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Compendium of Entertaining Knowledge, For JANUARY,

1774. 40000570995

Memoirs of the celebrated Duke de Sully.

*XTRAXIMILIAN de Be- ambitious of advancing his forM

thune, baron de Rolny, tune, and of obtaining wealth and and duke de Sully, was


Now, though I am pera marshal of France, fectly acquainted with some of his

and firft minister to defeats, and am sometimes compelHenry IV. He was born at Rosny led to carry it with a high hand

1559, and died at his castle of towards him, when I am out of temVillebon, in Chartrain, Sept. 21, per, or he is vexed, and lets him1641, aged 82 years.

felf be hurried away by chimeras; The military virtues of Sully, I nevertheless cannot help loving placed him upon an equality with him, I look over many of his foi. the first captains of his age. Pof bles, esteem him, and avail myterity, nevertheless, seems to have self of bis services; as I am conforgot the warrior, to celebrate a. vinced he loves me personally, that lone the fatesman. He was the 'he is interested in my welfare, and friend of Henry IV. and that title that he passionately endeavours to alone is sufficient to form his elo- promote the glory, honour, and giam. " Sonne complain, said that grandeur of me and my kingdom. good king, and even f am myfelf I also know that his heart is perSometimes among the number, that fetly good, and that his genius is he is abrupt, impatient, and prone industrious and fertile in expedi. to contradi&ion. He is accused of ents; that he is a great economift having an enterprizing spirit, bes of my revenues, laborious and diliing opinionated and presumptive, gent, who endeavours to gain a and of holding the opinions and knowledge of every thing, and to conduct of others in contempt; make himself capable of going January, 1774.

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two first hours were employed in three in the morning,” replied Sulreading and expediting the memo- ly; when the king turning to ko. rials which were laid upon his quelaure, said, “ How much would dež; ibis he called “cleaning the lead such a life for ?" Lapis." At seven o'clock 'he re The great frankness with which paired to the council, and passed Sully spoke to Henry IV. is known the remainder of the morning with by all the world. In the time of the king, who gave him orders, res the civil wars in 1591, Sully, at pecting

the different objects of bu the head of the royaliits, had forminess before him. At noon he din ed a scheme of drawing off the ed. After dinner he gave a regu duke of Maynne in the city of lar audience. Every one was there Mante.The chief of the league admitted. The ecclefiaftics, of each had already advanced, thinking he religion, were immediately heard. had certain intelligence in the The country people, and other pri- place. Sully, who had prepared rate persons, who were fearful of every thing for his reception, was approaching him, had their turn desirous of acquainting the king immediately after. Titles, so far with his plan of operations. This from taking the lead, were sure to prince, impatient to appear on evebe attended to the last. He after ry fide where there was peril and wards asually employed himself laughter, flew to the city with only all supper time in bufiness. As forty attendants. Sully being made foon as it was served up, he ordered acquainted with the king's rashness, the doors to be fhut, and laying went to him, and upbraided him afide all bufiness, gave himself up severely for his indiscretion, and entirely to the voluptuousness of so not without reason, for upon the cial intercourse. He went to rest arrival of the king the enemy reevery night at ten o'clock; but treated. when any unexpected event had in

When Henry IV. thought himterrupted the usual course of his self in peaceable possession of his pursuits, he then by vigils recoved crown, the report of a revolt gave the loft time during the day. Such him much uneasiness. He sent for was the life he led during his whole Sully, and said to him, “ Well, Sir, adminiftration. Henry, upon ma- in spite of all your obstinacy, here ny occafions, praised this indefati we are at the eve of a war.' gable attention to business. One much the better, Sire, he replied, day, going to the arsenal where as it can only be against the SpaniSully resided, he aked where his ards."

ards.” “No, it is against much minifter was; when the king was nearer foes, supported by all the answered, he was writing in his ca. Huguenots." " Againit all the binet ; then turning towards two of Huguenots! who has put this into his courriers, he said to your head ? I will answer for a smiling, “ Did not you imagine great number, who have no such that I should have been told, that intention, and as for the rest I he was gone a hunting, or engaged know they dare not do it.” Henry with some ladies ?” Another time now turned towards the queen, and going to the arsenal about seven in said to her, “ Did not I tell you, the morning, he found Sully with my dear, that he would not believe bis secretaries, employed at a ta. a syllable of it? He thinks that ble quite covered with letters and no one dare look at me without dir. dispatches." How long have you pleasing me, and that it depends been here?” said the king. “ Since upon myself to give law to all the


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" That is very true, re. sep. which gives me the greatef joined Sully, you may whenever anxiety I ever felt. Your presence you please : le is weakness to be will be very dear to me, as you are intimidated by tries; it appears by the only one to whom I can open the memorial that has been present- my heart, and from whose counsel I ed to you, that there are about ten receive any solace." or a dozen poor wretches, who have It gives one pleasure to follow taken this phrenzy in their head. such unfeigned friends in the midst Egad, Sire, one would think that of the fettivity which the most tenthéle fellows mocked us, to endea. der familiarity can inspire. The vour to induce us to march against king once said in the queen's pre. them. Some needy fellow wants to sence even in bed, when Sully was raise some hundred crowns—that is present, “ You think that Rosny all." “ You may say what you Hatters me ; but you would think please, but I must either go, or you very differently, if you know the most in two days, to regulate mat- great liberties he takes in telling me ters.” “ If you please, Sire, let truths: He sometimes, indeed, puts me go my own way, I shall finish me in a passion ; but I do not like the matter without much noise or him the worse for that; on the conexpence." « Faith, you are the trary, I would think he did not most headtrong man I ever met love me, if he did not point out to with but let us hear your plan.” me what he judged was for the glo" I only require twenty archers, to ry and honour of my person, the give you a good account of the af- improvement of my kingdom, and fair."

“ Agreed, but I expect you the prosperity of my people. For, to be answerable for the event." believe me, my dear, there is no This affair terminated as Sully had person, let his judgment be ever so foretold.

penetrațing, who does not someHenry IV. in one of his moments times err, and is not even guilty of of weakness, promised marriage to the greatest mittakes, if not affifted mademoiselle Entragues, his mif- by others; and those must be loyal tress. The king Thewed her to servants, and intimate friends,” Sully, and asked his opinion. Sul “ There is nothing,” said Sully, ly displayed her in proper colours. fo difficult to defend one's self • Is the man mad, or a fool?” cried against as the calumny of courtiers." Henry. “ It is true, Sire, that I This he thought he should experiam a fool, and would to heaven that ence in 1605. Several lords of the I were the only one in the kingdom." court, who desired nothing more

Notwithstanding this boldoess of than the destruction of a man, whom expression which Sully used towards they found always opposing their the king, Henry did not efteem him views, as they were seldom compathe less; and this lively friendship tible with the interests of the peo. between the monarch and the sub. ple, had planned his ruin. Libels, je&t, is one of the finest scenes that anonymous letters, secret intelli. history presents us with, My gence, were all called into play. friend," said the good king one Henry for the first time had lome day, “come and see me; for there fufpicion of Sully; and it is not alhas something passed in my breaft tonishing that it fhould arise in this morning, which makes me have the breat of a prince, who had exoccasion for you.” Another time perienced so much ingratitude from howrote to him from Fontainbleau: mankind. However, finding that « A domestic mortification has ari. nothing which had been alledged


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