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Mr. Grofe observes) only for the chalk, held it agreeable with my duty to the workmen were bad economists of ? leave behind me to pofterity fome their labour.
monument of my thankfulness to my “ In the beginning of the reign of Creator, and some testimony of my King William and Queen Mary a re faith in Jesus Christ, which if it bring port prevailed here, that the Irith were not forth fome fruite to his glory, is landed in England, and that they maf- 'to be held but a dead and unprofitficred all they met without regard to "able faith. And therefore my affecage or sex, this struck fuch a terror in tion leading me to the town of Guildthe inhabitants, that it is said great ford, where I was born, and where numbers of women and children hid my aged parents lived many years themselves in these subterraneous ca with good report, I have thought verns.
upon the erecting of an hospital there, “A variety of ridiculous stories are which I have dedicated to the bleiled told concerning this place, which, ac- “Trinity.'. The accident, however (an cording to custom, is by fome held to account of which we shall put in a be a fubterraneous paffage leading to note), gave the Archbishop a real and the castle." P. 44.
heartfelt concern, and brought him into great uneasiness and trouble, which
lasted during his life; and, belide a THE HOSPITAL-ARCHBISHOP
monthly fast, he kept the anniversary
of it with great fafting and humility * « SOME of our modern historians “ We shall conclude our account of have offered this as a reason for the the hospital in the words of the late archbishop's erecting the hospital, viz. Right Honourable Arthur Onllow: that having accidentally killed a man, Abbot was eminent for piety and a be endowed the hospital to atone for it. care for the poor, and his hoipitality But this is utterly false, as well as fully answered the injun&ion King directly contrary to his principles. • James laid on him, which was, to The accident happened 1621; and the carry his house nobly, and to live firft ftone of the hospital, as appears • like an archbishop. He had no from the statute-book there, was laid thoughts of heaping up riches; what the 6th day of April 1619. Also in the • he did save was laid out by him in the preface to his statutes are these words: erecting and endowing an handsome * I George Abbot, archbishop of Can- hospital for decayed tradesmen, and
terbury, from the mere mercy of the • the widows of such, in the town of • blefled God (befides the inward graces Guildford, under the ftatutes of • of his Holy Spirit) having been par • which for near one hundred years "taker of fome earthly and worldly • that hospital has maintained ( benefits more than most of
birth the best credit of any I know in Engand rank have attained unto, I have land'.” P.91.
*“ On account of his fedentary course of life, the Archbishop was advised by his physicians to take the exercise of riding on horseback. Being on a visit at Lord Zouch’s, at Bramzill Park, and riding in July 24, 1621, bis Lordship defred the Archbishop to try if he could not hit a deer. His Grace was persuaded, when instantly Peter Hawkins, the keeper, rode swiftly between the Archbishop and the deer, though cautioned and advised by all against it, and at the moment the Archbishop had drawn his cross bow to shoot, he received the arrow into the fleshy part of his left arm, called the enmontery, which is a term unknown to the ableft anatomist of these days. Bp. Hacket fays, it was but a fleth. wound, and was a slight one; yet being under the care of a heedlefs surgeon, the man died of it the next day. Rymer fays the same day. The behaviour of the Archbishop towards the dying man, was such as might be expected from one of genuine and unaffected piety, adminiftering, while life continued, spiritual confolation. After which, he fettled a maintenance on the widow for life. In November 21st of the same year, the Archbishop was declared by the delegates, neither to have incurred any penalty or irregularity, nor to have done any scandal to the church. Rymer's Feed. v. xvii. Hacket's Life of Williamsa Heylin's Laud. Camden's Annals, &c. &c."
SIR ROBERT PARKHURST-HOUND “ Notwithstanding the care observed HOUSE.
in separating the pot from the rock, it “SIR Robert Parkhurst was born
was accidentally broken. Some marks 1634, at a farm called Gritts or Greete round the upper swelling, had the aphurit, in the parish of Shiere.
pearance of an inscription; but on " The house where Sir Robert was clearing off the chalk which adhered born, is now remaining; it is an an
to it, these appeared as designed for tique farm-house, and has continued ornament, but rudely executed. in the name of Parkhurst till within a
“ This earthen pot was sent to Lord few years, lately in the poffeflion of Onslow, at West Clandon. A drawMr. John Shurlock. It is the tradition, ing of it, by Mr. Thomas Russell, is that hounds have been continually kept inserted with his account of the digging here, almost coequal with the Conquest, it up, in Gough's Camden, p. 149, and the house still bears the name of
vol. i. Hound House." P. 119.
“ At the foot of an ancient yew tree in the park near this farm, was dug up,
some years since, a leaden urn, which ANTIQUITIES AT THE FRIARY. contained a heart, preserved in spiritst. “On the 29th of May 1781, fome This was generally supposed to be the men ploughing in a field in one of the heart of one of the friars belonging to park farms, near Henley grove, and this friary; the distance about half a paffing over the summit of an eminence, mile.” P. 142. they observed one of the horses' legs to link into the ground. On examining the place, they were greatly furprised at discovering an earthen pot ixed in the rock, about two feet below will, left 4001. The mayor and ma
“ 1674, JAN. 27. John How, by the furface. The top of the pot giving gistrates of Guldeford to choose two way, was the occasion of its being dilcovered. The men, in hopes of find poor servant maids, within the faid ing money, and defirous to preserve master or mistress two years together.
town, of good report, who have served the pot entire, carefully dug round it, which faid servant maids (hould throw but on examination found it nearly dice, or cast lots, as the said mayor half filled with human bones burnt. “ The height of the earthen vessel, maid which throweth most on the said
and magiftrates shall think fit: and the at present, is about seventeen inches; dice at one throw, or to whom the lot it appears to have been higher before it falleth, to be paid one year's clear was broken by the horse. The cir- profit of the land to be purchased.cumference about four feet four inches With some restričions as to the choice in the wideft part. It is made of clay, of the maid, and the number of times turnt in the manner of coarse earthen- each maid may throw, or cast lots *.” ware, and about the thickness of a tile. its colour, a light pale earth, unglazed.
† “ Hearts and bovels were not unfrequently, if not generally, lodged separately from their bodies. The heart of Giffard bishop of Winchester, who died 1129, was found not the least decayed, in drying down a wall at the north-west end of Waverley Abbey, in a itone locului, in two leaden dithes, foldered together, and fuld with spirits, in the hands of [the late] Mr. Siartyr of Guildford. Gougi's Sepietral Monuments, vol. i. p. Txxii. Introd.
“George Weltbrook, clerk [1 think], faw this leaden urn, which was dug up at the farm rented by Mr. T. Bieknchi
* " There are several benefactions in England limilar to Mr. How's.--- John E'grave died 1611, ad amor other charities lest ten pounds to be anaually distributed in the following asar. Cuviood Friday, each of the three Perithes in Reading send to the town-ball one virtuous maven who has lived tire years with her master; there in the presence of the magistrates, there three maidens throw dice for the ten pounds. The two losers are returned with a freth one the year following, and again the third yuur, till each has had three chances."
ALDERMAN SMITH, CALLED DOG in manie of the leaves of that booke SWITH.
the very words and letters thereof in “ HENRY Smith, Esq. an alderman divers places are worn out by age, and of London, born at Wandsworth in ill kepinge, as may appere to them Surrey, who died in 1627, gave in his that Mall look into the fame. So as I lifetime roool. to several market towns may truelie say it hath fared with that in Surrey, and vested the whole re
booke, having passed a great number mainder of his estate, which was very with a common hackney horfe being
of yeres past from hand to hand, as considerable, in trustees for charitable purposes, the moft of which is disposed hired by many and often journeyed
, of in Surrey *. Amongst these towns
cometh by the negligence or yll usuage Guildford had 1000/. and with that of some of his riders to a galled backe, the manor of Poyle, the town mills, or to fome incurable disease. (But &c. were bought, and are now vefted levinge and delyveringe that old black in the mayor and approved men, to be booke home agayne to the said towne distributed and paid by them to and in as good cafe as I received the same among the
of Guldeford with an and better) I have briefly collected out even hand.” P. 154.
of the same the chief matters therein sett downe, which I have fummarilie
caused to be written in this my booke MISCELLANEOUS MATYERS.
as an addition to the same, partlie to Abbreviations out of an old Booke, called preserve some parte of auntient monu
ments ready to perish in rotten papers, the Black Book.
but chieflie to shewe that in auncient “IFINDE a verie auncient booke of tyme the books, and records of the this towne, called “The Black Booke,' said towne were well kept and faire written in the tymes of Edward iii, written, and the ftate and government Richard ii, Henry iv, Henry v, Henryvi, of the towne (as it seemeth was such in Edward iv, Henry vii, sometymes those dayes) and foe discretlie ordered kings of Englande, wherein are written that none were admitted or received and recorded, the choice of divers into the freedome and libertie of the officers within the said towne yerelie, fame, but by a generall consent of the with divers acconmpts of money re- magiftrates and governors of that ceved for rents, forfeytures, proffitts towne, paying such ffynes as then were of courts, faires, customes, and other thought mete, and putting in pledges things, by the bayliff, halwardens, and both for the payment of ther" ffynes, other officers of the said towne yerelie and for observinge of other cuftomes
, collected and paide. And also divers as making a breakfast to the company, entries of ffynes paid, and auncient and bayting the bull, &c. things in all customes observed by sundry persons likelihoode then, very chargeable to for admittance by a generall consent, them, as may be gathered by the yere. into the libertie and ffreedome of the lie entries made and recorded of the said towne, which booke is so ragged, fame amongst other things in that torne, and rent one peece from another, booke. As for ther ffeaftinge and yea, almost every leaf one from the bull-baytinge, they are things porn other, and to ditorderly placed ihat I out of use, and not fit to be revived couid hardly bring them into order but for ffynes paid by fforeyners ter agayne. Now for tu much ci the fame there fireedome and admittance into as came to my harsis (? great mary of the liberties, to buy and fell withir
. the leaves of the book long lacking), the faid townc, thure hath been a cor. I have reduced as nere as i can iu- tynuall custome and use thereof, ato their places and collecied out of though of late yeres much neglected, the fame, the cheif falfaunce ut so vidrich I with may be renewed an much of that istih i tuoi.! tivere brought into use agayn. For the rest written as coulde well be ready, tir as the matters contained in that booke
* “ He is often called Dog Smit), from an idle groundless story of his havir been a beggar, followed by a dog. lis fory says he was whipped throug" one pariih in Suirey, and thirfure left nothing to that parith. If there needed a contutation of the story, it may be found in this, that there is not one paris in the county which does not partake of his ellate."
from the firft yere of the raign of King the open mercate on the mercate dayes. Henry the Sixth forthwardes, I have Tickner of Wonerth the like. omitted to make eny collections of “ Constitution, that noe inhabitant thofe latter tymes, because I find from fall keep hoggs, unles in his owne that tyme the booke called the red ground (except boares), upon payne of booke of the said towne to begin and 2d. every mercate day, and id. every continue yerelie the election of officers, other day: in case any rescue against admitting of foreyners by fine and the officer, the party offending Thall some other things. But ther accompts pay 20s. neglected and the rest not altogether “ Repealed 31 Eliz. in the same order and manner as it is '17 Hen. viii. Ordered, that artifi. in the former parts of the said Black cers shall keep their mercate here from Booke yet fairer written and kept ro ten till two of the clock. as in both may be seen in a sort the “ 20 Hen. viii. The mayor comorder and manner of government and mandeth in the king's name, That election of officers within the said victuals brought to the mercate be towne for above two hundred and good, lawful, and wholesome. That threescore yeres saving some difference noe person regrate or forestall the mer. in the tyme of King Henry the Sea- cates. That noe common poulterer venth and fithens by enlarging of ther buy any victuals in the mercate before letters patents in the tyme of that eleaven of the clock, That noe baker noble king. I have taken this paynes buy any corne untill xi of clock. That to gather out of that book brieflie that every man sell by lawfull weights and which followeth, That thereby instede measures, and that they be assised by of the substance some shadow or re the king's standard. That butchers femblance of that old book may re- bring the sins of their beasts and sheep mayne for those which shall succeed. to the mercate, and lay the same openAnd yett I wold not have that Black ly dureing all the mercate. That the Book by this means to be cast away or bakers make good bread, and of full not regarded appering old and ragged, weight according to the assize. That. but rather to accompte of him the the brewers make good and wholemore in that he doth proceed from some ale, that they fell none till it be your auncient predecessors, and afford tasted by the aletaster. That he fell a him that favour to let him have abode gallon of best ale for idi, and ftale ale amongest you, where he may reft fafe. for ad. That the tiplers fell by lawful lie. Soe you may make use of him measures and sett out their ale signes. long to produce him to warrant and 24 Hen. viii. That noe alehouse geve creditt to‘my reports out of him keeper shall keep any man's servants (if need shall be) in the mean tyme let att any unlawfull games, upon payne this my abbreviations out of the fame of xijd. for every offence. book hereunder written suffice to give 25 Hen. viii. That noe craftsman you a tast of such of the chief matters fall fett up his occupation in this conteyned in that book as might well towne, unless he shall take an houte, be gathered out of the same.
and beare lott and scott, upon payne “ GEORGE AUSTEN." of xld. And every housholder that up,
holdeth such person to pay xld. That noe inhabitant lay any dust or dung in
the high street, upon forfeiture of iid.” EXTRACTS FROM THE BLACK BOOK.
P. *198. “14 HEN. viji. A conftitution inade “ 4 Eliz. This yeare the plague was that noe person should fell fresh fish in the towne. unlelse in open mercate, and not at « Mem. Alsoe that in this tyme of his own dore, in his house or hoftry. the plague the mercate - house was
“That noe person shall use the trade builded, with the clock and dyall, and of a fuller nor sheerman, within this Mr. Elliott, mayor, indowed the same towne, nor any other hand occupa. with a tenement in Wonersh of xs. by tion, unlelle he hath bene apprentice the yeare above all charges, towards thereto, or by reason of marriage. the mayntenance and continuance of
“ 13 Hen. viii. William Bromehall the fayd clock for ever. paid ios. for a fine for his standing in « 16 Eliz. A tenement in the parish · VOL. V.No. XLIX.
EXTRACTS FROM THE CONSTITU
of St. Nicholas, late Dyer's, fell to the to be levyed to the use of the hall bę bayliffe of the towne by efcheat, upon the hallwardens for the tyme beeinge Dyer's attainder.
by way of diftreffe, in such forte as “ All alehousekeepers shall have a amerciaments are levied within this figne-board painted with a wool-fack, towne. Provided alwaies, that if any delivered him out of the hall, paying such fervante or apprentice shall be to the hall-wardens ijs. for the same harbored, receaved, or continewed in and this figne to be at his dore upon any house or houses as aforesaid with. payne of vjs, viij, &c.
out the knowledge of the houshoulder, “ 18 Eliz. The last mayor is chosen the faide penalty to bee levied of such coroner at the next election.
fervante or servants of the same house “ 22 Eliz. Symon Talley was dis that shall willingly receave or keepe franchised for useing himselfe disorder fuch servante or apprentice there; and ly and contemptuously to the mayor then the houshoulder where fuch ofand approved men of the town. fence or faulte fhall bee made to bee
“ Arnold Marten, sometime bailiffe, discharged of the same penalty any disfranchised for misbehaviour and ar- thinge above written notwithftanding rogant fpecches to the mayor, &c. and to the contrary. And the said fervantes fined vl." P. *201.
and apprentice so found or knowen to bee out of the house or houfes of theire mr. mistresse, or dame, after nyne of the clock to bee punished as followeth,
viz. the servante or jornymen by ym. “ ANNO 4 Edw. vi. Memorand. At prisonmente of theire bodyes. And this daye was punnyshed, by carting the apprentices to be whipped either and duckinge, Johan Wryte, the wyfe by theire mr. miftris, or dame, or else of George Wryte, of Guldeford, taylor, by some other thereunto appointed by for hurdome. By her confeffion. the maior for the tyme beeinge."
“ Ibid. Memorand. At this daye was punyshed Philemon Peyto, the servant “'Anno ix Jac. i. Twenty-one per. of John Peyto his brother, shomaker, fons fined-tipleres. They be inholders, for ftelinge of apples at Merrowe-by tiplers, and alehouse-keepers, and fell oppen stockinge.
bēcre and ale by stone potts, cupps " Against Innholders and Vitiers har.
canns, and dishes, And other measures bouringe of Servants after an Hocver.
not ..., taking excessive gaine con
trary to the statute, and for suffering “ Anno 31 Eliz. Porasmuch as the unlawfull gaines, &c. fervantes and apprentices of houshold “ Ibid. Two persons fined. Horfers within this towne are of late yeares mills. Because either of them each a growen into greate disorder, haunting common horfemill, grinding mault, of alehouses and other places of victual- and taking exceffive toll. linge within this towné, where they “ Ibid. Seven persons fined. Budgers. are harbored at unfitt tymes, for re- Because they be budgers and commod formation whereof itt is ordered and buyers and sellers of wheate, barley, agreed at this day, That if any in- and maulte, takinge exceffive gaine,&c. holder, taverner, alehouse-keeper, or “ Ibid. Eleven persons fined, Brew. other person or persons whatsoever ers. Because they be common brewers fhall willingly harbor, receave, or fuf- of ale and bere to sell, And not keepfer any servante or apprentice dwelly- inge the aflize, &c. inge within this towne to continue, re. “ Ibid. John Hardinge, Henry Hormaine, or abide in his or their house ner, Richard Stevens, John Wefton, or houses att any tyme or tymes .. Barbers, fined, becaufe they do catt after nine of the clock of the nyght, there water and haire into the high knowinge them to bee servante or ap- ftrete to the annoyance to the kyngis prentices, unlesse it be with the con- people &c. sent of the mr. mistress, or dame of “ Ibid. Fifteen Bakers fined for havsuch fervante or apprentice, or upon ing broken the aflize of bread. some juft or reasonable cause, allowed “ Ibid. Seven perfons, for keeping of by the maior for the time beinge, common Otteries, selling hay, and oats, and three of his brethren, fall forfeitat exceffive prices, contrary to the and lose for every such offence ijs. vid. ftatute &c.