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kinds of fa&itious air already enu even a small flame requires is lurmerated, the Prehdent adds another, prising: an ordinary candle consumes, discovered by Mr. Cavendish, called as it is called, about a gallon of air inflammable air, of the nature of in a minute. Now, considering the that found in neglected privies, com vast consumption of this vital fuid, mon lewers, but chiefly in coal-pics, by fires of all kinds made by man, where it is called the fire-damp. and by volcanos, it becomes an inThis kind of air is surprizingly light, teretting enquiry to ascertain what being only the tenth part of the change is made in the air by Alame, weight of common air, and there and to discover what provision there fore totally different from the me is in parure to repair ihe injury done phitic, which is found to be heavi- by this means to our atmosphere

. CF. This ait may be produced in Dr. Priettley, after relating the conabundance froin ihree metallic bo- jectures of others, and por finding dies, zink, iron, and tin, by dif- them satisfactory, was fortunate in folving them in the diluted vicriolic falling on a method of restoring air, acid, or spirit of lea-Salt.

which bad been vitiated by the Another species of air called ni- burning of cancies in it. This led trous air, the President reckons the way to the discovery of one of mong the most brilliant of Dr. Priett- the great restoratives which Nature ley's discoveries. It was first pro- employs for this purpose, to wit, duced by Dr. Hales, from the Wal- vegetation.— See by what induction ton pyrites, by means of the spirit he proves his opinion. of nitte; but Dr. Priestley by ex " It was natural to imagine, that tending the experiment, found that lince the change of common air is the same kind of air might be pro- necellary to vegetable, as well as to cured, by means of the same kind animal life, boih plants and animals of acid, from almofi every other rendered it foul in the fame manner, metallic substance; and that when so as to beconie unfit for further life mixed with common air, an etter and vegetation. But when, with veicence, with a turbid red colour, that expectation, the Doctor had always ensued, yet it made no change put a fprig of mine, in a growing when either mixed with infiamma- and vigorous state, under an inversble air, or tainted with the breathed glais jar, itanding in water, he of animals, or the corruption of was agreeably disappointed to find, their bodies; and by this relt be that this plans not only continued could judge of the kind, as well as to live, though in a languithing way, of the degree, of injury done to for two months, but that the coffe common air, by candies burning in fined air was fo lindle corsupred by ic, or by the breath or effluvia of what had iffued from the mine, that people, after they had lett vitting it would neither extinguish a candle, him in his ttudy.

nor kill a Imall animal which he conThe President concludes his ex veyed into it. Whai further evinced ellent discourse with fhewing. from the falutary nature of the effluvia of Dr. Priestley, what resources Nature vegetables, he found, chat air, vitihas in store again it the bad effects of aced by a candie left in it till it corrupted air, which trom various burnt out, was periectly rellored to causes, infects our atinosphere. its quality of fupporting flame, after

" le is well known,” says he, another sprig of mine had for fome « that Aame cannot long fubfist time vegetated in it. And, to the w without a renewal of cominon air. that the aromatic vapour of that The quantity of that fluid which plant had no hare in rettosing this


purity to the air, he observed, that “And with regard to the fecond vegetables of an offensive smell, and resource of nature, namely, the even fuch as scarce had

sinell at

ocean, and other waters, Dr. Priestall, but were of a quick growth, ley having obferved that both the proved the very best for this pur- air corrupted by the breath of anin pole. Nay more, the virtue of mals, and that vitiated by ocher .pun growing vegetables was found to trid matter, was in a good ineafore, be an antidote to the baneful quality sweetened by the septic part intofing of air corrupted by adimal respirati- itself into water, he concluded, that on and putrefaction.

the sea, the great lakes and rivers, • We have said, that neither which cover lo large a proportion of candles will burd, nor animals live, the globe, must be highly useful, beyond a certain time, in a given by absorbing what is putrid, for the quantity of air ; yet the cause of further purification of the armoeither fo fpeedy a death or extincti- {phere: thus beltowing what would on was unknown, nor was any me be noxious to man and other ani. thod discovered for rendering that mals, upon the formation of marine empoisoned air fit again for respi- and other aquatic plants, or opon ration. Some provision, however, other purpoles yet unknown. there must be in nature for this


“ From these discoveries we ate pose, as well as for that of lup- affured, that no vegetable grows in porting flame; without such, the vain ; but that, from the oak of the whole atmosphere would in time forest to the grass of the field, every become unfit for animal life, and individual plant is serviceable to the race of men, as well as beasts, mankind; it not always diflinguishwould die of a peftilential diltem- ed by some private virive, yet makper. Yet we have reason to believe, ing a part of the whole which ibat, in our days, the air is not less cleanses and purifies our atmosphere. proper for breaching in, than it was

lo this the fragrant rose and deadly above cwo thousand years ago, chat night-Chade co-operate : nor is the is as far as we can go back in natu- herbage nor the woods that flourish natural history. Now for this im- in the most remote and unpeopled portant end, the Doctor has sug- regions unprofitable to us, nor we gelted, to the divine as well as to to them, considering how contantthe philosopher, two grand resources ly the winds convey to them our of nature; the vegetable creation vitiated air, for our relief, and for again is one, and the sea and other their nourishment.

And if ever bodies of water are the other. thele falutary gales rise to storms and

“ As to the former, having found hurricanes, let us ftill trace and rethat plants wonderfully thrive in pu vere the ways of a beneficeni Being, trid air, he began to attempt, by who, not fortuitoudly, bue with les means of growing vegetables, to fign, not in wrath, but in mercy, purify air that had been injured by ibus fhakes the waters and the air animal respiration and putrefaction; together, to bury in the deep those nor was he le's successful than be- putrid and peftilential effluvia, which fore. These plants were sure to re the vegetables upon the face at the cover the air to a degree of fitness earth had been insufficient to coafor breathing in it, and that in pro- fume.” portion to their vignur, and the care The President's address to Dr. be took to remove the rotren leaves Priestley, on delivering him theo and branches, which reinaining dal before mentioned, does the would have marred the operation. Doctor honour.

" Dr.



of the subtle fluids of the universe. It is now time that, in the You will remember that fore the nome and by the authority of the great inftruinent of the chymifts, is Royal Society of London, instituted but little known even to themselves; for the improvement of natural and that it remains a query, what knowledge, i present you with this was by the most celebrated of philomedal, the palun and laurel of this sophers proposed as such, whether community, as a faithful and un- there be not a certain fluid (he calls fading reftimony of their regard, it ether) the cause of gravity, the and of the just senfe they have of cause of the various attractions, and your merit, and of the persevering of the animal and vital motions * indufry with which you have pro- Thele, Sir, are indeed large demoted the views, and thereby the mands : but the Royal Society have honour of this Society. And, in hitherto been

hitherto been fortunate in their their behalf, I must earnestly re- pneumatic researches. And were quest you to continue those liberal it otherwise, they have much to sind valuable enquiries, whether by hope from men of your talents and further profecuting this subject. pro- application, and whose past labours bably not yet exhausted, or by in- have been crowned with fo much veftigating the nature of some other fuccess.”


A Love Letter from a Banker's Clerk 10 bis Mistress.

HE number of uneasy sen- write not agreeably to the rule of dured since your departure, are be- of allowance; for in the condition I yond the reach of arithmetic. I am am in I cannot pretend to weigh oppreffed with the weight of them. very syllable in the balance of corI do not mean to subirad from the rectness: I hope, therefore, that goodness of your parents; but why you will let the scale of candour prewould they divide our persons when ponderate in my behalf. If you they knew that our hearts were cannot forgive aħ the fluxions of my consolidated. How are my uneasi pen, at least pity them: it is very nesses multiplied! Were you my hard upon many occasions to drazo omnium in this world, here, I should the line of propriety; but if I offend vant no addition to my happiness. in this, I will promise to fura over Figure to yourself iny ftuation, and a new leaf. If I am out of your you will pity me. I know very books, 1 thall be driven to despair: well that I ought to have patience; for you will find upon cafting up but I cannot reduce my fentiments the contents of this letter, that she to pratice. Your absence makes fum total is excessive love. fuch fractions in my ideas, that I bardly know what I write. If I


A Cure for WARTS.
ET some strong soap Lees, that certainly cure them, as has been

has not been used, and wet repeatedly experienced. the warts often with it, which will


Newton's Optics, Quer. 18 - 204

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• PARLIAMENTARY PROCEEDINGS of Great Britain. N Friday, Feb. 11, the Speaker did dressed to Sir Fletcher Norton, Knight,

not take the Chair till near a quarter Speaker of this House, is a false, fcanda-
after three o'clock, although the House lous, and malicious libel, cootrary to all
was amazingly foll, upwards of three law or justice, and in open violation of the
hundred Members were present. He made privilege of this House.
a fort apology for not taking the Chair The question was put, whether the 4-
sooner, said it was on account of a letter bove should pass, and agreed to nem, con.
which had appeared in a public paper ad Mr. Herbert then moved, that the
dressed to him ; that he should with before printer of the Public Advertiser be order-
he proceeded to butiness, the Honourable ed to attend this House on Monday next.'
Members that were employed in the bug- And he was ordered accordingly.
Dels of the petitions alluded to in the said On Monday, Feb. 14, at about five mi-
letter were present, that they might de nutes past three, the House being informed
clare what they knew of his conduct in that Mr. Woodfall attended according to
respect to those petitions, and whether he order, he was called in, and placed at the
merited the abute that was thrown on him. bar, when the Speaker acquainted him
Neither Mr. Sawbridge por Mr. Oliver be with the resolution which had passed rela-
ing present, the common business went on. tive to the letter, in Friday's Public Ada

After several other private petitions and vertiser, being a false, scaodalous, and see
bills were presented, ihe Speaker, finding ditious libel.
that neither Mr. Sawbridge nor Mr. Oliver The paper which contained the libel was
were come, begged leave to go on with his handed to Mr. Woodfall, and, after being
vindication; said he was conscious there asked what he had to say in his defence, be
was not the lealt ground for the accusation' spoke nearly to the following purport:
agaioft him ; that, if he was guilty of such
baleness as he was ibere charged with, he

.S IR,

I received the letter from Mr. Horne, ought not only to be drove out of the

I was the more induced to believe the con.
Chair, but never suffered to come within
the doors of that Honourable
House again; petitions, the one ligned Thomas De Grey;

tents true, because I saw the copies of two tleman coming in, who presented one of Efq; the other William Tooke Efq. I the petitions, (Mr. Sawbridge came in at

did not read the former part of the letter, that inftant) and he hoped he would inform

which neglect will, I hope, be imputed to the House what he knew of his conduct

that hurry which the nature of my business refpe&ting these petitions,

Subjects me to.' Sir Edward Alley arose, and went thro' The Clerk having taken down this part the whole of the charges contained in the of his exculpatory address, the Speaker alkSaid letter, as far as respected him, and ed, * If that was all he had to lay in his delaid the charges of partiality were false. fence ?' He replied, “During the course of

Mr. Sawbridge said he was applied to twenty years in which I have been in buto present the petition but a few days ago; finels, I never before incurred the displeaibat what be had laid concerning it was ac Ture of this House. I have voluntarily cording to the instructions he received; but obeyed the summons, and throw myself uphe knew of no partiality on the side of Sir on the mercy of the Houle.' Fletcher.

He was then interrogated by a Member The whole House seeming unanimous' • Whether he knew Mr. Horne's Chriftian that the charge was groundleli, Sir Flet. name?' He answered • Joho.' • Whether cher arose, and said he was thoroughly ra Mr. Horne was a clergyman?' His reply tisfied the Houle thought him innocent, was, · He is deemed so.' He was quela and it was the height of his ambition to tioned as to the place of Mr. Horne's refifria their esteem ; that if he had their dence, and the profeflion he followed ?' He good word, he cared not what any faction answered after some hesitation, 'That Mr. laid of him,

Horne lived, he believed, at Brenttord, and The order of the day was going to be officiated as Curate there.' read, when Mr. Herbert laid he thought Mr. Woodfall was then ordered to withit would be an impeachment of the under- draw, and the debates were opened by Mr. standing of that House to foffer such a Herbert, who, after expatiating largely upibing as this to pals with impunity ; that on the enormity of the crime, the atrocihe should therefore move, that the letter ousness of the libel, and the necessity of in the Public Advertiser of this date, ad- maintaining the privileges of the House Marob, 1774.,



inviolate, moved, that H. S. Woodfall, House in contempt. He said he hoped for having printed a false, scandalogs, and his letter to the Clerk of the House, his seditious libel, Mould be committed to the answer to the Messenger, and, above all, custody of the Serjeant at Armas.'

the readiness he had thewn in being taken Mr. Charles Fox said he was not against into custody to-day, would prove that he The wing lenity to any man; but to a per- did not hold that House in contempt.-He son who had been proved guilty of such an was ordered to withdraw, and Mr. Oliver atrocious crime he thought committing made a motion, that as Mr. Horne bad to the Serjeant at Arms was not sufficient: exculpated himself from the charge alledge He should therefore move, that he be com ed against him of holding that House in con-. mitted to Newgate,

tempt, he be now discharged from the Lord North Said, that he should have custody of the Serjeant at Arms.' A'ftrong bad no objections to the first motion, if a debate ensued, whether the above motion precedent could be found where a libeller should be put or not, which was carried was committed to the Serjeant at Arms; against Mr. Oliver. and that, as to sewing lenity, he had no Several questions were proposed to the objections, if the printer would afterwards Speaker to be asked Mr. Horne.- Mr. petition, but it was necessary, for the Horne was called in, and the question put honour of the House, that he should be to him. - He desved to know whether committed to some jail.

what Mr. Woodfall had said was the only Mr. Charles Fox then withdrew his evidence or charge against him?" The motion, and the question was put, whether Speaker said, 'It was the charge.' He the printer should be committed to the Ser then said, 'It was very droll, for he had jeant at Arms or the Gate-house ? For the a charge against him ;' he spoke for a long tirit 152, Against it 68, Majority, 84. time, and concluded with laying be should

He was accordingly ordered into custo- plead there, as in any other Court of Jurdy. The question was then put, and re tice, NOT GUILTY.' He was again ordersolved on unanimoutiy, that John Horne ed out, and another debate ensued on the do attend this House to-morrow.

competency of Mr. Woodfall's evidence ; "The same day Mr. Sawbridge made his it was strongly urged, on one Gide, thac motion for shortening the duration of Pare Woodfall, being under sentence, could liaments. For the motion 94, against it 221. not be a proper evidence ; it was as strongly

On Wednesday, Feb. 16, Mr. C. Fox opposed on the other. Mr. Horne was informed the House, that he had cwo news. again called in, and desired to know if he papers of that day in his hand; that in chused to have Mr. Woodfall before him ;' each was a letter ligned * A Şouth Briton," which was agreed to. Mr. Woodfall was which, in his opinion, was the most fa called in, and proved that he received the grant and malicious libel that ever appear • letter from Mr. Horne; that it was that ed; that it was a libel of the most atro Mr. Horne's writing, and that he delivered cious kind, as it reflected on his Majesty that Mr. Horne a proof of the letcer before and the Government at large; that, if they, it was published; that he went to Mr. suffered those libellers to go uopunished, Horne as soon as he received a summons to we thould never be free froin libels. He attend, and that that Mr. Horne desired made a long speech in lupport of the prin him to give him up as the author.'--They vilege of the House, and concluded by were agaia ordered to withdraw, and ano-. moving, that his Majesty's Attorney Ge ther debate arose, Whether this evidence neral be ordered to prolecute the Authors, of Mr. Woodfall was competent or not? Publishers, and Printers of the said letter, and it was proposed to ask Mr. Woodfall which was agreed to, only one dissenti-' if any person was present at any of the ent voice (Mr. Van).

times when Mr. Horne was with him?" On Wednesday, February 17, Mr. Cle. They were both again called in ; Mr. mention, Deputy Serjeant aç Arms, was Woodfall said ' no person was present when called into the Houle, who said he went. Mr. Horne gave him the letter Do person yesterday to Mr. Tooke's house in Sere was present when he gave Mr. Horne a jeants-inn and had Mr. Horne in custody proof to correct that, when the proof, in one of the rooms belonging to that houle.. was corrected, it was lent back ; but he The Speaker informed the House that, was not at home then, neither did he know when the prisoner was brought to the bar, who brought or received it.' He was then • no questions could be propoied to him but asked the names of his servants?' He from the Chair.'

gave in the names of three compolitors, Mr. Horpe was then ordered in, and tome of whom he imagined composed it. made a long defence to that part of his They were both ordered to withdraw. acculation which tended to his holding the Mr. Herbert moved, that the three


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