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ther's barbarity. When they had left Catharine Golding, in Little Longfordthe house, the father arose and locked street, to the amount of 7001. in plate the door; lie then goi a knife, went to and jewels; and yesterday part of the the bed where his three daughters, plate was stopped by Mr, French, filverone of fix years, one of three years, and smith, on the Blind-quay, where it was one of nine months old, lay, took the offered for sale. cloaths off from over and under them, The same day came on to be tried at left they should be bloody, and then, Dundalk a record in dower, wherein with a cruelty thocking to relate, cut the right hon. Elizabeth Lady Viscounthe bellies of his three daughters from tess Dowager Boyne was demandant ; fide to side, and from navel to neck; Frederick Hamilton, stiling himself Ld. so that their inward parts came out, and Boyne, the right hon. Anthony Foster, afterwards cut their throats ; he then Robert Sibthorp, John Stewart Hamillay down on the fame bed with them. ion, and John M'Clintock, Efqrs. were About seven o'clock his wife and son tenants : When after a trial, which lasted returned ; the former of which, finding fix hours, the Jury brought in their verthe door locked, called aloud to her dict in favour of the Demandant; so husband to open it, and let them in; to that in consequence thereof, the said which he answered,“ call the neighbours, Lady Boyne hath now recovered her and break open the door, for there is a dower out of the whole of the estates Now in the house.” Accordingly the of the late Frederick Lord Boyne. door was broke open, when they found Wednesday, Sept. 7. About three o'. the cruel father lying at the side of the clock, a molt daring robbery was comthree murdered innocents. He had a few mitted. The right hon. Lord CharleNight scars about his body, which might mont and his Lady were walking, behave been occasioned by the irruggling fore dinner, in his Lordship’s improveof the eldest child, which appeared by ments. Lady Charlemont went to reseveral cuts on her little hands; but some pose herself in the gothic room; and his think he gave them to himself, in order Lordship had just turned into the wilderto pretend to insanity. The ruffian is ness, when a ‘man of a decent appea:still supposed to be about the place, as ance came up, and presenting a pistol, Mr. Hodder, the proprietor of the ground, demanded his Lordship’s purse and watch, placed a watch about the farm, in order, which being given to him, he walked off very bumanely, to prevent his escape. It through the wilderness. My Lord, to ais hoped some worthy magistrate, or other void giving any terror to his Lady, forperson, will make a frict search for the bore to mention it till they had returntreble murderer, as it has bitherto been so ed into the house. shamefully neglected, that he may not Monday 19.) On Saturday last was taescape the small penalty of the gallows. ken and committed to his majesty's gaol

Cork, Auguft u. Dorney, the far- of Kilmainham, by the activity of Wilmer, who murdered his three children liam Beckford, Esq, one of his manear Carrigaline, was taken on Tuesday jelty's juilices of the peace, for the evening and committed to South gaol, to county of Dublin, the notorious robber, take his trial at the ensuing aflizes. Charles Kenny, who most audaciously

Kilkenny, August 31. Monday last, a robbed Lord Charlemont, on his own child of two years old, son of one Kelly, denesne, of his watch and money; and a miller, fell into the mill-race at Arch- like wise Thomas Magowran, for burglaer's-grove, and was carried by the Atream riously breaking into, and robbing the into the middle of the river, where he house of Josias Veatch, of Isand Bridge, remained above an hour, and was taken Esq; of plate and other moveables, to a by a fisherman without any signs of life, considerable value. This villain (Mawhen after the usual means of rolling and gowran) was formerly a servant to Mr. rubbing being tried in vain, they pour- Vearch, and as the thieves termit, know ed some whiskey into his little throat, bow the land lay, for robbing the house. and to the surprize of all present he soon The public are much indebted to Mr. discovered signs of life, and yesterday Beckford, for bringing those miscreants to morning was entirely recovered. justice. Also, the same day was taken,

Aug. 10.) A cadet servant girl, was and committed by the fame magistrate, committed to Newgate by Alderman Dennis Doyle, for robbing the stables of Lynham, for robbing the house of Miss the Right Hon. Lord Renelagh.

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Compendium of Entertaining Knowledge.

For OCTOBER, 1774.


A Chara&ter.

(With an elegant Engraving.)

—Trinity for ever. patience he practises, whenever he gets Long life to alma mater. -Plague a good drubbing-(as sometimes happens of your old philosophers—your Aristotles when we have but few of us together) -your Senecas and your Platos,--a par- bumility is taught by keeping such comcel of old curmudgeons-fellows who pany as none of your grave; proud felnever knew life.Stand clear there lows will be seen in.-There are arts, sciwhat! because I'm an academician, you ences and virtues for you! think I must be sober, and diligent, and Happy are we that live in these days mind my learning-that I muft stuff my of freedom-our plodding forefathers used head with problems, and rack my brains to pore over books till they were almost with metaphors,--tropes and figures blind-eat their commons with a keen not I indeerd. I know better how to en- appetite, cracked their brains with knotty. joy life. I study truth,-in vino veritas, points, and striving to reconcile Dun Sco(I know as much Latin as that comes to) tus with Tom Aquinas--but they never it is in wine alone I seek for truth, it is knew life-I am a true peripatetica hid in the bottom of the fourth bottle, true epicurean. I can now demonstrate the I ftudy natural philofophy too,-a pretty copernican System, and prove that the world girl is the best book for that study in the runs round.-Thanks, my good honest world--and I take care always to add. poft! it's well you stood so near me, for experimental philosophy to it-line Baccho my brains had gotten a vortex, and I et Cerere-l've forgot the reft, ---but it was should have fallen down with a true censomething about life.

tripetal force, and proved the doctrine of What does that grave fellow look so attraction, liad it not been for thy friendserious at ?-Hamill maintain that a ly aid. Procumbit bumi bos, i'faith. Steacollege buck Itudies every thing he dy, boy, steady-Let me see where the ought. Truth, as I told you, he finds in plague did I leave my gown - Kitty wine-natural and experimental philofo- will take care of it-must leave it somepby in a pretty wench; and thence he times when I go upon the randan-well sometimes studies phyfic 100. Couraze he I think I'll go home-no-not yet-l'il learns by: knocking down all he meets see if I can find some of the lads, and d'ye see my key-a devilish good weapon know if there is never a Kip. to tatterin a dark night, in a street wrangle or must do some good fometimes, and he p to

Armed with these--non- punih vice.---The magiftrates

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and if we jolly bucks did not sometimes can surmount the eternal barriers with lond a reforming hand, these houses which nature has encircled the polar rewould swarm about us-and do a great gion, the philosophical world muft redeal of mischief-Hark!- what's that: nounce the pleasing hope of carrying 0! it's the bell-well I see there's no their researches beyond the frozen limits game stirring—so I'll e'en go and Neep, of navigation, and content themselves that I may be able to-morrow morning with the observations that have been to answer Dad's letter-ah he little thinkis made in the prosecution of the arduous how I am improving in the knowledge design, which has at least contributed to of life-But I want some more cath the advancement of nautical knowledge. seeing life coits money--Dad has sav'd no The honourable writer of the journal ney, a clear proof that he never saw life informs us in his introduction, that this -well, home I gosteady, boy-leady. voyage was unleriaken in confequence A Voyage towards the North Pole, under- of an application from the Royal Society taken by bis Majesty's.Command, 1773. Thip before his majesty, for endeavouring

to the earl of Sandwich, laid by his lord. By confiantine John Phipps.

to ascertain how far navigation was SHE discovery of a passage to the East practicable towards the north pole. The been considered as an object of impor- the Racehorse and Carcafs bombs, which tance to the commerce of this country, as were fitted for the purpose in the comit would greatly shorten the voyage to pletest manner. With every neceifary those parts, and afford us no small ad- provifion for the voyage, and with the vantage over Spain and Portugal in our best digested plan for rendering, it subnavigation to the Spice Iands. Upon this fervient to useful observation, the thips idea the prosecution of such a discovery failed from the Nore on June 2d, 1773, was first suggested, and warmly recom- under the command of captain Phipps, mended to king Henry VIII. by Robert whose accurate journal does equal hoThorne a merchant of Bristol, in the year nour to his zeal for the service, and to his 1527. It was the opinion of this zealous naval abilities, projector, that the climate of the polar We shall present our readers with the region could not be intemperately cold relation of the difficulties encountered on (he means no doubt, in summer) on ac this voyage, from the ice with which the count of the sun's continuing annually in ships were surrounded. the horizon for a length of time. But Augutt ift. The ice pressed in fasi; this opinion, however apparently well there was not now the smallest opening; founded, experience has confirmed to be the two lips were within lefs than the erroneous : and we question whether the lengths of each other, separated by ice, national advantage generally supposed to and neither having room to turn. The result from such a discovery, would not ice, which had been all flat the day beprove equally ideal. For, admitting that fore, and almost level with the water's a north-east passage to Asia were really edge, was now in many places forced practicable, it is more than probable that higher than the main yard, by the pieces Russia, on account of her vicinity, would squeezing together. Our latitude this day draw the greatest emolument from the at noon, by the double altitude was 80 discovery ; and that the British commerce, deg. 37 min. initead of being increased, would actual 2. Thick foggy wet weather, blowly be injured by the event. Whatever ing fresh to the Westward ; the ice imidea, however, has formerly been enter- mediately about the fhips rather looser tained of the practicability of the passage than the day before, but yet hourly setin question, the journal now before us ting in so fast upon us, that there seemert seems sufficient fully to extinguish the ex- to be no probability of getting the thips pectation of its ever being effected. The out again, without a strong cait, or north season in which this voyage was perform- east wind. There was not the smallest ed is acknowledged to have been the most appearance of open water, except a litfavourable for the execution of the de- tle towards the west point of the north fign; notwithstanding which circumstance east land. The seven islands and north we find it was with the utmost difficulty east-land, with the frozen sea, formed that the voyagers could penetrate fo far almost a bason, leaving but about four as within nearly seven degrees of the points opening for the ice to drift it out, role. Convinced, at length, that the in case of a change of wind.

3. The weather very fine, clear, considerably lessened the hopes we had and calm ; we perceived that the ships hitherto entertained of the immediate laad been driven far to the eastward; the effect of an easterly wind in clearing ice was much closer than before, and the the bay. We had but one alternative; passage by which we had come in from either patiently to wait the event of the the westward closed up, no open water weather upon the ships, in hopes of getbeing in light, either in that or any other ting them out, or to betake ourselves to quarter. The pilots having expresied a the boats. The niips had, driven into wish to get if possible farther out; the foal water, having but fourteen fathom, Brips companies were set to work at five Should they, or the ice to which they in the morning, to cut a passage through were fast, take the ground, they must be the ice, and warp through the small o- inevitably lost and probably overset. The penings to the weltward. We found the hope of getting the ships out was not ice very deep, having sawed sometimes hailily to he relinquished, nor obstinately through pieces twelve feet thick. This adhered to, till all other means of retreat labour was continued the whole day, but were cut off. Having no harbour to lodge without any success; our utmost efforts them in, it would be impossible to winter not having noved the ships above three them here, with any probability of their hundred yards to the weltward through being again serviceable; our provisions the ice, at the same time that they had would be very short for such an undertak been driven (together with the ice itself, ing, were it otherwise feasible ; and fupto which they were fast) far to the N E poling, what appeared impossible, that and eastward, by the current; which had we could get to the nearest rocks, and also forced the loose ice from the welt- make some conveniencies for wintering, ward, between the iNands, where it became being now in an unfrequented part, where packed, and as firm as the main body. ships never attempt to come, we should

“4. Quite calm 'till evening, when have the same difficulties to encounter we were Hattered with a light air to the the next year, without the same resourealt ward, which did not last long, and ces; the remains of the ship's company, had no favourable effect. The wind was in all probability, not in health ; no pronow at N W, with a very thick fog, the visions; and the sua not so open, this thips driving to the eastward. The pi- year having certainly been uncommonly lots seemed to apprehend that the ice clear. Indeed it could not have been extended very far to the southward and expected that more than a very small westward.

part should survive the hardships of such “ s. The probability of getting the a winter with every advantage ;. much Thips out appearing every hour less, and less in our present lituation. On the othe season being already far advanced, ther hand, the undertaking to move so some speedy resolution became neceffary large a body for so considerable a distance as to the Nteps to be taken for the preser- by boats, was not without very serious vation of the people. As the situation difficulties. Should we remain much of the ships prevented us from seeing the longer here, the bad weather must be ftate of the ice to the westward, by which expected to set in. The fay of the our future proceedings muit in a great Dutchmen to the northward is very doubtmeasure be determined, I sent Mr. Wal- ful: if the northern harbours keep clear, den, one of the mid Mipmen, with two they say till the beginning of Septempriots, to an island about twelve miles off, ber; but when the loose ice sets in, they which I have distinguished in the charts quit them immediately. I thought it by the name of Walden's Illand, to see proper to send for the officers of both where the open water lay.

ihips, and informed them of my intention “ 6. Mr. Walden and the pilots, who of preparing the boats for going away. were sent the day before to examine ihe I immediately hoisted out the boats, and ftate of the ice from the island, returned took every precaution in my power to this morning, with an account, that the make them secure and comfortable; the ice, though close all about us, was open fitting would necessarily take up some in the weit ward, round the point by which days. The water shoaling, and the we came in. They also told me, that ships driving fast towards the rocks 10

the island, they had the NE, I ordered canvass bread-bags the wind very fresh to the eastward, to be made, in case it should be necessary though where the ships lay it had been to betake ourselves to the boats: I also

when upon

almoll calm all day

This circumstance fent man with a lead and line to the

northward, and another from the Car- of the ships being so uncertain, and the cals to the eastward, to sound wherever fituation of the people fo critical, they found cracks in the ice, that we “ gth. A thick tog in the morning : might have notice before either the ships, we moved the ship a little through foais or the ice to which they were faft, took very small openings. In the afternoon, the ground; as in that case, they must upon its clearing up, we were agreeably instantly have been crushed or overset. surprized to find the Niips had driven The weather bad ; most part of the day much more than we could have expested foggy, and rather cold.

to the westward. We worked hard all gth. In the morning I set out with the day, and got them something more to the launch over the ice ; she was hauled much weit ward through the ice; but nothing easier than I could have expected, we in comparison to what the ice irself had got her about two miles. I then return- drifted. We got past the launches; I ed with the people for their dinner. fent a number of men for them, and got Finding the ice rather more open near them on board. Between three and four the ships, I was encouraged to attempt in the morning the wind was wefterly, moving them. The wind being easterly, and it snowed fast. The people having though but little of it, we set the fails, been much fatigued, we were obliged to and got the Mips about a mile to the welt-, delift from working for a few hours. The ward. They moved indeed, but very progress which the ships had made ņowly, and were not now by a great through the ice was, however, a very deal so far to the westward as where they favourable event: the drift of the ice was were beset. However, I kept all the an advantage that might be as suddenly sail upon them, to force through when- loft, as it had been unexpectedly gained ever the ice Nacked the least. The peo- by a change in the current : we had exo ple behaved very well in hauling the perienced the inefficacy of an eafterly boat; they seemed reconciled to the idea wind when far in the bay, and under the of quitting the ships, and to have the high land; but having now got through fo fullest confidence in their officers. The much of the ice, we began again to conboats could not with the greatest diligence ceive hope that a brisk gale from that be got to the water fide before the four- quarter would soon effectually clear us. teenth; if the situation of the ships did “ 10th. The wind springing up to the not alter by that time, I should not be N N E, in the morning, we set all the justified in staying longer by them. In fail we could upon the ship, and forced the mean time I resolved to carry on both her through a great deal of very heavy attempts together, moving the boats con- ice : The struck often very hard, and with stantly, but without omitting any op one stroke broke the shank of the best portunity of getting the tips through. bower anchor. Ahout noon we had got

"“ Bth. At half haft four, fent two her through all the ice, and out to fea, pilots with three men to see the state of I stood to the N W to make the ice, and the ice to the westward, that I might found the main body just where we left judge of the probability of getting the it. At three in the morning, with a good Thips out. At nine they returned, and breeze eaiterly, we were itanding to the reported the ice to be very heavy and westward, between the land and the ice, close, consisting chiefly of large fields. both in fight; the weather hazy. Between nine and ten this morning, I To refresh the men after these faset out with the people, and got the tigues, the vessels came to an anchor in launch above three miles. The weather the harbour of Smeerenberg, where the being foggy, and the people having navigators made several observations, that worked hard, I thought it best to return are worthy of being communicated to the on board between fix and seven. The public. Thips had in the mean time moved fome During our stay, says the journalist, thing through the ice, and the ice itself I again set up the pendulum, but was had drifted fill more to the westward. not so fortunate as before, never having At night there was little wind, and a been able to get an observation of a rethick fog, so that I could not judge pre- volution of the fun, or even equal alticisely of the advantage we had gained ; tudes for the time. We had an opporbut į still feared that, however Hatter- unity of determining the refraction at ing, it was not such as to justify my giv- midnight, which anfwered within a few ing up the idea of moving the boats, the seconds to the calculation in Dr. BradCoifon advancing so fast

, the preservation ley's table, allowing for the barometer

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