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“ Several military officers of the “ Though the feafaring people are Company arrived here ; they were very` always going and coming, they have, respectable persons, and some of them nevertheless, a considerable influence diftinguished for their birth. They on the manners of the colony. Their could not imagine that an officer would policy is to complain alike of the debase himself so far as to receive places which they left, and of those orders from a man who had formerly at which they arrive: they have always been a clerk in an accompting-house, bought too dear and fold too cheap, though he might condescend to receive and think they are ruined if they do their pay. Nor did they like the failors, not gain an hundred and fifty per who are rather too peremptory in their cent. manners. On becoming inhabitants, “ An hogshead of claret costs five they retained their original disposition, hundred livres, and every thing else in and consequently did not advance their proportion. It is scarce credible, that fortunes.

the merchandise of Europe is dearer “ Some of the king's regiments put here than in India ; and that Indian in here and made fome itay; while commodities fetch a higher price here several of the officers, allured by the than in Europe. The maritime peobeauty of the climate and the love of ple are so necessary to the inhabitants, repose, were induced to establish them that they are held in great considerfelves in the island: but every thing ation. was at the disposition, and submitted The greater part of the married to the power of the Company. people live on their plantations; and

“ The inhabitants were also increased the women seldom visit the town but by the arrival of some missionaries of when they are tempted by a ball, cr the order of St. Lazarus.

are called to perform fome effential “ To complete the settlement of duties of their religion. They are pas. this isand, some merchants with small fionately fond of dancing; and no capitals arrived, and found it without sooner is a ball announced, than they commerce. These people augmented come in their palanquins from every the abuses of money-jobbing, which quarter, as the roads will not admit of they found already established, and wheel carriages. employed themselves in forming petty « The women

ve but little comonopolies: they soon became ob- lour, but they are well made, and, in noxious, and acquired the name of general, handsome. Nature has given Banians, or Jesus. On the other hand, them a considerable portion of wit and they affected to defpife any particular vivacity; and if their education were distinctions of the inhabitants, and were inct neglected, their society would be fond of propagating the opinion, that, very agreeable: they are very fond after having palled the line, a general mothers; and if they ever fail in fideequality prevailed.

lity to the marriage vow, it is too often « Such was the situation of this co- owing to the indifference of their hur. lony when it was ceded to the king in bands, or to the Parisian manners the year 1765.

which have been introduced among “'One part of the inhabitants, who them. Their ordinary dress is fine were attached to the Company from mulin, lined with rose-coloured' taf. gratitude, beheld, with pain, å royal fetas. adminiftration; while the other part, “ They poffefs, in a great degree, who had so long looked for favour. the more estimable domestic qualities; from a new government, seeing it prin- they fuldcm or never drink any thing cipally occupied in plans of economy, but water, and their cleanliness is exwere proportionably chagrined and dif- treme. Their children are never conappointed.

fined in swaddling-clothes, but run * The soldiers furnith a considerable about almost as soon as they are born; number of workmen, as the moderate they are often bathed, and allowed to beat pcrmits the white people to work eat fruit at their own discretion. As in the open air ; though they have not they are left entirely to themfelves, been rendered to beneficial to the co and are uncontrolled by the superin. lony as they might have been, in a tendence of education, they soon be, more enlarged dilpofition of their ca come strong and robust, and their tem: pacities.

perament advances in proportion. Ths


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females are sometimes married at eleven respectfully of his family; they are far years of age.

less fenfible to personal injuries. In « There are about 'four hundred their own country they work up vaplanters in this island, and about an rious articles, with equal ingenuity hundred women of superior rank, not and industry. Their zagay, or halfmore than ten of whom live in the pike, is very well forged, though town. On firing the evening gun at a couple of stones form their hammer cight o'clock, every one retires to his and their anvil. The linens which own habitation.” P. 72.

their women weave are very fine and well dyed; these they cast around

them in a graceful-form, and the manACCOUNT OF THE BLACKS.

ner in which they arrange their hair " OF the population of this ifand, produces a pleafing head-dress; it conwe must consider the Indians and Ne- lifts of curls and trelles very tastefully goes as forming a confiderable pro- blended with each other, and is the portion.

work of the women. They are paf“ The first are from the coast of fionately fond of dancing and mulic; Malabar, and are a very mild and gen- their inftrument is the tantam, which tle people: they come from Pondi- is a bow fixed to a gourd, from whence cherry, and let themfelves out for a they draw a soft harmonious found, certain number of years. They are with which they accompany the airs almost all of them workmen, and oc that they compose. Love is the general cupy a suburb which is called the Black subject of them, and the girls dance to Camp; they are of a deeper colour the songs of their lovers: the spectae than the islanders of Madagascar, who tors beat time and applaud. are real Negroes, have the features of " They are very hospitable. A black Europeans, and their hair is not woolly: who is on a journey, enters without they are sober and economical. Their previous ceremony, or being known head is dressed with a turban, and to the owner, into any hut which suits they wear long dresses of muslin, with his convenience; and those whom he large gold ear-rings, and silver brace- finds in it most willingly share their lets at the wrists. There are some who meal with him. Nor is it their custom enter into the service of the rich and to ask from whence he comes, or whi. titled inhabitants, as pions ; a kind of ther he is going. domeftic, which answers to the cha “ Such are the qualifications and racter of an European running foot manners with which they arrive at the man: his peculiar distinction is a cane IDe of France. They are all disemin his hand, and a dagger at his girdle. barked with no clothing of any kind, It were to be wished that there were a but a strip of linen round their loins. greater number of the inhabitants of The men are placed on one side of the Malabar establifhed in this isand, par- beach, and the women with their chilticularly of the cast of husbandmen. dren on the other. The planters then .“ At prefent, Madagascar furnishes examine them, and make their purthe Negroes which are destined to cul- chases accordingly. Brothers, fifters, tivate the land in the lile of Bourbon. friends, and lovers, are now separated, The common price of one of them is and are led away to the respective a barrel of gunpowder, a few mufkets, plantations to which they are destined. some pieces of cloth, and, above all, Sometimes, in the paroxyfins of their a certain proportion of piastres. The despair, they imagine that the white deareft of them cofts about fifty crowns people are preparing to eat them, that of France (in 1768).

they make red wine of their blood, “ These people have neither fo flat and gunpowder of their bones. a nofe, or fo dark a complexion, as

« Their manner of life is as fol. those of Guinea ; some of them are lows: at daybreak, the fracking of a only brown; while others, as the Ba- whip is the fignal that calls them to lambous, have long hair: nay, others their work: and they then proceed to of them have fair, and even red hair. the plantation, where they labour in a They are desterous, intelligent, and state of almost entire nakedness, and have a sense of honour and gratitude. in the heat of the sun. Their nourith, The greatest insult which can be offered inent is ground maize boiled in water, to one of these people, is to speak dir- of lowes of the manioc; and a small


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piece of cloth is their only covering. very able writers have differed, and For the least act of negligence, they with which volumes have been filled, are tied hand and foot to a ladder, That discipline, and sometimes a severe when the overfeer gives them a certain one, may be necessary in the manage number of ftrokes on their back, with ment of plantations, cannot be denied a long whip; and with a three-pointed and that the owners fometimes exercise collar clasped round their necks, they their power with unnecessary rigour are brought back to their work. Įt is must also be acknowledged at the not necellary to describe the severity fame time it would be ridiculous to with which these punishments are affert that, because a white man is the sometimes inflicted. On their return master of a plantation, he muft be to their habitations in the evening, cruel, and because a black man is they are compelled to pray to God for have, he muft be wretched." P. 94. the prosperity of their masters.

« There is a substing law in favour of Naves, called the Code Noir; which

A PRINCESS OF ordains that they shall receive no more RUSSIA, AT MAURITIUS, &c. than thirty strokes at each chaftise " THE Baron Grant, in his Let ment; that they shall not work on ters X. and XI. written in the years Sundays; that meat Mall be given 1750 and 1751, describes, in a very them every week, and shirts every interesting manner, the scenes of do year: but this law is not cbserved. mestic life in that country; bpt we

" The Negroes are naturally of a shall content ourselves with extracting lively dispofition, but their state of one of the principal facts mentioned in Navery soon renders them melancholy. the firft of these two letters, and in the Love alone seems to allay their pain: secret memoirs of Mr. Duclos, con they exert themselves to the utmost in cerning the curious history of the Prin order to obtain a wife; and, if they cels Wolfenbuttel, who pasied some can choose for themselves, they always years at the Illes of France and Bourprefer those who are adyanced into a bon, during the residence of Baron state of womanhood, who, they say, Grant there, make the best soup. They immedi “ • Charlotte Christina Sophia de ately give them all they possess; and Wolfenbuttel, wife of Czarovitz if their wives live in angther planta. • Alexis, son of Peter I. Czar of Muf tion, they will undertake the most dif- ! copy, and sister of the empresa ficult and dangerous journies to see • Charles VI. was born the 25th of them. On such occasions they fear • August 1694. This princess, though neither fatigue nor punishment. Parties polessed of beauty, grace, and vir of them fometiines meet in the middle tue, in a very high degree, became of the night, when they dance beneath an object of ayerfion to her husband, the shelter of a rock, to the mournful a man of a moft ferocious and savage sound of a gourd filled with peas, character. He had several time:

“ The discontented Negroes gene- attempted to poison her, when the rally fly for refuge into the woods, was faved by counteracting medi: where they are pursued by detach.

« cines. ments of soldiers : when they are taken « • At length, he one day gave ihey are punished with great feverity; "such a violent kick on her belly and the third offence of this kind is when she was eight months

adyanced followed by death.

in her pregnancy, that she fell fense “ Religion is, indeed, sometimes less on the floor, which was soon en: employed to alleviate the evils of their crimfoned with her blood. Peter! situation. Some of them are occasion was then

engaged in one of his jour ally baptized : they are then told that "nies. His fon, having every reason to they are become the brethren of the believe that his unfortunate princesa white people, and that they will go . would not recover, fet off immedi into paradise; but it is not an easy fåtely for his country-house. matter to persuade them, that the Eu The Countess of Konismarcky ropeans will ever prove their guides to mother of Marthal de Saxe, attended heaven.

on the princess when she was brought “ It is not for us to discuss, in this : to bed of a dead child, and nursed place, the subject of flavery, on which her with upceafing care. Being sen

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Able, however, if the princess reco. conduct himself towards her as he

vered, that she would peşith sooner had hitherto done. For later from the brutal nature of the “He made the moft solemn decla. Czarovitz, the formed a plan to gain ration that he would obey her comover the women belonging to the prin: "mands; and it became his intered to cess, to declare that the and the infant ! be faithful. The beauty, understande were both dead. Thę Czarovitz, ac, "ing, and virtues of the princess had cordingly ordered her to be interred ! made a very deep impression on him, without delay and without ceremony, 6 and habitual intercourse had served to Couriers were dispatched to the Czar Atrengthen it. He was amiable and I to inform him of the event, and all young, and she was hot insensible to the courts of Europe put on mourn his attentions. They continued, how. ting for the bundle of sticks which was 'ever, to live in their usual way, but interred.

became every day dearer to each “ ' In the mean time the princess, Sother, who had been removed to a retired “ • The old domestic, who passed ! {pot, recovered her health and for the father of the princess, at strength; when, polleffed of some length died; and the could no longer,

jewels, with a sum of money which according to the rules of decorum, I the Countess of Konismarck had proc live with D’Auband as she had hither

cured for her, and clothed in the ! to done, under the apparent authoI dress of common life, the set off for Ority and protection of a parent. In Paris, accompanied by an old Ger- this delicate situation, D’Auband un man domestic, who pafled for her "folded to her the dispositions and ! father. She made but a short stay ! sentiments of his heart; and pro

there, and having hired a female fer posed to add a new veil to her real vant, proceeded to a sea-port, and condition, by becoming her husband. ! embarked for Louisiana.

• She consented to his propofition; and "Her figure attracted the notice this princess, who had been destined of the inhabitants ; and an officer of ! to wear the crown of Russia, and the colony, named D’Auband, who whose fifter actually wore that of the I had been in Russia, recollected her. • German empire, became the wife of

“It was however with some diffi. a lieutenant of infantry. In the firft culty that he could persuade himself year of her marriage the had a daugh

of the reality of what he saw. In- ter, whom the nursed and educated deed it was scarce possible to believe herself, and instructed in the French I that a woman in such a fituation and German languages. I could be the daughter-in-law of the “ « They bad lived ten years in this ! Czar Peter. However, to ascertain "happy state of mediocrity, when the truth, he offered his services to D'Auband was attacked by the fifthe pretended father, and at length tula; and his wife, alarmed at the formed an intimate friendlhip with • danger which generally accompanies I him; fo that they agreed to furnish the operation necessary for the cure

an house, and live together at their of that disorder, infifted that it should ! common expenfe.

be performed at Paris. Some time afterwards, the ga. " They accordingly fold their ha. zettes which arrived in the colony "bitation, and embarked on the first ! announced the death of the Czaro- • vessel that failed for France. On vitz. D’Auband then declared to the their arrival at Paris, D'Auband was prineefs his knowledge of her, and e attended by the most skilful furgeons; offered to abandon every thing in sand till his cure was completed, his I order to conduher to Ruffia. wife never quitted him for a moment,

« " But fhe, finding herself infinitely nor fuffered any other person to per more happy than when she was with form the tender offices which were in the verge of royalty, refufed to é neceffary in his fitration : the waited | facrifice the tranquillity of her obfcure upon him throughout bis illness with ? fituation, for all that ambition could the mok watchful and patient affec

offer her. She only exacted a pro- tion. On his recovery, D’Auband, ! mise from D’Auband to maintain the "in order to secure to her the little poft inviolable fecrecy, as well as fortune which he poteffed, folicited


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* from the East India Company an em of marine, M. de Machault, and, • ployment in the Isle of Bourbon, • without assigning any reason, ordered • where he was appointed major. • him to write to the governor of the .'" • While he was engaged in foliçit- 'INes of Mauritius and Bourbon, to «ing this business, his wife fometimes treat M. D'Auband with every por. • went to take the air with her daugh. "sible mark of distinction; which order éter, in the gardens of the Thuilleries. was punctually executed, according • One day as the was sitting upon a • to the report of Baron Grant, who * bench, and talking with her daughter "had been a long time in her society i . in German, that she might not be • and remarks, as an extraordinary cir. runderstood by those who were near cumstance, that he had seen that * her, Marshal de Saxe passed by, and princess pregnant when she was uphearing two ladies speak his own • wards of fifty, about the year 1745, • tongue, stopped to look at them. • The king also wrote to the Queen of • The mother lifting up her eyes and • Hungary, with whom he was then at • recollecting the marshal, instantly war, to inform her of the fortune

threw them to the ground; when he, “and situation of her aunt. The queen . ftill more attracted by her embarrafl accompanied her letter of thanks to

ment, suddenly exclaimed, “ Is it the king with one to the princess, in • possible, Madam!”

She did not, ( which the invited her to come and • however, permit him to finish the reside with her; but on condition • fentence, but rising from the seat, that she would quit her husband and • begged him to accompany her to a daughter, for whom the king engaged

more retired part of the garden, where to make a suitable provision. The • the acknowledged herfelf, and, after 'princess did not hesitate a moment to • having requested his entire fecrecy, refuse these conditions, and remained «invited him to see her at her own « with her husband till the year 17477 • habitation, when she would inform when he died. • him of every thing which concerned “Being a widow, and without « her.

* children, the returned to Paris, and “ i On the following day Marshal took up her abode at the Hotel de • de Saxe paid her a visit, and heard • Peru. Her design was to retire to a • the recital of her adventures, as well convent; but the Queen of Hungary • as the share which the Countess of offered to fix her at Brussels, with a • Konismarck, his mother, had in them, pension of twenty thousand florins; * She conjured him, at the same time, but (adds M. Duclos) I am alto• not to reveal any thing respecting her "gether ignorant whether she went to • to the king, till a negotiation which reside there: but this I know, that Cher husband was agitating was con within these fix years she was at • cluded, and which would be com • Vitry, where she lived in a very re. pleted in three months. The marshal • cluse manner, with no more than • solemnly promised to comply with three servants, one of whom was a • her requeit, and paid his visits to her • Negro. She was then called Madame and her husband in the most secret de Moldack; but I know not who manner.

M. de Moldack was, and when the « « The three months being almost married him. She is now a widow: expired, ihe marihal, on calling to • I faw her as she was taking a walk, « lee her, was informed, that she and s in the year 1768'*.” P, 305, • her husband had quitted Paris two days before, and that M. D'Auband

had been named to a majority in the XXVIII. The History of the Angla• INe of Bourbon.

Saxons, from the Death of Alfred « « On this information, the marshal

the Great, to the Norman Con. . wert immediately to Versailles, to • give an account to the king of every

quest. By Sh. TURNER, F. A.S, • thing that related to the princess'; Svo. Vols. Il. and IN t. pp. for, 6 when his Majesty sent for the minister

16s.' Cadell and Davies.
* “ This last account was written in 1771."
† See an account of vol. i. in M. Epitome, vol. ii. p. 423.


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