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two subsequent centuries, has entirely And close at hand a narrow plot of kipped over them. Part of his plan ground, is, to give every variation of English Gain d from the waste, to raise a sene ! orthography for the whole period

der crop which be profefles to comprise. Those of vegetable food. His near approach who are in the least conversant with The watchful dog perceives, who from por old black-letter books, well know,

the dawn, that the same words are oftenest spelt With eager look and ears erect, has divers ways in the same publication, kept and not unfrequently in the same page. His station near the humble residence. The discontinuance of this loose prác- He soon, with clam'rous joy, commutice advanced very lowly during the

nicates greater part of the seventeenth cen- The glad report, and summons from tury; nor is the defect perfectly cured

their beds eten at the present day, fince we still The slumb’ring inmates. At the wel: flee ebenfe and chufe used indiscriminately

come found in very modern productions of the The careful wife with eager haste prepress. Our general orthography un pares dergoes no small number of changes in the blazing faggot on her rustic almoft every twenty years; and many

hearth. a publisher (merely to render himself His youthful offspring round the thresconspicuous) has invented peculiar

hold crowd, fpellings of his own. How is it pof- Ambitious to secure his first embrace. able to set forth this infinite diversity Health to their cheeks its ruddy glow in a fingle vocabulary? Quo teneam

imparts, vultus mutantem Protea nodo " P. ii. And (though as yet unwash'd and half

attir'd)

Bedecks them with a genuine charm, XXXVII. Ocean: a Poem, in two

unknown Parts . By Mason CHAMBERLIN,

To artful ornament. The wholesome

breeze Author of “ Equanimity, a Poem.” Each countenance with fairer tints fupa Small 8vo. pp. 43. Is. 6d. Clarke,

plies, New Bond Street.

Than painting can describe, while

looks of pure EXTRACTS.

And unaffected love the dress com

plete. TISHERMAN'S RETURN---CONTRAST

At fight of them, their fire with quick.

en’d step

Bounds o'er the finking fands, which RESUMING soon my favourite

long retain employ,

Th'impreffion of his feet, then nimbly Once more I view the never-ceasing

mounts flow

The rugged steps, which to his cottage Of the successive waves, as on they

lead,

And at the fence, which guards his With constant sameness, yet with end

little space

Of cultivated soil, with open arms Then curling break upon the sandy Receives his infant train, whose artless

tongues What time the filherman, who through Repeat in accents blithe his much-lov'd

name; Has toild with perseverance on the Next to the partner of his days im.

*parts Maies for the shore to land his glit- The kind assurance of affection true,

And smiling takes his station at the Beneath the thelter of a rocky height

board, Stands his low dwelling, built of rough. Where stands their humble meal with

joy arrang'd. Its roof of thatch or broken llates com

« Such are the comforts of their pos'd,

summer morn: VOL. V-No. XLVI.

But,

OF A SUMMER MORNING AND WIN-
TER NIGHT.

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roll

leis change,

beach,

the night

deep,

tring pray:

hewn stone,

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But, ah! when wintry storms prevail

DESCRIPTION OF A STORM. around, How chang'd the view, through many “ THE storm approaches. Witha a gloomy night,

terrific roar When Haky Inow or drizzling rain de- Heaves the proud surf along the scends,

grav'lly ftrand. While roaring waves in dreadful con

The nearer peals of thunder echo'd cert join

wide With the rude clamour of the bois. From rock to rock with loud discordant t'rous winds,

found, And in the offing, signals of distress

The mingled cataracts of drenching At intervals are heard on ev'ry side,

rain Height’ning the horrors of the dismal And hail, in pond'rous show'rs des

time, As their weak flash of momentary light With hollow gusts of wind, their rage

scending swift, Pervades the turbid vap’ry atmosphere.

combine; Then too, what devastation oft ap. While from the rifted cloud the startpears,

ling flash As faintly blushing in the loaded sky,

Of vivid lightning sheds an awful glare The morning sheds its long-retarded On many a rugged cliff, whose fracbeam,

tur'd fides And as it gains on the nocturnal Made, Declare the frequent shocks it has sufO'erspreads with crimson die the awful

tain'd scene :

From the rude elements that gather While scatter'd relics mark the tragic

round. · spot

And mark! where tow'ring far above Where some ill-fated crew have met

the rest, their doom,

An ancient barrier to th' adjacent And many a breathless corse is wash'd

lands, on ihore,

Yon promontory frowns, around whose To prove the havoc of the recent

base form.

The murm’ring furges waste their The anxious fitherman ascends the cliff

utmost strength: Which deft, commands the circumja- How vain its boasted viet’ry o'er the cent coält,

waves! And o'er the heaving billows cafts his For now affail'd by the refifless force eyes,

Of an electric stroke, with hideous To seek his fellow-creatures in distress, crash And haply lend a hospitable hand

The lofty summit yields its ancient To save them from the threat'ning rank: danger nigh.

It falls, and leaves a formidable chasm. “ Oli! soft Humanity, how truly The rising waters with triumphant fair,

head In ev'ry ftation, do thy features show! Rush in apace the mighty void to What though his rank be humble and fill; obscure,

While neighb'ring pastures desolated That God, who looks alike on all fink mankind,

Beneath th' incursion of the spreading Without respect to persons, views the fiood. heart

Tremendous wreck of nature, Where genuine benevolence refides,

warning just With an approving eye; nor shall the Of his Almighty pow'r, who rules on with

high, Unheeded pass, t'en fhould its olajcet Whole smiles propitious biefs the subfail.

ject world, And witness ye, who have indeed be. His righteous

vengeance quickly might

deftrov; The honour'd instruments, how great As when of old the fountains of the

deep To march the vidim from a wat’ry By his fupreme command were broken grave." P. 28,

up,

come

the joy

And

line

ille

foes:

il. Is.

VOL. I.

waves:

And one valt ruin overwhelm'd the " And ev'ry danger he has undergone, earth.

Ere in that quiet station he attain'd His voice the stormy seas themselves The hard-earn’d recompense of all his obey;

toils.” P. 38. Nor, when they stretch beyond their

ancient bounds, Can their tumultuous force exceed the XXXVIII. Hiftory of the principal Of his permission. Let us then adore

Events of the Reign of William II. His providential care, who bade our

King of Prussia; and a political

Picture of Europe, from 1786 to On form foundations stand, for ages

1796: containing a Summary of paft

the Revolutions of Brabant, HolThe dread and envy of surrounding land, Poland, and France. By lands:

L. P. SEGUR, the Elder, formerly, He, too, in each succeeding period

Ambasador of Louis XVI. at St. rais'd

Peteriburg, Berlin, and Vienna. A race of beroes, to defend her coasts Againt the threaten’d vengeance of her

Translated from the French. 3 vols.

8vo. With a Portrait. pp. 1201. He rooted firm her ancient woods of

Longman and Rees. oak, And bade her floating fortresses dis

CONTENTS. play Their conq'ring banners on the azure He, from the days of fam’d Eliza's SKETCH of the Life of Frederic reign,

the Great.-Chap. I. Picture of When Spain's • Invincible Armada’ the political Situation of Europe, at fell,

the Epoch in which Frederic WilTo that triumphant and decisive hour, liam II. ascended the Throne of When Egypt's fhores beheld the hap- Prussia, 1986.--II. Character of less fate

Frederic William II.- Portraits of Oi Gallia's boasted squadron *, has his Counsellors and Ministers.-I11. engag'd

Projects of Catharine against Courla her defence, against oppofing hosts

land-Armament of the Turks and Of far fuperior force. To Him alone Ascribe the tribute of unceasing praise ;

Ruflians--Troubles in BrabantAnd let the humble and united voice

Fermentation in Poland.-IV. ReOf fupplication to his throne ascend,

volution in Holland--Memoir by That Peace once more, with influence Citizen Caillard on that Event benign,

Appendix. May crown the nations, and her rule

extend To the remotest quarters of the globe,

Chap. V. Quadruple AllianceSo may the vet'ran brave at ease re War between Sweden and Rufliacline

Troubles in France.--VI. Ancient Beside the margin of the swelling and modern State of France-Views, stream,

Opinions, and Manners, at the Period Where Britain's glory t rears its lofty of the Revolution.-VII. Events of Or stretch'd beneath the high o'er- of the States General to the Accept

the Revolution, from the Affembly arching trees, That spread their leafy honours near

ance of the Constitution by the King,

and the Separation of the Constituent Recount the well-fought battles of his Assembly.–VIII. Death of Jofeph. II. youth,

-Revolution of Brabant---Coufer* “ Victory of Admiral Lord Nelson at Aboukir.” “ Greenwich Hofpital.”

E e 2

VOL. II.

domes,

its walls,

ences

VOL. III.

ences of Pilnitz.-IX. Decrees against guished place in the good opinion of the Priests and Emigrants-Dumou- Catharine II. whole luminous mind rier-Gustavus III. affafiinated-Re. foon discovered his virtues and talents, volution of the oth of Auguft-The and held him in such esteem, that he Republic decreed-Appendix; con. During his stay there he composed fe

generally made one in her parties, taining Letters, Decrees, &c. &c.

veral pieces for the stage, which were performed before the Empress at the

The CHAP. X. Trial aud Death of warmest approbation of the audience,

d'Hermitage, and received the Louis XVI.--Preparations of all and of that princess, who was herself Europe against France.--XI. New a dramatic writer of no inconsiderable Conftitution of 1793–Tyranny of genius and taste. the dictatorial Power-Death of the

“ At the same time, he was so at. Queen and Madanie Elizabeth—Di- tentive to the interests of his court, vision among the coalesced Powers

and so well fulfilled his important misDeath of Robespierre.—XII. Revo- to the cabinet of Versailles intelligence

fion, that he was enabled to transmit lution of Poland-Kosciusko-Sur- of every treaty that was entered into, render of Warsaw-Enslavement of

or was on the tapis, in all the courts of the Poles.-XIII. Conquest of Hol- Europe, during his embassy to Ruffia. land-Abolition of the Stadtholderate Such was his diplomatic skill, that he ---Death of Frederic William II.- effected a treaty of commerce between Events in the last two Years of his the two nations, which the French Reign--Appendix; containing Let- court had long been endeavouring to ters, Treaties, &c.

obtain, and which he had the satisfaction to conclude in 1787.

“ Our author was next appointed EXTRACT FROM THE TRANSLATOR's ambassador at the court of Berlin,

where he arrived immediately after the

death of Frederic the Great, to con“ AT the first glance of the titlepage of The History of the Reign of accession.

gratulate Frederic William II, on his

Here he resided several Frederic William II. King of Prussia, a years, and became completely master reign truly insignificant and almost con

of the intrigues and political transactemptible, when compared with that

tions which were then paffing in Eu. of his predecesor, we had nearly rope. In a word, he dexterously conthrown alide the book, as unworthy trived to obtain a key to all the cabiof attention. We, however, foon per- nets; and their arcana are most ably ceived, that it also embraced the revo: developed in this history.” P. v. lutions of Brabant, Holland, Poland, and France, and contained a sketch of the Life of Frederic the Great ; and

FROM THE AUTHOR'S PREFACE. we saw, with pleasure, that it proceeded " AN author desirous to write the from the claslic pen of the ci-devant life of an individual, would, doubtless, Count de Ségur.

make choice of the most illustrious; The literary talents of this gentle. but should he propose to write a hisman are so univerfally known, as to tory, no æra ought to be neglected. require no eulogy from us; and with regard to his political abilities, we

If energy prepares and directs great

events, weakness gives rise to others deem it neceflary to give anly a general idea of the information that may

equally important, which involve, do

minate, and destroy; and Tacitus, be expected from one who had held when he describes the inftability of the first diplomatic employments, with Claudius, and its consequent troubles, no less advantage to his fovereign and inspires as much interest, as when he country, than fatisfaction to the courts paints the gloomy and profound policy at which he refded.

of Tiberius. I see no difference in He was for leveral years ambaña similar pictures, but that of the names dor at St. Petersburg, where, by the which may be given them: thus, I brilliancy of his wit and the amenity would have written the History of the of his manners, he obtained a distina Reign of Frederic the Great, and I

PREFACE.

will write that of the Reign of Frede- trin, and obliged to be present at the ric William II. The former has, in punishment of his friend Katt, who our own times, left behind him a great had advised him to travel. Frederic Bame, whift the latter has only occu fhed no tears; but the fruit of his mepied a great place. The first has done ditation, during the punishment, was great things, the second has been ac- the determination never to imitate the ceffory to great events. But both must cruelty of which he was the victim; excite our curiofity, fince both have and never did he forget this bloody bad an influence on our destinies: the leffon. He was fond of pleasures beone by his genius, the other by his cause they were forbidden him, and weakness.

because he had no business. His reign " Frederic William, heir of the was expected to be an effeminaté one; - power, but not of the glory, of Fre- but when at the age of twenty-nine he deric the Great, had received from his became king, he forgot his pleasures, uncle all the knowledge requisite for a thought of nothing but glory, and no throne; but he was destitute of talent longer employed himfelf but in attento render it efficient. A soldier, bred tion to his finances, his army, his po. in the greatest military school, but licy, and his laws. His pro inces without genius, he waged war with were scattered, his resources weak, his method, but without success. Sur- power precarious; his army' of seventy rounded by able ministers, poffefling thousand foldiers was more remarkable the plans of his predecessor, he dif- for handsomeness of the men, and the turbed all Europe by his projects, ex- elegance of their appearance, than fur hausted his country by his prepara- their discipline. He augmented it, intions, terrified his' enemies by his structed it, exercised it, and fortune threats, and astonished his friends by began to open the field of glory to hiin his versatility. Incited by vanity, re

at the moment he was fully prepared trained by indolence, ensaved by fu- to enjoy her favours. Charles XII. perstition, enervated by pleasures, he was dead, and his station filled by a fiecuted nothing which he was de- king without authority. Ruflia, deErous of undertaking, finished nothing prived of Peter the Great, who had which he had begun; and after having only rough-hewn her civilization, lanaccelsively deceived and irritated every guished under the feeble government power in Europe, at a time when all of the Empress Anne, and of a cruel te paffions were inflamed to the and ignorant minister. Augustus III. bybet degree, fate, who frequently King of Poland and Elector of Saxony, celights in baffling the most profound a prince devoid of character, could political combinations, produced, from . not inspire him with any dread. his weakness, a result which ought Louis XV. a weak and peaceable king, als to have been the fruit of the most was governed by Cardinal Fleuri, who coafunmate ability. He enlarged his loved peace, but always by his weakLuminions, and died, leaving his king- ness suffered himself to be drawn into com at peace in the centre of an em war. He presented to Frederic rather broiled world.P. xii.

a support than an obstacle. The court of France had espoused the cause of

Charles VII. against Francis I. Maria EXTRACTS.

Theresa, wife of Francis, and Queen of Hungary, saw herself threatened by

England, Holland, and France; and FREDERIC THE GREAT.

whilst the had but little reason to hope “STEN generally poffefs defects and the preservation of her hereditary dovirtues the reverse of those of their fa- minions, that arrogant princess wished thers. The parent of Frederic was to place her husband on the Imperial named the Sergeant King. He was throne. This quarrel kindled the names triling, cruel, and detefted letters. of war in Europe; the genius of Fres His fon was literary, a philosopher, deric faw by a fingle glance that the bumane, and at all times unfolded a moment was arrived for elevating policy as extensive as his genius. The Prusia to the second order of powers; enemy of all restraint, he wished in his he made an offer to Maria Therefa tó Fouth to escape and make the tour of defend her, if she would cede Silesia Europe; he was put in prison at Cuf- to him, and threatened her with war

in

TITRACT

FROM

THE

LIFE

OF

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