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Then lo those spir'ts, which from these bearls derive | Save only Somerset and Exeter,
Their motions, gave off working; and in haste (Who from this last destruction hardly fled)
Turn all their backs to death, and mainly strive And saw all lost, and nothing in her might,
Who from themselves shall run away most fast. But only that which must be sav'd by flight:
The after-fiers on the former drive;
And they again by the pursuers chas’d,

Now when there was no North left of their own,
Make bridges of their fellows backs, to pass To draw untu; no side to gather head;
The brooks and rivers whereas danger was. No people to be rais'd t' an empty crown,

Nor yet the ground their own whereon they tread; Witness, O clear-stream'd Cock! within whose banks When yet your faith, (worthy of all renown) So many thousand crawling helpless lay,

Constant Northumbrians, firm continued ! With wounds and weariness; who in their ranks And though you could not render succours fit Had valiantly behav'd themselves that day; Unto your sov'reign, you would save him yet; And might have had more honour and more thanks, By standing to their work, and by their stay. And be (as few men in this world are) true “ But men at once life seem to love and loath, Unto affliction, and to misery; Running to lose it, and to save it both."

And would not basely purchase and renew

Your peace and safety by disloyalty ; Unhappy Henry, from a little hill,

But wrought, that though the victor did pursue
Plac'd not far off, (whence he might view the fight) With greedy care, and eager industry,
Had all th' entire full prospect of this ill,

To have surpris'd him; yet was all in vain,
With all the scatter'd slaughter, in his sight: Till he recover'd Berwick with his train.
Saw how the victor rag'd, and spoil'd at will,
And left not off when all was in his might: Where now he was at some more vacancy
Saw with how great ado himself was won ;

To understand, and see himself undone ;
And with what store of blood kings are undone. Which in this sudden-coming misery,

He had no leisure to consider on. " We are not worth so much, nor I nor he,

And now surveys he that poor company, As hath been spent for us by you this day, Attending on himself, his wife, and son ; Dear people;' said he—“Therefore, 0! agree; Sees how that all the state which serv'd his crown, And leave off mischief, and your malice stay! Was shut within the walls of one small town: Stay, Edward, stay! They must a people be, When we shall not be kings—and it is they, Beholds there what a poor distressed thing, Who make us with their miseries-spare them, A king without a people was !--and whence For whom thou thus dost seek a diadem.

The glory of that mightiness doth spring,

That over-spreads (with such a reverence) “ For me, I couid be pleas'd t' have nought to do This under-world! Whence coines this furnishing, With Fortune ; and content myself were ill, And all this splendour of magnificence! So England inight be well: and that t’undo He sces, what chair soever monarch sate Me might suffice the sword, without more ill. Upon on Earth, the people was the state. And yet perhaps these men, that cleave unto The parts of princes with such eager will, And yet although he did contain no more Have likewise their own ends of gain or hate Than what he saw ; yet saw a piece so small In these our strifes, and nourish this debate." Could not contain him. What he was before,

Made him ancapable of any wall, Thus stood he (drawing lines of his discourse) To yield him succour now--he must have more In contemplation; when, more needfully,

Than only this small hold, or none at all. It did import him to devise a course,

And therefore this, (seeing it avail'd him not, How he might shift for his recovery:

Nor could he keep) he renders to the Scot”;
And had been taken, had not some by force
Rescu'd and drawn him off more speedily,

As th' earnest to confirm and ratify
And brought him unto York in all main post ; The league between them two, newly begun.
Where he first told his queen the day was lost. Whereof to make more sure, and faster tye,

He promis'd too th' alliance of his son;
Who, as compos'd of that firm temprature, And all that might secure their amity,
Which could not bend to base complaints, nor wail With willingness on either side was done.
As weakness doth, (fore-knowing how to endure) And here they practise all they can devise,
Fail'd not herself, though Fortune did her fail; To turn revenge upon their enemies.
But rather casts about how to procure
Means to reserve her part, and to prevail

Thus, England, did'st thou see the mightiest king
Of that poor time left her to save her own; Thou ever had'st, (in pow'r and majesty
As one though overcome, not overthrown.

Of state, and of dominions; governing.

A most magnificent nobility; Now when she had of fatal Lancaster

With an advent'rous people, flourishing Seen all the pillars crasb’d and ruined,

In all the glories of felicity) That under-set it; all that follow'd her

Chas'd from his kingdom; forc'd to seek redress Of those heroic personages dead,

In parts remote, distress'd and succourless. • Queen Margaret, with her son, were in the ? Henry VI. delivers the town of Berwick to the city of York, expecting the event of this battle. king of Scots. VOL. III.


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Now Bolingbroke, these miseries bere shown, Where fed again their luckless, follow'd lord;
Do much unload thy sin; make thy ill good : And is so near pursu'd by th' enemies,
For if thou didst by wroug attain the crown, As th' ensign of his crown was seiz'd upon,
'T was without crjes; it cost but little blood. Por him who had before his kingdom won ;
But York by his attempt bath overthrown
All the best glory whereiu England stood; And shortly after too his person gat.
And did his state by her undoing win;

For he now weary'd with his long exile,
And was, though white without, yet red within. And miseries abroad, grew passionate

With longing to returu t' his native soil. And thus he hath it-and is now to deal

And seeing he could not do the same in state, For th' entertaining and continuance

He seeks, disguiz'd in fashion, to beguile
Of men's affections; and to seek to heal

The world a time, and steal the liberty
Those foul corruptions, which the maintenance And sight of his dear country privately.
Of so long wars bred in the commonweal.
He must remunerate, prefer, advance

As if there were for a pursued king
His chiefest friends; and prosecute with might A covert left on Earth, wherein to hide ;
The adverse part; do wrong, to do meu right. When Pow'r and Jealousy are travelling,

And lay to catch affliction on each side. Whilst martial Marz'ret, with her hopeful son, “ Misfortune serves, we see, for ev'ry thing." Is travelling in France, to purchase aid;

And soon he comes ', God knows, to be descry'd; And plots, and toils, and nothing leaves undone; And Edward hath the booty he desir'd; Though all in vain.- For being thus over-laid For whose establishment all things conspird. By Fortune, and the time; all that is done, Is out of season. For she must have stay'd Yet long it was not ere a fire began Till that first heat of men's affections (which To take in th' inward'st closet, where he laid They bear new kings) were laid, and not so much. The treasure of his chiefest trust; and ran

From thence through all its state, before it stay'd. When they should find that they had gain'd no more, for being a king, who luis whole fortunes wan Than th' ass by changing of his masters did ; With other hands, must many leave unpaid; (Who still must labour as he us'd before)

And could not fill up that vast greediness
And those expectancies came frustrated,

Of expectation, which is bottomless.
Which they had set upon th' imagin'd score
Of their accounts: and had considered,

Though he did all the best that in him lay,
How that it did but litt'e benefit

(As a most active prince) to satisfy The doves, to change the falcon for the kite.

The int'rest of their travails, and defray
And yet, brave queen“, for three years of his reign, And the republic: seeking to allay to

The bands contracted 'twixt his sov’reignty
Thou gav'st him little breathing-time of rest;
But still his miseries did'st entertain

All grievances; recorder Equity,

Reform the bars, that Justice did abuse ;
With new attempts, and new assaults address'd.

Lay easy on the state, as new kings use.
And at thy now return from France again,
(Supply'd with forces) once more gathered'st
An army for the field, and brought'st to war

As be, who having found great treasury,
The scatter'd parts of broken Lancaster.

The first year offers with most grateful cheer

A sheep of gold to Juno's deity; : And once again at Exham led'st them on,

And next of silver, for the second year ; With Scots and French, t another bloody day;

The third of brass : and then neglectively, And there beheld'st thyself again undone,

Nothing at all-so those respects, which were With all that rest, whereon thy fortunes lay.

Born of a present feeling, mov'd him most ; Where Somerset (late to king Edward gone,

But soon were with their times and motives lost. And got his pardun) baving 'scap'd away, With noble Piercy came, to bring their blood And what his bounty could not recompense, Unto thy side, whereto they first had stood. He pays with honours, and with dignities.

And (more to angle the benevolence,
Where the lords Molines, Ross, and Hungerford, And catch the love of men with courtesies)
With many else of noble families,

He oft would make his dignity dispense
Extinguish'd were and many that day's sword With his too low familiarities;
Cut off their names in their posterities.

Descending from his sphere of majesty

Beneath himself very submissively. * Queen Margaret, furnished with a great power of Scots and French, to the number of twenty thousand, with her husband, entered into Northum

• King Henry was taken in Lancashire, and berland, took the castle of Bamborough, and after brought to London, with his legs bound to the came forward to the bishopric of Durham : where stirrups; having in his company only Dr. Marming, Henry Beaufort, duke of Somerset, who had lately dean of Windsor, with another divine ; who were been reconciled to king Edward IV. joined with taken with him, and committed to the Tower. them; and also brought thither with him sir Ralph 10 King Edward IV. sat on the King's Bench, in Piercy, a man of great courage and worth : who open court, three days together, in Michaelmas were taken in the battle of Exham, and executed, term, anno 2 of his reign; to understand bow bis ag. 3, Ed. IV. 1464.

laws were executed.

And when he bad dispos'd in some good train Who, mov'd with her sweet fashion, bad her rise,
His home affairs; he counsels how t'advance With gentle language full of comforting;
His foreign correspondence, with the chain Read her request—but thought not what be read.
Of some alliance that might countenance

The lines be view'd her eyes had figured.
His greatness, and his quiet entertain. (France,
Which was thought fittest with some match of Then paus'd awhile, and mus'd; as if he weigh'd
To hold that kingdom from sub-aiding such, The substance of her suit. The which (God wot)
Who else could not subsist, nor hope so much. Was not the thing he mus’d. And having stay'd,

Seem'd to read on again; but yet reads not. Nor was it now a time to have contrast

And still a stealing side-cast look convey'd With any foreign, mighty potentate;

On her sweet face: as if he had forgot But keep the outer doors of each side fast,

To be elsewhere than where he did behold; Having so much to do within his state.

And thought not what he did, but what he would, And thereupon was Warwick " (by whose cast All must be wrought) employ'd to mediate But lest his sudden passion might have there A present marriage, to be had between

More witnesses than he could wish to have; Him and the sister of the young French queen. He took up bis desires, which posting were

Beyond their stages ; and this answer gave : Which was not long, nor hard to bring to pass, “ Madam, we will ourself take time to hear Where like respects met in a point alike.

Your cause at large. Wherein we will you have So that the same as ev'n concluded was,

No othor ref'rence but repair to us;
And all as done-lady and friends all like:

Who will accommodate this business."
When Love, the lord of kings, (by whom must pass
This act of our affections) took dislike

She that expected present remedy,
That he was not made privy thereunto,

(Hearing this dilatory answer) thought And therefore in his wrath would all undo.

The king found scruple in the equity

Of her request; and thereupon he sought For whilst this youthful prince, at his disport

To put her to delays of court ; whereby In Grafton woods, retird from public care,

She might be tir'd, and in the end get nought. Attending how his suit in France did sort,

And that which her opinion made more strong, (Whereon his cogitations only were)

Was that he studied and was mute so long.
He 'comes at home surpris'd in other sort :
A nearer fire inflam'd his passions here;
An English beauty, with more worth endu'd

Which forc'd from her these words : “ My lord, Than France could yield, his royal beart subdu'd.

Let not my being a Lancastrian bred,

Withont mine own election, disafford A woful widow, whoin his quarrel had

Me right, or make my cause disfigured ; (As it had many mo) made desolate,

Since I am now the subject of your sword ; Came to his court in mournful habit clad,

Which God hath (with your right) established, To sue for justice to relieve her state.

To do us right. And let not what we were, And ent'ring as a suppliant all sad,

Be now the cause to hurt us as we are." With graceful sorrow, and a comely gate, She pass'd the presence; where all eyes were cast “ Lady, mistake me not-never did I On her more stately presence as she pass'd. Make war with women, nor us'd women's war,

Revenge; but prosecuted honestly Her looks not let abroad, (but carefully

My right, not men. My quarrels ended are Kept in, restrain'd) held their reservedness:

With my obtaining of the victory. Observing none but her own dignity,

And (lady) know, your cause moves me thus far, And his, to whom she did herself address.

As you shall find," said he, “ I do desire, And drawing near his royal majesty,

To do you greater right than you require.” A blush of reverence, not bashfulness, Lightend her lovely cheeks, und down she kneels; With this they part; both with their thoughts full Gives her petition for the wrongs she feels.

charg'd; And in deliv'ring it, lifts up her eyes,

She for her suit in hand, and he for her; (The moving'st mediators she could bring)

Wherein be spends that night; and quite discharg'd

All other cogitations, to confer
And straight withdraws them in submissive wise;
Not fixing them directly on the king :

First, how he might have her estate enlarg'd:

Then in what sort her service to prefer " The earl of Warwick was sent into France, to Unto bis new-expected wife and queen : treat of a marriage between king Edward and the Then how to mask his love from being seen. lady Bona, daughter to Louis duke of Savoy, and sister to the lady Charlotte, queen of France: For yet lust was not grown to that degree, which was there agreed upon; and monsieur Damp, To have no limits; but that shame kept in Martin, with others, appointed to be sent into The greatest greatness, from this being free England, for the full accomplishing thereof. But in To hold their wantonness to be no sin. the mean time, May 1, the king married the lady For though kings cannot over-master'd be, Elizabeth Grey, daughter to the dutchess of Bed- They will be overlook'd, and seen within : ford, late wife to sir John Grey, slain at St. Albans, And though they could their weaknesses make sure, on king Henry's part.

Yet crimes (though safe) can never be secure.

Sometimes he thinks it better to provide

And thus rejoins.--"My pleasure only shall A place retir'd, and have her from the court; Be, madam, for your good. Please it but you And then with what pretensions he might hide To make it so. And here to tell you all, His private coming, and his oft resort :

I love you; and therein I tell you true. Then by his queen if it should be espy'd,

What honour may by king's affections fall, How he might clear with her, and stop report. Must light upon your fortunes, as your due. And thus consumes the night-and if he slept, And though France shall a wife for fashion bring; He slept those thoughts that with these passions kept. You must be th' only mistress of the king.” The morning being com'n (and glad he was Straight might you see, how scom, and fear, and That it was com’n) after so long a night

(All intermix'd in one aspect) return (shame, He thought would have no morning, (time did pass The message of her thoughts, before words came. So slow, and his desires ran on so light)

And first within her brow in state sat Scorn; A messenger with speed dispatched was,

Shame in her cheeks: where also Fear became Of special trust, this lady to invite

An inmate too; and both appear by turn. To come this presence; though before the time Blushes did paleness, paleness blushes chase; That ladies rise ; who rarely rise betime.

As scorning, fearing, shaming such disgrace. Yet soon she hastes ; and yet that soon seem'd long, As to be mov'd to such an infamy.

She scorns to be addeem'd so worthless base, To him whose longing went so swift apace;

She shames to think that ought within her face And frets that such attiring should belong

Should breed th' opinion of immodesty. To that which yields itself sufficient grace:

She fears the fatal danger of the place; Consid'ring how these ornaments may wrong

Her loneness, and the pow'r of majesty : The set of beauty; which we see doth grace

And so confus'd in fear, in shame, in scorn, Th' attire it wears, and is not grac'd thereby,

This answer to his motion doth return: As being that only which doth take the eye.

“ My sov'reigu lord, it grieves me that you deen, But now being com'n, that quarrel of delay Because I in this sort for justice sue, Straight ended was-her presence satisfies I would the same with mine own wrong redeem, All, what expectance had laid out for stay : And by dishonour re-obtain my due. And he beheld more sweetness in her eyes,

No—I would hate that right which should but seem And saw her more than she was yesterday. To be beholden to a wanton view, A cheerliness did with her hopes arise,

Or motive of my person, not my cause ; That lamped clearer than it did before,

That craves but right from justice and your laws. And made her spir't and his affections more.

“ And know, great monarch, that I more do weigh When those who were about him presently My distaff with mine honour, than I do Voided the room, and left bim to confer

The mightiest sceptre king did ever sway Alone with his fair suitor privately,

Upon the Earth, or nations bow'd unto. (As they who to his courses conscious were :)

I owe subjection; which I humbly pay And he began—" Madam, the remedy

With all the outward service I can do: Which you in your petition sue for here,

But, soväreign, in the region of my heart Shall be allow'd to th' utmost that you crave, I reign sole queen-no king can force a part." With th' expedition you would wish to have. “ And here I have another suit to you;

Here fear a little interpos'd a touch,

To warn her violence to temporise
Which if you please to grant, we both shall now
Rest equally content"—Wherewith there grew

With pow'r and state. And she concludes her speech That sudden alteration in her brow,

With craving pardon in more humble wise; As all were over-cast; and so withdrew

Yet in proud humble wise: which show'd how much That freedom from her looks, (lest they should 'low And so being full of what she did conceive,

She did her bonour above greatness prize.
More than her heart might mean) as they reflect
A narrower and a carefuller aspect.

Desires to be dismiss'd, and takes her leave.
That when he saw this barrier of dislike

Here, Mary Pembroke, (by whose gen'rous brow, Thus inter-set, to keep his forwardness

And noble graces, I delineate Back from presumptive pressing; it did striķe These shapes of others' virtues) could I show That rev'reuce, as it stay'd him to express

In what a desp'rate and confus'd estate His further will. . And she replies: “'T is like

She left this disappointed king: and how
When kings to subjects sue, they mean no less

Love and Ambition in their glory sat,
Than to command : nor must they be withstood, And tyranniz'd on his divided heart,
For that good kings will seek but what is good. Warring each other with a pow'rful part:
“ And in that sair respect, your majesty,

How first Love underneath his colours brought According to your will, both must and may The strength of all her graceful worthiness; Command my service; who most rev'rently And sets them in th' advantage of his thought, Your royal pleasure ever shall obey."

Upon the side of youth and wantonness : With which word pleasure, (though it doubtfully Then how Ambition, that for glory wrought, In that hard fastness of condition lay,

Comes with his state, his crown and pow'rfulness, Under the lock of goodness) he was cast

And plants her on the side of Providence, In hope, he might obtain the same at last.

To beat unfit affections off from thence:

But I must over-go these passages,

“ How their high favours like as fig-trees are, And hasten on my way to overtake

That grow upon the sides of rocks; where they Mine ends, in sad and graver bus’nesses;

Who reach their fruit, adventure must so far, Whereof I shall to you relation make.

As t' bazard their deep downfall and decay. And yet my zeal here forc'd me thus t'express Their grace not fix'd; but as a blazing star, Elizabeth, for our Eliza's sake;

Burns out the present matter, and away: Who grac'd the Muses, (which her times became): And how the world could too well witness bear, “For they who give them comfort, must have fame." That both their loves and hates like dang’rous were." And I must tell you now, when this great fight Thus he complains, and makes his home-retire ; Of counter-passions had been throughly try'd, All disappointed of his purposes. How in the end the victory did light

For hoping by this match to hold entire Upon Love's forces, as the stronger side ;

That lady, with her great alliances; And beat down those respects of benefit,

And have the king more firm to his desire, Of honour, greatness, strength, and all beside ; By managing of both their businesses: And never granted rest nnto his strife,

He by this match (thus made without his mean) Till marriage rites had her confirm'd his wife. Comes barr’d from all those tying int'rests clean. Which that place where he saw her first, saw done, For well he knew that all his service past Ere he remov'd his foot-" For Love is still Was past; and would not be a future tie, In haste ; and (as a lord that rules aloue) To hold him in, unless that he could cast Admits no counsellor in good nor ill.

To introduce some mere necessity
For he and kings gladly give ear to none,

Of his employment, that were like to last,
But such as smooth their ways, and sooth their wil. And shut out all other concurrency:
And who will not desire to give his voice,

Without which nor his greatness, nor his wits, (Be what it will) to praise a prince's choice? Could ward him from the king's unconstant fits. • Which was (indeed) in virtue, beauty, grace, Which more perplex'd him, and in nearer sort, And (all but fortune) worthy of his bed;

Than what France might by his embassage guess, And in that too, had be but liv'd the space, Or England deem. But being arriv'd at court, T' have seen her plenteous issue fully bred ; He draws a traverse 'twixt his grievances : That they might have collated strength and grace, Looks like the time-his eye made not report On her weak side: which (scorn’d and maliced) Of what he felt within. Nor was he less Lay open undefenc'd, apt to b' undone

Than usually he was in ev'ry part ;
By proud usurping pow'r, when he was gone.” Wore a clear face upon a cloudy heart.
But now when fame of this home-chosen match Congratulates the queen-Commends the king
Arrivd in France, (for there it did arrive,

For his rare choice. Protesting her to be
Ere they could here attend to make dispatch Far beyond all the world beside could bring
T'impart the same to Warwick, or contrive To fit his liking: and that he did see
Some colour that in any sort might fetch

The lady Bona was a peevish thing,
Him fairly off, and no dishonour give)

Sullen and proud; and would io no degree
It so much stirr'd the humours in those parts, Have pleas'd his humour, or in any sort
As marr'd the whole complexion of their hearts. Have satisfy'd the ladies of this court.
The French king scorns such an indignity:

And after having finish'd all the rite
Warwick disdains employment in this case. Of compliment and intervisiting,
The queen enrag'd, with extreme veh'mency He humbly craves dismission, that he might
Storms at her sister's and her own disgrace.

Retire a while, t'attend the managing
The lady Bona takes most tenderly,

And setting of his country bus'ness right, To be so mock'd with hope of such a place. Whereby the better to attend the king. And all blame Warwick, and his fraud condemn; From whom he parts: and never seem'd more dear, Whilst he himself deceiv'd, suffers with them : More grac'd, nor yet himself of free r cheer. And could not, by all means might be devis'd, First Warwick castle (that had seldom known Untaste them of this violent disgust;

The master there) he visits; and from thence But that they still held something lay disguis'd Goes t'other goodly manors of his own: Under this treaty. So that now he must

Where seen with joy, with love, with reverence; Bring home his reputation cauteris'd

(King of himself) he finds that there is shown With the idle mark of serving others' lust

The use of life, the true magnificence, lo frivolous employments; or be sent

T' enjoy his greatness: which at court in vain Out of the way, to colour some intent.

Men toil for, and yet never do attain.
“ Which, to himself, made him with grief inveigh Which his religious confessor (who best
Against distemper'd kings; who often are

Could cast, with what a violent access
III warrants for their own affairs; and weigh This fever of ambition did molest
Their lusts more than their dignity by far: His still-sick mind) takes hold on, to address
And what a misery they have, that sway

(Upon th' advantage of this little rest)
Their great designs; what danger, and what care; Some lenitives, t' allay the fi'riness
And often must be forc'd (being at their becks) Of this disease; which (as a malady,
To crack their reputation, or their necks.

Seized in the spirits) hath seldom remedy.

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