
Sieve, Tutia carrying water in one, 198. The Tantalus, city of, 98. Cups, 520
trick explained, ibid.

Tartar necromancy, 522
Silk, watering of, 323

Tenures, 398
Silver pipes, cocks and cisterns, 170, 557, 560 Teraphim, 571, 572
Siphons, 192, 193, 212, 268, 514—532. Ca. Tezcuco, 161. Supplied with water, 163

pillary, 513. Natural, 506. Ram, 531. Act Theatres, fountains in, recommended, 540
in vacuo, 515. Other devices so named, Thebes, a wonder at, 81
212, 213, 304, 307, 311, 315

Themistocles, 43
Smoke jacks, 75

Theodorus, of Samos, 5.
Smoking tobacco, 270, 454, 477

Thirst, modes of quenching, 11. Sufferings
Soap-making, raising ley by steam, 413, 414. from, 31, 32

Great sumis expended on soap, ibid. Soap Tinkers, Chinese, 20, 248
factory in Pompeii, ibid.

Tlascala, 159. Its water-works, 160
Socrates, 537

Tobacco smoking, 270, 454, 477. Engine for
Soldering, 551. Cast iron, 20. Phenomenon

cutting, 323
attending, 512

Toledo, old water-works at, 294
Solomon, cisterns of, 48

Toltecs, 160
Souilleur, 504

Tools, 5, 87, 132, 172, 268
Spaniards, their conquest of America, 159 Toothed wheels, 71, 72, 114, 121
Spanish pump-maker, anecdote of, 224. Spa. Tornados, 482
nish steam-ship, 403—406. Chain of pots, Torricelli, 187, 188
126. Bells, 314

Tourne-broche, 75, 76, 565. Eolipilic, 396,
Speaking tubes, 106, 107. Trumpets, 273,

398, 429
342. Heads, 106, 108, 377

Towers, war, 304
Spectacles, 70

Toys, 87, 268
Speculums, 121

Traditions of the Mahomedans and Scy-
Sphinx, 119, 437

thians, 12. Arabs, 95. Peruvians, 167
Spindle, spinning, &c. 283, 284

Trajan, his directions respecting fires, 309
Spiral pump, 363

Traps for drains, 562, 563
Spiritalia, a work written by Heron, 270, 306, Tread-wheels, 73, 74, 76, 116, 117, 152
312, 376, 386, 415, 518—520

Treasury note, copy of an old one, 300
Spouting tubes, 497—504

Trees of Australia, 509. Of silver, brass, &c.
Sprinkliny vessels, atmospheric, 194–196,567 538
Spurting snake, 257

Trevithick's pump, 280
Statues, 43. Iron one of Arsinoe, 142. Of Tricks. See Juggling.

Memnon, 377, 401. Leaden, 535, 550 Triton, musical, of silver, 534
Steam, its effects, 359, 388—391.

Trombe, or shower bellows, 476
chanical properties, 391, 392, 407. 409. Troy, fountains at, 49
Supposed identity with air, 395—400, 418 Trumpets, speaking, 273, 342. Ear, 379, 573
-421, 572

Tubal Cain, his bellows, 232. See Vulcan.
Steam-boats, 403, 419, 423, 424, 438

Turkish fountains, 31. Fire-engines, 316
Steam-boilers of coiled tubes, 394. Of wood Tutia, carrying water in a sieve, 198, 386
and granite, 470

Tympanum for raising water, 110, 114
Steam-engines, 284, 359, 425. Heron's, 394. Tyre, a well at, 38. Glass mirrors made at,

Garay's, 404. Branca's, 418. Classification 121
of, 425. Worcester's, 437. Moreland's,

U
442—444. Papin's, 450—452. Savery's, Union joints, 326, 459
455—460. Other engines, 462—464. New-
comen's, 465. Leopold's, 469. Made self.

V
acting by a boy, 251, 470

Vacuum, B. Porta 379. Produced by
Steam-guns, 395, 573

steam, 407, 489. In open tubes, 482—496
Steam-idols, 395, 398, 399, 570_572

Boiling sugar in, 495
Steam-machinists, courtiers, 445

Valentinian, anecdote of, 196
Stings of bees, 257

Valves, 232, 235, 268, 307, 555, 556. Safety,
Stomach pump, 264

387, 391, 447, 451
Stoves, Chinese, 70. Fire-places, 483 Vapor engines, 44), 472, 473
Strabo's account of Memnon, 377

Vases, ancient, 16, 17. For lustral water, 387
Stuyvesant, Peter, proclamations by him, Vauxhall, engines at, 434. Gardens, 445
339, 340

Vegetius, old translation of, 177, 207, 217,
Suckers, boys', 181. Natural, 182, 183, 184,185

430, 522
Sucking tubes, 203, 204. Sucking wounds, 202 Veneering, 87
Suction, 201, 202

Ventilation of mines, ships, &c. 488
Sugar boiling in vacuo, 495

Venturi, experiments by, 4784480

Its me-

on,

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cups, 201

Vestals, 195—197, 383

Wheels, tread, 73–76, 116, 117, 152. Cog,
Virgil, quoted, 3, 11, 12, 13, 34, 117, 238, 302 71, 72, 114, 121
Vision of Mahomet, 98

Whistles, in Peruvian bottles, 17. Chaldean
Vitruvius, quoted, 9, 34, 109, 113, 117, 124,
139, 192, 244, 266, 269, 392, 395

Whitney, Eli, 359
Vulcan, bellows of, 232, 239, 240. Trip ham. Whitehurst's water ram, 368
mers, 568. Imprisoning chair, 573 Wilkins, Bishop, quoted, 103, 104, 396, 418,

429–431, 566
W

Windlass, 68-72, 573
Wagons, steam, 423, 424

Wind-mills, 125, 139, 151, 158, 418, 572
Walrus, climbs by atmospheric pressure, 183 Wines, concentration of, 440. Mixed, 517.
Wars, warriors, 3, 308, 359. See preface. Siphons for tasting, 195, 516, 522
Watches and clocks, 71, 122, 323, 350, 441, Wine flask, Savery's experiment with, 454–
542-547

455
Watch chains, 323

Winifred's well, miracle at, 37
Water, its importance in nature and the arts, Winnowing machine, 70

9, 302, 358. Supposed identity with air, Wire, ancient, 2, 87, 121, 162, 323. Mill for
395, 418, 420, 421, 572. Worshiped, 33 drawing, 423
37, 565. Penalty for stealing, 43. Fresh Wirtz's spiral pump, 363
dipped from the sea, 519

Woden's well, 35
Water beds, 178. Bombs, 349. Canes, 372. Woisard's air machine, 473

Carriers, 63, 84. Closets, 561. Hammer, Women, early experimenters on steam, 391
367. Lute, 451. Power, 480. Rams, 368 ooden hams, 70
-371. Spouts, 477,510.' Wheels, 125, 282, Worcester, Marquis of, his century of inven-
568

tions, 64, 140, 362,428_440, 539. His
Water-works .at Hamath, 116. In Japan, steam-boat, 438. Steam-engine, 437. His
125.

At Babylon, 133-135. Of the Peru- character and death, 439
vians, 165-172. Mexicans, 160—162. At World, the, an hydraulic machine, 505
Augsburgh, Bremen, Toledo, Paris, and Wynken de Worde, quoted, 314
London, 294, 295, 296. Old ones described,
438. In America, 298. Roman, 267, 480

X
Watt, 145, 258. See preface.

Xerxes, his chair, 4. Sends a distaff to his
Waves, 366, 367

general, 283
Wedge, 268
Weather-glasses, 375

Y
Weeping images, 108

Yoke, 83, 117. Description of an Egyptian
Wells, 24–49, 52, 71, 241, 565. Solon's laws

respecting, 27. 'Reflections on, 48. Venti. Yucatan, ancient wells in, 164, 165
lation of, 488. Worshiped, 33–37, 565.
Ancient American wells, 50, 160—167.

Z
Their examination desirable, 50

Zem Zem, the holy well of Mecca, 35, 42
Wheels, flash, 94. Other wheels to raise

water, 109–116. Wheel of fortune, 118. Zeno, his quarrel with Anthemins, 393
Scoop, 111. Persian, 115. Capstan, 77. Zodiac, signs of, 85

one, 84

44, 45

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