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wife, who was always ready to afford but here the obstinacy of the disorder her charity to her neighbours, accord- baffled his utmost endeavours, yet coning to the little skill the had in surgery, tinuing there three weeks, he cured into do something for him. She acquainted numerable people, when Dr. Henry her husband with it, and he told her that Stubbe, who practised physic at Straithe should now see whether this was a ford upon Avon, and was daily at Ragmere fancy, or the dictates of the Spirit ley, and an eye-witness of the cures, of Gori in his heart ; and laying his published a piece, intitled “The Mirahands on the places affected, he prayed culous Conformist, or an Account of to God, for Jesuz' fake, to heal him, several marvellous Cures performed by and bade the parent bring the child the firoaking of the hands of Mr. Vaagain in two or three days. When he lentine Greatrakes.” This gentleman returned, the eye was almost quite • soon after received the royal commands healed, the node, which was nearly as to wait upon his majesty at Whitehall, big as a pullet's egg, being suppurated, where be performed several cures, as he and the throat firargely amended; so did also in and about London. But he that in a month's time he was perfectly was not always successful; for being cured. There then came to him one employed by one Mr. Creflet, in CharMargaret Macshane, of Baylinesly, in ter-house-square, his ftroaking had a the parish of Lismore, who had the evil very bad effect, upon which was pubupwards of seven years, far worse than lished “ Wonders no Miracles, or Mr. the former, whom he cured, to the Valentine Greatrakes' Gift of Healing amazement of all, and his fame now examined,” which was soon followed by encreasing, he cured the fame disease in another pamphlet, intitled “ A brief Acmany others, all by ftroaking with his count of Mr. Valentine Greatrakes, hands; and some troubled with agues he and divers strange Cures by him lately cured in the same manner.

performed, &c.” to which were annexed · Afterwards he had the like impulse the testimonies of several eminent and that he could heal all kinds of diseases; worthy persons, of the chief matters of and a few days after, going to one Mr. fat therein related ; and the whole was Dean's, at Lismore, there came into the drawn up in the form of a letter, to the house a poor man who had a pain in his honourable Robert Boyle, Elq; who Joins and flank, went almoit double, was a patron of our stroaker, as was and had five ulcers in his leg, who beg- also Dr. Henry More, and several other ging his asistance, he put his hands on members of the Royal Society, before the man's loins and fank, and immedi- whom Mr. Greatrakes was examined. ately' ftroaked the pain out of him, so Dr. More ascribed the cures to an exthat he could stand upright. He then traordinary refined and purifier state of put his hands on the ulcerous leg, which the blood in Greatrakes, whence he instantly changed colour from black, thought might issue a fanative, as well and became red; three of the five ulcers as there did a malignant contagion in a clofed up, and the rest within a few contrary fate; others supposed they hours after: so that he went out well were wrought by the force of imaginaand in two days afterwards fell to work tion in his patients, and some imagined at his trade, which was that of a ma them mere fictions. However, it is son. After this Mr. Greatrakes cured certain that the great Mr. Boyle bemany diseases of all kinds by stroak- lieved him to be an extraordinary pering.

son, and attested many of his cures. In the mean time, as he pretended to He had the character of being a genhave some extraordinary aslistance from tleman of great piety and humanity; the Holy Ghost in performing these however, he was a kind of prodigy that cures, he was cited before the bishop's surprized and puzzled not only the ig. court, and forbade to proceed any far- norant, but the learned. ther; upon which he went to England, where Edward, lord Conway, took him The Fair Imprudent. A true History. to his seat at Ragley, in Warwickshire,

THOUGH is more , upon his lady, who had for many years than that many of the youth of laboured under a rooft violent head-ach; both sexes are ruined by too severe re

firictions ; yet, it is no less true that duct.—Lucy had too much of natural many among them owe their misfortunes and acquired vanity for any one to exto the careless and unguarded conduct pect her to be very prudent. of their parents or guardians. This is For a long time, the fluctuated beparticularly remarkable in regard to tween a crowd of lovers; now one, now young women, and the truth of it is the other, engaged her attention. At well exemplified in the following his- length, Mr. Barton, the son of a capital tory.

merchant trading to the West-Indies, Miss Lucy Langley, was the daugh- diftinguished himself in such a manner ter of a gentleman of fonie confideration by his assiduities, that he could not but in Hertfordshire, who dying, left her, at attract her notice; nay, he flattered himthe age of nine years, together with a self, that he had actually gained a place fortune of 5,000l. to the care of a bro- in her affections. Indeed, neither the ther and sister of his, who had always nor any woman could refuse him her expressed the greatest affection for her. esteem, he was so man!y, virtuous, and

The genteel education which Mr. affectionate; hut Miss Langley, however Langley had begun to give his daugh- me might approve these good qualities, ter, they had resolved to complete; and thought him too grave, and even too as they resided in London, they agreed fond; ihe, therefore determined to laugh to send her to a boarding school within at him, and lead him on with vain hopes; two or three miles of the metropolis for —because he was a lover, to torment this purpose.

him; and to make a fool of him, because Boarding schools, when properly con he was a man of sense. One of his turn ducted have certainly their use, and easily took such treatment to heart, and much might be said in their favour; but, after having played off many female arts where a neglect of duty prevails among against him, Nie lost him for a profefied the heads of them, they prove certainly lover, though as a tender friend, lie still the most pernicious inititutions upon continued to watch over her actions. earth. The latter was the case with Before he broke off with her, a new that, where Lucy was placed. It may fuitor who made a great show, had been seem ftrange, that her uncle and aunt, admited to pay his addrelles to her.--both so nearly allied to her father, did He was known by the name of Belladine; not find out this circumftance; but those he dressed in the height of the mode, kept who read this little story, need only re a fiaming equipage, and had a train or fer to their own common experience in servants in the richest liveries. He said, life for a proof, how easily Characters of he was lately come from France he public places are obtained, and how courted his mistress with a true French much they are dependent on interest, and vivacity and freedom ; if she repulsed him. cven on fashion, rather than on real he was one minute dying at her feet, merit,

the next consoling himself with a chanLucy's aunt dying, she was taken from sonette: he called her a coquet, yet he the boarding school at eighteen (where vowed her coquetry became her, and te The had learned little else than va would not have her be otherwise for the nity and coquetry) and brought home to world; he praised all her foibles, yet her uncle's house, who being a weak he plainly told her he meant to make good natured man, and peculiarly fond an advantage of them, and swore it was of her, thought she had the accomplishi- a-la-mode to have a hundred admirers, ments of an angel; and the girl having at the same time that he confidently af-sense enough to perceive the ascendancy seried, he was sure he should bear her off shie had over him, improved it in such a from them all. manner, that she soon found The had little Şuch was Belladine; and such as he to do to mind him, and that her own was Lucy approved him, and for his fake will was the only rule by which The laid aside her coquetry ; while her unck needed to model her actions,

who had the highit opinion of her good When the most sensible and accom- sense, received the gentleman as hci lo plished female of eighteen has once found ver, and easily confented that he should out a secret of this kind, and besides is become her husband. As to the enquires furrounded with admirers, it it not easy he made after this suitor's circumstances, to answer for the regularity of her con- being Night; the latter produced bills to

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a considerable amount, and marriage real worth of her fincere lover. A few
articles were drawn, by which Belladine days afterwards she expired in his pre-
settled upon his spouse a very handsome fence, falling a fad victim to her own
sum. The nuptials were celebrated, misconduct and that of her guardian,
and the new Mrs. Belladine thought her who never afterwards forgave himself
self the happiest of women. But the for that negligence of his niece's real
scene foon changed, as soon as her huf- intereft, which, though involuntary on
band got poffeffion of her fortune, which his part, had occasioned the fatal cata-
he found means to do by his cunning, strophe.
he began to cool in his affections; he
was no more the gay, the complaisant Comparison between the Antient and Now
frenchified lover, he became the down-

dern Drama.
right sullen husband—Every thing that
had before charmed him in his Lucy, now

HE numberless improprieties forced

upon the Grecian dramatic poets,
grew disgusting; he found a thousand by the constitution of their drama, are
faults with her gaiety; he gave her to of themselves a sufficient reason, one
understand, that it was not in his opi- would think, for preferring that of the
nion innocent; he abridged her of all moderns, even without the improvements
diversions, and the converse of her proposed.
friends, and on her remonftrating against To prepare the reader for this article,
these proceedings, even threatened to it must be premised, that, as in the an-
lock her up-It soon appeared, that a tient drama, the place of action never
separation was the only consolation that varies, a place must necessarily be cho-
remained, which the lady was more in- sen, to which every person of the piece
clined to solicit, as five thought herself may have access, without any improba-
assured of a handsome settlement. When bility. This confines the scene to some
this matter was proposed, Mr. Bella- open place, generally the court or area
dine seemed ready enough to consent to before a palace; by which means all
it; but when it came to be executed, a transactions within doors, are excluded
flaw appeared in the deed of settlement, from the Grecian theatre, though these
which had purposely been made in it by are commonly the most important. Such
Belladine's lawyer, by which his wife re- cruel restraint is of itself fufficient to
mained at his miercy: with much persua- cramp the most fertile invention ; and
fion he, however, agreed to allow her accordingly the Grecian writers, in or-
301. per annum; but of this, he never der to preserve unity and place, are re-
made more than one quarterly payment, duced to woful improprieties.
after which he set off for the Continent In the Hyppolytus of Euripides. act I,
with the remains of the fortune he had scene 6. Phedra, distrelled in mind and
received with Lucy, which he squan- body, is carried, without any pretext
dered there in a course of diffipation and from her palace, to the scene of action ;
debauchery that put an end to his life. is there laid upon a couch, and made
After his departure, it appeared, that to utter many things improper to be
he was a Narper that had been assisted heard by a number of women, who form
by some of his companions with every the chorus. What is still worse, her
thing necessary for carrying on this plot, female attendant uses the Irongelt intrea-
for which they were handsomely rewarded ties to make her reveal the secret cause

When certain tidings of his death ar of her anguish ; which at last, Phedra, rived, Mr. Barton, who still retained contrary to decency and probability, is his regard for Lucy, offered again to ad- prevailed upon to do in the light of this dress her, and his offers would have very chorus. been accepted most chearfully, but that In the Alçesles of Euripides, act II. the object of them was in no condition se ne 1, Alcettes, at the point of death, to receive them. The melancholy which is brought from the place of action, the had contracted in consequence of her groaning and lamenting her untimely husband's conduct, had thrown her into a fate; and, in the Trochiniens of Sodeep decline, which operated so fpeedily, phocles, a II. a secret is imparted to that she was now almost upon the verge Dejanira, the wife of Hercules, in preof life. She confessed the intended fence of the chorus. In the tragedy favour, and now firft acknowledged the of Iphigenia, the messenger employed

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to carry Clitemnestra the news of effect. However, we may be hurried Iphigenia being lacriticed, ftops ft.ort away by the fpectacle; whatever domiat the place of action, and with a nion the senses and imagination may usurp loud voice, calls the queen from her over the reason, there still lurks at the palace to hear the news. Again, in the bottom, a certain idea of falsiood, in Iphigenia in Tauris, the neceflary pre- the whole of what we fee. This idea, lence of the chorus, forces Euripides, though weak and disguised, fuffices to into a gross absurdity; which i, to diminish the pain, which we suffer from form a secret plot, in their hearing; the misfortunes of those we love, and to and, to disguise the absurdity, much reduce that afflicton, so much as to conflattery is bestowed on the chorus, not vert it into a pleasure. We weep for one woman, but a number, to engage the misfortunes of a hero, to whom we them to secrefy.

are attached; but, at the same time, we In the Medea of Euripides, that comfort ourselves by reflecting that it princess makes no difficulty, in the pre- is nothing but a fiction : and it is presence of the chorus, to plot the death cisely that mixture of sentiments, which of her husband, of his mistress, and of composes an agreeable forrow, and those her father, the king of Corinth, all by tears, that delight us. But, as that afpoison. It was necessary to bring Me- fiction which is caused by exterior and dea upon the stage, and there is but one sensible objects is stronger than the conplace of action, which is always occu folation which arises from internal repied by the chorus. This scene closes flections, they are the objects and sympthe second act, and, in the end of the toms of sorrow, which ought to prevail third, the frankly makes the chorus her in the composition.” confidants, in plotting the murder of her This folution, seems just and convinown children.

cing; but perhaps it still wants some adTerence, by identity of place, is dition, to make it answer fully the pheoften forced to make a conversation with- nomenon, which we here examine. in doors, be heard in the open fireet: the All the passions excited by eloquence, cries of a woman in labour, are there are agreeable in the highest degree, as heard distinctly.

well as those which are moved by paintThe Grecian poets are not more hap- ing, and the theatre. The Orations of py with respect to the unity of time, Cicero, are therefore the delight of evethan that of place. In the Hyppolitus ry reader of taste; and it is difficult to of Euripides, that prince is banished read some of them, without the deepest at the end of the fourth act ; and, in the sympathy and sorrow. His merit as an firft scene of the fifth, a mellenger re orator, no doubt depender much upon his lates to Thesus the whole particulars of success in this particular; when he had the death of Hyppolitus by a number railed tears in the judges, and all his of monsters.

audience, they were then most highly Essay on Tragedy.

delighted, and expressed the greatest fathough so very diffe- tic description of the butchery made by rent in themselves, differ not so much in Verres, of the Sicilian captains; is a maitheir cause. From the infiance of tick- ter-piece of this kind . but, I believe, ling it appears, that the movement of none will affirm, that being present at a pleasure, pushed a little too far, becomes melancholy scene of that nature, would pain ; and that the movement of pain, afford any entertainment; neither is the a little moderated becomes pleasure. forrow here foftened by fiction : for the Hence it appears, that there is a kind of audience were convinced of the reality forrow, soft, and agreeable: it is a pain of every circumstance. What is it then, weakened, and diminished. The heart which in this case, raises a pleasure from likes naturally to be moved and affect- the boom of unealiness, (10 to speak) and ed: melancholy objects suit it, nay even a pleasure ..hich ftill retains all the feadisaiterons and sorrowful ones, provided tures, and outward symptoms of difirefs they are softened by some circumilances. and sorrow

It is certain, that on the theatre; the I answer, this extraordinary effect, representation, has almost the effect of proceeds from that very eloquence with reality ; yet it has not altogether that which the melancholy scene isrepresent


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386 A Dialogue in the Shades between Alexander and Phrine, July, ed. The genius required to paint ob

Alexander. jects in a lively manner; the art em It seems you were mightily anxious, ployed in collecting all the pathetic cir- tha: poiterity should know what trade cumstances, the judgment displayed in you followed. disposing them; the exercise I say, of Phrine.] Let my

trade answer for itthose noble talents, together with the self, I excelled in it; and great persons, force of expression, and buauty of ora- you know, of all professions, have the torial numbers, diffuse the highest satis- folly of loving monumental inscriptions. faction on the audience, and excite the Alexander.] It is true, Rhodope had niofit delightful movements.

discovered the same vanity before you: By these means, theuneasiness of the me- the made fo fine a market of her beauty, lancholy passion, is not only overpowered as to be able to build one of the famous and effaced by fomething itronger of an Egyptian pyramids, which stands to this opposite kind, but the whole melancho- hour. I remember she was talking of it ly movement is converted into pleasure, the other day to some English girls, who and swells the delight, which the elo- thought themselves over-topped by noquence raises in us.

The same force of body; but the poor things cried heartioratory, employed on a disinteretting sub- ly, to think that in their age and cuanject, would not please half so much, or try the votaries of Venus could raise no rather, would appear altogether ridicu- such pyramidical fortunes. lous ; and the mind, being left in abso Phrine.] But I had the advantage of lute calmness and inditterence, would Rhodope; for, in rebuilding the walls relish none of those beauties of imagina- of Thebes, I put myself on a level with tion or expression, which, if joined to you, the greatest conqueror in the world, passion, would give it such exquisite en- and I made it appear, that my beauty tertainment. The impulse or vehemence could repair the havock that was made arising from sorrow, compassion, and in- by your valour. dignation, receives a new direction from Alexander.] Was ever such a comthe sentiments of beauty. The latter parison heard ofz-So you are mightily being the pre-dominant emotion, seize satisfied then, that you had so many galthe whole mind, and convert the former lants ? into themselves; or, at least, tincture Phrine.] And you are no less proud them so strongly, as totally to alter their that you made a desart of the best partof nature : and the soul being, at the same the earth. How finely you had been time, roused by passion, and charmed by served, if every city which you destroyeloquence, feels on the whole, a strong ed had found a Phrine to rebuild it! movement, which is altogether delight- Not a mark of your fury had been left. ful.

Alexander.] Were I to live again, I The same principle takes place in tra- should be the same great conqueror I gedy; with this addition, that tragedy was, is an imitation, and imitation is always Phrine.] And I the same lovely conof itself agreeable.

queror. Beauty has a natural right to This circumstance, serves still farther govern mankind; valour_has no more to smooth the motions of passion, and than it gains by force. The charms of convert the whole feeling into one uni-. fine women are found in all countries, form and Itrong enjoyment.

so are not kings nor conquerors. But

to convince you further, your father A Dialogue between Alexander the Great Philip, you will allow, was valiant eand Phrine the Courtezan, in the

nough, and you were so, I think, with Shades,

a vengeance; yet, with all your courage, Phrine.

neither of you could frighten DemoftSK any of the Thebans, who liv- henes, the orator, who did nothing but

ed in my time, if I did not offer rail, and thunder eloquence against you to rebuild, at my own expence, the walls both as long as he lived. But there was of their city, which you demolished, on another Phrine-for mine, let me tell condition that they would place this in- you, is a lucky name—who would have scription on them: “ Alexander the loft a cause of great consequence, if her Great demolished these walls, but Phrine counsel (having exhausted his eloquence the Courtezan rebuilt them.

in her behalf in vain) had not whisper


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