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• sweep the room. Immediately a to various individuals, who maintained high huge female bear, walking on their portions independent of superior two hind feet, with a long broomstick power, and Charlemagne fwayed a between her fore paws, entered the sceptre supported by barons: he shook door, and quickly fent away the ter- not his truncheon over trembling slaves rified spectators. But we return to the form of things was changed feeble Gratian, who, as might be ex

- The cease of Majesty pected, foon fell before such force as Maximin's; but like Nerva, he had

• Dies not alone, but like a gulf doth

draw been careful to provide the world a mafter, rich in every endowment,

• What's near it, with it. 'Tis a massy

wheel strong in every ingredient that confti.

Fix'd on the summit of the highest tutes true courage; wise to conduct

mount, these gifts to the best purpose, and learned to obtain new lights from read

"To whose huge spokes ten thousand

lefer things ing, should his own prove insufficient. In Theodofius, a Spaniard like him

• Are mortic'd and adjoin’d.'

SHAKESPEAR. felf, even the remembrance of Trajan might be funk; he was the last em “ The feudatorial system of highperor that went out with the Roman spirited nobles, who each commanded armies, and he lived till four hundred a large troop of vallals, and bound years were paft since our redemption. themselves to bring them forth at a Various in talents, though single in great leader's call, for defence of their.. excellence; he encouraged piety, he own territories, or for the acquisition practised morality, he rewarded valour, of new ones, had a ferocious appear. and supported for a while expiring ance upon the whole; but the general knowledge. He called the Church of inclination for war was softened by Chrift the Catholic, or general, or com the respect paid to beauty, which they prehensive Church Universal. Happy, confidered as their just and bright reand pleasing, and fortunate appella- ward. Each generous bosom beat at tive! which she will wear yet to the the call of valour, but could not by end of time, and against which the his own authority seize on the sighedforce of men or of dæmons never shall for privilege, or bear arms without prevail.” Vol. i. p. 112.

permission. Birth, age, and qualifications were to be examined, and while difficulty irritated desire, the lady lan

guished for a gallant lover, distin“ LIFE takes a new appearance un- guished by his martial talents, and the der the reign of Charlemagne. Knights, youth panted for the happy moment jousts, tournaments, minstrels, ladies; when once adorned by the bright lance characters which have yet scarcely and shield, he should throw at her feet crossed over our little camera obscura, a hero, acknowledged such by his comnow act their parts, and crowd for- rades, a knight respected even by his ward to the view of Retrospection. Yet sovereign. Christianity was likewise this new colour, if we call it such, that young in the world, openly and with gives a future tint to manners and to violence attacked by Saracens, tacitly life, is but the shading off to gentler snecred at by unbelieving Jews, deorange of that blood red, which marked tested as a successful enemy by Pagans. so long the now merely nominal Roman The votaries of religion thought it tvas empire. When the inhabitants of Ger- man's first duty to protect her; Turmany's black forefts first left their na- pin, Archbithop of Rheims, fought tive woods for the rich vales of Italy, valiantly in the field, by side of Charthey carried to the scene of action, lemagne, and 't is on that principle. with their refiftless genius for con- that we even yet see the sword drawn quest, a settled intent to bestow modes in Poland at the moment of pronounof living, not accept them. Their cing the creed. purpose did succeed surprisingly, old “ Theology thus mingling itself with customs were broken up and died personal courage, and enthusiastic piety, away, and a new system was establish- inflamed by romantic love, not only isg itself apace in all the nations of sent innumerable warriors to contend Europe. The earth was parcelled out, in the field of battle, for palms of


Falour and prizes of beauty; but dif- Elizabeth; our tutelary saint made his pored mankind to think befide that full famous in all ballad ftory conqueft denoted the approbation, as well as the care of Heaven, Private

· When George, he shay'd the dragon's

beard, quarrels were adjusted, not by cold equity, but martial prowess; a cham • And Afrelon was his razor.' pion was granted to females, who But it was not peculiar to Christianity, could not defend themselves from in- Mahomet had nine fwords; the name jury, and the next kinsman commonly of one was death, of another piercing prefied forward to take on him the ruin; and Odegir, the Dane, a Pagan commendable office. Single combats

I believe, called his keen weapon Spawhetted the general keenness for re

tha : whence spada, and espada, and nown, and all concluded that he who fell had merited his fate. When sword sath buckler, corrupted in our old and fhield were thus effential to existe plays to {wal buckler. Charlemagne

meanwhile, though a mere soldier, ence, when they were considered as

scorned not those arts which he fora Tole arbitrators of honour, fole instru. bore to cultivate; but brought to, ments of happiness, what wonder if France mafters of arithmetic, and some we find them cherished to absurdity? Marks of distinction, devices, and im: say grammar. He was likewise, al

though a warlike prince, eminently gen, presses, were affixed upon the second, tle tempered † and indulgent to his chilby which to know each other in the dren. A pretty story of Princess Imma battle; and baptism was, I fear, very and her lover is related in the Spectafolemnly bestowed upon the first. Thus tor from Marquahand Freher. The Roland called his favourite fword Du- gallant was Eginhart, who says of his randal: we know Joyeuse was the lovereign when he writes his life, that name of that worn by Charlemagne. he could speak Latin as easily as his. Hamburgh was built by this extraordi

own native Frankish, but that in Greek nary character, and Halberstadt famed

he had a bad pronunciation. When for its pied Piper in 1376. Charle

at the death of this great man the emmagne's twelve peers are, by romance; pire was again divided among his chil.' given to our Arthur; they are indeed aren, he charged them to live well lo necessary to the old writers of these with one another; and having spilt times, that I question whether Sir deluges of blood in order to unite the Theseus and Sir Alesaundre had not twelve peers each. Theseus, indeed, testament parted it amooz his fons,

Welt under one head, he willingly by those authors made a faint of; but giving to Pepin Italy alone, to Louis faints and knights were all that pof- ie Debonnaire, France, with the ex, felled men's minds

ception of Normandy, which went «With store of ladies, whose bright Charles. That there might be no

with Austria, Saxony, and Bavaria, ta eyes • Rain influence and judge the prizę

murderous disputes among them after • In wit or arms, whilst all contend

his decease, he left a friet command • To win her grace whom all com

behind, that if they differed about any mend,'

thing, the youth who should be able

and willing longest to support the por “ The peers were twelve, because ture in which our Saviour suffered cruthe apostles had been twelve, appointed çifixion, was to obtain without further by our Saviour to sit on twelve thrones, inquiry the purpose they contended judging the twelve tribes of Israel. for. This mode of decision afterwards Christening swords * was scarcely left grew'common, and was called jugement off till towards the time of our Queen de la croix. The French language now

“ Odin's horse, and Odin's sword, had names; Sleipner (ficep ne'er) and Tirfing: I don't know what tirting meant. The daughter of liialmar comes in the night for Tirfing; it was made by the dwarfs, and had peculiar properties, difpofing her to disturb the dead that she might obtain it."

† « Charlemagne was himself of an amorous difpofition, had many mistresses, and two or three wives. L'amour de Dieu et des dames went together in those



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began to supplant the Latin, on whose like Chaos umpire fate, and by des
wreck ’t was raised; verses were writ- cision more imbroiled the fray.Vol.i.
ten and songs were sung in praise of po 216.
love and valour; while bards, trouba-

(To be continued.)
dours, tale-tellers and minstrels, soften-
ing the ferocious temper of the times,
foon taught each warrior spirit how to II. Travels in the Interior of Africa,
bend before a distant and difficultly-

from the Cape of Good Hope to acquired fair one; music lent her aid beside to animate and to inspire devo

Morocco, from the Years 1781 to tion. The French fingers however,

1797; through Caffraria, the King. even then, had the characteristic rough

doms of Mataman, Angola, Malli, ness peculiar to their nation, and made Monoemugi, Mufchako, &c. likethe tosse di capra, as Italians still call a wise across the Great Desert of coarse bad shake. Trilletaccio! say they: Sahara, and the northern Parts of at Paris Gluck, in my own time, said Barbary, Translated from the to his scholars, Ne chevrotez pas *. Our German of ChrISTIAN FREDEEnglish have a joke on Wales and

RICK DAMBERGER. Illustrated by Welshmen that expresses this fault with much accuracy. Waaaales, replies the

a Map and coloured Plates. 8vo. goat, when his Anglo-Saxon neigh

pp. 299. ios. 6d. Longman and

Rees. bours travelling over Snowdon, ask him, “How d’ye call this country? and at the same time shake him by the

LIST OF PLATES. beard. While thus the West began, MAP Of Africa. at least in some respects, to emerge The Author in Caffraria. out of that fad Cimmerian darkness in Inhabitants of Bahahara. which she had long dropt inert and A Moor of the Desert of Sahara. lifeless, Irene's death hung heavy on her successor, who, born her vassal, was never by the Queen's subjects will

CONTENTS. ingly obeyed. Bardanes was pro

FIRST Part.-Chap. I. The Au. claimed emperor; but soon, after a fruitless contest for the purple, funk thor departs for the Cape of Good bis pretensions in a monastery. The Hope-Arrival there, and Cause of Tebel chamberlain, however, fared no his Desertion.--11. Sets out for the better; and Michael

, Leo, and Theo- Interior of Africa—Patles the Nights philus, were only other names for in the Kraals of the Hottentots----Rewickedness and iinpious folly. This marks on Le Vaillant.-III. Course last being born of mean parents, fired eastward, towards Fish River-Man. a rich ship loaded with merchandise, ners and Customs of the Hottentots that no one might luspect his natural - The Caffres—A successful Journey inclination for commerce, and made his subjects cut the hair' from their in Search of a stranded Vestel-In heads, because his own was thin. Not- great Favqur with the whole Kraal. withstanding these mad caprices, he = IV. Dangers True Limits of made war not unsuccessfully against Caffraria, &c.--Kraals of the Yamathe Saracens, although in these days tians, and their Customs.--V. Enter they built Candy, and gave new name the Country of Mahotians--Bodies to ancient Crete, head-quarters of pa- of five murdered Europeans----Being gan mythology. The labyrinth how, maitreated, runs away and arrives at ever yet remained upon their coins and Makumbo--Enter fome Villages of arms: Rubæus says 't was their device the Kamtorrians—Their Character, in his time, and he lived in 1690. The Custoins, &c.-VI. Customs of the popes, meanwhile, increased their inAuence daily; nor was it influence now,

Kamtorrians in War-Buhagari, the but firm authority. Charlemagne's first Town in the Kingdom of Birisons could not agree, and Gregory IV. Kindly received ---Character of the * “ Don't sing like a goat."


Gohawans--Manners and Customs --Description of Marocco The of the Inhabitants of Mataman-- EmperorIn 1796 the Author is Seenhofa, the Seat of Government- ranfomed, by Agents of the French Received into the King's Household; Republic, and fails for Holland.-fearing to be sold as a Slave, escapes. ix. Voyage from Marocco to Hol-VII. Account of the Seegerins land-Land in the Texel-Arrested, Reflections on the Slave Trade-De- and sentenced to serve two Years in scription of a Tiger Hunt-Country the Dutch Army--Obtains his Freeof the Sovians--Manners and Cul. dom, and returns to his native Couatoms of the Angolans-Oppressed by try. an Evanga, or Judge-Liberated by the King.

PREFACE. Second Part.-Chap. I. The Azahorians—The Copra (a Serpent) enrolled among the authors of this lite

“ NOT the empty pride of being Kingdoms of Malemba and Cacongo rary age, but the wishes of my friends -The Author becomes Page to the and patrons, to see the science of geoKing; is afterwards disgraced. --II. graphy and the history of nations enThe Yaganese-Fighting Buffalus larged by a narrative of what I have Kingdoms of Masli, Yukodego, &c. feen and learnt during my travels, are

ill. The Moohatans-Mopha- the motives that have led to the public nians, a People who dwell in Caves cation of the following work. Many --Put among the King's Slaves--

indeed are the writers, who having Ascends the Moon Mountains.-IV. miles from their native place, are eager

made an excursion of forty or fifty The Vomahanians -- Free-bordering to see their travels in print; boast of Negroes—ets out with a Caravan the dangers and misfortunes they have bound to Vangara—Kahoratho.-V. encountered; or describe cities and Pass the Niger-Haouffa--Admitted towns, of which they have taken but a into the King's Service-War be very cursory view, and which they tween the Kings of Haoussa and praise or dífpraise according to their Vangara--The Capital of Vangara caprice. Yet their works are not only taken—The Capital of Haouffa de read, but they are urged to write more. fcribed-The Town of Feene, where Now as I may affert, without prethe Author resides fix Months.-VI. has ever undertaken fo hazardous an

sumption, that no native of Germany Sille --Paffes, in the Company of a expedition, in this hitherto almost unCaravan, the Sancho (Gold) Moun- known land, in the interior of which tains-Sandy Deserts-Muhoyadans, I have travelled on foot, during fixteen a warlike and obliging Nation years, entirely alone, I venture to Ascend a Chain of Mountains, and hope, that I am rendering real service su im through the River Sampi-Im- to the public, by communicating the minent Danger-Arrive at the Fron- facts and obfervations that occurred tiers of the Kingdom Tamohata

during its continuance. And although (Targa) --Attacked by a Company stamp of science and 'erudition, yet I

these observations may not bear the of Moors.-VII. The Defert Sahara

can folemnly aver, that I was an eyeObservation on-Mungo Park witness to all I have related, and have The Inhabitants of Biledulgerid--- adhered in all things most ftrictly to The Author attacked with a Fever, truth. When I have found occasion to and left behind by the Caravan- correct the errors of former travellers, Continues his Route with some which have been received as facts on Moors to Tegorarin, where he is fold their authority, as, for instance, those to a Slave-dealer-Mezzabath-The

of M. Le Vaillant, or supply what they Author fold to a Merchant of Ma- other motive than the love of truth;

have omitted, I have acted from no rocco.-VIII. Departs for Marocco for those I have myself committed, I --Attacked by a Band of wandering hope I shall meet with candour and Arabs—The Robbers put to Flighi indulgence. - The names of the nations, --The Yunaby, or Rain Mountains towns, and countries I visited, may


elsewhere be written otherwise than I ants; ori in default thereof, by the have spelt them; but I have governed female. When the latter come to the myself by the pronunciation of the na- throne, they choose from among their tives; for in most of these countries subjects a husband, who reigns jointly nothing written is to be found * I with his wife; but it must firit be fac. adopted the names of many towns and tisfactorily ascertained, by the elder's places as laid down upon maps; but of the land, whether he pofiefies the many are totally wanting, not only in necessary talents and abilities. The charts, but in all geographical works. king is also the chief priest and footh

Thefe defects will be in a great mea- layer, besides which, he is chief oversure corrected and supplied, in the secr of the youth; and his decisions are map annexed to the following thects. respected even when he judges falfely. Of countries already fully and accu He has the exclusive privilege of marrately described by others, I have laid rying several wives, and appoints sub"httle, to avoid repeating what is al- ordinate judges, priests, &c. The "Teady known. Some objects which king does not march against the enemy, required the illustration of drawings, I but gives the command of the troops have endeavoured to design with as to others. The foldiers are brave, and much fidelity as I could, and the artist very dexterous with the bow; their has succeeded in the execution to the number is said to be thirty thousand. life itself.

“ In this kingdom are three large “ Should this work be so fortunate towns, the most populous of which is as to meet with a favourable reception Seenhofa. This town is situated two from the public, it is my intention, days journey from the frontiers by provided I remain in Europe, to write, which I entered the country, and is as a sequel to it, a full and accurate the royal residence. In each town is a geographical account of the least- chief appointed by the king, who is known countries and kingdoms of also priest, and is called mobwoia. He which I have treated; as, for instance, cannot, however, pass sentence of his Bahahara, Haouffà, &c. &c. t. own authority, but must put in force

« CHRIST. FRED. DAMBERGER.” the decision of the king. August 1800.

“ In their religious usages, this na

ition coincide in many things with the EXTRACTS.

Mohammedans, and practile circum

cilion, accompanied with certain cereTHE KINGDOM OF MATAMAN, &c. monies. Divine service is performed

“THE kingdom of Mataman, though in the morning in the open air, at a mountainous, polieties many fertile plar e chosen by the priest. It is very vallies, most beautiful meadows, and fimple, the people forming a circle, many fruit-trees; but the inhabitantsare and the priest making an harangue. too lazy to improve the advantages as “ Marriages are here, as among the they ought. The king is an unlimited South-caffres, contracted without cerehereditary monarch, and is called fo- mony. The men esteem and love their haawoia (chofen by the gods). His wives, and therefore do not burden office is inherited by his male descend- them with too much labour; but dis

* “ The translator has followed his author, except by changing the v into fi the į into y, the k fometimes into c, the ä into e or é, the eu into ei, &c. according to the pronunciation of the German language; and in the fecond volume the w is often changed into y, for the same reaton: the vowels therefore bere printed thould be pronounced as in all European languages, except English. The ch being a guttural could not be expressed better than as in the original."

7 “ The trandator has sometimes reminded the reader, that the author, in speaking of apparently thort distances, reckons by German miles, which are explained the first time they occur. This he has done by introducing the word German, which, however, does rot occur in the original, and therefore the larger numbers of miles occasionally mentioned are probably German also.

“ In all the speeches of the original the pronoun of the second person singular is used; but this being a Germanism, and it not being said expressly to have been actually employed, the translator has more familiarly rendered it by the plural.”


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