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Lady Bab Lardoon,

Mrs. Abington, coscomb, who fancies no woman ca prol
Shpirerdejs,

Mrs. Smith, withstand his addreiles, are among the
Alica,

Mrs. Wrighten. visitors at the Oaks, her ladyship, in e
Altea's Mother, Mrs, Bradihaw.

der to expose Dupely allumes the charm
Maria, tbe. Maid of the } Mrs. Baddeley. enfues, in which the folies of the

tor of a simple country girl, and a les

caroni race are well exposed and ridio-
SCENE lies at the OAKS, in Kent,

led.
HE table of this piece is as follows: In a noble romantic scence of the Oals,

pal Mr. Oldworth, a man of great for- Maria expreffes herself in the followx

the tune, having lott an amiable wife, (who manner: died soon after the birth of his only child,

Come sing round my favourite tree, b; Maria) being under a necessity of leaving his native country for a short time, in 'Twas the haunt of ny fhepherd and se;

Ye fongsters that visit the grove; thc order to settle his affairs abroad, placed

And the bark is a record of love,
his daughter in the family of a friend, Reclined on the turf, by my side,
who was instructed to bring her up as an
orphan, and by no means

make her ac- I only with blushes reply'd,

He tenderly pleaded his cause;
quainted with the happy situation fortune
had really placed her in, in order to pre-

And the nightingale fir'd up the pavle.
ferve her heart from being corrupted by Old Groveby accidentally hearing of
the follies and vices of ihe fashionable his nephew's intention to marry without
worid. Maria, in a few years, from the consulting him upon the occafion, rides
perfections of her mind and person, be- post to prevent his taking such a fhef,
came the favourite of all who knew her: and arrives at the Oaks in

wrath; and her beauty and good qualities made where the firti person he meets is Maria

, fo lively an impreffion upon Sir Harry of whom (without supposing her the la Groveby, a young gentleman, who had dy) he enquires the character of his degreat expectations from his uncle, that phew's intended bride. The young lads he, unknown to the latter, offered her speaks of herself with great humility

, his hand in marriage. Mr. Oldworth and on her being asked if she thinks Sir having returned to England, was happy Harry's mistress is deserving of his affec in finding the girl so accomplished, but tion, declares in ber opinion, fill concealed the circumftance of his te on earth can be worthy of him. The ing her father, and was only consulted

equivoque of this dialogue is well con. with respect to her marriage, as a person ducted, and contributes to put the old who had her welfare much at heart, and gentleman ftill further out of humour with had been attached to her from her infan- his nephew's proceedings. Maria retires. cy. Finding Sir Harry Groveby an un Sir Harry inmediately enters, and is exceptionable character, and that his truck with great confusion at the fight passion for Maria must be totally disinter- of his uncle, who rates him foundly upon elted, as it was not poflible for him to his conduct; but at length discovering the know any thing of her being a woman of object of his adoration was really the fortune, 'Oldworth readily gave his con- young woman he had just been talking sent to the nuptial union, and in order to to, and whose beauty and amiable behaentertain his friends and neighbours, de- viour had greatly interested him in her termined to celebrate their wedding with favour, he approves of his nephew's a Fete Champetre. At this period the choice, and aflerts, if he could be thought piece opens.

agreeable, he would very gladly marry Hurry, Oldworth's fteward, expresses her himself. Mr. Oldworih foon after his anxiety, with respect to the prepara- discovers himself to his dear Maria; tells tions for the festival, in a most ludicrous her of the fortune which will accompany manner; he has a thousand things to do, her hand, and all parties being made hapruns backwards and forwards, and heli- py, the wedding takes place, which is fates which to begin with. A number of preceded by a splendid proceffion, and carpenters, gardeners, lamp lighters, ihe whole concludes with a variety of enpainters, &c. are discovered in their dif- tertainments, which confilt of a minuet ferent employments, and O'Daub sings a between Sir 'Harry and Signora Crespir amourous Irish Song upon this jovial Bridal Songs, &c. alion, Lady Bab Lardoon, who is

As a comedy, the crities seem uni

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o fack! pronounce it not only destitute of fuffi- entertainment. The number of singers dieta cient fable to support five acts, but def- and dancers who are pastorally habited

titute also of sufficient character to add on the occasion, is incredible, and the mit the possibility of any considerable engagement of SLINGSB Y and Hidov, plot. -These fagacious Gentle- the two greatest performers in their itile men, however, should remember that the perhaps on earth, is a circumstance that

MAID Of The Oaks is not given as a deserves the highest approbation. acord

comedy, but avowedly the vehicle of a With respect to the merit of the actors paftoral festivity, lately celebrated by in the MAID Of The Oaks, it is, geseveral persons of the firk distinction; nerally speaking, very considerable, and the critics, therefore, may as well exa in some intances exceedingly capital. mine it by the strict rules of tragedy, as Mr. Weston was deservedly applauded by the strict rules of comedy. The au- for the fund of genuine pleasantry which thor with great propriety calls his piece he displayed in his part. Mr. King in a Dramatic Entertainment, and if we the blunt, yet benevolent, proprietor of receive it as a Dramatic Entertainment, Broomttackhall, played to the hearts of instead of receiving it for what it never the whole audience, and entered, as he was intended 10 be, we must candidly de- always enters, with double spirit into the clare it, one of the molt elegant exhibiti- poet's views, where a tiream of generoons that has hitherto appeared on the lity is mingled with his character. Mr. English Theatre.

Dodd in Dupely, with folely one toleAs far as the grand design could admit rable scene, maintained his just pretentithe introduction of fable, the author has ons to the favour of the town. Mr. shewn himself perfectly acquainted with Aickin did ample justice to Oldworth; the true p:inciples of comic literature- so did Mr. Brereton to Sir Harry GioveLady Betty Lardoon is (for its length) as by; and in Lady Betty Lardoon it is imcapitally written as Lady Betty Modis: poflible to say enough of Mrs. Abington. it abounds with wit, observation, and vi- The quick transition of Lady Berty from vacity. Mr. King's character likewise, the rapid playfulness of conscious beauty is an exquisite sketch; and Weston's ob- in high life, to the extreme of ruftic fimviously manifests the pencil of a matter. plicity, gave this great actress a fair ocBut as I have already said, the author's casion of supporting that comic superiochief intention being to introduce an en- rity which she is universally allowed by tertainment of Mulic, dancing, and sce- the real judges of the drama; though Die nery, he was unavoidably obliged to had little or no business but in two acts, contract his fable, and if he has at all the proved herself not more unrivalleu erred, he has erred in supposing that the in the walks of elegance, than in the plain dramatic palate of the multitude lines of humour, and contributed ellenwas calculated to relish a very refined tially to the preservation of the piece. In dish, which is only just come into fashion the Epilogue particularly, such as rememwith our nobility.

ber the temper of the audience muit acThe attention which Mr. Garrick knowledge the truth of this remark ; has thewn to the decorations of this piece, for, though the Epilogue was admirably is a convincing proof that he never spares written to follow a play highly approved, either labour or expence, where there it was pregnant with evils to a play which is a likelihood of promoting the pleafure had received any marks of even a partial of the public. I am told that the scenery disapprobation. Her manner, nevertheonly, which had been painted on purpose less, of speaking it, as well as her manfor the MAID OF THE OAKS, colt 15ool. ner of retiring when it was spoken, conThis is a prodigious sum; yet it will not verted danger into victory, and did equal appear extravagant to any bod y who sees honour to her good nature and her underit: The landscapes of Claud are scarcely standing. equal to some of the views exhibited : and if nothing beyond the bare merit of An Hiftorical Account of the Origin and the paintings was held forth to attract the Progress of the Micdical Science. town, I should not be furprized at its

Leigh, Nov. 1774, bringing twenty crouded audiences. Mr. ROM the food, for several centu

F Garrick's care however has not been con ries down, the state of phyfic is quite fined to the scenery, it has extended to unknown to us, any further than that it tha minutat nhien that could encrease took ita gripin from the Firsutiana hut

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amulets, and such like superstitious ttuff; anthrax, which Pliny considers as origito pailing by the progress thereof 'till nally peculiar to the province of Narwe come to the Greeks, we may, with bon, whence it had been carried to Dr. Altruc, divide the time from the trit Rome where it continued 'till his time knowledge of physic to the present, in The second period of physic commerza four principal periods, which may fur- ed with ihe decline of the Greciao etunish some nice matter both for instructi- pire in the East, and the rise of that of on and improvement.

the Arabs or Saracens. At this link The firit period then commences in the while the sciences in the Eastern empire obscurity of the firit ages, and extends were gradually perithing, by almoft ferdown to the year of our Lord 800. The fible degrees, and finking into ruin with second period begins within the ninth it, they revived and flourished among the century, and ends in the fifteenth. The Arabs, whose power was carried to its thisd begins with the taking of Constan- utmost height under the caliph Almantinople by the Turks, in 1453, 321 years on, who mounted the throne in 813, and ago, and extends to the year 1628, when caused the works of the Greek writers

, the circulation of the blood, by Dr. Has- particularly the physicians, to be trailvey, here, became generally known. lated into Arabic. Thus the knowledge The fourth and last period begins in of the Greeks was transferred to the 1628; and reaches donn to the present Saracens, among whom alone were Dok time.

found geometricians, mechanicians and During the first period, which is much physicians, while all the other nations

, the longest, but few medical authors ap- and confeqently those of Europe, were pear; the whole number amounting to overwhelmed with the groffett ignono more than thirteen, and they were little more than commentators upon the The knowledge of the Arabs frá works of Galen and Hippocrates: dur- spread to other nations by their coming this dark period, however, those merce with the southern provinces of who practised physic applied them- France ; and thus their theory and pracfelves with great diligence to pharmacy, tice of physic was taught and cultivated wor was botany neglected ; but scarce a at Montpellier, which has been coníderny advances were made in anatomy: this able for its commerce ever since the eleperiod, indeed, boast of Herophilus and vent century, at which time many Jewe Erafilirates; but Hippocrates, Galen, illi families were settled there, who are and the other physicians of Gre ce, whose known to have applied to the study of works have found the way to potterity, physic more than any o:her persons at were extremely ignorant in this particu- that time. This was the origin of the lar, and there is too much reason to Montpellier school, and of their attachdoubt whether they ever saw the diflec- ment io the doctrine of the Arabs, with rion of a human body; dissections at least which it has been often reproached. were so rare, that in all the writings of During this period the lystem of Gathe Greek physicians now extant, Dr. len was principally followed; but, to Allruc remembers not to have found one the fimple remedies known among the observation on the appearance of a dead Greeks, and to their pharmacy, the Abody. Very wonderful indeed! and so rabs added many drugs which were pecumuch the more, as the Egyptians had a liar to themselves, being either fuch long time before them been accustomed which grew in their country, or such as to embalming their dead bodies,

they had opportunity of obtaining from During this said period no fewer than India. The discovery of these medicines three new diseases made their appearance enabled them to treat acute diseases, says in Italy. The first was the leprosy, which Altruc, with more success than the antiPompey's army brought from Syria, ents, and in this respect the obligations where it is as common and epidemic as it of phyfic in general to the Arabs are veis in Egypt; but this was soon subdued, ry great. But here I must beg leave to and appeared in that country no more. differ from so eminent a doctor, as cures The second was a kind of tetter, which depend not on the number of drugs, but eat away the flesh, an

was contagious: in rightly taking the case, when every it particularly attacked the chin, and climate and country produce whatever was communicated by embracing veloci are proper for their own disorders. triinitu ofculi, whence it was called Men.. Polypharmacy was never carried to a

The third was the carbuncle, or greater excess than in this epochalibur

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spray both botany and anatomy were unhappi- the French in their ridiculous expeditiop ly neglected. That the Arabs should ne ons of the eleventh and twelfth centu

glect anatomy, will not appear ftrange, ries, called Crusades, contracted in the

when it is remembered that the law of fame country, and brought back with CH Mahomet made the touching a dead bo- them to France, whence it spread over

dy a crime; but it is very strange that the rest of Europe, and having conti

Christians, who piqued themselves upon nued near soo years, (and by fome of its all differing as far as possible, not only from symptoms resembling those of the lues

the principles, but the customs of the venerea, might be the reason of their
Mahometans, should not have applied mittake, who will not allow it of later
themselves to anatomy sooner. Barnard date) God be praised, is at length gra-
Gordon, who was the first professor of dually worn oui.
physic at Montpellier, and Valescus Tar The third period of physic begins with
anta are the firit writers who mention the the taking of Conftantinople by Maho-
opening of dead bodies.

met the second, called the Greai, and his The Arabs applied themselves much Turks, ann. dom. 1453, when all the to chemistry, and physic is greatly in- people of letters in the East took refuge debied to them, says the doctor, for that in Italy and France, whither they transscience; but they were also fingularly ferred their knowledge and their books, attached to astrology, and infatuated The Greek language was learnt with unwith the notion of virtue in talismans. common ardour, and the Greek authors

During the second period two diseases studied with peculiar diligence; great appeared, which were unknown among progress was also made in the Latin lanthe Greeks and Romans, the small pox guage, and a knowledge of the Latin and the leprosy, called the Elephantia- authors, which had been too much nesis Arabum.

glected, acquired. Some attempts have been made to prove

J. COOK. that the small-pox was known to the

(To be continued.] Greek physicians, even so lately as by

Private Amours of Oliver Cromwell. Dr. Haane, besides what is to be met with in the Philosophical Tranfaétions. Ad General of the Commonwealth's

FTER Cromwell had been declarelsewhere ; but it is now universally acknowledged that this disease, which was forces, he seized the poffeffions of the proper and peculiar to the Arabs, re- royalists, who had escaped his implacamained hidden among them from the rest hle resentment; and New-hall fell 10 of the world, while they continued the Mare of the usurper, who, flushed within the bounds of their own country; with the victory of Worcester, disposed but that they spread it over other coun at pleasure of the forsaken seats of the tries in the East, by their conquests in noble fugitives, who still supported CharAfia, about the seventh century, when les I.'s drooping standards; and, adding they invaded Syria, Egypt, Persia, and insult to oppreflion, commanded the doa part of the Lesler Alia, and introdu- meltics of the duke of Buckingham to ced it into Europe in the eighth century, follow their master's desperate fortune, when they rendered themselves masters and to carry him five shillings, which he of Sicily, part of Naples, Spain, &c. might want in his exile for a purchase of and part of the first province of the Nar a lordship, whose yearly value exceeded bonnoise.

then 13001. Cromwell kept possession of To the Arabs, and Saracens, therefore New-hall 'till he assumed the title of we owe the small-pox, (as to the Spa- Protector, and was installed at Whiteniard for the grand) which we have in our hall in the palace of the Englislı kings: turn carried into countries, which the then he chole Hampton-court for his sumArabs never visited: the Spaniards car mer residence. He led at New-hall an ried the small-pox to Mexico, and obscure life, without pomp, without luxbrought back the other ; the English to ury, having but two fervants in his retiMaryland, and the Dutch into the islands nue. Though his manners were naturally which they possess in the East-Indi aullere, he had some private amours, where it still makes great havock. which he indulged with great caution and

The leprosy, which Pompey catched secrecy. His favourites were General in Egypt, Syria, and the neighbouring Lamberi's wife, and Major General Vercountries, and brought into Italy, non's filter; the first was a well-bred

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from natural aversion, and attached to week at New-hall in innocent mith
Cromwell from a conformity of inclina- and jollity; Oliver himself joining in
tion, in a mysterious enjoyment and sto- convivial pleasure with his children, de-
len embraces, with the walk of religious engaged the whole time from fiate altair,
deporiment and severe virtue; the other and political speculations.
was a person made to inspire lust and de His constant visitors at New-hall were
fire, but felfish, revengeful, and indif- some regicides, and the meanet, lowelt

,
creer. These two rivals heartily deteft- and most ignorant among the citizens,
ed each other ; Mrs. Lambert reproach- on whom he had decreed that the fore:
ed Cromwell for his a:festion to a worth- reign power should be vested. To excel
lesi, giddy, and wanton woman; and in fanaticism seemed a necessary qualif-
Mrs. Vernon laughed at him for being cation in this new parliament ; and Oli-
the dupe of the affected fondness and ver foresaw that they would soon throw
hypocrisy of an artful mistress. They up the reins of government, which they
once met at the house of colonel Ham-

were unqualified to guide, and raise hin-
mond, a creature of Cromwell's, and re- self to an unlimited power, far beyazd
viled each other with the most virulent that of former kings.
farcasms. Mrs. Lambert, fired with rage It seems Mrs. Lambert continued to
and resentment, went immediately io reside at New-hall, during Cromwell's
Nex-hall, where Oliver was at that protectorship, and that Col. White

, his
juncture, and insisted upon her rivals truity friend, was often sent there with
disarillion for her unprovoked outrage. kind mellages and presents from Oliver

,
Cromwell, who was then past the meri- who travelled himself in the night with
dian of voluptuous sensations, sacrificed hurry and precipitation, to enjoy
the person he was no longer fit to enjoy, her some moments of domestic comfort
10 a woman who had gained his esteem and tranquillity.
and confidence, and delegated to Mrs.
Lambert all
the domestic concerns of his Curfore

. Reflexions on Dress, and partia

with
afterwards the protectress, was a sober love finery is so thorougbis
like a quaker, neither interfered in his would be as ea fy to huith the winds as
amours or politics. She never went to erase this vanity from their inclinations

:
New-hall but once, and that was on the it is the original fin which many of the
25th of April 1652, when he invited all sex bring into the world from their birth

.
his family to a grand entertainment on

There is no baptifm that can cleanse them
account of his birth-day: The other from the tincture of this infirmity; and
guests were, his niother, who survived his be who offers to accuse or condemn them
elevation to the protector!hip: she was a for it, must expect to be ever after com:
virtuous woman, of the name of Sewart, fidered by them as their molt inveterate
related to the royal family; Desborough enemy.
his brother-in-law, and Fleetwood, who If it were confined to ladies at court, it
had married his daughter; his eldest son might be something pardonable, but al-
Richard, a man of an inoffensive and most all women are born with this paffi-
unagbitious character, who had been

on, and so entirely they are addicted to
married some years, and lived in the it, that it begets a confusion in habits:
country on a small estate, which he pos- there is scarce any distinction in orders ;
fested in right of his wife, where he ipent citizens wives must vie with dutchesles

.
bis time in acts of benevolence ; at the Nerertheless, the most virulent again
trial of Charles I. he fell on his knees, the fex niuft acknowledge, that all wo.
and conjured his father in the most pathe- men have a right to neainess and decen-
tic manner to spare the life of his sove- cy in garments, ever abiding within the
reign; his brother Henry, afterwards go- limits of modesty, that by this means the
vernor of Ireland, where he was univer- most severe may not blame their fuper-
fally beloved for his mild and upright ad- fluities, nor they who are more favoura-
ministration ; Mrs. Claypole, the darling ble accuse their defects.
of her father, and his three other daugh ļi is too true that women in their lia-
ters, Mrs. Rich, married to the grand bits have already served many ages a
1on and heir of the Earl of Warwick; common place to preachers

; they afford
Lady Falconbridge, and the youngert

, matter of cenfure unto all,' and oftento lived in çelibacy. They spent a times they are ridiculous even unto tocil

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