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the traveller, the winds which prevail ment entertain a doubt of their baneful at different seasons of the year, and influence, I must beg leave to refer which, in examining several meteoro- them to the first book of the classical logical registers kept in Great Britain and elegant poem on health by the for upwards of fifty years, I have found learned and ingenious Dr. Armstrong, to be almost as periodical as those in the whole falutary advice I shall not attropics, I shall proceed to a farther ap- tempt to disguise in the tame language plication of this hypothesis to domestic of profe; nor would I wish, by a parpurposes.

tial quotation, to deprive the reader " It appears that in these islands the of the pleasure of gratifying himself by W. and S. W. winds prevail three a general reference to the original. fourths of the year, and E. and N. E. Although our atmosphere in paronly one fourth. In all parts of Great ticular places is impregnated with noxiBritain the $. W. is esteemed the most ous vapours, fortunately for the inha-' rainy point of the compass.

bitants of these isands they are not « In building houses, granaries, or subject to the baneful influence of poiftorehouses of any kind, therefore, in fonous winds; nor can they scarcely all parts of Great Britain and Ireland, consider themselves expofed to the ragreat care should be taken not to place vages of hurricanes. The tempests, buildings to the E. or N. E. of any lake which fometimes are known in our or ftanding pool of water, but particu- temperate climate, can scarcely be larly of marshes or fens; and where a deemed more than storms, especially choice is permitted, it would perhaps when compared with those in the trobe prudent to erect our habitations to pic.” P. 145. the W. and S. W. of every river and canal; for, if fituated to the eastward of them, according to this hypothefis, the LXX. A Practical Ejay on the. Art wind will blow upon the buildings three fourths of

the year, bringing with 'of recovering suspended Animation ; it the additional moisture of the river

together with a Review of the most or canal, and consequently will render

effectual Means to be adopted in it damp and unwholesome'; whereas if Cases of imminent Danger. Transplaced westward of these fources of lated from the German of Chris. moisture, the air from the eastward, TIAN AUGUSTUS STRUVE, M.D, which is rather too dry, in passing over &c. 12mo. pp. 210. 35.6d. Murray large bodies of water, will absorb a cer and Highley tain quantity of the moisture in solution in the atmosphere, and the dampness of it of course will be by these means in some degree diminished : but at all OBSERVATIONS on the History events, as the wind blows from the of humane Institutions, Review eastward three months of the year only, of all the Symptoms of Life, exhibita house thus fituated will be less damped in their natural Order-Recovery than one placed to the westward, exactly in proportion to the difference of On the Manner of faving Persons in

of the Susceptibility of Irritation--time each different wind blows, that is, as three to nine; and for this reason

extreme Danger--Examination of every person should recollect that the Poisons-Danger of Suffocation from W. and S. W. fides of a house are al. Substances swallowed ---Remarks on ways the most damp.

the Prevention of Hydrophobia-“ It seems needless to expatiate on Table of the different operative Means the necessity of applying these observa- of Resuscitation. tions in particular to fituations near* marshes or fens. The fatal consequences

EXTRACTS. of the exhalations from these places are very well known, and therefore I fhall content myself with having pointed out to those, who are unavoidably “ THERE is no branch of medicine, obliged to live near them, the most of which its professors have greater effe&tual means of partly avoiding their reason to be proud, than the art of re. effects. If any persons can for a mo- ftoring to life persons apparently dead 3

VOL, V.-No. XLIX.

CONTENTS.

OBSERVATIONS ON HUMANE

INSTITUTIONS.

3F

an art with which our predecessors in events. Yet, notwithstanding many medical science, for want of anatomical useful hints contained in these works, knowledge, were not fufficiently ac- they neither excited general attention, quainted; but which, in the present nor engaged the notice of the rulers of age, is progreflively advancing towards the country. perfection. No stronger argument can “ The present century claims the . be opposed to the sophistical asertions merit of having more fully discussed the of Temple*, Rousseau, and subsequent fubject; à circumstance which, though writers, than the modern history of it cannot be considered as a conseresuscitation. Indeed, no fcientiic re- quence of the more refined moral feel searches have greater claims to public ings for the value of human life (for gratitude, and none deserve to be held the contrary is too strongly proved by in greater estimation, than those which sanguinary wars), may, nevertheless, be relate to the recovery of persons appa- ascribed to the great improvement rently dead; from whatever cause this which has been made of late years in fufpenfion of vital powers may have the art of healing. taken place.

“ Induced by the example of her “ The ancients, who duly acknow- scientific neighbours, the attention of ledged the great merit of their phyfi- Germany was called to the important cians, revered them, according to the object of applying medicine to the imideas peculiar to their age, as demi- provement of the resuscitative art. For, gods. Such were their Heracles, Af- though some German writers had pubclepiades, Empedocles, who enjoyed di- lished their sentiments on this fubje&, vine honours, and owed much of their yet they only produced a flight imcelebrity to the successful restoration pression upon the minds of their counof those who were apparently confign- trymen. Nor did the famous story of ed to the grave. When we examine the goldsmith's wife at Dresden the pages of the history of medicine, strike them with awe. Winslow and we find among the ancient Egyptians, Brubier, indeed, had previously writGreeks, and Romans, many accounts ten on this subjeđ in France; but of successful attempts at resuscitation, many years elapsed before their publiand of the respectful attention beftow- cations were transated and read in ed on the preservation of human life; Germany. They, however, produced but there are no records of public in- several German pamphlets on the ftitutions for that benevolent purpose. treatment of the apparently dead, fome

“ In the middle ages, when medic of which are not deftitute of merit . cine, as well as all the other sciences, " At length, Profeffor Hufeland exwere totally neglected, this important cited the attention of the public, by object was likewise entirely abandoned. his excellent work 'On the Uncer,

“ In the seventeenth century, how- "tainty of the Symptoms of Death, and ever, the attention of the public was on the only infallible Means of preagain directed to this philanthropic 'venting Persons from being consigned aim, and there appeared several works 'to an untimely Grave;' printed at on the subject. Among these are the Weimar, in the year 1791. productions of Kirchmayert, and a As the uncertainty of relying upon few others, that display the character the signs of apparent death was thus of the age in which they were written, more generally acknowledged, inftitunamely, a strong desire of perpetuating tions were progressively effected for the fuperftition, and recording marvellous recovery of drowned persons, or others

* “ Les @uvres mclées du Chevalier Temple, t. i. pp. 246. Utrecht, 1693." † « Dilertatio de Hom. apparent. Mort. Wittemb. 1651.-Henr. Kornmann, de Mortis Miraculis."

I“ Nachricht von der aus ihrem Grabe wieder auferstandenen Goldschmieds Frau in Dresden; neht Errinnerung von der unerkannten Sünde, die Leute zu be graben, ebe fie noch gestorben :-or, An Account of the Goldsmith's Wife at Dresden, who rofe alive from her Grave; together with an Exposition of the secret Crime of burying People previous to their Death, by M. Paul Christ, Hilscher, Dresden, 1773."

Das grose, Unglück einer zu fruhen Beerdigung.-On the great Misfortune of premature Interment, by C. F. Struve, Physician at Neustadt, 1785,"

whofe

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whole lives were endangered by similar

In the year 1772

34 persons accidents.

1773 " In the year 1767, a society for the

1774 recovery of drowned persons was esta

1775' 37 do. blished at Amsterdam: they published rules for proceeding in fuch cases, and

Total 287 persons. offered premiums to those who were “ The premiums were accordingly fuccessful in the application of these paid; but besides these, inany were Tules. One of their most active mem- recovered for w'ofe preservation no bers, John Abraham Willink, procured premiums had been o:Fered: among a translation of the history and tranf- those were three from a state of suffoactions of this society, in the German cation, and one from strangulation, relanguage. On the very day of its stored to life by the same process as is foundation, the society had the satiro adopted with those who are drowned. faction to see the first person on whom According to later registers of this fotheir method was tried, rescued from ciety, from its foundation to the year aquatic fuffocation; and, in the same 1793, during twenty-five years, 990 year, two other cases, equally fucceff. persons have, by its patriotic exertions, ful, occurred at Amsterdam.

been restored to the community. “In most of the Dutch towns, fi “ There likewise were published at milar philanthropic inftitutions were Venice, in the year 1768, Directions formed. Indeed it appears from a list for the Resuscitation of the Drowned, published in Holland, that by means and premiums promised to those who of these establishments the following applied them with success. Similar innumber of persons, who must other- ftitutions were established in several wife have perished, were restored to other parts of Italy, especially at Milan, their friends and fociety::

and throughout Lombardy: while the In the year 1767

3 persons

transactions of the Dutch society were 1768 24 do.

translated into the Russian language, 1769

by, the Imperial Academy at Peters1770 35 do.

burg.P. 1. 1771 34 do.

(To be concluded in our next.)

44 do.

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