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This church, which is a masterpiece in town without it is fined for the first its kind; and, as he is an architect, I offence, and afterwards imprisoned. fhall not decide after him. No one Hence the ftreets are constantly full of can deny that, on the whole, a nobler men with these black dresles, which and better taste reigns through the gives the town a melancholy and pile, than could be expected in the age monkih appearance. Pombal wished when it was built; but the quantity of to abrogate this custom, but it was ornament destroyed this impression, at represented to him that much expenfe least in me. Murphy praises it for not was thereby saved in dress, which inbeing overloaded with ornament; but deed here costs a mere trifle. The I cannot conceive how this can be said tutors and students live as with us in of a building, where both pillars and private houses, not as in many old arches are covered with carved work. univerfities, and even in England, in It is true, that on a narrow inspec- one building. tion this is executed in a light and “ Various public inftitutions now tasty manner, but still it is misplaced. occupy the buildings of the ancient Murphy adds, that the church is built college of the Jesuits, which Pombal of white marble; but an architect gave to the university. It is situated ought at leaft to know so much of like all the other university buildings mineralogy, as to perceive that it is in the highest part of the town. The not marble, but a calcareous species of museum is inconsiderable, containing sandstone. This kind of stone appears but few remarkable ipecimens, which in all parts of the surrounding moun- Vandelli, when he superintended this tains ; while marble is not found for a institution, entirely arranged, even the confiderable distance. Besides, the edi. minerals, according to the Linnean fice is unfinished. Under the present system. But the collection of philofoQueen, who is a great friend to all phical instruments is good and conchurches and monafteries, it was in fiderable, including many entirely new, agitation to complete it, but the un- especially from England. Those made dertaking was too expensive.
in Portugal are chiefly of very fine “ This monastery is inhabited by brasil-wood, adorned with gilding, and Dominicans, and is rather poor than so arranged, that this collection is one rich. - The bbot was a polite friendly of the most brilliant of its kind. In man, but wholly destitute of science, mechanics it is very rich, but extremeand a mere monk. It is surrounded ly poor in electrical apparatus. The by a small villa, to which Lima afinyns chemical laboratory is also very good, fix hundred houses; a number which capacious and light, and, besides the certainly exceeds the truth.” P. 279. obje&ts generally found in such efta.
blishments, there is a poeumatic ap
paratus, and a collection of chemical UNIVERSITY OF COIMBRA.
preparations according to the new no« BOTH the students and the tutors menclature. This building also conwear a long black plain cloak, without tains a collection of chirurgical instrufleeves, bound behind with bands, and ments. adorned before from the neck to the “ The public library fills a small foot with two rows of buttons set on church, the interior of which is very very thick. Over this is another long little altered; but it is not easy to black cloak, with Neeves exactly similar judge of a library without ftudying the to that of Protestant priests in Germany. catalogue. The number of volumes is Everyone carries a small black cloth bag confiderable; and from the defcription in his hand, in which are his handker- of the professor of botany, Brotero, it chief, snuff-box, &c. as their dress has seems not to be deficient even in new no other pockets. The students always works. Accordingly it is much visited go bareheaded, even in the burning and used by the students. heat of the sun; the tutors and gra “ The observatory is well built, in duates only wearing a black
an excellent situation, in the upper cloth used being very thin, this black part of the town, and is very convedress must be extremely inconvenient nient and neatly arranged. It only in summer; but neither rank, nor age, wants instruments. nor business can excuse them from “ The botanic garden is not very wearing it: for whoever is seen in the large, and the greenhouse is small; but Vol. V, -No. XLIX.
through the industry of its superin- tro lived there, and was there murdertendant, the professor of botany Dom, ed. This lady, who was a Castilian Feliz de Avellar Brotero, is excellently by birth, Dom Pedro son and heir regulated. This garden is without apparent to Alphonso IV. loved, and comparison more interesting than the is faid to have secretly married at Braroyal botanic garden at Lisbon. Beside ganza. He gave her this spot for her every plant is a stick bearing its name, refidence, frequently visited her, and as in the garden of Paris, and at first the bore him three sons and a daughter. fight the spectator might almost ima- . The paflion of the prince at length gine he is viewing its counterpart. transpired; and his enraged father, inBesides many exctics, there is a con- ftigated by his courtiers, came sudfiderable collection of plants indigenous denly, while the prince was hunting, in Portugal, on which this excellent from Montemor o velho, not far from superintendant has made a number of Coimbra, where he happened to stop, very important botanical remarks, and and caused her to be murdered. When no botanist can visit it without instruc- Dom Pedro came to the throne, he tion.
gave orders to difinter the object of his “ In short, the various institutions passion, and with his own hands placed of the university of Coimbra are far the crown on her remains. He was from bad. It far excels the Spanish very severe toward those who had ftiuniversities, not excepting that of Sa- mulated his father to commit this murlamanca, if I may judge from what I der, and even continued this severity have heard, both in Spain and Portu- throughout his reign; from which cirgal, from the best judges. There are cumstance he was called o justiceiro, indeed very many universities in Ger- fignifying, not the just, which is juls, many, which in this respect are far but the fevere. This appellation was inferior to this their Portugueze fister, particularly used by the priesthood, whom they despife.” P. 295. who were unfavourable to him, Inez
and Dom Pedro showed great taste in
the choice of this little spot, where THE COUNTRY ROUND COIMBRA
Coimbra with the charming country
around displays itself to the eye. In “ THE country round Coimbra is the romantic valley of the Mondego, uncommonly beautiful, and, though the quinta of tears forms a spot, over mountainous, extremely well cultivate which fancy seems to hover in all her ed. The mountains are covered with sportiveness; and if poetry has ever small pine-woods and even German fent forth a few sparks of radiance in oaks, the vallies watered by brooks, Portugal, it has been the offspring of and full of gardens, quintas, neat this charming vale. summer-houses, and even monasteries, “ It is fingular that these beautiful and adorned with olive-trees, orange- materials have never highly succeeded trees, and the beautiful Portugueze in poetry. Strong endeavours have cypress in abundance. The Mondego been made to produce from it a trage. winds before the city; and on both dy, to which however the subject is fides of it is a narrow and very fruitful by no means adapted, without con. valu, which this rapid stream inundates fiderable alterations; for the whole in winter. In the distance on one side transaction is confined to the moment, are seen the high mountains of Lousao; when the beautiful, the tender, and and on the other the high mountain of the happy Inez is murdered without Bussaco, whose sclitary summit is the knowledge of the prince. Such a adorned with a celebraied monastery conspiracy against a peaceful womar, of Carmelites, and its quinta with living in retirement at a distance from high ihady cypresses. Thote to whom the court, attacked and murdered the ascent is not too laborious, will during the absence of her lover, offers here find the richest variety. Opposite but little opportunity for the intricacy to Coimbra, on the bank of the river, of a plot. There are, however, several is the Quinta das lagrimas, or garden Portugueze tragedies of this name, mr.oft of tears, with a fountain of the line of them not without some happy, and name, which rises at the foot of a hill fome laughable passages. La Mothe's fhaded by fine Portugueze cypretres. Inez is deservedly forgotten; a GerTradition says that Dona Inez de Caf man tragedy on the same subject, it
INEZ DE CASTRO.
may be hoped, will also foon fink into not serious; they suffered us to eat oblivion : the worst of all is an Italian our fupper in peace, and did not come opera, in which Inez is not killed, but till ten o'clock to fetch us to the the king, on interceffion being made, juiz de fora. This gentleman; having pardons her. Poesy has feldom pro- a large company with him, suffered us duced so miserable a piece.” P. 302. to wait a long time in his antichamber,
whither he at length came, merely,
heard the escrivaēs, who faid, "Here PORTUGUEZE JUSTICE.
are foreigners who have no regular “L.CANNOT but here relate an passport,' and laconically replied, 'To incident which happened to us, be prifon.? I requested him to read our cause it gives an idea of the administra- papers, but he replied, “My orders tion of justice in Portugal. At Tho are given--to prison. Thither the mar the Count of Hoffmannsegg withe young Spaniard and myself were taken ed to embark for Lisbon. In this plan amid the sport of the escrivačs, but no I found no attractions, and proposed one troubled himself about our servants to accompany a young Spaniard, the and baggage. At first we were put into Count's secretary, and the servants, by a decent room; but the efcrivaēs spoke land. But here we met with a difficulty; a few words softly to the gavler, who for we had only one palsport, in which then obliged us to go down some steps the Count and myself were mentioned, into another chamber. This was a together with his suite * We there. Shocking place; a horrid stench atfore went to the corregedor's, but he tacked us, for the privy was situated being absent had intrusted his business there; and I soon perceived, with hor.
to another person, who made no ob- ror, that we were in the same room i jection, saying the Count might proceed with criminals. Even now, when I
with the portaria; to which he added reflect on this wretched moment, I can a declaration why the Count travelled scarcely restrain my feelings; and it alone, and without attendants, giving us particularly vexed me to be told, that at the same time a passport, in which he it was contrary to good manners to ftated that he had inspected the por. wear my hat. "At length I sent to the taria, of which he briefly added the con- gaoler to know if we could have anotents. With this passport we went to ther room by paying for it. This was Santarem, where two officers of justice all that was wanted; and we were (eftrivacs +) immediately appeared, a now shown into a good room, our class of men who throughout the servants were permitted to attend us, country justly bear a very bad charac- and the gaoler allowed us to go into ter, and demanded our passports. his apartment. I was also permitted They refused the declaration of the to send messengers to Thomar and corregedor of Thomar, as every fo- Lisbon, reigner ought to have a pass from the “ At first people seemed dispofed to intendant or a secretary of state. Both let us remain in prison. Among the these men went to and fro, fpoke feprisoners were a number of Spanish cretly together, then came back to us; merchants, who had remained there and, in short, í obferved they wanted several weeks from the fame cause as fome money, which however I feared ourselves, and had only been oçce exto give them, lest I should thereby amined since their first imprisonment, render myself suspected. At length A poor Italian, who was ill, chiefly they examined our pockets, and un attracted my pity. He had been fortunately found in mine a pointed brought here because his passport did knife, which being prohibited in Por- not agree with the last orders: his tugal, they threatened me with im- money was spent, the poor man was prisonment. All this, however, was forgotten, and I saw no incans of libe,
"It was not a mere passport, but a portaria, or order from the Queen, figned by a secretary of state, to all magiftrates and officers, to aid us in all things relative to gur affairs and researches into natural history, which was particularly specified. Such a portaria is in that country much more comprehenfive than a mere passport; and the judges were bound, it cale of need, ta provide for our lodging and conveyance.” † “ Notaries,” 3 A a
ration. A son of a citizen of Santarem permitted him to carry all kinds of said to us, with a dejected countenance, arms; nor till he was thrown into • You are fortunate, for you know the prison was a message dispatched to me cause of your imprisonment, which I to send the portaria. I did so, not do not of mine; and I shall, perhaps, doubting the Count would imme• be sent for'a soldier.'
diately return; but with the utmost “ Meanwhile we soon procured our astonishment I heard the answer of the liberty. I asked the young Spaniard alcalde, that the juiz de fora being to draw up a petition in Spanish, as I absent he could not decide upon this thought he would express himself bet- affair. Fortunately we had spoken ter in that language: I then translated with the juiz de fora, who was a good it into Portugueze, and asked a notary, kind of man, at Calheriz, whither a who was one of the prisoners, to in- servant was sent in the night with the struct me in the proper form. With portaria. Meanwhile I was informed, this we applied to the juiz de fora, that if the servant did not return next who referred us to the corregedor, and morning, I must also go to prison. He the latter demanded information of returned at three o'clock, and brought the ivo escrivaēs who had taken us positive orders immediately to liberate prisoners. The gaoler now came to us, the Count; but the officers of justice saying that the two escrivaēs were very would not suffer him to go without poor, that an unfavourable report from paying them their fees, which the them would at least lengthen the affair, Count gave them, declaring he despised and, making the worst of the pointed these men too much to trouble himself knife *, advised me to give them mo- any farther about them. The alcalde ney. We therefore purchased a fa-' would also have kept the pistols, till vourable report with a couple of cru- the Count declared that he would ima sades, upon which the corregedor li- mediately send a messenger to Lisbon berated us; so that we remained only with an account of the whole transac about eighteen hours in prison.
tion. “ We had already met with an in “ These examples show how much cident, which may also afford fome in- precaution is neceffary to protect a fight in o the administration of justice traveller from Portugueze justice ; in this country. We arrived one morn and that the alcaldes and escrivaēs ing at Cezimbra, where a notary ap are a class of men among whom are peared as usual, read the portaria, and many rogues. They are indeed genetook leave of his very politely. To- rally complained of, and the juizes ward evening the Count and myself, and corregedores are every where ac on our return from a walk to Calieriz, cused of great partiality to persons of had separated a little way from the rank. But I must add, for the honour
. towr., the better to examine the coun- of the nation, that in both the above try, as we could not here lose our instances every one took our part, way; but the Count had scarcely en. compassionated us, endeavoured to tered the town when some officers of show us attentions, and loaded the justice met him, and demanded his officers of justice with abuse." P. 410. passport. He allured them he had it (To be concluded in our next.) at the inn, whither they might conduct him and fee it; but all he could say availed nothing, and he was taken to LXV. The History of Guildford, the prison; wbere indeed he was placed in a decent arartment, but exposed to
County Town of Surrey. Conthe curiosity nf a multitude of specta
taining its ancient and present tors. Fiere be was examined even to
State, civil and ecclefiaftical; colhis shirt, and two piftols being found
lected from public Records, and in his girds, he was declared a very
With some suspicious person, though the portaria Account of the Country three
*“I had bought it publicly at St. Ubes; for, though very strictly prohibited, such knives are publicly fold. L.
“ In Spain and Italy our English pointed knives are fold; but the purchaser usually breaks off about a fixteenth of an inch at the extremity, in order to be within the limits of thc law. T.”
Miles round. 8vo. pp. 328.-- in three years after, and left it un125. 6d. Russell, Guildford; Long- finished. The river being made navi. man and Rees, Westley, London. gable, large quantities of timber, meal,
malt, lime, &c. are conveyed to Lon
don by barges of upwards of forty tops Plate of Tradesmen's Tokens. burden, which on their return bring
coals, and all other heavy articles.
The river is well stored with filh, but CONTENTS.
those chiefly admired are the pikes, HIS ISTORY and Defcription of the eels, and gudgeons." P. 8.
Town-Caitle--Quarry Hole “ The manufacture of this place was - Palace-Churches--Hospital formerly the clothing trade, by which Royal Grammar School --Drs. Ro- many considerable eftates, as well here, bert and George Abbot--Maurice as in other parts of England, have been Abbot-J. Parkhurit--fleury and raited. It has been upon the decline William Cotton--Sir Robert Park- above one hundred and seventy years, at hurst--Mr. Hammond's intended ing blue cloths for the Canary islands.”
which time it chiefly confifted in makCollege- Town Hall.-Seffionis House P. 1o. --Gaol-Friary--Charities--Markets -Family of the Norths--Boundar.es of the Town--Guildford, a Poeni
QUARRY HOLE. Miscellaneous Matters extracted from
“ IN the chalky cliff on which the the Black Book--Ditto from the casle stards, about two hundred yards Constitution Book--. St. Nicholas in
south-west of that building, is a large
cavern, or rather suite of caverns; the Guildford--Stoke Hospital ---Wor
entrance is near Quarry Street, facing plesdon--Weft Clandon--Albury- towards the welt, from whence there St. Martha upon the Hill-- Wonerth is a imali descent into a cave, about -- Shaltord Bramley---Additions and forty-five feet long, twenty wide, and Corrections.
nine or ten high: near the entrance on
either hand are two lower paisages, EXTRACTS.
nearly closed up by the fragments of
failen chalk; but according to a plu THE SITUATION OF GUILDFORD, made by Mr. Bunce, a to'e-mafon, &c.
anno 1763, that on the north fide “ The fituation of Guildford is, streiches towards the north-west sevenperhaps, the most fingular and roman- ty-five feet, opening by degrees from tic of any town in England; it is seated two to twelve feet: from this patlage in a mort healthful air, on the fides of on the north-east fide rua five chamtwo chalk hills Noping down quick to bers, or cavities, of different sizes; the river, which runs in a narrow the least being seventy, and the largest channel between them. The declivity, one hundred, feet in length; their on which the town stands, joined to breadths are likewise various, but all the view of the opposite hills, gives it widen gradually from their entrance ; an air of grandeur, whilst the river, the biggest, before mentioned, from whose streams water the lower part of two to twenty-two feet. the town, adds to the beauty as well « On the south fide of the entrance, as the advantage of the situation. as observed before, is another passage
“ The river is called the Wey, or which opens into a large cave, shaped Wye, one branch of which rises near somewhat like a carpenter'a square, or Alton church, Hants, the other at, the letter L, the angle pointing due Frensham great pond, and falls into fouth, its breadth upwards of thirty, the Thames at Oatlands. It was made and the length of its two sides, taken navigable from this town to the together, above one hundred and Thames at Weybridge in the year twenty feet: the height of these exca1650, which makes it a place of much vations is not mentioned; neither is trade : the great undertaking of which there any section annexed to the plan. navigation was first begun by. Sir Rich . For what purpose these places could ard Weston of Sutton, who died with be formed is not easy to guess; if (as