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ence, ehat, whenever the unconstitu- maxims which were originally esta-
rional oppressions, even of the love-blished to preserve it.”.
reigo power, advance with gigantic My Lord, an attempt to establishi
ftrides, and threaten desolation to a government in America by military
ftare, mankind will not be reasoned force, must be ultimately fatal to this
out of the feelings of humanity, nor country. It will commence in folly
will facrifice their liberty by a scru- and injustice -- it will end in distress
pulous adherence to those political and humiliation. RALEIGH


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To the Editor of the HIBERNIAN MAGAZINE. SIR

have funk under the hand of poverty, A M lately come to town, after a had not the humanity of a neighbourcountry; where I was a witness to ruin. The relation of this poor man's the following feene of cruelty and in- dittress roused all the powers of hujustice, which fo fenfibly affected me, manity: He repaired to the 'squire,

hat the impression is ftill strong in my and gave him to understand, that, if memory, and will probably require he did not immediately refund the many years to efface; peşhaps it will overplus of the farmer's effects, he only be obliterated with life.

would have recourse to the laws of A poor man rented a small farm of his country, which were calculated a wealthy country 'squire, at fo high to defend the indigent again the opa rent, that it was with the utmost pressions of the powerful. Intimidalabour and diligence he was enabled ied by the fear of punishment, he im. to procure the necessaries of life for mediately paid the overplus he had a numerous family. An accident, so unjustly detained, and which this occafioned by the overflowing of a generous Gentleman directly restored river running through his meadows, to the oppreffed and desponding ownswept before it the greater part of Nor did his goodness top here. bis crop of hay. This rendered it Convinced of his honeft endeavours impossible for him to be punctual in to prosper, he raised a subscription the payment of his rent; he was for his benefit among the Gentleme? above fix months in arrear. In vain of his acquaintance, and contributed he implored a shorı forbearance from largely to it himself. This charitable his landlord, till the next crop should aliistance enabled the farmer to fly enable him to discharge the whole. from oppreßions and become a renant. The'íquire was inexorable ; his heart to a person of more worth and huwasa stranger to pity; he listened not manity; under whom he now i ves to the the loft whispers of humanity with fatisfaction and content;

omiis He ordered his iteward, wbore heart no opportunities of improving his litwas as callous as his own, to diltrain le stock by all the chearful efforts of the stock and goods of this laborious industry, and is constantly repearing husband-man; and, though the ef- the purest strains of gratitude io his feits he had seized fold for considera- noble benefactor. bly more than the rent he demanded, This story affords us a lively reprehé refused to give any account of the fentation of two opposite characters, surplus. Unable to litigate the action in the one we have a true picture of with his powerful landiord, he must justice and beneficence; virtues which have labailed to his oppreslion, and are at once truly ornamental, conge.


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nial with our nature, and conducive unpunished, for having neglected our
to the happiness of mankind: In the duty to society, and acted in oppofi-
other a perfect idea of injustice and tion to the diétates of reason and re-
inhumanity; vices which disgrace ligion.
humanity, and are destructive to so Next to justice, benevolence ought

to have our peculiar regard. But
Various motives prompt men to when we would exercise this vir!ue,
injuftice. Some are charmed with we ought to deliberate with ourselves,
the love of superiority; and, to reach and see that we do not mistake its of-
that state of pre-eminence to which fice. We should consider whether
they aspire, they will be guilty of our circumstances will answer our in-
every act of depredation, which they tended bounty; for there are many
can commit with impunity.' Some who are generous to strangers to the
are attached to sensual pleasures, and prejudice of their friends and relati-
to indulge in luxury, and gratify their ons. There are others still more un-
voluptuons appetites, will wantonly pardonable, whorob one part of man-
distress the good and the virtuous, kind, and bestow the plunder on the
and even deprive them of the 'necef other, merely to gain the reputation
faries of life. Some are cursed with of being liberal; but fuch are equal-
the thirft of avarice, and will practise ly as unjust as if they converted the
all the arts of fraud and extortion, to spoils to their own use: For true be-
amass heaps of wealth, which, thoneficence should be exerted solely with
they dare not enjoy themselves, they a view of doing good, without any
refuse to bestow the least part of their prejudice to another. We ought al-
treasure to relieve the indigent and fo io examine our own hearts, whe-
distressed. Some there are who think ther we are aduated by the pure mo-
the fightest provocation a sufficient tives of virtue and humanity, abftract-
colour for the moft rigid oppression, ed from the least inducement of vain,
and upon that principle urge their glory and oftentation.
power of resentment to the utmost : Such are the principles which
But such would do well to remember, ought to govern true beneficence,
that, whenever revenge exceeds the and direct such as are possessed of
degree of offence, the avenger is riches or power to the exertion of
guilty of the same cruelty and injuf- those blessings for the beneft of man-
tice as he would have been had he kind. The fons of poverty and dif-
received no injury whatever. tress have a right to the protection of

To be truly just, it is not enough the rich and powerful. Their hearts that we ourselves do no wrong to our fhould be open, as a refuge for the fellow-creatures; we ought also, as afflicted; and their coffers the fourfar as we are able, to repel the at ces of the needy. But inhumanity tempts made by others to their pre- too often closes every avenue to the judice, and to shelter and protect the former; and the rusty locks of avadefenceless from the hands of vio- rice with hold the charitable distribulence. If we neglect this, we are tion of wealth, which moulds in conunjuft. And, tho we are exempt finement. from the cognizance of human laws, But we should all remember, that though we feel no remorse of consci man was not made for himself alone, ence for having abandoned those who but for the support and advantage of have a claim to our protection ; yet fociety; which can only be preserved we must not flatter ourselves that he, by good offices and acts of humanity. whose impartial eye traces us through These are virtues which reflect due every subterfuge, will suffer us to go dignity on human nature. These


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keep us united in the indiffoluble These are the moft diftinguishing bonds of mutual love and friendthip. characteristics of a good man.

Yours, &c. H. H.

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Letter to Lord North in behalf of the Americans.
My Lord,

rica, have ftudied the disposition of the Sthe arbiter of the affairs of inhabitants, and am, though a nao

these kingdoms I address your țive of England, fincerely interested lord hip and cordially hope to en- in their happinefs. gage the impartial attention of your They are a polite, well-improved understanding, while I lay before you people, justly tenacious of their li truths too important to be neglected beriy, and thoroughly fenfible of its at this crisis, when the happiness of value. From the cradle they are a brave and loyal people, from wrong taught to boaft their privilege, nor apprehensions, is likely to be sacri- will they ever patiently endure the ficed to ministerial power.

yoke of oppreffion. They are op The American revenue aa has pressed, they are injured. Had they long been matter of contention, and ever refused to grant his Majesty such some of our moft judicious members supplies as were honourably requefthave advised the repeal, wisely con- ed, or in any other instance been des sidering it as the only means to pre- fective in loyalty or obedience, there vent, perhaps, the 10tal defection of would be some excuse for these prothe colonies: but this advice, though ceedings on the contrary, nothing so evidently calculated for the gene can be alledged against them with ral good, has been disregarded, the justice, but that they will not furrenduty on tea continued, an article 'ris der their birth-right, and perfevere well known the Americans refused to in their determinations to raise such import; and lately the East-India monies as the exigencies of the state, Company have been authorised to require, by such methods as shall be fend over great quantities, consigned least injurious to the happiness of into gentlemen who they thought pro- dividuals. Is it possible an English per to depute their agents ; for it parliament, even if the members of does not appear there was any order which it is composed were wholly diffrom the merchants; by which stra: interested, should know properly how tagem it was, doubtless, expected to levy contributions on a country at they would quietly have acknowledg- so great a distance, and with which ed the legality of the act. The event they are in general so little acquainthas proved the contrary: they are no ed ? Hare not the Americans reprebly unanimous in their determinati- sentatives of their own ? and do they ons to refuse it; and, in consequence ever pas a law without the royal of this refusal, the public prints af- approbation? Why then will you sure us several ships are now fitting not grant them the privilege which out for that station with all poffible other fubjects in the faine predicaexpedition, probably to oblige them. inent enjoy? the privilege of raising

Senable dispaffionate, men, my their money in a mode they most apLord, will never be convinced by vi- prove? Surely nothing can be more olence; and obstinacy is so certain an reasonable. indication of weakness, that for your Should your Lordfhip attempt to own honour it will be necessary to enforce, by military discipline, laws Jeliberate.

they do not acknowledge legal, the I have lived some years in Anie- consequence will, I fear, be fatal;


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noble gore.

for lo determined are these generous bellious. 'Tis difficult for a Prince people to preserve inviolare their to know the truth. It is more diffirights -- so juftly are they animated cult still to consider himself simply as by their apprehenfions of subjection, a man, and to unite his own interelt - that they would encounter pati- with that of his people ; but whenently the moft terrible difficulties ra ever they are separated there is danther than submit : yes, they would ger, and the more arbitrary the Dare the vast vollies of your thun- prince the more miserable the subject, dering ore,

and the less his attachment to his And dye the Atlantic's verge with fovereign.

The King has not in any of his doere they would suffer themselves to minions more affectionate or valuable be difpoffefsed of the inestimable people than the Americans : on every bleffings they now enjoy, to prirchase proper occasion they have given unwhich their forefathers endured the doubted proof of their loyalty, and greatest diftress, and lived content were actually very valiant during the in unfrequented woods, divested of last war. As father of his country, all the comforts and neceffaries of and head of the legislative body, they life.

honour him; but when he gives his Considered morally, my Lord, 'tis royal assent to laws without due conå very serious matter to interrupt the fideration, they never fail to observe peace of thousands ; and the man and lament it. who can calmly agree to measures A thorough knowledge of the conthat are destructive to his fellow-crea- ftitution of this country makes a part tures, must be a båd member of fo- of their education ; and as they are ciety, and an open violator of the in general remarkably anxious for the laws of chriftianity.

public good, they never forget it. Your Lordfhip, I am told, makes i fincerely wish, my Lord, as much particular profeffion of faith in this might be faid, with truth, of those at divine doctrine ; and I have heard home, who have the management of your conttant endeavours to avoid the most important concerns; but it war attributed to very worthy mo- will, I fear, ever be matter of lamendives

. If this be true; my Lord, tation, that great men are so totally England has only to lament, that debilitated by dissipation, as to renthe abilities of your head do not keep der even such capacity as heaven bas pace with the virtues of your heart ; bestowed, useless. That your Lordand America may hope that your ship may never tremble at the tribuconduct at this juncture will not be nal of the Most High for the abuse such as shall rise up in judgment of yours, and that England and her

colonies may never look back with His Majesty, from misrepresenta- borror to this period, is the unaffecttion,

may be inclined to think his sub- ed hope of jects in the colonies obstinate and re


A NOVEL. Written originally in Italian,
N the antient city of Syracuse, fore, he became enamoured of a beau-

lived Don Juan, a gentleman of tiful young woman, who had been note and fortune, who became a wi- lately apprenticed into his family, to dower, about the age of fifty. On attend on the person of the deceased. the death of his wife, or probably be As soon as the decencies of grief Marcb, 1774.



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against you.

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had fulfilled their date, and that he rus of guitars and voices, that the had washed his hands and face from knew nothing of his coming, till be the smutch of his fables, Don Juan, had flashed the light, from a dark having, on his part, no time to lose, lantern he held in his hand, full in began

to transfer his devoirs from the her eyes. dead tomb, to the living monument, Upon this, they both retired from and made overtures of concurrence the concert, and the following alterto the fair Sicilian,

cation ensued : Brillante had been more carefully Don Juan.

“Pray, do you know bred, or better instructed, than girls who it is that has treated you with in such a rank of life, usually are; this serenade? her glass had taught her the value of Brillante. Not I, indeed. The her charms, and Don Juan happened night is too dark to diftinguish perto be somewhat too old, to beat down sons, and I never heard the voices bethe market price. “ She liked him fore. All I know is, that the combelt of all men, but respected wed- pliment both Aatters and pleases me. tock more, and would die a virgin, Don Juan. But I should hope you sooner than facrifice her virtue to her would not confess so much, if you passion."

knew to what purpose all this galanWhile the matter of pro and con try is intended. remained in this ftuation, Brillante Brillante. I cannot conceive what was released from her servitude, and ill can be ineant; by politeness and treated on more liberal terms, in the praise. house and family of her former master, Don Juan. Even that of stealing now become her slave; which leave into you heart, through your ears, ing her more at liberty to exhibit her- and circumvențing your innocence. self, at church, and on the walks, Brillante. Their purpose, then without a veil, though always attend- seems to be the same with yours, ed by a Duènna, her person and fea- but only pursued in a more engaging tures soon attracted the admiration inanner. of many galants, who, by presents, Don Juan. You make but an unbillets-doux, and other modes of ad- grateful return, for my kindness in dress, preferred their amorous suits releasing you from the condition of a to her.

llave, to that of a free woman ; and One method of courtship, among my condescension towards you, ever. the Syracufans, borrowed from their lince, methinks your sense and pruSpanish neighbours, was the Sere- dence might have construed into a nade; which piece of battery was of- design of rendering you a ftill higher ten played off against the listening ears facrifice. of the fair Brillante. But one night, Brillanle. I shall be ever grateful, when there happened to be a louder as far as I am.obliged; but I cannot discharge of this artillery, than usual, see whai advantage I am likely to plied by one of her assailants, it awake gain, from only exchanging the ferened Don Juan, in spite of his snor- vitude of a temporary indenture, for ing. who issued forth from his cham- one during life; and If I am to be ber, caparisoned in his pantaloon #ill duenna'd, watched and secluded wrapper, yellow Rippers, and furred from the world, I should think that night-cap, into the apartment next my sacrifice would be really a inuch the itreet, where he found Brillante greater one than your's, fitting in the balcony, and so very at Don Juan. 'Why all this wariness tentive to an air sung in her own and caution serves but the more praise, accompanied by a grand cho- strongly to manifeft my affection to


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