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of the burgage-houses (one for each trivances of his own, he grew in a litburgage), who had likewise, in rota- tle time so cunning and expert, that tion, the annual appointment of bailiff most people (even his own parents) beof the staff, whose office was to pre- lieved him indeed bewitched; of all fide over and receive the tolls of the which he accused one Joan Cock, or market. To gratify the curious, a list Coxe, a poor old woman, who was of the burgage-houses, whose proprie- tried for a witch at the aflizes at Staftors appointed bailiffs from 1581 to ford, August 10, 1620; but the proofs 1600, inclusive, might have been here against her being weak and unsatisfacsubjoined, but the pressure of other tory, she was discharged, and the cure materials forbids it. This custom of of the boy was committed by the walking the fair (as it was called), with judges, Sir P. Warburton and Sir John the armed procession, &c. was first Davis, knights, to Dr. Thomas More omitted about the year 1789." P. 163. ton, then bishop of the diocese; who,

after a month's observation of his ac

tions and temper at Eccleshall castle, EELS-THE OF BILSTON, A began to fufpect him, and at length

fully detected the impofture, in the “ DR. Plot * speaking of eels as presence of his father and aunt, that night-walkers, says "they were actually came to sec him: upon which the boy caught in the very faci, near Bilfton, confesied the whole matter, to his own creeping over the meadows like so shame and God's glory, as more fully many snakes, from one ditch to ano- related in Plot: which gave the Bishop • ther, by Mr. Mosely, who seriously fo great fatisfaction, that he bound told me, they not only did it for bets him

out apprentice, and he proved a «tering their station, but, as he appre- very honeft man. • hended, also for catching of snails in “ This story of the boy of Bilfton is • April and May, the best time of the related in a very different manner by year for them.

Fuller, who says, that he was practised “ The Doctor gives an account of upon by some Jesuits (that went to Mr. a strange imposture acted by a boy of Giffard's house, in this county), to this place, viz. William, the son of diffemble himself pofíeffed, that the Thomas Perry, yeoman, about thir- priests might have the credit of casting teen years of age ; who in 1620, not out the devil, and grace their religion liking to go to school, fell into the with the reputation of a miracle; but company of an old man, called Tho- the boy having got an habit of idleness, mas, that carried glasses at his back and his parent's profit, when the priefts about the country; who, in about fix came to exorcise the devil, he would times, instructed this apt scholar to not go out, and so they raised a spirit groan, pant, mourn, and turn up his they could not lay. But Dr. Moreton, eyes, so that the whites only could be then bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, feen, turn his neck and head round, found it out as above related. If this gape hideously, grind his teeth, vomit be true, Dr. Plot was imposed upon rags and pins, &c. Lastly, this old with a fabulous story, invented by the man advised him to say he was be- Papists to conceal their forgery." P.171. witched, and, whenever he heard the ist verse of the ist chapter of St. John's Gospel repeated, he should fall into BYSHBURY--ANECDOTES OF CAPTAIN these fits. To which he added, of his

ROBERTS, own, as occasion required, a wilful CAPTAIN Roberts † was a man abftinence; a trick of rolling up his of strong natural parts, rough manners, tongue, and so placing it in his throat, and ftout person, borm on Tower Hill, that it appeared hard and swollen; and served on board a man of war againt mixing ink with his urine, to make the Dutch in King Charles Il. and vople believe it came fo immediately William's wars; and when Harry froin him. In the practices of which Gough (who made his second voyage inftru&ions of the old man, and con- in 1702, on board his ship the Sarah

* “ Hift. of Staffordshire, p. 243.?". † “ In the East India Company's service, and governor of St. Helen i 3719 died 1737, äged fixty-seven.'


Galler) was sent out in 1907 by his fays, • At Holbeach, in Staffordshire, uncle Sir Richard, he took him as an the house of Stephen Lyttelton, after officer on board his fhip, on account they had been two days in open re. of his experience in naval matters : bellion, some of the traitors ftanding this formed a connexion between him by the firetide, and having set two and the fur:ily at Ptrrý Hall

, where, pounds and a half of powder to dry on his landing at Chetter from the East "in a platier before the fire, and underIndies, he married Captain Harry's • set the said platiter with a great linen fifter. Smoking and drinking claret bag full of other powder, containing Fere his principal delight. He was a • fome fifteen or fixteen pounds; it fo great reader, and religiously disposed; "fell out, that, one coming to put till his disappointments and obstinacy "wood on the fire, there ilew a coal foured his temper, and made him say, ' into the platter; by reason whereof, he believed neither in Mofeu, Christ, 'the powder taking fire and blowing nor Mahomet. He bought in chan up, scorched those who were neareft cery an estate of the Middleton family "(as Catesby, Gaunt, and Rookewood), for a confiderable fum, and refusing to • blew up the roof of the house; and make good his bargain, was commit the linen bay which was fet under the ted by the court to Newgate; and “platter, being therewith suddenly carthough the sheriff would have allowed ried out through the breach, fell him suitable apartments, he refused to down in the court yard whole and pay for them, and lay in the common unfired; which, if it had topk fire rooms, that had been just quitted by •in the room, would have pain them the celebrated Sally Salisbury. After • all. A more particular account of submitting to a confinement' of some this is given in a MS, in the Harleian length, the money was paid by Charles collection, now in the British Museum. Gough, in whose hands alone he would The title is, 'A true Declaration of depolit it; yet, upon a difference with 'the Flight and Escape of Robert Winhis elder brother about the ownership 'ter, Eiq. and Stephen Littleton, of Charles Gough's thip, he quarrelled “Gent.; the strange Manner of their with the family, and instead of giving living in Concealment so long a Time, bis fortune, as he had promised, to "how they shifted to several Places Charles, left it to Captain Raymond, and in the End were descried and as also a further sum after the death of taken at Hagley, being the House of his wife, who outliving him it came to Mrs. Littleton.' It begins thus: ber brother Charles, whom she made • The bloody hunting-match at Dun the trustee of her fortune, on marrying church being ordered and appointed her second husband, who remarried by Sir Everard Digby, Kot. for furthe widow of a boatswain, who disap- prising the Princets Elizabeth, whose pointed him of her fortune.” P. 193. residence was near that place, Master

Catesby wrote unto Master Humphry

• Littleton, entreating him to meet at ACCOUNT OF THE GUNPOWDER PLOT

• Dunchurch, which he complied with; CONSPIRATORS ( extracted from the and, on his arrival there, demanding Harl. MSS. and Bp. Lyttelton's MS.

• of him the matter in hand, Catesby in tbe Library of the Society of Anti

• told him, that it was a matter of quaries):

"weight, and for the fpecial good and “ HOLBEACH, an old mansion, benefit of them all; but when the formerly belonging to the Littletons, powder plot was disappointed, they and remarkable in history, 3d of James I. scampered about the country; and, as being the house in which Stephen coming to Hewel Grange, Lord Littleton (eldest son of George, third "Windłor's house, they carried from fon of Sir John Littleton, of Hagley, tunce arms and gunpowder; which, knighted 8th of Elizabeth), and others, 'in palling through the river, the carconcerned in the gunpowder plot, were riaye being low, was much wetted. taken. Both the Wrights were killed, "Away they passed by Bell Inn, and fo Catesby and Percy Nain with one bul over the heath to Holbeach (a house let, Rocket and Winter wounded, and on the high road between Himley the reft apprehended.

. and Stourbridge), belonging to Ste“ Sir Edward Coke, in his speech “phen Littleton. There intending to at the trial of the powder conspirators, profecute the mischief begun, and

• the

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" the powder being laid abroad to dry, each man weening not meanly to

and they very busily employed them. . enrich himself thereby. Their thift• felves about it, a sérvant going by to "ing from place to place in this man.

light a fire in the room, a spark fell iner, White's flight also considered, "anong the gunpowder, which blew . and now their security here not alto. • up part of the house, and so disfigured "gether clear; much rumour was blaz

divers of their faces, as they stood in ed abroad of their long miffing; and, • amazement, perceiving that powder being greatly marvelled at that they proved a just scourge to them. were not ellewhere to be heard of, by

« « The chiefest among these trai- means of Mafter Humphry Littleton, .tors, as Catesby, Rockwood, Grant, as it is likeliest conjectured, they were * &c. being thus disabled, feeing the once again removed from Holyhead's "house befet with the sheriff's forces, • house; and, upon new-year's day and no means to escape, opened the last, in the morning very early, they égate and let them enter, when Catesby 'came to one Peck's house, in Hagley, • and Percy were shot and Nain, and where, knocking at his door, he came • Thomas Winter taken alive. Mafter forth to them, requefting farther • Stephen Littleton and Robert Winter, "knowledge of them. They said they "in the midft of this hurly burly, were his friends, and requested kind• escaped out of the house, and fled to nefs of him. He knowing who they

one Christopher White, at Rowley- were, and finding them to be very • Regis, who was servant to Humphry •faint and weak, they begged of him • Littleton; whereby, corrupting the ' fome (utenance, and, when they • said White with money, they pre • should be able to travel, he should * vailed on him to shelter thein in his “bring them up to London, and have • barn *, in hopes that, when the search a great reward of the King for taking

was aver, they might depart, and no' "them, becaufe they were very willing • longer endanger him.

'to die, and no longer defired to be in “Here they abode a great while, a condition so miserable. • but with very poor and Nender fare. “ “ If these (as himself confessed) • Now, whether the money given by were their own words, what need "them to White made more appear. was there then of any colourable cun• ance of a better condition than be- ning in performing more than what • fore had been discovered in him or • themselves required, and he, by re: • his, or whether he being Master Hum- vealing them, both to have discharged *phry Littleton's man, jealousy might his duty, and gained no mean recom,

beget an opinion that such men fought “penfe besides of his facred Majesty? * for by proclamation *, if not in his but, 301. to himself, and 20. to his • house, were yet within his know 'man, and 197. to his maid, made

ledge and protection; one Smart, • them forget their speeches, if any following the matter effectually, and such were used; and, bringing them • finding it to be as he furmifed, got • to a barley-mow in his barat, a place • them from White's barn, and took to be leaft fufpected, and securest for "them into his own charge, hoping to • their safety, there were they har

escape with that his close keeping • boured, and relieved by them feve • them. Upon White's fight it was rally as occasion served, no eye as yet • conjectured, and the cause thereof discerning the least imagination other• known; but no intelligence could

yet be had of the parties themselves, " " Now, after that Winter and • albeit one Holyhead, dwelling in Littleton bad continued for the space • Rowley, near to Smart, by prevent • of nine days on the barley-now, •ing him, as he had done White be • while sustained by Peck himself, then • fore, got them also to his house, by his man and maid, Master Hum.

* « In Rymer's Fædera, XVI. p. 638, is a proclamation for apprehending Robert Winter and Stephen Littleton, dated November 8, 1605.* Littleton's person is thus defcribed : A very tall man, swarth of complexion, of brown

coloured hair, no beard, or little, about thirty years of age'.” + • The house and barn are both standing opposite the blacksinith's nuop • and pond, in the right road from Hagley to Pedmore, and now, 1760,"in, . habited by Mr, Hollier.' Bishop Lyttelton's MS. p. 12."


6 wife.


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phry Littleton (commonly called Red found to be more important than to • Humphry, because there was another be slightly regarded, his life for that • Humphry Littleton besides), taking time was respited. It is supposed he

advantage of his sister-in-law's ab- ' told the sheriff that Garnet, Aldcorn, sence, about eleven o'clock in the and some more of the conspirators, night-time conveyed master Robert might be apprehended at Mr. Habing"Winter and Stephen Littleton to 'don's house at Henlip. Hagley House, not making any one “ • The woman likewise has as yet of his counsel but one John Fynes, been spared, and other prisoners exalias Jobber, the cook, who had been 'pected from London to have their his boy.

.trial in the country. Rumours have · “ Here you may call to mind the daily been spread abroad of these long time of their close confinement • matters, and delivered according to in several places, their hard bedding the affections of the reporters; but and diet, their want of raiment for what is here inserted hath come from

hifting, having in all this while such as have been thoroughly ac"neither so much as put off their quainted with the business, and have clothes ; and being hourly in fear, laboured to bring the truth to light.' they were void of all means otherwise “ This house and estate afterwards to help themselves. Mafter Hum- belonged to the family of Bendy, of *pbry gave them a hearty welcome, Shutt End; and William Bendy, Esq. affuring them of the cook's faithful left two coheirelles, Margaret, wife of 'service. However, notwithstanding, the Rev. Mr. Dolman, and Mary, marthe next morning he betrayed them to ried to John Hodgetts, Esq. Upon the people of the village, who took the division of the property, this old them, trying to escape, in the stable- house went to Mr. Hodgetts, whose yard. The said John Fynes, or Fin- son John Hodgetts, of Prestwood, Esq. wood, cook to Mrs. Lyttelton, 'had an left it to his only daughter Eliza Maria, annuity of forty marks for discovering now the Hon. Mrs. Foley, òf Prestthe above two traitors, Robert Winter, wood, who fold it a few years since Esq. and Stephen Littleton. Dated to the present poífeffor, Mr. Peshall,” Westminster, January 17, 1606.

« • But Maister Humphrey Lyttleton escaping from them, he was not long

after arrested at Prestwood, from LXIV. Hinckley's Translation of Link's whence he was committed to Staf.

Travels in Portuga!, &c. (Conti'ford gaol, Robert Winter and Ste

nued from p. 319.) 'phen Lyttelton being fent up under a • sufficient guard to London. « « The harbourers and relievers of

LISBON-BULL-FIGHTS. these men being also discovered not long after, there was a feflions holden

NEAR this theatre (Teatro do at Wolverhampton, Sir Richard Lewk Salitre) is the place used for ner fitting as judge. Holyhead and bull-fights. It is moderately large,

Smart were indicted and convicted of quadrangular, and surrounded with "high treafon, and received sentence wooden balustrades and benches. On "to be hanged, drawn, and quartered. one side are boxes for persons of rank,

“ Maister Humphrey Lyttelton, and one for the corregedor, who has with Peck, and his man and maid, tbe superintendance of it: the rest of

were affigned over for their trial at the seats are divided into two parts, ! Worcester, where they also were con- the shady, and the funny side, the fora victed of high treafon, and received mer of which is the deareft, and conthe fame judgment, excepting the fists of wretched wooden benches rifing woman, who was sentenced to be in an amphitheatre above each other. • burnt.

I have often been present at this ex" Peck and his man had the law hibition, but I must confess that the inflicted upon them; but Maister number of perfons of rank was very • Humphry Lyttelton, being at the small, and that of unmarried ladies in 'point of death, appealed for private considerable; the place being filled matters on the King's behalf, which with the middling and lower classes. being imparted to Maister Sheriff, and in summer there were bull-fights al.


P. 227

most every Sunday, from twelve to fword, endeavouring, to provoke him fifteen beasts being killed in an after- to combat, as he must not kill him in noon. In winter this amusement en any other way, and every thrust in the tirely ccafes. A few days before they fide or behind would be dishonourable. commence, the managers announce He waves the red cloak, before the them to the public, by processions on bull, who rushes at and bends his head horfeback, like the professors of horse- down to vent his rage on the cloak, at manship in Germany. A short time which moment he receives the fatal before the bull-fight, they make va blow in the nape of his neck. This rious processions in the square, with however seldom happens the first atfoldiers in inalks, and managed horses tempt. Sometimes the capinho leaves who bend their knee and perform his cloak behind him. In general the other tricks; also, several bulls are affiftants contribute to his security, by previously driven over the place of throwing handkerchiefs or other things combat, which they tease and irritate, toward the bull, upon which he at. but without killing them. The bulls tacks these and leaves the man *." intended for the fight are previously P. 218. enraged and made wild, in a place at the entrance of the square. The points of their horns are guarded with knobs,

MONASTERY OF BATALHA. to that they can feldom do inischief; “ WE came to a market-town (villa) notwithstanding which, a bull hurt one called Aljubarota, on the long flat of the combatants fo severely that he summit of a mountain. It is a pretty died some time after. At the begin- large place, but consists entirely of ning of the combat, a man opens the very small houses. Here, in 1386, door so as to Itand behind it. Mean- John I. gained a great victory over the while the beast ruihes forward, and im- Spaniards, by which he maintained mediately attacks the torreador who is himself on the throne. He was a naon horseback, and has placed himself tural son of Dom Pedro his predecefopposite to the door, but being accuf. for; for Dom Fernando the laft king tomed to avoiding him according to having only left a daughter who married art, gives him a stab with a lance. In the king of Castile, this was sufficient one instance I saw the beast receive it ground for a jealous king of that counin his neck, and instantly fall down try to make war with Portugal. It dead. If he miffes this blow he must was this battle that, together with not kill him, but another combatant that of Campo de Ourique, established on horseback, and a great many on the independence of Portugal. Ca. foot, irritate the beast on all lides, moens, in the fourth canto of the thus 'preventing him from pursuing Lufiad, minutely describes this battle any one in particular. This is a cruel in beautiful and truly picturesque lanamusement. They ftab him with pikes, guage. Nuno Alvarez Pereira diftinand hang oblong pieces of wood with guished himself in it, having previously Tharp iron hooks on his body, and engaged the great men of his country frequently in such numbers that the to support their new king. In méblood rushes from him like a torrent. mory of this victory, his Majesty There is nothing fine in this exhibition founded the monastery and church da but the ruthing forth of the enraged Batalha, but at fome distance from beast, or the pauses he fometimes the field of battle, that it might enjoy makes in the middle of the square, a convenient situation and plenty of where he tears up the earth and roars water. aloud as in defiance; but nothing is « The mountains near this mona. more disgusting than to see a tame and stery are indeed lower, but it is so much cowardly beast, that can scarcely be concealed between hills that we did provoked to combat. At length the not perceive it till we approached very president gives a signal to kill the beast: near. The fingularly built and open a capinho (so called because bis capa or transparent tower strikes the eye, and cloak is of important use to him) at- pleases by its noble proportions. tacks the beast on foot with a drawn si Murphy speaks much at large of

* “ When the beast is killed, a horse is brought out with tackle, and drags him off.” T.

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