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132 Story of Bishop Latimer's. Advantages of Scepticism. March, gentle breeze into a brisk gale, which air, when full of vapours, by the is bad for those who are subject to affistance of a good telescope; these disorders of the lungs.
are not so visible after a storm of The same wind, which is hurtful wind. Nothing can be worse than hy bringing noxious vapours into a stagnation of the air, and therefore country, may be useful to another, those who inhabit plains, where it is from whence they are carried off. least in motion, are generally less Those vapours, which produce epi- healthy than those whole habitations demic or popular diseases, either are on higher grounds, which are arise from putrid bodies, from stand- often fanned by a brisk gale of wind, ing waters, or from fome species of An atmofphere loaded with animal minerals. The winds that come steams is likewise very bad, and from a distance are more prejudicial would become exceeding unhealthy, than those that are local. The air and even peftilential, if not renewis never more pure than after a tem- ed. This state of it has been called peft, for, when it is over, objects the To for, or feat of epidemical may be perceived at a greater dif- disorders, and has produced the smalltance than before, because the exha- pox, malignant fevers, and peftilenlations are removed which before ob- tial diseases. The last have also been ftructed the fight. Many, doubtless, frequently preceded by a long contihave seen the undulations of the nuance of calm weather.
A STORY related by Bishop LatimęR in a Sermon againj CORRUPTION.
Here was a Patron in England came to the Priett again, and told him
that had a benefice fallen into what his Master said. · Then (quoth his hands, and a good Brother of mine the Priest) desire him to prove one of came unto him, and brought him thir- them for my fake, he shall find them iy apples in a dish, and gave them to better than they look for.' He cut his man to carry them to his Mafter. one of them, and found ten pieces It is like he gave one to his man for of gold in it. • Marry (quoth he) his labour, to make up the game, and this is a good apple.'' The Priet lo there was thirty-one. This man standing not far off, hearing, what conieth to his Master, and presented the Gentleman said, cried out and him with the dish of apples, saying, answered, • They are all one apple,
Sir, such a man hath sent you a I afture you, Sir; they all grew on dish of fruit, and desireth you to be one tree, and have all one taste.'good unto hiin, for such a benefice. Well, he is a good fellow, let him
Tush, tush, (quoth he) this is have it (quoth the Patron) and get no apple-matter; I will have none you a graft of this tree, and I'll warof his apples ; I have as good as these rant it will stand you in better stead in mine own orchard.'
than all St. Paul's learning.'
The ADVANTAGES of SCEPTICISM.
rors to which we are liable, by what means he had gained so much when we believe things upon the cre- wisdom? I gained it, replied he, by dit of others. By discouraging our imitating the blind, who never move a doubts, we voluntarily set Timits to step till they have founded with their our knowledge.
flick the ground on which they are to One day, says a certain Eastern trust themselves,
The Political History of Europe. Continued from p. 85. Sitüntion of the miniftry. State of public affairs. Remonftrance from the
city of London. State of parties. Marriages in the Royal Family Parliament meets. King's speech. Augmentation of feamen. Perition from Ctrlain of the Clergy, &c. Debates iberesn. Church Nullum Tempus bill. King's message. Royal Marriage-bill. Great debates shereon. Protests. The bill passes borb boufes.
HE prodigious majority that ther with a small squadron for that taries which administracion gained As to domestic matters, a lullen in the latt feffion, particularly to- langour, (perhaps in such a gotards the close of it, as it seemed vernment as this not the most deli. to render every idea of an opposition rable of events) began in general to to their measures futile, lo it also prevail with those who had hitherto feetned to promise them a security opposed, and fill disapproved, of and permanence in their places, the general measures of adminiftrawbich nothing but some unforeseen, tion. They said that in the present or unknown cause could interrupt. fate of affairs, all other applications This appearance of things was not for a redress of grievances, would delafive ; and no change took place be ridiculous in themselves, and difin the public departments during graceful to those that made them; the recess, except those that pro- that though no hopes remained in ceeded from the death of the Earl that quarter, there were as few to of Halifax, and of Lord Strange, be placed in any other; and that it boch of which happened nearly at was as fucile to persevere in an opthe fame time, and not long after posicion to power, which every day's ibe röhing of parliament. la confe- experience thewed to be irresistible, quence of the former of these events, as it would be shameful and de
the Earl of Suffolk was grading to make fupplications, when June 12th.
appointed secretary of it was known beforehand, that they 1771.
date for the northern would at leaft be disregarded. That department, in the room of the Earl in such a lituation, public matters of Hallifax, and the Duke of Graf must be left to run their own course, ton succeeded Lord Suffolk in the until they were productive of such Privy Seal. Lord Hyde was ap events, as moft from their nature pointed a few days after, Chancellor work a reformation, and that in of the Dutchy of Lancaster, in the the intermediate rime, it was not room of Lord Strange.
:he part of a wise man, eitber to With respect to foreign affairs difturb his mind about the evils peace feemed now to wear as per- wbich could not be remedied, or to manent an asped, as was confitent make a tiresome and fruitless oppowith the present critical ftate of fition, to meafures which he could Europe in general. Spain, during not prevent.
the recers, fulfilled her In the mean time, we are sorry to Sept. 16th.
engaginent in the con- acknowledge, that the popular part vention, by the restoration of Port of the legislacure, had from various Egmont, which was delivered up causes, loft much of that influence to Capt. Stort, who was fent thi- with the people, and of that respect
and reverence, with which it was pervaded the capital. On the conusually regarded ; and which it is trary many late proceedings had not more essential to its dignity, much increased the discontent in than even to its power and indepen- that great metropolis, and the citi. dence, at all times to preserve. zens were not at al backward in Much of this may be attributed to thewing it. They said that governthe late ill-judged contest with the inent had set its face particularly printers, and the ridiculous iflue of against the city of London, in a that affair. Every circumstance of manner that had been unknowa frnce that transaction, was productive of the Revolution; that this was evieffe&ts directly contrary to those dently'in return for the public spirito that were wished or intended; and ed disapprobation he had fhewn of inliead of supporting dignity, or oppreflive and pernicious measures, establishing privilege, were equally and the conftitutional methods the fubversive of both. Many of the had tried to obtain a redress of addresses, which had been presented grievances, which affected the dato the city magiftrates during their tion in general, as much as they confinement in the Tower, were did her in particular ; that adminidirect libels upon that assembly, and Atration had for fome time acted, as in other times would have been re- if they were in an actual state of verely punished as such. Even the warfare with her, and were deterpublic rejoicings which were made mined to make her feel the worst upon the enlargement of those ma- consequences that could attend an giftrates, and the public marks of oppolition to power ; that to this approbation, and honour, which only was to be attributed, the late they received from other cities and disgrace which the met with in the corporations, as well as their own, pertons of her magiftrates; and that were all so many tacit but severe from this also proceeded that extrajeflections, upon the conduct of that ordinary measure of the Durhambody under whose power they had yard embankment, by which, as Suffered
they said, injury and injustice were Its effects were similar in respect added to insult, and a stranger, who to the licenciousness of the press. had not the smallest claim, nor did The printers, now that the impo- not even pretend to any right, was tency of the house was discovered, invested in an eftare worth 40,0001. laughed at an authority, which had which was torn out of her property been lo much dreaded, before it in the bed of the river. was wantonly brought to a test that In such a state of temper and expoled its weaknets. This discovery opinion, nothing was left undone being made, the effect naturally fol. to manisest relentment, nor untried, lowed and in the lucceeding session, to give it effect. A committee was the votes of the houte, a thing before even appointed, to carry on a prounknown, and contrary to its orders, secution against the speaker of the were printed in the public news Houte of Commons, for the compapers, without notice or enquiry; mitment of the magitt rates, and the and thus the point in contelt was most eminent couple were consulted apparently given up by the house. upon that occafron. As this design
That apathy, (it it may be con- failed of effect, and it was found fidered as fuch,) which seemed to that no action could be brought upextend its influence through a con on the subject, and that the courts liderable part of the nation, bad would not admit it if there could, not yet in any contiderable degree recourse was again had to the hope
less resort, of an address, remon mous wickedness of erafing a judicial krance, and petition to the throne. record, in order to stop the course
The day before the delivery of of justice, and to frustrate all poflithis addrels, a letter was received biliry of relief by an appeal to the by the lord mayor, from the lord laws. They then reprelent the chamberlain, taking notice, that as advantage that had been taken, of the papers bad mentioned the cime passing the embankment bili during of his setting out for St. James's, the unjust confinement of cheir re. and the livery might be induced to presentatives; whereby, without attend him, he had bis majesty's the pretence of an abuse, they had commands to acquaiat bim, that it fuperseded the coolervancy of the being unprecedented to admit the river Thaines, in the liberty which livery upon fuch occafions, as well the city had enjoyed since the cones impractable to introduce so nu- queit, and deprived the citizens of merous a body, no person beyond a property which bad been granted the number allowed by law to pre- by divers chárters, and confirmed lent petitions to the throne, would by the authority of Parliament. be admitted, except his lordship, They conclude with a prayer, that the aldermen, common council, and his majesty would restore their city officers. Copies of this letter rights, and give peace, to this uit: were immediately pofted up in the tracted nation, by a speedy dissolu. mof public parts of the city, to tion of parliainent, and by removing fave the livery the trouble of af- for ever from his presence and coun: feinbling at Guild-hall, as they in- cils the present wicked and delpocic tended ; and a committee of ten ministers. persons, ibe number allowed by The king's answer, considering law to present a pecition, was ap- the extraordinary terms of the repointed from that body to attend monttrance, did not seem to convey the lord mayor into the King's all the afperity which might have preseoce.
been expected from some late inttanla this remonstrance they declare, ces. His majesty declared his reathat belides a continuance of those dinefs to redrels any real grievances, na paralleled grievances, which they and that the city of London would had already submitted to his majeć- always find himn disposed to liften ly, the same arbiirary power, which to any of their well founded comhad violated the sacred right of plainis; bur expresses a concern, to election, bad in the last lesion, pro- fee a part of his subjects ftill so far ceeded to the most extravagant milled and deluded, as to renew in outrages against the conititution of such reprehensible terms, a request, the kingdomn, and the liberty of with which, he had repeatedly dethe subject. That they had ventured clared he could not comply. to imprison their chief magiftrate With respect to the state of parand one of their aldermen, for ties, nothing very extraordinary had disobeying their illegal orders, and taken place. The defertion to the for not violating the holy lanation ministry of several of the late Mr. of their oaths to that great city, as
Grenville's friends, together with well as their duty to their country; those droppings off from the other that they had prevailed on his parties, which must naturally ensus majesty to suffer his royal name to in a long course of opposition, where give a pretended authority to an all honours and rewards are held on illegal proclaination; and that at one fide, had considerably weakened Length they proceeded to the coor the state of opposition in general.
Many gentlemen also, who had to the establishment of wise and useneither departed from their princi- ful regulations of law, and to the ples, nor abandoned their friends, extenfion of our commercial advanfeeing every thing carried by so great tages. They were informed, chat and decisive a majority, grew Back the performance of the King of and remils, in a cedious and wearin Spain's engagement, in the relicu. fome attendance, which they deemed tion of Port Egmont and Falkland's to be useless; and thought it was Illand, and the repeated assurances of very little confequence to the that had been received of the pacific public, whether the noinbers were disposition of that court, as well as inore or less on a minority lit, when of other powers, promised the conevery one could have told before. tinuance of peace; which was with hand, that there would be at any the greater confidence to be hoped tate a majority of not much leis for, as there was no reason to Apthan two to one.
prehend that we fhould becouie One event that took place during involved in the troubles, which till the recess, and probably another, unhappily prevailed in one part of that was suspected, and has since Europe. been acknowledged, were the appa No doubt was (notwithlanding) rent causes of the most important made, that they would see the proand extraordinary business that came priety, of maintaining a respe&able on in the course of the ensuing eftablishment of the naval forces ; feffion. The event which we allude they were, however, informed, that to, was the marriage of his Royal no extraordinary aid would be re, Highness the Duke of Cumberland, quired at this time. It concluded with Mrs. Horton, a widow lady, by observing, that the concerns of and daughter to lord Irnham. As this country are fo various and exthis transaction gave great offence tenlive, as 60 require the mof vis at court, the celebrated royal -riar- gilant and active attention ; and Tiage act, which excited so much that some of them from remotenele discussion both within doors and of place, and other circumstances, without, is fupposed in a great are lo peculiarly liable to abuses, and measure to have originated from it. exposed to danger, that the interThe marriage of his Royal High- position of the legislature, for their ness the Duke of Gloucester, with protection, might become neceffary. the Countess Dowager of Walde- 'That if in any such instances, either grave, was not then acknowledged; for supplying defects, or remedying but it is supposed had been tong abuses, they fhould find it neceffary understood. . This affair indeed for to provide any new laws, they a time revived the spirits and forces might depend upon the readieft conof opposition.
currence of the crown, in whatever As there seemed to be no urgent might best contribute to ebe attainbusiness that demanded an early at ment of those falutary ends. tendance, the parliament did not The addresses were paffed in the
meet till after the boli. usual forn. The fpeech was very Jan. 21st.
days. In the speech from cautiously worded in what related to the throne, much fatistaction is domeftic matters, and as peace was expressed, that neither the foreign announced from abroad, there was por domestic ficuation of affairs, no great room for debate. As the required their earlier attendance; latter part of it evidently alluded to and that now they would be at the affairs of the Eaft India company, liberty to give their whole attention, though shey were not picotioned, it