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them out of his book. They laughed the leaves occasion sudden death to very heartily, and assured me that the cattle which may chance to eat although the story had some foundation them; and that if small birds should in fact, the animal had been shot through happen to perch on its blossoms, they the body by a ftell-roar, or trap-gun, instantly roll off lifeless to the ground. set by a Hottentot, and was expiring Another species of amaryllis, called by under a bush at the time they found it, botanists the difficha, common on all when the valiant Frenchman discharg- the mountainous parts of the colony, ed the contents of his musket into the was now on the Khamies berg throwtiger and dispatched him. The first ing out its long broad leaves in oppo. book which he published, of his Tra- fite pairs, forming the shape of a fan. vels to the eastward, contains much Both the bulb and the leaves of this correct information, accurate descrip- plant have been ascertained to be, tion, and a number of pointed and just without any preparation, most virulent observations. The fale of the copy of poisons, that act on the animal system, this, encouraged the making of a fe whether taken into it by the stomach cond, the materials of which, Night as or the blood. The farmers pull up the they were, seem to have chiefly been root and leares wherever they find furnished by the publication of an them growing. It was said that the "English traveller, whom he pretends to juice of this bulb, mixed up with the correct; and from an account of an mangled body of a certain species of expedition to the northward, fent out fpider, furniihes the Bosjesmans with by the Dutch government of the Cape, poison for their arrows, more deadly in search of a tribe of people reported than any other they are acquainted to wear linen clothing. The fact seems with. This spider should seem to be to be this: that he left Zwartland in peculiar to the western coast of the July, travelled to the Orange river, country; at least I never met with, nor and returned at the beginning of the heard of it, on the other fide. Its following December, at which time he body, with the legs, which are short, is conducting his readers to the north- is three inches in diameter, the former ward, as far as the tropic. The in- black and hairy, the latter faintly spotventive faculties of the Abbé Philippo, ted; the beak red. It lives under who is the real author of the work, ground, constructing over its hole a supplied what he conceived to be cover, composed of the filaments spun wanting in the traveller's remarks, and from its entrails, and earth or dung, in the two above-mentioned publica. This cover is made to turn on a joint. tions.” P. 359.

When the animal is watching for its prey, it fits with the lid half open,

ready to fally out upon such infects as CURIOUS PLANTS, &c.REMARK- serve it for food. On the approach of ABLE ESCAPE OF AN HOTTENTOT danger it closes the cover, and in a

short time cautiously opens it again to • THE withered stem of a liliaceous see if the enemy has retreated. plant, apparently the same as that found The Namaaqua Hottentots seem on the banks of the Orange river, was well acquainted with poisonous subseven feet long, and crowned with an stances, though they now make use of umbel of more than fifty flowrets, each The bow and arrow, their anhaving a peduncle, or foot-ftalk, of eigh- cient weapons, are become useless. teen inches in length, making the dia- The country they now inhabit is almost meter of the umbel to exceed that of entirely deserted by all kinds of beasts three feet. The bulb, of which I that live in a state of nature, and the could but conveniently carry a few, dread of Bosjesmans prevents them was as large as the human head. Of from ranging far over the country in this enormous lily the people gave an queft of game. Formerly, however, account, not unlike that of the ficti. the kloofs of the Khamies berg aboundtious Upas of Java, rendered famous ed with elands and hartebeelts, gemf. by a relation of it inserted in the notes boks, quachas, and zebras, and were to Doctor Darwin's fanciful, yet classic not a little formidable on account of poem of the Botanic Garden. They the number of beasts of prey that refay, with regard to the lily, that the sorted thither. A few days before our juice of its bulb is a strong poison; that arrival at the foot of the mountain, à

FROM A LION.

.

none.

ljon had occafioned some little stir in Hottentot to that of any other creature, the country, which had not yet entirely He has frequently been fingled out subsided. A Hottentot, belonging to from a party of Dutch. The latter one of the farmers, had endeavoured being disguised in clothing, and the for some time, in vain, to drive his former going generally naked, may master's cattle into a pool of water, perhaps account for it. The horse, enclosed between two ridges of rock, next to the Hottentot, seems to be his when at length he espied a huge lion favourite food; but on the sheep, percouching in the midst of the pool. haps on account of his woolly covering, Terrified at the unexpected fight of which he is too indolent to uncase

, he such a beast, that seemed to have its seldom deigns to fix his paw.” P. 394. eyes fixed upon him, he instantly took to his heels, leaving the cattle to shift for themselves. In doing this he had

CRUEL TREATMENT OF A presence of mind enough to run through

HOTTENTOT. the herd, concluding that if the lion “ THE Bosjesmans have been geno fhould pursue, he might take up with rally represented as a people so savage the first beast that presented itself. In and bloodthirsty in their nature, that this, however, he was mistaken. The they never spare the life of any living lion broke through the herd, making creature which may fall into their directly after the Hottentot, who, on hands. To their own countrymer, turning round, and perceiving that the who have been taken prisoners by, and monster had fingled him out for a continued to live with the Dutch meal, breathless and balf dead with farmers, they have certainly thown interror, scrambled up one of the tree stances of the most atrocious cruelty. aloes, in the trunk of which had luckily These poor wretches, if retaken by been cut a few Iteps, the more readily their countrymen, feldom escape being to come at some birds' nests that the 'put to the most excruciating tortures branches contained. At the same mo- The party above mentioned, having ment the lion made a spring at him, fallen in with a Hottentot at some dil· but, milling his aim, fell upon the tance from any habitation, set him up

ground. In surly filence he walked to the neck in a deep trench, and round the tree, cafting every now and wedged him in so faft with stones and then a dreadful look towards the poor earth, that he was incapable of moving. Hottentot, who crept behind fome In this situation he remained a whole finches nests that happened to have night, and the greater part of the folbeen built in the tree.”' P. 391. lowing day; when, luckily, some of

“ Having remained silent and mo- his companions passed the place and tionless for a length of time, he ven released him. The poor fellow stated tured to peep over the fide of the neft, that he had been under the necessity of hoping that the lion had taken his de keeping his eyes ar.d mouth in perpeparture; when, to his great terror and tual motion the whole day, to prevent astonishment, his eyes met those of the the crows from devouring him." animal, to use his own expression, P. 400. • flashing fire at him. In short, the lion laid himself down at the foot of the tree, and stirred not from the place

KORANAS, A PREDATORY TRIBE. for four-and-twenty hours. He then “ THE country to the eastward of returned to the spring to quench his the Roggeveld is inhabited by differ thirst, and, in the mean time, the ent hordes of Bosjesmans. One of Hottentot descended the tree, and these, called the Koranas, dwelling on scampered to his home, which was not the right bank of the Orange river, more than a mile distant, as fast as his directly east from the Roggeveld, is feet could carry him. The perfever- represented as a very formidable tribe ance of the lion was such, that it ap- of people. The few that I had an peared afterwards he had returned to opportunity of seeing, were strong lufty the tree, and from thence had hunted men, apparently of the same tribe as the Hottentot by the scent within three the Namaaquas. They are confidered hundred paces of the house.

as being more cruel, and at the same “ It seems to be a fact well eftablish. time more daring than any other tribe ed, that the lion prefers the firth of a of this nation. They possess a few

sheep

sheep and cattle, but have the same banks of the Berg river. This part of wandering inclination, and the same the country to the sea-shore, including propenfity to the chase and to plunder Zwartland, contists of a fiat extended with the other Bosjesınans. The Brie- plain, very fertile in corn, grass, and qua Kaffers, who inhabit the country fruits, and, being well watered, is more clofe behind them, are very consider- populous than most parts of the colony. able sufferers by such daring neigh- With a proper degree of labour and mabours. Of these people, the Koranas nagement in the cuiture of the land, by not only carry off large herds of cattle, plantations and enclosures for shelter, but they also seize and make faves of warmth, and moisture, that part of their children, some of whom have the colony alone which lies within the been brought into the colony, and great range of mountains, would be purchased by the farmers in exchange fully fufficient to tupply with all the for cattle. The Briequas, with their neceffaries of life the town and garrihassagais, have little chance of standing son of th: Cape, and all the shipping against poisoned arrows. The shields that will probab y ever frequent its too of the Koranas are enormously ports. As food lor cattle, four species large, and so thick that the hallagai of millet have been tried of the genus cannot penetrate them.

I saw one Holcus, namely, the Sorghum, the Sacmade from the hide of an eland, that charatus, the Spicatus, and Bicolor. All measured fix feet by four. These peo- of these, except the fpicatus, have ple make regular attacks, in large par- been cut down several times in the ties of four or five hundred. Though fame season, afterwards grew to the very good friends among each other height of fix to ten feet, bore a plenti, while poor, from the moment they ful crop of seed, sprung up afresh from have obtained by plunder a quantity the old stumps in the winter, furnishing of cattle, they begin to quarrel about moft excellent food for cattle through the division of the spoil; and they are out the whole year. A species of Indian faid to carry this fometimes to such an lucerne, the Medicago efculenta, was excess, that they continue the fight twice cut down, and afterwards gave and massacre till, like the soldiers of a plentiful crop of seed. A small kid, Cadmus, very few remain in the field, ney-bean, the Phaseolus lobatus, grew -fuoque

very rapidly, producing two crops the • Marte cadunt subiti per mutua vul- fame season, and is an excellent species nera fratres.'

of food for cattle, whether given to « The miserable bad roads, the is the case also with the lucerne. A

them green, or dried into hay, which nakedness of the country, and the very strong tall dog's-tail-grafs, the Cynosufew animals that are found in a state of

rus coracanus of India, useful both for nature, upon the Roggeveld mountain, make it a disagreeable, uninteresting, and afterwards produced a crop of

man and beast, was cut down twice, and tedious route for one who travels feed. Of this species of grass horses witb no other view than that of grati

are extravagantly fond, and it will refying curiosity. Crows, kites, and vultures, are almost the only kinds of The encouragement of the culture of

main green nearly through the winter. birds that are met with. Of the last, all these would be of the greatest imI broke the wing of one of that species portance to the interest of the colony. called by ornithologists the condor, of The Sejamum plant promises very fair an amazing large fize. The spread of to become useful in giving a supply of its wings was ten feet and one inch. vegetable oil for the table, an article It kept three dogs for some time com

that is at present very much wanted in pletely at bay, and having at length the Cape. Tea, coffee, and lugar, seized one of them with its claws, and might all be cultivated with success. torn aw: y a large piece of Aesh from But that which in a commercial poids its thigh, they all immediately re

of view is likely hereafter to render the treated.”

colony of the Cape most valuable to

the state on which it may be dependNATURAL PRODUCTIONS.

ent, is the facility with which the cul " ON the west fide of the Kardouw tivation of the different kinds of hemp lies the divifion of the Four-and-twenty for cordage and canvass, may be car. Rivers, extending from thence to the ried on to an unlimited extent. The VOL. V.No. XLVIII.

Ss

Cannabis

P. 403.

Cannabis sativa, or common hemp, has the 18th Fructidor-Comparison with been long planted here as a substitute London--- Versailles. lll. From for tobacco, but the idea was never Paris, turough Orleans and Limoges

, extended to make it useful in any other

to the banks if the Dordogne.--IV. way." P. 406.

“ A native species of Hibiscus, that I From the banks of tne Dordogne io brought from the vicinity of Plettene the Banks of the Garonne.-V. Gasberg's bay, yields a hemp of an excel- cony-The Pyrenees 1 l. Orthes lent quality, little perhaps inferior to --- Bayonne-Entrance into Spain.that of the cannabis, or common hemp, VII. Biscay,--VIII. Old Caftile.which is most unquestionably the best IX. Madrid --X. New Caftile. material yet discovered for the manu. XI. Estremadura.----XII. Entrance facture of strong cordage. The Janap into Portugal--Elvas -The Portue of India, Crotularia juncen, from which a ftrong coarfe stuff is manufactured gueze Military.--XIII

. From Elvas under the name of Gunnes, seems to

to Estremoz-Arragolos-Montemor thrive very well in the climate of the

o Novo.----XIV. Heaths in the ProCape. Cotton and indigo may both vince of Alemtejo-General Remarks be produced in any quantity in this

on that Province,

-XV. Lithon, colony; but the labour necessary in the —XVI. The Country round Lisbon preparation of the latter, and the enor -XVII. Climate of Lisbon - Provimous price of slaves, or the hire of fions.-XVIII. Police of Lisbon, and free workmen, would fcarcely be re. Description of the Portugueze.--XIX, paid to the cultivator. That species The Amusements of Lisbon. --XX. of cotton-plant called the birsutum Public Institutions at Lisbon.-XXT: seems to suftain the south-eait blasts of wind with the least degree of injury;

Villages round Lisbon--Quelus, the but the Bourbon cotton, originally

royal Relidence.

XXIJ. The from the West Indies, will thrive just Mountains of Cintra.--XXIII. Jour as well in the interior parts of the ney to St. Ubes, Alcacer do Sal

, country, where the south-easters ex Grandola - The Serra da Arrabida tend not with that degree of strength St. Ubes.---XXIV. Journey into tht so as to cause any injury to vegetation. northern Provinces-From Lisbon to Most of the India and China fruits, Caldas da Rainha.--XXV. From that have yet been brought into the Caidas to Co'mbra, through Allco garden, seem to bid fair for success. In short, there is not, perhaps, in the baça and Batails.—XXVI. Coimbra whole world, a place fo well adapted

---The Univertity--Causes of the for concentrating the various products Backwardness of Portugueze Litera of the vegetable kingdom, as the south. ture.-XXVII. The Country roun ern angle of Africa.P..

. 409.

Coimbra-Ines de Castro-agricul

tural Economy.--XXVIII. Aveint LVI. Travels in Portugal, and through ---Oporto.--. XXIX. Journey 1 France and Spanin.

With a Differ. Braga---Province of Entre-Douro,fation on the Li erature of Portu. Minbo. -XXX. Journey to Ami gal, and the Spaninı and Portugueze rante-Serra de Marao—Pezo de Re Languages. By HENRY FREDE- gua---Kemarks on the national Dress RICK LINK, Professor at the Uni. -- XXXI. The Culture of the Vint versity oi Rostock, and Member of --XXXII. Journey to Estrella De various learned Societies. Trant. scription of that Range of Mountains lated from the German by JOHN

-XXXIIJ. Return from the Serr HINCKLEY, Efq. With Notes de Estrella to Lilbon--Portuguez hy the Translator. 8vo. PP. 304. Justice.--XXXIV. Journey to Al Gs. Longman and Rees.

garvia-Road through the Provina of Alemtejo-Serra de Morchique.

XXXV. Cape St. Vincents--Lago CHAP. I. Calais Country be „Vilanova-Loule -- Preparation o

tween Calais and Paris.--II. Thread from Aloes.-XXXVI. Furt Paris--Difpofition of the People after ---Cultisation of the Fig-tree

CONTENTS.

EXTRACTS FROM THE PREFACE.

Tavera---Remarks on Algarvia-- found it so in one of the first inns, Villa Real --Account of the Fishery called the Cross of Malta. The comthere.---XXXVII. Return from Al- mon people, who fill the streets, accord garvia through Alemtejo by Mertola, with this description. They are dressed

entirely in brown cloth, made of the berpa, and Evora- A Differtation on

brown wool of the country, wear a the Literature of Portugal, and the brown cap, and often brown spatterSpanith and Portugueze Languages-- dathes; but their shoes are leather, A comparative View of the Spanish thote of wood being unknown throughand Portugueze Languages.

out Spain. Brown is a very general colour; and even the military wear short brown coats. In other respects,

the men, even to the lowest classes, are “ THAT zealous and active patron dressed like the Germans and the of natural hiftory, the Count of Hoff- French. However, the better kind of mannlegg, who is himself so great a artisans wear a hair-net called rede filla proficient in the science, being desirous or cofia, and a jacket with a vast number of a companion in his travels to Por- of small buttons; but persons of contugal not wholly unexperienced in bo- dition generally wear, as with us Gertans and mineralogy, I had the honour mans, a white cloak, and sword, and to be chosen to that important poft.

feldom use boots. The women, gene"We embarked at Hamburg in the rally speaking, adhere more closely to fummer of 1797, and being obliged by the true Spanish dress than the.men ; contrary winds and storms to cast an for of the latter, the first people dress chor off Romney, quitted the ship and exactly as throughout the rest of Eulanded at Dover; from which place rope, except in some trises; but in We pursued our journey through France other refpects, the Spanish dress exand Spain to Portugal, for the purpose tends to persons of confiderably high of travelling over that country more rank, and to persons, who, according minutely. In this we employed the to our German customs, dress almoit greater part of the year 1798 ; but in in the same style as the first class of 1799, my affairs obliging me to leave society. The black filk mantilla or that country, I embarked on board the veil, which ends before, in a crape, packet for Falmouth, and crossing Eng- and covers the face, sometimes entireland by London and Yarmouth return- ly, sometimes in part, a short and ed to Hamburg. The Count still re- generally black petticoat, like the veil, ains in Portugal, where, with indefa- adorned with fringe or Vandykes, erable affiduity, he is investigating the which, like that, does not entirely natural history of that country.P.iii. conceal the figure, constitute the pe

“ The unlearned reader should be culiarity of this dress among persons of apprized that Lusitania was the an- ealy circumstances. Their shoes were dent name of Portugal.

at this time worn with high-pointed “ The nh and lh are liquids in Por- heels; but the upper leather, accordtugueze, being pronounced like gn ing to a fashion borrowed from the rest and gi in Italian and French, or it and of Europe, was of a different colour. l in Spanish. T.P. viii.

Their hollow but black and fiery eyes,

their sender and somewhat too meagre EXTRACTS.

fhape, the absence of a freíh and ruddy

bloom, the yellow hue which assumes MADRID.

its place, and their legs, which are "THE interior of the houses, even often bare up to the calves, give them of those of considerable fize, by no altogether an unpleafant, but at the means agrees with the external appear fame time a licentious look. sice of the town. The entrances are “ The inhabitants of Spain are not wartow and awkward, and the apart- fo fond of promenades as the French ents crowded together without order. (who have one in every small place), Charles III. who changed Madrid from but more than the Portugueze. Every a filthy wretched village to a charming large town has its alameda or prome. Capital, could not force his reforms nade, so called from the alamo or pop4 tato the interior of the houses, where lar, with which they were originally faith and dirt still prevail. We even planted. The poplar has in all ages

been

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