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GERMANY.

addressing the reason, and leaving Systems of the Science of Life, by the heart unmoved. We must wait M. Droz. (he says) for the completion of the work, to see whether the historian We have very little to report this will become more animated, in pro- month, and of the few works that we portion as the interest of his narra- shall have to name, we shall not be. tive grows more lively; whether his able to say much of our own knowstyle will not at the end have as ledge.-Seven Years, a Contribution much warmth and elevation, as the towards the Secret History of a Northbeginning has good taste and per- ern Kingdom, edited by L. Kruse, spicuity.

4 vols. We have seen some excellent Miscellaneous.-Madame de Genlis tales by this author, and have no has written a large volume, On the doubt that a work in which he is conEmployment of T'ime, which how- cerned must be interesting.– The ever treats almost of every thing Maid of Ithaca, or Ulysses' Crown, except the employment of time. Of 2 vols. by Dr. C. Müller. A journey the twenty-six chapters composing made by the author in the Ionian it, nine of them are upon testaments, Islands, a long residence in Italy and duty, vice and virtue, false glory, Sicily, and chiefly the discovery of an prejudices, literary glory, sensi- ancient Greek gold crown in some bility and egotism: eight other ruins in Ithaca, asserted to belong to chapters are employed on modern the palace of Ulysses, have led him civilization; they are a long tirade to write this novel, in which he has against the present age, against mo- interwoven the interesting results of dern inventions and modern philoso- his travels.-An anonymous author phers. Whether in thus waging a having had considerable success in a bellum ad internecionem against Dide- literary hoax on the public, and on rot, Rousseau, Voltaire, &c. Madame Goethe, by publishing a continuation de Genlis is making good use of time, of that author's celebrated work, Wilis a question that may be properly helm Meister's Apprenticeship, before asked. The reader, of course, needs the author had published the genuine not be told that in a work of Madame continuation, which had long been de Genlis there are parts that give advertised, by the title of W. Meister's evidence of superior talent, and Wanderjahre, has now thought fit to prove that the style of Madame de produce the first volume of the third Genlis has not lost any thing of its division of the hero's adventures, unelegance or its correctness. Such is der the title of W. Meister's Meisterthe chapter on Old Age, which she jahre. This is a poor production, ingeniously compares « to the end of much inferior to the false Wandera great harvest in threatening wea- jahre, of which, however, the third ther, when we hasten to bring under volumes was by no means equal to cover all that we have gathered; the first two.— The Seefahrer (Maevery moment is precious; we are riners), a novel, in three volumes, is unwilling to lose a single one.”- spoken of in very high terms.- A The Norman Knights in Italy and Dictionary of Painters, without the Sicily, and General Reflections on author's name, in one vol. has conthe History of Chivalry, particularly siderable merit, but unfortunately that of Chivalry in France, by Ma- numerous errors and omissions.-An dame V. de C. **** is highly Encyclopedia of Sciences, Arts, and spoken of by the only journal in Professions, publishing at Altenburg, which we have observed any mention deserves mention. Two volumes of it. An Essay on the Education of have appeared, and the remainder Women, by the late Countess of Re- will be given to the public with as musat, published by her son, is a little delay as is consistent with the very interesting work, and does great nature of the work: it is remarkable honour to the heart and the under- for the great number of articles, and standing of the author. The French for the concise yet perspicuous manner academy has adjudged the prize in which they are treated. It is of 6000 francs for the work most almost needless to say, that nearly useful to morals, published in the every book of any note published in course of the year, to the Essay on France or England is immediately Moral Philosophy, or the different translated into German.

RUSSIA.

great enthusiasm, and who has since Commodore Krusenstern has just written numerous elegant and highly published the first half of the Atlas admired poems, has completed a new of the Southern Ocean. This part of one, under the title of the Fountain the atlas consists of one general and of Baktschisserai, for which M. Ponineteen special charts, accompanied namarew, a bookseller at Moscow, with a quarto volume of 400 pages has just given 3000 rubles; which, as explanatory text. The second part, there are only 600 lines, is five rubles containing the northern half of the per line--a thing never before heard of Pacific Ocean, will not be ready in in Russia. The 10th and 11th voless than two years. This work, in lumes of Karamsin's History of the the Russian language, is published Russian Empire are published. at the expense of the Emperor, who has ordered M. Krusenstern to pre- The celebrated Professor Oersted pare an edition in French, which is is preparing a Chemical Nomencla. nearly ready, and will appear in the ture. Professor Rasmussen has pubcourse of the summer. A young lished the first volume of a Danish poet, of the name of Puschkin, whose translation of the Arabian Nights, first production, written when he was from an Arabic edition published at only thirteen years of age, was re

Calcutta. ceived with great and perhaps too

DENMARK

VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

We are truly grieved at being prepared with the best spirit for a obliged to place in the very front vigorous resistance. The sacrament of our foreign intelligence for this was universally administered, and month an event, which we are sure they resolved to die in arms. The every lover of freedom, literature, plan suggested was to attack the and religion, will deplore, namely, a Turkish fleet with fire ships, while considerable advantage obtained by the batteries on shore kept up a fire the Turks in the capture of the Gre- upon their navy. At five o'clock on cian island of Ipsara. The loss of the morning of the 4th of July the the island itself, though undoubtedly, Turkish squadron approached the considering the circumstances under harbour—the batteries were silent, which it took place, a heavy calamity, and the forts garrisoned by the is nevertheless of little effect com- Schypetars hoisted Turkish colours ! pared with the moral consequences The loyal Greeks hastened to the likely to ensue from it to the cause in spot, and found that the guns were general. The various sources whence spiked by those who were appointed this intelligence comes leaves but to defend them, and who now turned little doubt of its authenticity, and their arms against their employers. they all attribute it to a cause from The treason was but too manifest. which the Greeks have more to fear The Ipsariot sailors commenced a perhaps than any other,-internal terrible fire upon the larger Turkish treachery. It seems the principal vessels which could not, for want of fort of Ipsara was garrisoned by a depth, approach the shore, and as species of force called Schype- many of the Christians as could, emtars, amounting to fifteen hundred. barked on board the Grecian ships Khoreb, the Capitan Pacha, who and escaped. Those who were not had been lying at anchor at Myti. able to embark escaped to the mounlene for two months, contrived to tains. About eight, the Osmanlis corrupt this mercenary garrison, of- effected a landing and the city was fering to each man, it is said, 1000 fired. The entire time after the dispiastres for the surrender of the bat- embarkation until the place was reteries with the defence of which they duced to a mere desart, was employwere entrusted. The unfortunate ed in battle, massacres, and conflagraIpsariots, when informed that their tion. The extermination was comisland was to be the object of attack, plete, and it would appear that the

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monster who directed this desolation some of the French papers there is a at last grew blood-sick, as he offered report extracted from the Gazette of a reward of 500 piastres to any one Augsburg, that the fleet of the Capiwho would bring in a prisoner alive; tan Pacha had been subsequently on the offer was useless-such was the the 21th attacked by the Hydriots excess of the thirst after human life and Spezziots, and had sustained conover that after gain, that not a single siderable damage ; it is, however, reward was claimed—they could not our duty to add, that this intelligence even be bribed into humanity. We comes by way of Odessa, and is given may, however, in some degree esti- merely as a report. Another rumour mate the sincerity of the tempter's is, that a Turkish column has been mercy from the fact, that on the cut off at Thermopylæ, having got 8th of July the heads of old men, between two fires, in consequence of women, and children, appended to Odusseus having quitted Athens for the masts of his vessels, amounted a short time. We shall be most to 7,300! These of course are in- happy in our next to be enabled to tended to feast the eyes of the Chris- confirm these rumours; but, in the tian ambassadors at Constantinople! mean time, we must repeat that the It is a remarkable incident, that the good news rests merely on report, very first victims who fell beneath while the bad is too fatally conthe invaders' swords were the trea- firmed. cherous Schypetars! This is as it We had considerable hopes of beshould be—it conveys a double lesson ing able this month to present our --it shows the fate which traitors readers with pleasing, and, as it apought to suffer, and it shows that peared, decisive intelligence from those never can be trusted who pro- Peru, but the interval which has ceed by corrupting the fidelity of elapsed without its confirmation others. On the 13th, the Capitan strongly disinclines us from believing Pacha returned to Mytilene with it accurate, though we are bound to twelve vessels which he had captur- give it as it has reached us. It'rests ed. About 2000 of the Greek sailors, on the authority of a letter from thirty of their best ships, and the Guyaquil, received by a mercantile primates, succeeded in reaching house in Liverpool, and goes the Samos. It is a consolation to think length of declaring the entire defeat that, amid such profligate treachery, of the Royalists in Peru, and the rethere were found many Greeks who occupation of Lima, by Bolivar. defended their country in a way According to this account, the Libeworthy of its name and cause; the rator, who had his head-quarters at Turks admit the loss of 1500 men, Truxillo, and his advanced posts toand are compelled to do credit to the wards Lima, so manœuvred with a valour of their adversaries—a valour semblance of retreat, as to draw the rendered ineffectual unfortunately by enemy, consisting of 6000 men, in adthe treachery which counteracted it. vance upon Truxillo, on the main Though the island of Ipsara, now road to which place he met them only the tomb of its natives, for not with a superior force, and completely one survivor remains, was small in routed them, their General Canextent, and is, territorially, but of terac having been wounded in the little consequence, still it is much to very onset. The consequence was be feared that the fraud by which its their destruction, with the exception capture was consummated may pro- of seven or eight hundred men, who duce a very unfavourable effect upon surrendered as prisoners of war. This the cause. To the loss of Ipsara we news is far from being confirmed ; are unfortunately obliged to add that on the contrary, a proclamation from of another small island called Cago. Bolivar, dated from his head-quarIt was taken after an obstinate con- ters at Patavilea, induces us to flict, by the Egyptian squadron un- think his situation any thing rather der Ismael Gibraltar. The loss of than prosperous; we are the more the Greeks at Cago is stated at be- inclined to believe this from the fact tween 4 and 500 men, who, however, that two levies of 5000 men each perished bravely with arms in their have been voted for his support by hands; the usual Turkish cruelties the Colombian government. If we followed the capture of the place. In are to believe some later representations, the expedition to Peru has not the Fantees, so misconducted themmet with the support from the people selves, that not only was Major Chisof that country which it ought to be holm prevented from continuing the their duty, andis their manifestinterest pursuit, but he was obliged to take to afford. Insidious agents of Spain up the same position which he had have contrived to excite a prejudice occupied previous to the battle. The against Bolivar; and those who never Ashantees retreated for two days, acted on a principle of patriotism in but were subsequently joined by their lives affect to decry the man their king with reinforcements, which whose entire life has been influenced increased his army to the amount of by nothing else. The miserable state 16,000 men. They were again within of the mother country, however, and five miles of the Castle, and our the activity hitherto displayed by the troops were engaged in making every patriots, lead us to hope, that even preparation to avert the attack which in Peru, which is confessedly the was hourly expected. What the most Royalist province of all South fate of these brave men will be, it is America, the flag of Ferdinand will difficult to anticipate. We have to soon be trampled down. From add with horror and grief, that it Mexico we may now daily expect in- now appears, that the gallant Sir telligence of interest. Bravo, who was Charles M'Carthy was actually elected dictator, has entirely discon- roasted alive by his barbarous capcerted the schemes of his principal tors! We again and again ask, for domestic resident opponent Quin- what political, commercial, or territanar, and had entered the city of torial advantage we continue to mark Guadalaxara in triumph. There are with the graves of our unfortunate as yet no accounts of the progress of countrymen the progress of our fatal Iturbide, or to what part of the incursion amongst these savages?? coast he had directed his course. The intelligence from Jamaica Various are the conjectures on this proves, that every day the situation subject, but they are all vague and of our West India possessions is becontradictory; and, indeed, it is not coming more and more precarious. very probable that he would have Insurrections have taken place upon confided his intentions on such an many of the estates, and the spirit expedition in any quarter where they of insubordination had so spread, that would be in danger of being divulged. it was impossible to say what place By accounts from Philadelphia, how- was free from it. On soine occasions ever, we learn that the appearance of bodies of from 50 to 100 each have the late Emperor was expected, and deserted and joined the Maroons in the Congress of Mexico has passed a the woods, and others were naturally decree, declaring Don Augustin de expected to follow their example. Iturbide a traitor from the moment he It seems the generality of the negroes may appear in any part of the Mexi- have taken up the fancy, that « Mr. can republic, and adjudging the fate Wilberforce and the King” have of traitors to all who may favour his granted them their emancipation, return.

and that the principal men upon the Accounts have been received from different estates alone prevent the our devoted countrymen at Cape operation of this boon to them. The Coast Castle, dated the 31st of May. consequence is, their deaths have It appears that Major Chisholm, upon been decreed. Such is the deterwhom the command devolved after mined spirit of these men, that on the death of the Governor, determin- several occasions the ringleaders, 'ed to attack the Ashantees, who when taken, have actually ripped

were encamped within five miles of out their own bowels, as if at once the Castle, and for this purpose had to evince their fortitude and defy the paths to the enemy's camp cut their judges. The most gloomy feeland cleared away with considerable ing prevailed over all Jamaica, and labour. The engagement was san

those who seem seldom to have felt guinary, and lasted for five hours, for others, are now at last beginning when at length the enemy gave way,

to feel for themselves. They seem after experiencing a very consider- to excite here but little sympathyable loss. We had about 160 killed can they be surprised at it? and 800 wounded, and our allies, The war with Algiers has not lasted long enough to give Mr. admitted for the journals an existence, Croker a chance of asking with any de jure, independent of their exismodesty for his war salary, as we tence de facto : that this interpretafind by the following pithy extract tion furnishes a sure and easy means from the Gazette of the 17th. “ The of eluding the suspension and sup-' Right Hon. Geo. Canning, one of his pression of the journals.” AccordMajesty's principal Secretaries of ingly, as he could not put the Press State, has this day notified, by the down, through the servile instrucommand of his Majesty, to the Mi- mentality of the law courts (and it nisters of Foreign Powers resident at speaks well for them) he resorts to this Court, that in consequence of the short cut of a royal ordinance. the satisfactory issue of the negocia. We cannot say we blame him, situtions between the Commander of his ated as France is; there can be no Majesty's naval forces off Algiers doubt his opponent would have, and the Government of that Regency, without scruple, resorted to the same the blockade of that port has been means, if he considered them necesdiscontinued.” What the cause of sary to that personal interest which this quarrel was has not very plainly has through life been the polar star appeared before the public. It of his actions. It is said that Villele seems, however, that after a few has had the address to secure the shots on the part of our blockading good graces of the heir-apparent to force, which was about to commence the throne ; so that his power is not a bombardment, the Dey signed the likely to be affected by the dailyterms required, and hostilities were expected demise of the Sovereigna terminated.

Private letters, speak in deplorable The intelligence from France fură terms of the state of Louis' health; nishes nothing either very new or and, indeed, his life, the gift of navery interesting, as we fancy few of ture originally, seems now to have our readers care much about the been handed over by her totally to selfish squabbles for power between the custody of art. Louis may be Messieurs Villele and Chateaubriand. said to be a living monument to the Baron Damas, the Secretary at War, science of medicine. In addition to has been appointed Minister for Fo- the tribute which the French courts reign Affairs in the room of the latter have paid to the laws, in the instance personage, and a number of subse- of the Press, we may add, that quent arrangements have succeeded. twenty-six Frenchmen, who were The contest, however, is still carried tried at Toulouse on a charge of on with vigour, and M. Chateau- having borne arms against their briand has been deprived of one of country in Spain, were acquitted by his principal allies, the Press. We a jury. La Fayette, the veteran stated in our last, the vigorous lite- of liberty, has embarked for Amerary assaults of Chateaubriand, and rica, on board the American ship his partisans, hinting at the same Cadmus. She is a private vessel, he time the efficacy, in every place, having refused the conveyance of a but particularly in Paris, of such a frigate offered him by the Congress. powerful instrument. The truth is, No doubt we shall soon have to rethere is at present in Europe no man cord the triumphal and well-merited strong enough to resist long the for- honours with which America will midable associated hostility of the receive him. His departure from Press. It is really, as it has empha- France has, indeed, been in itself a tically been called, a new estate. M. kind of triumph ; and, considerVillele seems to have fully agreed ing present circumstances, is not a with our view of the question, for little remarkable. The embarkano sooner have the Chambers ad- tion took place at Havre, and the journed than he immediately re-esta- army were obliged to be called out blished the cens

ensorship. The reason in order to repress the enthusiasm of which the French ordinance gives the people. As he passed through for this is curious, and such as we the town to the harbour he was fol. must leave the construction of to the lowed by a numerous retinue, and sagacity of our readers. It says, preceded by fifty young men dressed -" considering that the jurisprudence in black and uncovered. The people, of our courts of justice has lately prevented from paying their homage

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