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Rear-admiral Bealiment, in the Mary, thic arches, divided by a pillar. The a fourth rate, together with the Nor- windows at the end of the chancel are thumberland, Stiriing Castle, and Re- three, narrow and Gothic, with the storation, three third rates, and one most elegant sender and lofty pillars fifth, were beaten to pieces avainit the on each side I ever faw. The whole lands, and near twelve hundred gallant of the building is Gothic, one round failors loft to the country in the midst arch excepted, which shows that there of a most important war.

must have been, prior to this, a church “The Godwine Sands consist of two perhaps founded in Nerman days. parts, divided in the middle by four “ Under the chancel is a great vault, narrow channels, about two fathoms with a neat Gothic door opening to deep; the middle called the Swash, the church-yard, full of sculls and navigable by boats, and that only in other bones, nicely sorted and piled! fine weather. The Sands extend' ten these are conjectured to have belonged miles along the coast north and south, to fòme Danish pirates, who, having verging towards the east, and from landed on the shore, had been defeated three and a half to fix miles distant with great Naughter, and their bones from the main land. They have over left to be bleached by external ex. them at all times fo little water as not posure to heat and cold upon the to be any where patlable, unless by naked beach ; they are certainly of unvery finall veflels; but at the ebb are common whitenets. There is, not far in many parts dry. This frequently from Hythe, a spot called Marrowoccasions a lingering death to the une bone Field; poflibly from having been happy people who are wrecked on the place where the flaughter was them at low water: they often pass made, and the bones in after-times with horrible prospect the intermediate collected.” Vol. ii. p. 8. space between their getting on the fands and the return of the tide. It fometimes happens that in case they

ASHBURNHAM-HURSTMONCEAUX are seen from land they are relieved if

CASTLE-ANÉCDOTE OF A LORD there is a possibility for a boat to be put off; for, to do justice to the peo “ THE country about Battel is very ple of Deal, they are always ready to beautiful, full of gentle rifings, and hazard their own lives to save those of fertile bottoms well wooded. We their fellow.creatures: as to the effects took the road to Pevenley, about ten scattered on the fand, they have at all miles diftant: in a short time we paffeu times been deemed fair prizes.Vol.i. by Ashburnham, three miles from Batp. 167.

tel, the seat of Earl Ashburnham. This place gave name to the family

which Fuller calls of stupendous antiHYTHE CHURCH-BONES OF DANES. quity. Bertrain de Ebbwnham vas

“ THE parish church of Hythe is . heriff of the counties of Suflex, Surry, feated high above the town, on the and Kent, and constable of Dover rifing grounds : it is a large and vene cafile in the reign of Harold; and gave rable pile, dedicated to St. Leonard; great lufire to the pedigree, by having once conventual, and belonging «fum- his head and thote of his two fons, 'tyme to a fayr abbay,' says Leland; ftruck off by the Conqueror, for the which is all we know of it: at present brave defence he made of that key to it is only a chapel to Saltwood. There the kingelom. We fon after pared is much fingularity in and about the Standard-hill

, and the village of Nenchurch, such as pássages cut through field with its fpire steeple. A few the five great buttresses, a strange gro- miles further we decended Wartling. tesque face over one of the doors, and hill, into an extensive woodless tract, a door with a neat moulded arch on the the marsh called Pevenscy I evel. We south fide, now almost buried in the left to the right the site of the most earth, possibly a way to the crypt or magnificent pile of ancient hrick-work sub-chapel, by which, Leland tells us, of any of the world, Hurítmonccaux the religious people came in at mid- caftle, or more properly house, the night. Within is a vast fight of steps princely habitation of the Fynetes, from the nave to the chancel, and a buiit by Sir Roger de Fynes, treafures Deat gallery round the ades, with Go. of the household in the reig: of



Henry VI. The family became soon a general introductory View. Se. after barons of the realm, under the condly, a more derailed Account title of Lords Dacre. Thomas Lord

of each County; its Extent, geneDacre, a hopeful young nobleman, was in poffeffion of this princely place in

ral Appearance, Mountains, Caves, the reign of Henry VIII. By a frolic,

Rivers, Lakes, Canals, Soils, Roads, common enough in those days, he

Minerals, Buildings, Market-towns, made free with the deer in the park of

Commerce, Manufactures, Agrihis neighbour, Sir Nicholas Pelham, in culture, Antiquities, and the Dancompany with some other young gene ners and Customs of its lobabila tlemen; a fray ensued between fome ants. Thirdly, a Tour through of the party and the keepers, by which the most interesting Parts of the one of the latter was killed by an acci District; describing, in a concise dental blow. Notwithstanding he was not at that time prefent, he was tried,

and perfpicuons Manner, fuch convicted, and executed at Tyburn,

Objects as are best worth the Atin 1541. The inexorable Henry being

tention of the curious Traveller and determined on his death, as is fup

Tourist. Illustrated with various pored, inftigated by his courtiers, who Maps, Plans, Views, and other hoped to profit by his forfeiture; but

ufelul Appendages.

By JOHN the ftrength of the entail fruftrated HOUSMAN. 8vo. 10s. 6d. Fine their defign. On the death of his two Paper 12s. Printed by Jollie, Carfons, his daughter Margaret fucceeded

line; Law, Ave Maria Lane, to the honours and estates, and by her

Clarke, New Bond Street, London. marriage with Sampson Lennard of Knol and Clavering in Kent, conveyed them into that family in the reign of

LIST OF PLATES, Queen Elizabeth ; their elder son fuc Engraved by Scott and Lowes. ceeded to the title of Dacre, on the death of his mother in 161r. Thomas MAP, of the Soils

. Lord Dacre, one of his direct descend

Plan of Kendal. ants, was created, in 1674, Earl of

View of Uli/water. Sussex, who died in 1913': he had Map of Lakes in Cumberland, wafted his fortune fo greatly as to be View of Eagle Crag. obliged to alienate this princely place,

Waftale. which he did to G. Naylor, Esq. who

Derivent Water. left one daughter, married to Hare

Bajfenthwaite. Bishop of Chichester. On her death, Map of Likes in Weitmoreland. it paffed to Francis Hare, eldest son to View of Furness story. the bishop, and remains still in that Plan of Lancaster, family, but is dismantled in a moft lavage manner. This noble feat, the

Liverpool. residence of unbounded hospitality, is

Manchester. deferted, for a large house at the park gate, of late years modernized.

CONTENTS. “Mr. Grose has given us four plates INTRODUCTION-Topogra. of this venerable pile; one of the cutfide, and three others of the once hola phical Account and Natural History pitable hall and other interior parts.

of Cumberland--Manufactures and Sir William Burrell has numbers of Commerce:--Agriculture--Manners fine drawings of every part, fufficient and Cultonisa-Ditto ditto of Weft. to draw tears from every man of taste, moreland-Ditto dicto of Lancashire on reflecting on the fad change in this --Ditto ditto of York (hir-Navis boasted pile.” Vol. ii. p. 44. gable Rivers and Canals. -- Defcriptive (To be conclnded in our next.) Tour through the Northern Counties

Sheffield - Barnsler---Wakefield XXV. A Topographical Description of Huddersfield--Leeds--Bradford

Cumberland, Weftmoreland, Lanca- Halifax-Gibbet Law--- Bingley-faire, and Part of the Wejt Riding Keighley--Skipton--Coniston--of Yorkshire; conprehending, firit, Malham - Geriale Scar-m Seule-a VOL. V-Ne. XLV.



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Ingleton-Giggleswick Well- Yor- readily decide. The route we took,
das Cave---Ingleborough--Oiher which we shall now point out, is mok
Caves in the Neighbourhood--Kirby commonly adopted.

“ Leaving Ingleton on the north, wei! Lowther--Penrith---Ulliwater --

cross, the bridge, and, if on horseback, Saddleback-Keswick - Derwentwa- turn over a file to the right, and pro

go about by Thornton; but, if on foot, ter-Batlenthwaite Lake--Buttermere ceed along a footpath near the brook ---Loweswater---Ennerdale Water-- called Doe Beck. We presently come Leathes Water-Aniblelide-Win upon Thornton Scar, a tremendous dermere Ehwaite Water--Coni- cliff, partly clothed with wood, and fton Lake-Ulverston-Furness Ab. partly exhibiting the bare rock. This bey-Holker Hall-Lancaster Sands scar is about one hundred yards high, - Lancaster--Brough- Appleby- and runs up a considerable way, varying Temple Sowerby-Nine Churches

its elevation, into the mountains, along

with one not quite lo perpendicular on Druidical Monument --Aldston-

the other side. These unite so closely -Lead Mines--Corby Castle-Gar- at the bottom, that the frightful chafm deus and Scenery-Brampton scarcely leaves room for the hurrying Longtown--Netlierby-- Carlisle

brook to escape by a precipitate flight Wigion --Brayton Hall-Allonby- over a succession of fmall cascades. Maryport -- Workington---Cocker. Here is a ftratum of that species of mouth---Harrington-Whitehaven rock of which the blue sate is formed, --Coal-works---Ey gremout--Calder

and from which great quantities are Abbey--Ravengiass-Bootle--Lane got. Following the course of this ro

mantic dell a little way, along a dim catter----Ga:fting- Preston-Ormi.

path, on the borders of the green hills, kirk-Clitheroe -- Blackburu-Har.

we gain the view of Thornton Force, lingdon--Burnley---Colue-Chorley a citrious fall of water, which appears -- Wigan--Prescot-Knowley --- more grand on a nearer approach. Liverpool--Warriogton--Bolton-- This line cascade is formed by the Rochdale---Anton under Lyne--- Doe, which illues out of Kingsdale; it Sinckport-Mancheiter-Manu. paitly'ruthes from an aperture of the Etures.

rock, having entered it fifty or fixty yards above, and falls at one leap acar

thirty yards; and partly from the top EXTRACTS.

of a rocky ledge thirty yards high, over

half of which it falls in one unbroken YORDAS CAVE, IN YORKSHIRE.

Theet of four yards wide, and then “ HAVING procured a proper tumbies over a bulging rock into a guide, we now make an excurfion to deep black pool below. A spray, like the caves, &c. in this neighbourhood. a inift, rises from this cataract, which On our last visit to this place, we continually sprinkles the ground for found an excellent guide in William several yards around. The tops and itilton, of Ingleton, an old foldier, fides of the rocks are beautifully fringid who is furnished with the neceflary ap. with ivy and other shrubs. They are Daratus of a lantern, long candleftick, a few yards higher than the cascade &c. for the purpose; and who, with- and the whole, viewed from the bafin cut any knowledge of botany, but below, forms a fine picture, leaving inerely from hrving attended botanists, little for the imagination of the artil can point out tome rare and curious to supply. Here our guide, with a plants. This veteran joins an ealy fa. degree of vanity, obierved that he cnc miliarity in relating the history of each had the honour of walking arm in arr place we visit, with due respect and with a lady on the rocks immediatel at ntion toward those he conducts. · above the cascade, while a gentleman An account of his own adventures fills her husband, sat by the pool belos up the vacant intervals of time.

drawing a view of the waterfall, an * Much will deperd on the weather included them in the picture. Th and time of the day in determining gentleman, however, infifted that b which place ought to be first visited: Thould wear his usual accoutrement an intelligent guide will, however, viz. a lantern Nung over his shoulde

a lon

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i long stick in his hand, and a short day. We warily and slowlypursued our
tobacco-pipe in his mouth, with its' directed route, while our guide went
head inverted. This rock is limestone acrossthe vale to Breadagarth to procure
upon a layer of blue Nate.-Pursuing a light, and his large candlestick, which
the course of the brook for about two he always leaves there to be in readi.
hundred yards further, we reach Ra- ness. The road before us, though
ven-ree, a rocky promontory forty little frequented, is the only one in or
yards high, and spotted with ivy, yew, near this valley: it crosses the hills, on
and other evergreen shrubs.--Ascend- the north fide of Whernside, into the
ing the mountains a little further, we pleasant vale of Dentdale.
foon enter Kingsdale, which is a re “ Having travelled about four miles
markably level, and, considering its from Ingleton, we find ourselves at
high elevation, a fertile valley, about Yordas Cave, one of the principal ob.'
a mile in length, and three hundred jects of this excurlion. It is situated ,
yards broad; with the mountain Greg near the east end of the vale, under
roof on the north ; Whernside, one of the mountain Greg-roof, and to which
the highest mountains in England, on we turn a little out of the road, on the
the south-east; and a high ridge ex- left, over a carpet of bent grafs inter-
tending from thence on the south, spertid with fragments of gray rock.-
Towards the head of this secluded vale, The cave does not appear till we get
under the northern Skirts of a moun through some ibeepfolds, and are
tain, stands a solitary farm-house, called within a few yards of its entrance,
Breadagarth, surrounded with a few which is rather alarming; for we no
meagre-looking fields, while all the fooner defcend gently through a rude
surrounding country has the appear- arched opening, four yards by leven,
ance of a wild unfrequented defert; like the gateway of fome ancient castle,
with here and there two or three theep than we fee stones of enormous weight
peeping from among the rocks. The pendent from the roof, apparently
limestone here assumes the most fan- loose, and ready to fall down upon our
tastic appearance, particularly on Greg- heads. From there surprising objects
roof, where the mountain seems, at our attention is directed to the folemn
fome time, to have undergone a fort and gloomy mansions which me now
of anatomical operation; when the enter, when the noise of a waterfall is
coating of earth or muscular parts heard at a distance. The roof rises to a
have been taken away, and the rocky height concealed in darkness, and large
bones of this huge monster left to the drops, distilling therefrom, fall among
inspection of the naturalist and philofo- the stones at the bottom with a folemn
pher. Seven tiers of perpendicular found: this, added to the flowing of
naked rocks, with hoping intervals an invisible fream, heard just before
(exhibiting scanty portions of earth) us, and the flipperiness of the loose
one above another, like the ribs of á ftones under our feet, roures cur ap-
skeleton, run along the sides of this prehenfions for personal safety, and
mountain ; but, contrary to the direc we stop thort.- Our guide now places
lion of ribs in animal nature, they run himtelt upon the fragment of a rock,
parallel to the spine.-We pursue our and frikes up his lights, consisting of
journey along the north side of the fix or eight candles, put into as many
vale, with the winding brook on the holes of a stick, with which, by the
right, till the path leads us clofe by help of a long pole fixed therein, he
Keldhead, where the rivulet emerges can illuminate a confiderable space.
from a subterraneous paffage, which His tobacco-pipe, being prepared and
it enters at Yordas Cave. This second lighted, is held in his mouth : with his
fource of the brook is a deep circular Aambeau in one hand, and a sta# in
balin, which, our guide informed us, the other, the cock of his hat being
lately proved fatal to an unfortunate placed before, he gives us the lignal
tailor, who, having been working at of a march by, . Now come along.'-
Breadagarth, and returning home in Though under the conduct of fuch an
the night, had stepped half a yard out experienced leader, and affured that
of the road, as he pafled Keldhead, and the danger js merely imaginary, we ,
tumbled upwards of fifteen yards down journey on with cautious Neps. The
a floping height into the pool below, cave opens into an apartment fo fpa-
where he was found drowned the next cious and extensive, that, with all the


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blaze of our elevated candles, we could and falls about four or five yards into a scarcely see either its roof or its walls. circular apartment, roofed with a fine On turning to the right, we imme- dome. This apartment fome visitants diately lose light of day; the noise of have named the Chapter-house. The the cataract increases, and we loon broad sheet of water, the spray arising find ourselves on the brink of a subter- from the fall, and the beautiful petri. raneous rivulet.-No cave in romance, factions, all illuminated with the light no den of lions, giants, or serpents, of the candles, produce effects in this nor any haunts of ghosts or fairies, natural edifice which the puny efforts were ever described more frightfully of art may attempt to imitate, but in gloomy and dismal than this now be- vain. Near the Chapter-house, there fore us. After passing the brook, and is an opening, through which a perfon cautiously proceeding thirty or forty may creep, and arrive at other large yards further, we are under the necei- apartments; but we did not attempt sity of climbing over a rugged heap of the experiment. The colonnade afhuge rocks, which had some time or fords a number of curious receffes : other fallea from the roof or sides of its pillars are broad, extremely thin, the cave ; but now are incrụfted over rudely indented, and perforated in se. with a smooth calcareous substance. veral places. On our return, we could Being at length more habituated to discern the nature and dimensions of darkness, our lights had a better effect; this spacious cavern more distinctly, the high sinooth roof and walls were Its walls are a sort of black marble, the feen diilin&tiy, as well as the curious roof pretty smooth, and beautifully petrifactions hanging therefrom. On veined with red and white; the floor the right, we observed, among several is strewed with stones and pieces of other curiously incrusled figures, a rock. The whole length of this,finguprojecting one, which our guide called lar cavern is between fifty and fixty the Bishop's Throne, froin its great yards ; its breadth thirteen yards ; and resemblance to that appendage of a height forty-leven feet. On entering cathedral; on the other fide, a seem- this cave its area enlarges every way, ingly emblematical monument springs and we reach the opposite wall, after from the wall, about three yards above walking about twenty-three yards: the the fioor, with various uncouth repre- principal part, just described, lies to the fentations, of which that of a lion's right; but it extends also on the other head is the most conspicuous. Another hand, and unfolds fome wonderful confused maso of incrufed matter bears clofets, called Yordas Bedchamber, Some resemblance to a large organ. Yordas Oven, &c. Here also the brook We now enter a narrow país of five or buries itself ftill deeper, and proceeds fix yards, where the roof is supported under ground to Keidhead, before menby leven pillars: there is only room tioned. This brook rises in the mounfor one person in brcadth ; but the tains above Yordas, and falls in among height is very considerable. The the rocks just before it reaches that internal brook pushes along this crerice, which rendars it the moft difficult “ We leave the dark excavations part of our fubterraneous excursion, with redoubled sentiments of gratitude and which, after great rains, effectual- towards the Almighty, for the blellings ly excludes a paisage. The slipperineis he affords us in the light of the suii, of the stones had nearly occafioned an which, after being buried for fome unpleasant crent during cur vilt to tipic in these murky regions, we now this cave; our guide, with his collec- enjoy with ftill greater pleasure. ton cf luminaries, tumbled into the “Our guide feriously remarked to brook, and had nearly left us in dark us, that this place had 'formerly been neis; but when he fell, we were more the rctidence of a giant called Yordas ; particularly afraid left he mould drop from which circuntiance he accounts into fome deep chaim of the rock, for its name. The history of this cave which might have proved fatal. Howo records t'ivo reinarkable facts. About ever, he arose without receiving much half a century ago, a lunatic escaped injury; and, retuming our journey, from his friends at or near Ingleton, we foon reached the calcade which we and lived here upwards of a week in had heard for some time at a distance : the winter season, having previously it issues froin an opening in the rocks provided himlelf with cheese and other



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