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riches of the country, are rendered un own, but merely to humble their lords profitable, as the excessive rates to be and make them totally dependant. paid for the particular licences for ex The insurrection at Palermo was not portation, are beyond the abilities of however the effect of those general griethe husbandman, and he reaps with a vances;
but of some that particularly heavy heart that bounteous crop, which related to that city. As in a country he is debarred from turning to account. where permiffionsare purchased of liberBy this means, the price of corn has for ty to trade, all commodities must of neseveral years, been reduced to about ceflity fall into the hands of monopolists, one sixth of its real and usual value; fo the same causes, that on the one whilst the neighbouring countries at the hand prevent a reasonable price from same time suffered the greatest dittress, being given for them at a fair market, from that scarcity which Sicily could have will frequently on the other, operate so happily relieved ; and the tenant at in such a manner, as to produce all the home is reduced to beggary, and his effects of a real scarcity. Thus in Palord to indigence, from the want of a lermo, the monopolies granted by the market for their staple commodity. Viceroy (it was alleged) with what
The same weak and barbarous policy, truth or falsehood we cannot say, had so has had similar effects upon other pro- pernicious an effect, as to raise the price ducts, and has thrown a general damp of some of the most essential neceffaries upon the industry of the people. Thus of life, to a degree intolerable to the their sugar plantations and works, which people. were once so famous, are dwindled to
The arguments prompted by the belo nothing; and the abundant stock of na- ly, are understood by all capacities, and tural riches, both above and below the in great cities particularly, are irrefiftisurface of the earth, in which this coun- ble in their force. Previous, however, try perhaps exceeds any other, of the to any disturbance, Prince Caffaro, Prefame dimensions, in the world, are ren tor of the city (one of the officers of the dered of no value.
first power and dignity in the kingdom) A policy of the same kind has for- remonttrated in such itrong terms with merly prevailed in most parts of Eu- the Viceroy upon his conduct, and the rope. England was among the first to hardihips which the people suffered, that perceive the weakness of its principle, very high words are said to have passed and mischief of its tendency. Popular upon the occasion, and something like a prejudices, however, concur in many challenge froni the former. The prince places still to support fo mischievous a then, by his own proper authority, stopsystem ; and the emoluments received by ped two ships which belonged to the mogovernment and its officers for occasion- nopolizers, and were just got without the al dispensations, render the abuse lu- harbour, freighted with cheese, in their crative, and therefore permanent. The way to Naples; after which the cargoes remains of the feudal system have conti were landed by his order, and sold at the nued longer in that country than in any public markets at the usual prices. other ; their barons had till lately great This measure entirely quieted the murpower, and they fill inherit from their murs of the people; but it happened soon brave Norman ancestors, the name and after, that the prince fell ill of a stranshadow of a parliament, which is com- gury, and in a fhort time died. Having posed of the barons, clergy, and the re- chanced to employ the Viceroy's surgeon, presentatives of the considerable towns. it was maliciously reported, and by vul
To annihilate the power of the ba- gar credulity believed, that he died by rons, who are still rich and considerable, poison. This event, and its supposed is said to be an object of this destructive cause, flew with the utmost rapidity thro’ policy; and to this unworthy pursuit, is the city, and threw every part of it into lacrificed the prosperity of a whole peo- the utmoit disorder and confusion. Prince ple, as well as the power and opulence Caffaro was universally lamented, as havwhich might have been derived from the ing fallen a martyr in the cause of the poffeffion of fo noble an island. Pover- people; while the supposed authors of ty and distress will bend the haughtiest to base and villainous an action, were minds; and the people have the fatisfac- regarded as objects of the utmost rage and tion to know, that they are not ruined, detestation. as a punishment, for any fault of their The people immediately assembled, to
the number of thirty thousand, with drawn ble moveables that he found in one of swords, muskets, and pistols, and having those houses, was detected and put to seized some of the baitions, drew two death on the spot; this being the only pieces of cannon into the square in the life that was lost in that day's tumult. centre of the city, which they loaded The main body during this transaction, with old iron and glass, and stood with marched with cannon to allault the caflighted links, ready to discharge them as tle or palace, where they met with as litthere should be occasion. The unhappy tle opposition as elsewhere, and having surgeon was an immediate victim to their broken into different parts of it, found fury, whom they immediately cut in pie- the Marquis de Fogliani, the Viceroy. ces; they afterwards broke open the pri- His life would have been immediately son gates, and discharged the prisoners; facrificed, if it had not been for the braand the regiment of horse guards being very and humanity of a popular young ordered out to suppress them, they were nobleman, who embracing the Viceroy, so terrified at their appearance, and at and covering him with his body, declared the immediate preparations they saw for they must lirike through it if they atdischarging the cannon, or what is niore tempted to wound him; which generous probable, so infected with the common action happily restrained their fury. This distemper, that they were ready to aban- gave time to the archbishop once more to don their officers, when the commander interfere, when it was agreed that the cried out, that he was not going to en- marquis should immediately go on board gage enemies, but coming as a friend, to a Genoese vessel, which was waiting in preserve peace among his friends and the harbour, and depart directly for Nacountrymen ; and having faluted the re- ples. The Viceroy was carried through volters, and held a conference with the city in his own coach, attended by some of their leaders; the horse returned the archbishop, notwithstanding which, very quietly to their quarters.
he was loaded with the execrations, curIn the mean time, the archbishop came ses, and reproaches of the people, all to quiet the insurgents, and promised the way to the water side. them that the Viceroy should depart the The Viceroy, whether by accident or city, and that he would act in his place, desgn, did not proceed to Naples; but till the King should appoint another. was landed at Messina, where he still This proposal having given entire fatis- continues, and thereby retains the gofaction, every thing was immediately vernment of the island. The archbi. restored to order and quiet. But the shop in the mean time, to restore order people being informed in the night, that and tranquility, consented, at the delire the Viceroy had sent to several places of the insurgents, to supply his place at for troops, and had ordered the garrison Palermo ; and promised helide to use his
to secure the works and interest with the King, for the obtaining Sept. 20th. cannon, they assembled the of a general pardon, and for the redress
next day, in equal nunibers of some of those grievances, which had and with greater fury; and immediately caused the most uneasiness. Deputies possessed themselves of all the bastions, were accordingly appointed, to lay the forts, and works, the soldiers suffering whole affair before the king, and after themselves to be disarmed, without firing shewing the grievances which gave rise a single ihot, or offering the smallest re to the troubles, to solicit for a pardon, fiftance.
and a redress of them. The city then They then placed detachments of their returned to its usual quiet, without ang own body in the works, and at the other change, than that the gates and gates, and obliged several of the principal walls were guarded by the burghers innobility, to take each of them the com- stead of the usual garrison. mand of a bastion; after which they The court however, did not seem at proceeded to the houses of three or four all disposed to comply with the conditions of the monopolizers, and principal fa- for the performance of which it seems the vourites, whose furniture and effects they archbishop had engaged. Upon the repiled in the itreet and burned; the own- ceiving of this intelligence at Palermo, ers having happily escaped with their every thing was thrown again into its lives. Upon this occasion they executed an former disorder. The burghers and peoact of rigid justice upon one of their own ple walled up three of the gates, and eople, who having secreted some valuac placed ftrong guards at the fourth, and
ere fo apprehensive of a surprize, that obliged to lodge in the suburbs. Thus the ey would not suffer the church be!) to affairs of Sicily, and the fate of Palermo : rung. They at the same time, obliged hang still in the same state of apprehene nobility who had retired to their coun- fion and uncertainty, in which they have ý houses to return, under pain of having continued for some months. eir palaces demolished, and the guards
(To be continued.) ere particularly watchful, that none of ose in the city should depart; while A New Theory of Canine Madness, with e inhabitants seemed so resolute and de
an infallible Method of preventing, and rmined to defend themselves, that they
of curing that Disorder. Never before ere continually employed in making the
printed. (Concluded from p. 527.) :cessary preparations for that purpose, CASES, with Remarks. id the mechanics worked at their
CASE I. ides, with their arms lying by them for
, a mediate action.
ran into the house of Mr. John This state of anarchy and commotion, Webster, a gardener, near Lewisham, in turally produced great disorders, and the county of Kent, whilst the family
lowest of the people elected a mecha- was sitting at dinner, with the door open ; c to be their Viceroy. This new repre- he immediately bit the house dog, and atative of royalty was so well pleased few at one of the children, a boy of ith his power, that he thought he never eight years old, and bit him in the hand, uld have time to exercise it sufficiently, One William Edwards, Mr. Webster's d was accordingly so industrious, that man, ran to the aslistance of the child, the first three or four days he sent a when the dog seized him by the calf of ve fix hundred people to prison. The the leg, and tore out a large piece ; he estranza, or tradesmen of the city, then bit Mrs. Webster in the thigh, uld not endure the infolence and li- through her petticoats, and Mr. Webiter ntiousness of the lowest set of people, in the shoulder, while he was knocking 1 a scuffle accordingly ensued, in which the dog down with a spade, which he had en or eight persons were killed, and caught up. The beast being sunned with 2 new Viceroy and his party defeated ; the blow, the neighbours, who ran in at ey were not however so entirely reduced the outeries of the wounded persons, to put an end to the disorders.
foon killed him. In the mean time, the conduct of the The family was in a great consternaart of Naples, seemed not to be either tion, as the dog was a Itranger, and it gracious, or so vigorous as the occasion was uncertain whether he was mad or quired. Preparations were lowly made, not; however every necessary precaution i some small bodies of troop; were sent was taken ; the housedog was immediateSicily ; the Viceroy was confirmed in ly hanged, and the wounded people went
government, and his design of re- that very evening down to 'Gravesend, moving its seat to Messina, approved of; where they dipped in the salt water, for thus a tacit approbation was given of his nine days succellively, and then returned conduct, and nothing decisive declared, home, thinking then felves out of any with respect to the late troubles, nor the danger. Their wounds were dreiled by intentions of the court shown with regard a neighbouring surgeon, and every thing to its authors. The usual futile recourse seemed to promise well. of despotic government was applied to, by On the 311t of March (sixteen days forbidding all persons from talking of the from the accident) the child began to be affairs of Sicily. Marshal Corafa, a na- very dull and heavy, and the next morntive of Cephalonia, was appointed con- ing refused drink : when the father strove mander in chief of the forces in that island, to pour some milk down his throat, he in opposition to the prince of Villafranca, fell into violent convulsions ; the next who the people had earnestly requested, day the hydrophobia was more violent, to have been nominated to that employ- a hiccough came on, the people began ment. The marfal arrived at Palermo to be terrified, the child was tied down at the end of the year, with two weak in bed, and died in the night of the 2d battalions, consisting only of seven hun- of April, dred men ; and was received in that city The 3d of April, the same horrid with all the honours due to his rank; but symptoms attacked William Edwards: his soldiers were not admitted, and are the wound in his leg, which had neva
produced any laudable matter, now be- throat and jaws were swelled, and that i gan 10 pain him violently. He had the he had spit near half a pint since the
horror of water, foaming at the mouth, third rubbing. His hydrophobia had so and convulsions; and on the eleventh day far decreased, that he had taken three of the same month, was, according to the or four cups of broth, tho' ftill with mistaken, cruel custom, smothered with great difficulty. As I feared his spitting a feather bed.
might augment too much at the fourth The terrors of Mr. and Mrs. Webster rubbing, I ordered him a glyíter of a were not to be described ; The indeed had decoction of worm wood, sal gem and felt no evil symptoms, and the wound in oil, and likewise directed them to throw her thigh, which was but small, had ci- in a glyster of strong broth, every four catrized. But the husband had found the hours, 'till his swallowing became free. aversion for liquids increase from the My directions were punctually ob day before Edwards died, and they both served; he was anointed with a drachm expected the same dreadful catastrophe. only of the ointment, on the fourth, fifth,
The evil effects of this accident, were and fixth days. I omitted the frictions for become the topic of public conversation. three days, and they repeated them eveI was then at Deptford (about three ry other day for six days more, by which miles distance) when I heard the melan- time he was able to drink and walkabout, choly story. As I had read the treatise of and his wound, which had suppurated from Dr. Default, and had made some reflect- the second day, was quite healed ; he ajons on the cause of canine madness, I nointed still fix times, once every third was resolved to go and offer my allıf- day, and was perfectly recovered. tance. I came to the house about eleven Mrs. Webster never had any symptom, in the forenoon, of the thirtieth day of but the fear and terror, which went off April. I found Mr. Webster tied in his when she saw her husband's surprizing abed, with a most haggard look, a tre- mendment; yet the continued the ointmulous and unequal pulse, and delirium. ment for twenty one days, every other The neighbours had proposed smother- day. ing him also, but the affection of his
Re marks. wife prevented it, the declaring, he 1. As neither of the people took any should live God's appointed time. The medicine, nor made use of any other apcondition of the man, the tears of the plication, their cure must be attributed woman, who expected every minute that solely to the ointment. the same fate would attack her, the 2. The four persons having been all cries of four children round the bed, bathed in the salt water, it was evident and the grief of his neighbours, all pre- it did not prevent the disease in the two sented a mott distressful scene, and his who died ; and it is equally certain, it being so far gone gave me little hopes of did not in the least contribute to the cure success; however I thought it my duty of the two who recovered. to make a trial.
3. The child was first seized with the As I brought some of the above- madness, and at the interval of only fixmentioned ointment with me, I began by teen days, and died on the third day afarming my hand with a bladder, and ter. This arose from his being bitten in rubbed a drachm and an half of the an uncovered part, where the venom could ointment into his shoulder, and about more easily penetrate ; and being of the wound, the lips of which were livid more lax fibres, than the other patients. and callous. The woman having no 4. William Edwards was next affectsymptoms, and her wound being ci- ed, twenty days after the bite; the wound catrized, I contented myself with apply- in his leg being large, with a consideraing only half a drachm on her thigh, ble loss of fubitance, rendered him more and took my leave, encouraging them fusceptible of the venom, than Mr. to hope for the best, and deliring them Webster, who was but Nightly bitten in to repeat the friction next day at the the shoulder, and on whom the symptoms same hour,
did not appear till the twenty seventh I returned on the third day in the even- day. ing (April 15) having been unavoidably 5. The absence of the symptoms in detained till then. I was charmed to Mrs. Webster, was owing to her being find Mr. Webster had lost his delirium, bitten through two petticoats, and her was become quite sensible; that his gown, which doubtless imbibed the great
eft part, if not all of the dog's saliva, been able to set about any thing, which before the teeth reached the Aesh; and might be of use to myself, or serviceable I much question, if she would have been to my friends ; however, I have at last attacked with the disorder, if no precau - constrained myself to sit down, in order tion had been used, as the only way she to give you my thoughts upon the subject was affected was by a terror, which might of your first letter; which I shall do arise as well from the melancholy scene with all that freedom, which becomes before her, as from the bite.
our strict and dear friendship. CASE II.
If Miss—is not a lady of very extraA young lady in Plymouth, in the ordinary parts, then you are like to have month of February, 1750, had her up- a great deal of trouble and uneasiness, per lip bitten by a favourite little lap and she in the mean time, will reap no dog ; the wound was but trifling, and as advantage by it. 'Tis not enough, that The thought it was done in play, she took the is a girl of a lively, sprightly underno heed of it, applying only a little lip- Nanding; for such the may be, and yet salve. But two days after the dog was be incapable of receiving any considerperceived to be mad, and was hanged; able improvement, from a long course of and she began to dread the fatal confe- reading and study. The heads and unquences; the bathed in the sea, but a- dertlandings of women are of a very bout the tenth day, she was fatigued different make, from those of men ;
and with frightful dreams; her imagination a lad of very ordinary now parts, will wandered, she became melancholy, and make a greater progress in learning, and hated the light.
knowledge, than the generality of girls, The thirteenth day, her symptoms con even such as are reputed very senlible. tinued, and her eyes began to have a Women have not that strength of body peculiar wildness, yet the hydrophobia which is necessary to bear the fatigue had not come on; I saw her the fame and toil of reading and thinking; they day, and endeavoured to chear her fpi- want that steadiness of mind, and reach rits, by promising her a cure, which from of understanding, which are requisite to the foregoing cale, I had good reason to make them mittresses of learning and expect. I began with a friction of half a sciences. drachm of the ointment about the
But I will suppose Miss-to be a lady repeated every other day, for fix days, of very uncommon understanding, and then every third day, for nine days, and capable of all the knowledge contained every fourth day, for twelve more; me in those books, marked out for her by took also the powder of Palmarius, the your friend. And then, I beg leave to symptoms went gradually off, and no o- ask, to what wise or good purpose does thers intervened, so that she was per- all this profusion of learning tend? why fectly well at the end of twenty seven truly to render her very vain and fantadays.
stic-to deprive her of her chearfulness, I could quote eleven other cases, but and sprightliness — to make her a grave, as they were not dissimilar from these two, plodding and pedantic animal. To turn I omit them; thinking the above suffici 's daughter into a meer Missent 10 eltablise my theory, and fix the or a downright Mrs.—To expose her to credit of the proposed method of cure. be a standing jest, to be the very meanest If any opportunity of trying it should of her own sex, and the aversion of every occur, I hope an account of its success wise and judicious person of ours above will be sent to the printer of this all, to make her a moft awkward, uncomMagazine, for the benefit and satisfacti- fortable wife, whenever it shall be her on of the public.
fate to marry. Let us suppose her husDublin, Oct. 1, 1774.
band comes home in an evening, fatigu
ed with business, or ruffled and chagrinA copy of a Letter, on a proper Educa- ed with some cross accident abroad-he
tion for young Ladies ; addressed to a wants to be diverted; why then, in orGentleman, who was about to under- der to cheer him, down comes my lady take the Tuition of a Female Pupil. in the dress of a Nattern, (as fiudious My Dear Sir,
ladies generally are,) with face all paie Have of late met with so much trou- and haggard, and eyes all blurted with Dranger, that, for many days I have not or Aliatic history along with her ; the: