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is too little; but if they be in jest, Elizabeth, and of their knowledge who believe me, 't is too much!'. A mef- occupied the station. fenger arriving to tell how Henry II. “ All changed apace; Hake wrote a of France had received his death's book on the impiety of dancing, but wound in a similar contest ten days girls did not leave that off as willingly before; the entertainment was broken as grammar. The art, however, unup, and tournaments put to a final derwent many alterations: a dance and fatal end, both in our own coun
called Pavan, from Pavo the peacock, try and our neighbour's. These ro- because they performed it in long robes Jiantic and dangerous amusements puffing and trailing after them, was bad their exit haitened still more, by difiniffed, and the fame figure to quick the tafte people took up in translating time came in with Scots
' reels, &c. the old Greek tragedies, and correct- We call it a truffed peacock * ftill
, in ing our stage by model of the old the north, because the train is tucked Greek drama. In this again our sove- up, as in a jig. The galliard which set reign bore tier part, and rendered the Sir Christopher Hatton high in his foHercules Etxus into English. I sup- vereign's favour, till step by fiep he bepofe Shakespear was a better courtier came lord keeper; ftill held its place at than to ridicule what had attracted her Paris, where Furetiere tells us, that in immediate notice, else thould I be 1558, a book of Orchefography was tempted strongly to believe, that the published, denoting the names of vanonsense he puts into Bottom the wea. rious motions in a dance, fiefon relevée, ver's mouth about Ercles' vein, a ty- brisée marche and close: words now rant's vein, and a part to tear a cat in, familiar to us all, but apparently new had reference to Hercules, in the enough to English people in Addison's Queen's favourite play, throwing the time, because the Spectator makes beasts about from the top of Mount much sport out on't. The Moresco, or Eta. Her Majesty was not the only Moorish dance, brought in by Cathewoman employed in Greek literature'; rine of Arragon, is scarcely gone quite and versifications of old poets by femalé out of the inand yet, I believe. Morris hands, were then coming out every dancing (for so by corruption it was day. Puttenham says, ; We would called) lasted till George the Second's not have girls be too precise poets, reign at least, and Morrice pikes for left with such fhrewd wit, as rhyme the purpote were common in Wales
requireth, they become hateful to huf- five years ago. .bands who love not fantastic wives.' “Queen Mary delighted much in Harvey had said in his character of a what reininded her of Spain and Spamaid of honour,
niards; but tumbling and trampoline • Saltet item, pingatque eadem, doc. tricks, at that time a novelty; inchaunt
ed her, as we read, to muche merriment. tumque poema
What wonder then, if James of Scot• Pangat ; nec musas nefciat illa meas.' land, her first coulin once removed, But the fear of dying maids and fingle was ftruck with luch performances ! wymmen, Puttenham threatens, his mind was not empty, though it feems to have taken immediate effect; was flexible, but no endowments give and ladies were so well warned by him, the power to ule them. That quality and by Edward Hake afterwards, in depends on firength of mind, not fulhis Touchstone of Time Present, that in- ness. This prince faw plainly bow the ftead of being such scholars, that Ro- world was going, and he saw plainly ger Ascham reproached the university too, he could not stop or turn it. with the court lafles' superior erudition, He recommended other modes to his they ran into a contrary extreme, and nobility, and told the great lords with by the time the Stuart race was ended, good fenfe enough, that here in town a family receipt book contained all the they could appear only like great thips literature of an English country huswife, upon the ocean, but that in their own however high her rank, while Swift's thires and boroughs, they would thine account of Queen Anne's maids of ho- like great thips at a river's mouth, nour, forms a droll contrast to Harvey esteemed and wondered at, and beneand Aschain's notion of that poft under fiting those around.
* “ From a trufi'd pea comes the word fra:hme, I believe," VOL, V.-No. XLV.
“ The wise maxims of a man whose master's awkward fondness, and de. conduct was repugnant to decorum firous to display his spirit of gallantry however, juft at the moment when de- and variety of accomplishments on a corum began to hold a higher price new and more extenlive theatre, rethan learning; failed of all effect upon solved to obtain consent for accompahis hearers, who saw him every day nying Baby Charles (as his doting paduped by Gondemar, cajoled by Bai- rent called him), who, although convinsompierre, and fooled by Buckingham, ced beyond a doubt of the folly of such almost to fatuity. The trick this last. an exploit-being overawed by a favounamed nobleman played, bringing a rite he now began to fear, and cver-persucking pig wrapt in a mantle for the suaded by a ion who above all things kirg to kiss, making him believe it was he loved, and being ever unable to deny a new-born baby to which his Majesty suits, permitted their abfence on the had promised to stand sponsor, was à filly and dangerous errand, when tears device even below contempt, had it and entreaties failed of power to detain been practised on a child of eleven years them. My countryman, Sir Richard old: yet lerved it as a standing jest at Wynne, was in their train and conficourt, and to that foolery the Duke dence, and has given the best account alludes, when in his letters from France we have of their adventures. Tom and Spain, preserved in our British Hearne published it, but it is little Museum, he begins, Dear dad and read, though very entertaining: his * gosip.' One is not sorry to fee every head, painted by Cornelius Jansen, is one of such epiftles ending however preserved at Wynn tay, and Bartolozzi with, your Highness's humble save and engraved it for Mr. Pennant's book, dog, Stenny. Many strange pallages are but the author's body lies at Wimble recorded of their odd familiarity by don in Surrey, far from his native land. French Memoires. Those of le Mar. He tells how the Infanta was used to quis de Bassompierre, Marefchal de go and gather May dew for her comFrance, compiled whilft Richelieu kept plexion in early morn at a casadi cam. him in the Baftile, whence that great po, or summer-house, on t'other lide mirjster's death releafed him, teem the river, I remember; and how Prince with tales told of our English mo- Charles, taking with him Master Ennarch and his favourite. Among the dymion Porter, went thither likewise, reft he says, how while King James and got surreptitiously into the house, and he were speaking seriously upon and into the garden too; but his fair bufinefs one morning, without any wit. one was in the orchard, between which nesles in the bedchamber, Buckingham and them was a high partition wall
. came tumbling in, in his odd way, and This did not, however, keep out the clapping a hand on each of their active Englishmen: our future love. shoulders, leaped suddenly between his reign, like Romeo, with love-light own legs in the air-Glisant et fautant wings did overleap that wall-but the • (says he) comme un danseur de corde, et old Marquis Olivarez hearing him, • d'une maniere merveilleufi,' put an hobbled to the scene of meeting, and end to the conversation. Grave cha- fell on his knees, conjuring the prince racters always affect levity in their do- to retire, and protesting that his head meftic companions; and I suppose must inevitably anfwer for such a Charles I. whose face was said by phy: breach of custom and ancient usages. fiognomists to be marked strongly with “ Goodness of heart prevailed over melancholy and misforteve, delighted abfurdity for once, and no more private in feats and frolics like his father, conferences were
even fought by otherwise it seems to me foolisher fiill, Charles, who now contented himself that he should for a friend and future with watching her, the Spaniards faid, minister make his deliberate election of as a cat watches a mouse,' and fing. the youth his predecellor had taken up ing feguedillas under her window, merely as a toy. The intimacy be.' among which the following seems best tween them grew up from the young remembered. prince's desire of seeing the Infanta, whom it was thought fit for him to
Carlos Estuardo soy marry, and for whom he fancied him.
Que fiendo amor mi guia ;, self already poffetred with paslion.--
Al ciel d'Espana voy, Villiers, eager to escape from his old
Por ver mi Enrilla Maria.
Aş a proof that our royal adventurer 12. Infide View of the Church of St.
Tower, near the Hanbury Arms friends, their friendship unimpaired,
Ruins near the Bridge- Remains in spite of all his pranks, returned
of the Cafik Worés, near the Usk home through France, where Villiers -South Angle of the Roman Walls felt binicifmore at home than in grave at Caerleon Cuile, the courtiers of whose king re 15. Town and Bridge of Caerleon. collected a thousand insults offered to
16. Front Vie w of St. Julian's—Back then or to their families by a presump Vier St. Julian's. tuous favourite, who, while among
17. Bridge and Czfile of Us. the n, they felt half afraid of.” Vol. ii.
18. Uk Church--Porch of Uk Priory.
19. Razlan Castle.
21. Clytha Gateway.
of the Skyrid.
III. PORTRAITS, &C.
1. Lord Herbert of Cherbury.
3. Henry Somerset, first Marquis of
4. Edvard, second Marquis of Wor
cester and Earl of Glamorgan.
5. Monumental Efigies of Sir Walliam 1. THE Map of Monmouth/hire.
1. Plan of Caerwent, or Venta Silurum.
2. Town and Liberties of Newport, 1. St. Pierre--Vincourt Gateway. 3. Plan of Carlcon, or Ica Silurum. 2. Epifcopal Palace ar Mathein.
4. Plan of Uk. 3. Sudbrook Chapel-Keep of Caldecot š. Plan v Abergavenny.
Cafle. 4. South-enji Vieto of Caldecot Castle.
GROUND PLANS OF ANCIENT
Caerwint--- A Bastion of the South 1. Encampments in the Vicinity of Olit.
castle-Prul y Bala, near Camp-
-Walterjton. On the Summit of .7. Calle of Pencoed.
the Gaer above Trewyn Houle-8. Ruins of Lantair Calle
2. Portfcruit Encampment Ground 9. Ruins of Striguil Cafle.
Plan of Caldecot Castle.
IV. PLANS OF TOWNS.
CASTLES AND ENCAMPMENTS.
III. PLANS OF TOWNS.
4. Ground Plans of Newport Caftle Elevation of the South Side of the
-Langibby Castle Uk Cafile-' Nave.
51. W",tern Entrance of Cheptow 5. Encampment of the Gaer in Tredegar Church,
Park---Craeg y Saeson, and Pen 52. IF et View of Chepstoru Calley Parc Newydd.
Entrance to Cheptor Call 6. Tumulus and Entrenchment of Twyn 53. South Vicnu of Cliepslow Colle.
Barlowm-- Ensampinents of Ping 54. Outhde View of Sir Harry Var.
ten's Tower--Infide l'ietu. 7. Encampments of the Lodge-Penros 53. View of Piercefield House and --Mayndee, and St. Julian's.
Grounds. 8. Encampments of Coed y Bunedd
Camarood, and Craeg y Gaercydd. 9. Ground Plan of Raglan Castle.
9. John of Kent. 10. Monumental Effigies in the Charck
of Welsh Bicknor. 1. VIEWS.
11. Henry Marten. 25. Ruins of Lantkony Abbey. 26. North View of Lanthony Abbey. 27. South View of Lanthony Abbey.
6. Plan of Monmouth. 26. Well View of Lanthony Abbey.
7. Plan of Chepflow. 29. Erst View of Lanthony Abbey. IV. GROUND PLANS OF ANCIENT 30. Oldcaftle-Covered Bridge at CASTLES AND ENCAMPMENTS. Blaenavon.
10. Ground Plans of Lanthony Abbey, 31, Iron Works at Blaenavon.
and Tintern Abbey. 32. View of the Mountains, from Mr.
11. Ground Plans of Scenfreth—,GrosWaddington's Grounds.
mont and White Cofiles. 33. View of Monmouth,
12. Plan of Chepflow Castle. Fig. 1. -34. Remains of the Priory at Monmouth, and 2, No. th and South Wall of and Grotfry of Monmouth's Study.
the Chapel-Fig. 3. Saxon Door35. Church of St. Thomas, and Monnow
13. Encampment in Piercefield Growdi 36. Inside of St. Tkomas's Church.
--Pierce.vood—-Gaer Hill, and 37. View of the Hills in the Environs
15. Encampments of Cwrty Gaer, near Chancel--Infide View of Mon Wolves Newion— Portcalleg, and mouth Castle.
Grer Vatur. 38. View of Monmouth Castle, Church, 16. Encan,ments of Coel y Caeran
&c.--Bridge over the Wy at Krmeys Filly, and Caerlicyn. Monmouth,
Fac Simile of the Infcription in the 39. Trelech Church- Druidical Stories. Church of Uk. 43. View of White Cafile. 41. Bridge and Calle of Scenfreth. 42. Entrance to Grofmont Cafile-Vil
lage and Castle of Scenfreth. 43. Gio/mont Church--Scenfreth Church. PREFACE, --Introduction.44. Grofaront Cafle.
Sect. I. Monmouthshire --Situation 45. Outside View of Tintern Abbey. and Boundaries-Rivers-Hundreds 46. Injite of Tintern Abbey, Weft View. --- Population--Languages.- Situation 47. Inside of Tintern Abbey, Eaft Viciv. in the Roman, British, Saxon, and 48. Bridge and Castle of Chepstow. Norman Periods----Reduced to an 49. Elevation of Chepstow Bridge - Englia County. --SI. Roman Sta. Picr and Platform.
tions and Roads in Monmouthshire 50. Chepstow Church, Outfide View- --Courte of the Julia Strata from
. VOL. I.
Bath to the Confines of Glamorgan- leon--Bridge--Singular Escape of Ahire-III. Ancient Encampments Mrs. Willianis.-XII. St. Julian's -Castles-Churches.
Memoirs of Lord Herbert of Cher. Tour.–Chap. I. Passage of the Se. . bury.--XIII. Lantarnam House-vern-Charston Rock-Black Rock Branch of the Morgan Family-Upand House - St. Pierre Ancient per Road to Ulk--Langibby House Tomb- Pedigree of the Lewis Fami. and Castle-Family of Williams--ly.--II. Mathern-Ancient Refi- Lower Road to UK-Kemeys House dence of the Bishops of Landaff---Inscription in Tredonnoc Church Church–Inscription on King Then. --Lantrisaint--Lanllowel --Vale of dorick–Moinscourt-Runfton. Ulk.-XIV. Town of Ulk-Ancient III. Sudbrook Encampinent-Chapel Burrium-Castle History and Pro--Portscwit-Caldecot Castle.-IV. prietors-. Church-InscriptionCrick-Caerwent-Roman Antiqui- Priory--Encampments of 'Craeg y ties—Present State-Dinham.----V. Gaercyd, Campwood, and Coed y Castles of Peahow, Pencoed, Lanvair, Bunedd. --XV. Raglan Castle and and Striguil-Bertholly House--- History-Proprietors--Anecdotes of Views from the Pencamawr, and William Herbert Earl of Pembroke, Kemeys Folly.-VI. Road to New. of Sir Charles Somerset first Earl, portChristchurch---Excursion to and of Henry first Marquis of WorLanwern and Goldcliff-Remains of cefter---Siege, Surrender, and Dethe Priory-Sea Walls.--VII. New. molition of the Castle--Church port — Bridge-Situation--Popula- Cemetery-Character of Edward Earl tion-Commerce-Canal-Castle of Glamorgan and second Marquis History and Proprietors--Church of of Worcester.-XVI. Lanfanfraed St. Woulos---Anecdote on the Con. House and Church---Pant y Goytre struction of the Tower-Account of -Clytha House and Caftle-Lajjarth St. Woolos-Caerau-Ancient reli- Court_Trostrey Forge----Kemeys gious Efiabliliments. ----VIII. Ex- Commander Trostrey House and cursions from Newport to the South Church-Bettis Newydd.--XVII. western Boundaries of Monmouth. Abergavenny-Circumjacent Mounfire-Upper Road to Caerdiff-En- tains-The Blorenge--Sugar Loaf campment of the Gaer-Bafraleg- Skyrrid-Establishment of the Free. Craeg y Saeson---New Park En- school. --XVIII. Tudor's Gate-campment--Langvihangel Vedw-- Ruins of Abergavenny Castle Hiro Keveomably-St. Melons, Rumney tory and different Proprietors.-XIX. -Lower Road from Caerdiff to New- Ancient Parish Church-Priory-port-Castleton Tredegar-Morgan St. Mary's Church-Herbert Chapel Family--Machen Place and Church-- --Monuments—Sir William ap ThoBedwas.--IX. Level of Wentloog--Sea mas—Sir Richard Herbert of ColdWalls Greenfield Castle---Churches brook--Sir Richard Herbert of Ewias of St. Bride's, Peterston, and Marsh- Other sepulchral Meinorials-Epifield--Excursion to Tywn Barlwm. taph on the Roberts Fainily.--XX. --X. Road from Newport to Caer- Excursions to the Summits of the leon-- Malpas Church-Caerleon- Sugar Loaf and Great Skyrrid. -Etymology-Roman Antiquities.-- XXI. Twy Dee --Werndee--- AnWalls--Circumference-Amphithe. cient Seat of the Herbert Familyatre—Suburbs, or Ultra Pontem --- Landeilo Bertholly---Ancient Grant Castle-Ancient Encampments in the Excursion to the Derry, Rolben, Vicinity.---XI, History of Caerleon and Lanwenarth Hills-View from after the Departure of the Romans- the Summit of the Little, Skyrrid. King Arthur-Knights of the Round Table-Church of St. Cadoc-.An.
VOL. II. cient Abbey-Castle-Modern Hif Chap. XXII. Excursion to Lantory, and the prefeat State of Caer. thony Abbey--Situation and Ruins