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Solution to stop all importation from, and
harbour of Boston is an attack upon the act of the British parliament for fhutLiberties of America, and that Bolton is ting up the port of Botton, the same now suffering in the common cause : Re- was observed here as a day of fafting folved, therefore, That the inhabitants and humiliation; and never was a day of this city will join in the atlociation more devoutly kept. with the several counties of this pro Bufton, June 4.' The King's own revince, and the principal colonies in A- giment landed at Long Wharf, and merica, to put an immediate ftop to all marched into the Common. exports to Great Britain ; and that, af. June 5. The 43d regiment did the ter a short day, there be no imports ; same ; after which both regiments enand that this association shall be on camped upon the Common. oath.
A Committee of Council New York, May 26. In consequence waited upon the Governor with their adof the very alarming news received from dress in answer to his speech, in which England, a committee is appointed to they wish his Excellency every felicity, correspond with our sister colonies, and and that his administration, in the printo consult on the moit prudent measures ciples and general conduct of it, may be to be taken at this critical juncture. a happy contrast to that of his two im
Boston, May 28. A number of gentle- mediate predecessors. But his Excel. men waited on our late governor, Mr. lency, when the Chairman came to those Hutchinson, with an address conceived words, desired him not to proceed, and in very respectful terms, againit which refused to receive the address, afsigning a number of other gentlemen entered a his reasons in these words: proteft.
“ Gentlemen of the Council, Harvard, in Connecticut, June 1. This “ I cannot receive an address which being the day when the Bolton port- contains indecent reflections on my prebill took place, the same was observed deceffors, who have been tried and hobere as a day of mourning. The bells nourably acquitted by the Lords of the began to toll early, and continued so to Privy Council, and their conduct approvdo late; the town-house was hung with ed by the King. black, and the thops were all ihut. “'I consider this address as an insult The late worthy Mr. Hollis, well known upon his Majesty and the Lords of his throughout the learned world for his Privy Council, and an affront to myself
. love of arts and liberty, in the frontifpiece of a book presented to Harvard Portsmouth, in New Hampshire, June 10, College, inscribed, with his own hand, Governor Wentworth sent the following this prophetic admonition to the inha- message to the Assembly of that province bitants of this rising province :
then itting, " People of Massachusetts,
Mr. Speaker, and Gentlemen of the Afo “ When your country shall be culti Jembly, “ vated, adorned like this country, and .“ As I look upon the measures enter
ye niall become elegant, reined in ed upon by the House of Assembly to be “ all civil life,-then, if not before, inconsistent with his majesty's services “ 'Ware to your liberties.”
and the good of this government, it is Philadel; bia, June 2. Yesterday we my duty, as far as in me lies, to prevent had a pause in the business of this city, any detriment that might arise from such and a folemin pause it was. If we ex- proceedings. I do therefore hereby diseept the Friends, I believe nine tenths solve the General Assembly of this proof the citizens fhut up their houses, and vince, and it is diffolved accordingly. the beils were rung muttled all the day. -The Friends, or people called Quak New York, June 13. At a numerous ers, tho' tenderly sympathizing with meeting of the inhabitants, resolved, the diftreffed, and jutly sensible of the that the fiatute commonly called the Bosvalue of their religious and civil rights, ton Port-Aa, is oppressive to the inha, yet tho'ght it necessary to publish, that bitants of that town, unconftitutional no persons were authorized to represent in its principles, and dangerous to the li them at the meeting of the societies for berties of America; and that a joint rer the appointment of this service, terday being the day appoinned by an act shall be repealed, will
J. Went WORTH."
vation of North America, and her liber- storation of union and harmony between
Esq; Mr. Samuel Adams, John Adams, Philadelphia, June 13. A petition, and Robert Teat Payne, Esqrs. be apsigned by near 900 respectable freehold- pointed a committee on the part of this ers, was presented to the Hon. John province, for the purposes aforesaid. Penn, Esq; our governor, earnestly en Resolved, That the sum of sool, be treating his Honour to call the assembly paid to the said committee, out of the of the province as soon as possible. To public treasury, to enable them to diswhich the governor was pleased to re- charge the important trutt to which they turn the following answer:
are appointed.-But :o this resolution the “ Gentlemen,
Governor refused his assent. Therefore, “ Upon all occasions when the peace, June 17, Resolved, That it be recomorder, and tranquillity of the province mended to the several towns and districts require it, I shall be ready to convene the within the province, to raise the said sool. assembly, but as that does not appear to by equitable proportions, according to be the case at present, I cannot think the last provincial tax. such a step would be expedient, or con. Resolved, That, as the towns of Bos. fittent with my duty. John Penn.” ton and Charles-Towo are, at this time,
Charles-Town, June 13. The news of suffering under the hand of power, it is the port of Boston being shut up caused the clear opinion of this House, that the an universal ferment. It was instantly inhabitants of said towns ought to be reagreed to call a general meeting of the lieved ; and this House do recommend to principal inhabitants of the whole pro- all, to afford them speedy and constant vince, to consult upon proper measures relief, in full confidence that they will on the present emergency, and the sth of exhibit examples of patience, fortitude, July was appointed the day of meeting. and perseverance, while they are thus A general congress and non-importation called to endure oppression for ihe preserare here the prevailing cry.
vation of the liberties of their country. Williamsburg, June 13. An express ar House of Representatives, June 17. rived in this city from Colonel Hite, with Whereas this and his Majesty's other advice of the determined resolution of colonies in North America have long been the Indians to declare war againit us. Se struggling under the heavy hand of powveral families have already been found er, and our dutiful petitions for the remurderered and scalped, and the inha- dress of our intolerable grievances have bitants in the Back Settlements never been not only disregarded, but the design were in greater consternation. In con- totally to alter the free conftitution and sequence of this news, writs have been civil government in British America, to issued for the election of a new allem- establish arbitrary governments, and to bly to meet as soon as possible.
reduce the inhabitants to slavery, appears Writs are likewise issued by Governor more and more to be fixed and deterPenn, of Pennsylvania, for the same mined ; it is therefore Itrongly recompurpose.
mended by this House, to the inhabitants June 13. The House of Representar of the province, that they renounce altives sitting at Salem, resolved, That a together the consumption of India teas, meeting of Committees from the several and as far as in them lies to discontinue colonies is highly expedient and neceffa- the use of all goods imported from the ry, to consult upon the present state of East-Indies and Great Britain, until the the colonies, and the miseries to which public grievances of America Mall be rathey are, and must be, reduced, by the dically and totally redressed; and it is operation of certain acts of parliament also further recommended, that they give respecting America ; and to deliberate all public encouragement to the manuand determine upon wise and proper factures of America.-In consequence of measures to be by them recommended these resolves and recommendations, his to all the colonies for the recovery and Excellency the Governor directed his See establishment of their jult rights and li- cretary to acquaint the two Houses, that berties, civil and religious, and the re. it was his pleasure the General Assemb:
Mould be dissolved ; and to declare the ly affected, say they, with a sense of our fame dissolved accordingly. The Secre- public calamities, but the miseries that tary went to the Court-house, and, finde are now rapidly haftening on our breing the door of the representatives cham- thren in the capital of this province ber locked, directed the messenger of the greatly excite our commiseration.-*** House to go in and acquaint the Speaker “ We account it the greates unhapthat the Secretary had a message to deli- piness that this province, which has ever
, ver to the House, and delired he might been foremost in loyalty to the Kings of be admitted to deliver it. The messenger Britain-in its efforts to defend their terreiurned, and said he had acquainted the ritories and enlarge their dominionsSpeaker therewith, who mentioned it to thould be the first to feel our Sovereign's the House, and their orders were to keep feverest displeasure. Our fathers Hed the door fast. Whereupon proclamation from oppression, braved every danger, was made upon the stairs, in the presence and here began a settlement on bare of several members, and the House in creation. Almost incredible are the fathat manner dissolved.
tigues and difficulties they encountered At a full meeting of freeholders and to subdue a dreary wilderness, filled other inhabitants of the town of Boston, with savage beasts, and yet more savage affembled at Faneuil-Hall to consider of men: but by their invincible resolution the measures to be taken upon the present they rose superior to them all, and by emergency, more especially relative to their altonining efforts greatly facilitated the late edict of the British parliament the settlement of the other British colofor blocking up the harbour of Bolton, nies in America. Yet, fir, we speak it and annihilating the trade of the town, with grief, the sons are checked and disit was voted, with only one diffentient, honoured for exhibiting proofs of their that the Committee of Correspondence inheriting some portion of that spirit be enjoined forth with to write to all the which in their fathers produced such other colonies, acquainting them that we astonishing effects. are not idle; that we are deliberating “ A happy union with Great Britain upon the fteps to be taken on the present is the with of the colonies. It is their exigencies of our public affairs; that our unspeakable grief that it has in any debrethren, the landed interest of this pro- gree been interrupted. We carnestly vince, with an unexampled spirit and desire to repair the breach. We ardentunanimity, are entering into a non-con- ly pray that harmony may be restored. fumption agreement; and that we are And for these ends, every measure comwaiting, with anxious expectation, for patible with the dignity and safety of the result of a continental congress, whose British subjects we tall gladly adopt." meeting we impatiently desire, in whose They conclude with alluring his Exwisdom and firmness we can confide, and cellency, “ that they shall make it their in whose determinations we shall chear- constant endeavour to preserve the peace, fully acquiesce.
and to make the arduous task of adminiOn this occasion, the letters received Itration in these perilous times as easy to by the Committee of Correspondence him as the nature of things will admit.” from the fifter colonies being read, voted To which his Excellency in his anunanimously, That our warmest thanks swer assured them, that he felt for the be transmitted to our brethren on the inhabitanis of Boston, but could take no Continent for that humanity, sympathy, Steps for their relief without their coand affection, with which they have been operating with his endeavours, and was inspired, and which they have expressed forry their repeated provocations had towards this distressed town at this im- forced the Britiflı nation to adopt the portant season.
present measures. “ Great-Britain (conSalem, June 18. A very pathetic ad- cludes his Excellency) is equally desirous drefs from the merchants and freeholders as yourselves of a happy union with this, of this town was presented to Governor as well as every other colony; and, inGage, in which, after complimenting his heriting the spirit
of her ancestors, finds Excellency on the wisdom and mildness it neceffary to support her rights, or his conduct in another command, supreme head of her extended empire: they express their sanguine expectations nie itrives not to check that spirit which that the province will reap the happy you say you inherit from your fathers, fruits of his benignity.--"We are deep- but to inculcate that due obedience to the
King in his Parliament which
fa now dangerous commerce, we do in like thers acknowledged."
manner folemnly covenant, that we will Boston, June 25. The assemblies and not buy, purchase, or consume, in any town meetings of the following places in manner whatever, any goods, wares, or America, viz. Hartford, Preiton, Far- merchandize, which thall arrive in Amemington, Wethersfield, in Connecticut; rica from Great Britain aforesaid, from Williamsburgh, in Virginia ; Baltimore and after the last day of Auguft next enCounty, in Maryland ; Annapolis ; suing. And in order, as much as in us Rhode-Inand, and Providence plantati- lies, to prevent our being interrupted tions, have each passed votes or resolu- and defeated in this only peaceable meations, expressing their great detesation sure, entered into for the recovery and of the Bolton Port-bill, recommending a preservation of our rights, we agree to congress to be held, to take measures for break off all trade, commerce, and dealforming an association to break off all ings whatever, with all persons, who, commercial connections with Great Bri- preferring their own private interest to tain, and with that colony, province or the falvation of their now perishing town, which shall decline or refuse to country, shall ftill continue to import come to similar resolutions with the ma- goods of Great Britain, or shall purchase jority of the colonies. Some of them al- of those who do import. so recommended contributions to be made “ III. That such persons may not for the poor sufferers in Boston, and sub- have it in their power to impose upon us scriptions have been raised for their sup- by any pretence whatever, we further port.
agree to purchase no article of merchanIn consequence of the above-mention- dize from them, or any of them, who ed resolutions, the following folemn shall not have signed this, or a similar league and covenant has been subscribed covenant, or will not produce an oath, by the respective inhabitants of the se- certified by a magistrate to be by them veral towns,
taken, to the following purport, viz. Solemn League and Covenant. • 1,
in the county “ WE the subscribers, inhabitants of of do solemnly swear, that the the town of, having taken into goods I have now on hand, and propose our serious consideration the precarious for sale, have not, to the best of my 1tate of the liberties of North America, knowledge, been imported from Great and more especially the present distressed Britain into any port of America, since condition of this insulted province, em- the last day of August, 1774 ; and that barrassed as it is by several acts of the I will not, contrary to the spirit of an British parliament, tending to the entire agreement entered into through this prosubversion of our natural and charter vince, import, or purchase of any perrights; among which is the act for block- son so importing, any goods as aforesaid, ing up the harbour of Boston ; and be- until the port or harbour of Boston ihall ing fully sensible of our indispenlible du- be opened, and we are fairly restored ty, to lay hold on every means in our to the free use of our conftitutional and power to preserve and recover the much charter-rights. injured conftitution of our country, and “ Lastly, We agree, that after this, conscious at the same time of no al- or a similar covenant, has been offered ternative between the horrors of slavery, to any person, and they refuse to sign or the carnage and desolation of a civil it, or produce the oath abovesaid, we war, but a suspension of all commercial will consider them as contumacious imintercourse with the iland of Great Bri- porters, and withdraw all commercial tain; do, in the presence of God, fo- connections with them, so far as not to lemnly, and in a good faith, covenant purchase of them any articles whatever, and agree with each other,
and publish their names to the world, “ I. That from henceforth we will Witness our hands, &c." suspend all commercial intercourse with The reception this league and covenant the said island of Great Britain, until met with, so much alarmed Gen. Gage, the said act for blocking up the har- that on the 29th of June he published bour be repealed, and a full restoration of the following thundering proclamation. our charter rights be obtained.
“ WHEREAS certain persons, call. II. That there may be the less temp- ing themselves a Committee of Cork' tation to others to continue in the said pondence for the towa of Boston, 11:
of Health and Spirits, fell a Villin
lately presumed to make, or cause to be parliament, and kingdom of Great Brimade, a certain unlawful inftrument, tain: purporting to be a folemn league and co “ In observance therefore of my duty venant, intended to be ligned by the in- 'to the king, in tenderness to the inhabihabitants of this province; whereby they tants of this province, and to the end are most folemnly to covenant and en that none who may hereafter engage in gage, to suspend all commercial inter- such dangerous combinations, may plead, course with the inland of Great Britain, in excule of their conduct, that they until certain acts of the British parlia- were ignorant of the crime in which they ment Mall be repealed :
were involving themselves, I have " And whereas printed copies of the thought fit to "issue this proclamation, said unlawful instrument have been tranf- hereby earnettly cautioning all persons mitted, by the aforesaid Committee of whatsoever within this province against Correspondence, so called, to the several figning the aforesaid, or a similar covetowns in this province, accompanied with nant, or in any manner entering into, a scandalous, traiterous, and Jeditious or being concerned in such unlawful, holetter, calculated to inflame the minds ftile, and traiterous combinations, as of the people, to disturb them with illo they would avoid tie pains and penalties grounded fears and jealousies, and to ex- due to such aggravated and dangerous cite them to enter into an unwarranta offences. ble, hoftile, and traiterous combination, “ And I do hereby Atrialy enjoin and to distress the British nation, by inter command all magistrates, and other ofrupting, obstructing, and dettroying her ficers, within the several counties in this trade with the colonies, contrary to their province, that they take effectual care allegiance due to the king, and to the to apprehend and secure for trial, all and form and effect of divers statutes made every person who may hereafter presume for securing, encouraging, protecting, and to publish, or offer to others to be ligne regulating the said trade; and destructive ed, or fall themselves fign the aforesaid, of the lawful authority of the Britishi or a similar covenant, or be in any wise parliament, and of the peace, good or- aiding, abetting, advising, or affifting der, and safety of the community; therein,
“And whereas the inhabitants of this “And the respective sheriffs of the province, not duly considering the high several counties within this province, are criminality, and dangerous consequences hereby required to cause this proclama. to themselves, of such alarming and un tion forth with to be posted up in fome precedented combinations, may incauti- public place, in each town, within their only be tempted to join in the aforesaid respective districts. unlawful league and covenant, and there • Giyen under my hand at Salem, the by expose themselves to the fatal conse- 29th of June, 1774. quences of being considered as the de
“ Thomas Gage." clared and open enemies of the king,
Р О E TRY.
And scatters lustre round his tomb:
This mortal's life's not worth a ruth. Who dy'd by fat, and liv'd by tallow; The Subjca of the following Lines, Fine His light before men always shone, His mould is underneath this fione : Then taking things by the right handle,
to a Fever in the Bloom of Life. This Is not this life a farthing candle?
may caution young Men against The longest age, but a watch taper,
beating themselves, and endangering, A torch blown out by ev'ry vapour ;
their lives to the great Anxiety and To-day 'twill burn, to-morrow blink,
Pain of their Parents and Families. And end as mortals in a stink;
To the memory of
WILLIAM HATFIELD FERRAR, * This epitaph cot his executors ten Who died at Limerick,