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that the power of the magiftrates ex. privy mothes that eat up the credit tended only to the prevention of such of many idle citizens, whose gaynes paftimes as were specified by name in at home are not able to weighe downe the public acts, and not to any new theyr losses abroad; whole fhoppes fpecies of diversion.

6 are so farre from maintaining their · The general decay of those manly play, that theyr wives and children and spirited exercises, which formerly •cry out for bread, and go to bedde were practised in the vicinity of the • supperless ofte in the yeere.' In anometropolis, has not arisen from any ther place, his reflections are more gewant of inclination in the people, but neral, and he exclaims, “Oh, what a from the want of places proper for the wonderful change is this ! our wreaftpurpose : such as in times past had • ling at armes is turned to wallowing been allotted to them are now covered in ladies' laps, our courage to cowwith buildings, or fhut up by enclo- ' ardice, our running to royot, our sures; fo that, if it were not for skit. • bowes into bowls, and our darts into tles, Dutch-pins, four-corners, and the dishes.' like pastimes, they would have no “ The evils complained of by these amusements for the exercise of the writers were then in their infancy: body; and these amulernents are only they have in the present day attained to be met with in places belonging to to a gigantic ftature; and we may add common drinking-houses, for which to them E. O. tables, also other tables reason their play is feldom productive for gambling distinguished by the apof much benefit, but more frequently pellation of noir et rouge; pharo-banks, becomes the prelude to drunkennels and many more fashionable novelties, and debauchery. This evil has been equally as detrimental to morality, and increasing for a long series of years; as equally destructive to the fortunes of and honeft Stow laments the retrench- those who pursue them, as any of the ments of the grounds appropriated for recreations of the former times. Even martial pastimes, which had begun to horse-racing, which anciently was contake place in his day. Why,' says lidered as a liberal sport, and proper he, should I speak of the ancient ex- for the amusement of a gentleman,

ercises of the long bow, by the citi- has been of late years degraded into a zens of this city, now almost clean dangerous species of gambling, by no left off and fortaken? I over-pass it ; means the lets deserving of censure, for, by the means of clofeing in of because it is fashionable, and countecommon grounds, our archers, for nanced by persons of the highest rank want of room to shoot abroad, creep and fortune.” P. xliv. into bowling-alleys and ordinarie diceing-houses neer home, where they have room enough to hazard their

EXTRACTS. money at unlawful games.' He also tells us, that · Northumberland House, in the parish of Saint Katherine Coleman, belonged to Henry Percy Earl

CAL PROCEEDINGSANECDOTE OF of Northumberland, in the thirty JAMES 1. third year of Henry VI.; but of late,

“ DURING the tyrannical governbeing deserted by that noble family, ment of William the Norman, and his the gardens were converted into two sons who succeeded him, the re* bowling-alleys, and the other parts strictions concerning the killing of

of the estate into diceing-houses. But game were by no means meliorated. bowling-alleys and houses for the ex The privileges of hunting in the royal Sercise of diceing and other unlawful forests were confined to the king and

games are at this time to greatly in his favourites; and, to render thefe .creased in other parts of the city and receptacies for the beafts of the chase

its suburbs, that this parent spot,' more capacious, or to make new ones, or, as he afterwards calls it, the an- whole villages were depopulated, and

cient and only patron of mifrule, is places of divine worship overthrown; ' forsaken of its gamesters.' And here not the leatt regard being paid to the we may add the following remark from miseries of the suffering inhabitants, an author somewhat more ancient than or the cause of religion. These despoStow: “Common bowling-alleys are tic proceedings were not confined to


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royalty, as may be proved from good blished for its practice; these rules were authority; and this subject is deline- afterwards extended by the mafter of ated, with great force of colouring, the game belonging to King Henry IV. by a writer of the twelfth century, and drawn up for the use of his son, when the severity of the game-laws Henry Prince of Wales. Both these was somewhat abated. In our time,' tracts are preserved, and we shall have says the author, . hunting and hawk- occasion to speak a little fuller con. ing are esteemed the most honourable cerning them in the course of this • employments, and most excellent vir- chapter. • tues, by our nobility; and they think • Edward III. took so much delight • it the height of worldly felicity to in hunting, that even at the time he • spend the whole of their time in these was engaged in war with France, and • diversions; accordingly they prepare resident in that country, he had with « for them with more solicitude, ex- him in his army fixty couple of fag.

pense, and parade, than they do for hounds, and as many hare-hounds, and • war; and pursue the wild beasts with every day he amused bimself with huntgreater fury than they do the enemies ing or hawking. of their country. By constantly fol. « It also appears that many of the • lowing this way of life, they lose great lords in the English army had • much of their humanity, and become their hounds and their hawks, as well

as favage, nearly, as the very brutes as the king; to this may be added from • they hunt.' He then proceeds in this the same author, that is Froisiart, who mzanner: • Husbandmen, with their was himself a witness to the fact, that • harmless herds and flocks, are driven Gaston Earl of Foix, a foreign noble• from their well.cultivated fields, their man contemporary with King Edward, • meadows, and their pastures, that kept upwards of fix hundred dogs in “wild beasts may range in them with his castle for the purpose of hunting.

out interruption. And adds, ad “ James I. preferred this amusement dressing himself to his unfortunate to hawking or shooting *. One time countrymen, 'If one of these great and when he was on a hunting party near • merciless hunters fall pass by your Bury St. Edmunds, he saw an opulent • habitation, bring forth hastily all the townsman, who had joined the chase,

refreshment you have in your house, 'very brave in his apparel, and so git. " or that you can readily buy, or bor- "tering and radiant, that he eclipied

row from your neighbours, that you all the court.' The King was de • may not be involved in ruin, or even sirous of knowing the name of this • accused of treason. If this picture gay gentleman, and being informed by of Norman tyranny be correct, it ex one of his followers, that it was hibits a melancholy view of the suffer- Lamme, he facetiously replied, 'Lamb, ings to which the lower classes of the call you him? I know not what kind people were exposed; in short, it ap of lamb he is, but I am sure he has pears that these haughty Nimrods con got a good fleece upon his back.' Thus fidered the murder of a man as a crime it seems that even the puns of royalty of less magnitude than the killing of a are worthy of record. single beast appointed for the chase. “ It would be an endless, as well as

“ King John was particularly at a needless task, to quote all the paftached to the sports of the field; and fages that occur in the poetical and his partiality for fine horles, hounds, profe writings of the last three centuand hawks, is evident, from his fre- ries, to prove that this favourite pafquently receiving such animals, by way time had lost nothing of its relish in of payment, instead of money, for the the modern times; on the contrary, it renewal of grants, fines, and forfci- seems to have been more generally tures, belonging to the crown. practised. Sir Thomas More, who

“ In the reign of Edward II. this wrote in the reign of Henry VIII. defavourite amusement was reduced to a scribing the state of manhood, makes perfect science, and regular rules esta- a young gallant to say,

* “ It is said of this monarch that he divided his time betwixt his ftandish, his bottle, and his hunting; the last had his fair weather, the two former his dull and cloudy. Wellwood's Memoirs, p. 35."

• Man





• Man-hod I am, therefore I me dea fesfion of no less than thirteen parks, lyght

well stocked with deer, and other ani• To hunt and hawke, to nourishe up mals for the chase. and fede

“ The ladies often accompanied the • The greyhounde to the coursi, the gentlemen in hunting partics; upon hawke to th' flight,

there occasions it was ufuil to draw ' And to bestryde a good and lusty the game into a fmall compass by itede.'

means of enclosures, and temporary “ These pursuits are frid by latter tators of the fport, though in many

stands were made for them to be speclýriters to have been destructive to the instances they joined in it, and shot at fortunes of many inconsiderate young the animals aá they pailed by them heirs, who, desirous of emulating the with arrows. Agreeable to these minftate of their luperior3, have kept their horfes, hounds, and hawks, and Mvu. fair ievits most of the heroines of ro

nera, which cultum reconciled to the riihed away for 2 it out time, in a style that their incule ivas ina:lequate to

mance are said to be fond of the tports fupport. Ochung again, tot having it the "Squyer of iowe Degree, the King

of the field. In an old poem entitled in their power!) pead to fir, cuntentert stehende Prulay with in the morning the thall go with him

of llungary promises his daughter that join a 18. Dani's that en hunting, and pitcot with them the pleature of

on a hunting party, arrayed most gorfollowing the aine.” P. 4.

geously, and riding in a chariot covered
with red velvet, drawn by
Jennettes of Spajne that ben so

• Trapped to the ground with velvet

bright.' " THE bishops and abbots of the middle ages bunted with great state, In the field, fżys he, the game shall be having a large train of retainers and

enclosed with nets, and you placed at servants; and some of them are re

a stand so conveniently that the harts corded for their skill in this fafionable and the hinds ihall come close to you. pursuit. Walter Bishop of Rochester, • Ye shall be set at such a tryst, who lived in the thirteenth century, • That hert and hynde thall come to wis an excellent hunter, and so fon!

your fyít. of the sport, that at the age of four- Ile then commends the music of the score he made hunting his fole employ- bugle-horn. ment, to the total neglect of the duties of his office. In the fucceeding cen

• To here the bugles there yblow tury an abbot of Leicester furpafled all

• With theyr bugles in that place, the sportlinen of the time in the art

And feven score raches at liis rechase.' of bare-iunting; and even when there He also allures her that the thould dignitaries were travelling from place have to place, upon aifuirs of business, they lese of herhounds with her to tilually had both hounds and hawks in

ftrake.' their train. Fitzite plien afures us, that Thomas Becket, being rent as am

" The harehound, or greyhound, bafiador from Henry II. to the court fent in fermer times, and especially

was confidered as a very valuable preof France, assumed 'the state of a fecue lar poientate; and took with him

among the ladies, with whom it apdogs and hawks of various forts, and therefore in another metrical ro

pears to have been a peculiar favourite; such as were uted by kings and princes.

“The clergy of rank, at all times, marce, protally more ancient than had the privilege of hunting in their

the fornier, called Sir Eglamore,' a Car parks and enclosures; and there. princo's tells tlic knight that if he was

inclined to hunt, the would, as an fore, that they might not be prevented especial mark of her favour, give him from following this favourite pastime, they took care to have such receptacles

an excellent greyhound, fu swift that for gane belonging to their priories.

no deer could escape from his pursuit. At the time of the Reformation, the Syr yf you be on huntynge founde, fee of Norwich only, was in the pot: 'Ihall you gyve a good greyhounde VOL. V.-No. L.

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• That is dunne as a doo:

LXXIII. Stoddart's Remarks on local • For as I am trewe gentylwoman, Scenery and Manners in Scotland.« There was never deer that he at ran, (Conciuded from p. 392.) " That myght yscape bim fro.' “ It is evident, however, that the

INVERCAULD-FIR PLANTATIONS ladies had hunting parties by themselves, and we find them upon the second plate in the open fields winding“ FEW proprietors have done more, the horn, rousing the game, and pur or with more judgment, toward suing it without any other aslistance: the improvement of their eftates, both this delineation, which is hy no means in appearance and in product, than Mr. singular, is taken from a inanuscript Farquharson. Of the ancient royal written and illuminated early in the forest of Mar he keeps a great proporfourteenth century. We may also ob- tion in its natural state, as does the serve, upon these occasions, that the Earl of Fife; and on both properties female Nimrods difpented with the the deer are cherished with great care. method of riding best suited to the There are many natural woods, but modefty of the sex, and sat aftride the extent of plantation is still greater; upon the saddle like the men; but this Mr. Farquharton himself, in the courie indecorous custom, I trust, was never cf a long poflession, having planted general, nor of long continuance, even no less than fixteen millions of fir, and with the heroines who were most de- two millions of larch. The latter is lighted with these masculine exercises. newly introduced into the practice of . An author of the seventeenth century Scotch plantation, and answers for speaks of another fathion adopted by every purpose, except fuel, much betthe fair huntresles of the town of Bury ter than the fir. Firs, however, anin Suffolk. “The Bury ladies,' says hé, pear tolerably congenial to this foil, • that used hawking and hunting, were and there still remain some very ancient 6 once in a great vaine of wearing ones, above 100 feet in straight height. • breeches, which it seems gave rise to They were much more numerous; but many severe and ludicrous farcasms. having been injudiciously thinned, the The only argument in favour of this wind forced its way into the plantz habit, was decency in cafe of an acci- tion, and in one night laid most of dent. But it was obferved that such thefe veterans low. Much has been accidents ought to be prevented, in a said in difpraise of the Scotch fir. I manner more consistent with the deli- think the natural beauty of the ind. cacy of the sex, that is, by refraining vidual tree has been greatly underval from thofe dangerous recreations. lued; but surely when planted on to

“ Queen Elizabeth was extremely broad a scale, their effect is peculiarly fond of the chase, and very frequently adapted to augment the grandeur and indulged herself in following of the majesty of these vast hollows. At Inhounds." Her Majesty,' says a cour- vereauld, as in Glenmore, the moultier, writing to Sir Robert Sidney, 'is tains seem to be divided by a dark ick * well, and excellently disposed to hunt- of firs, whose uniformity of hue and

ing, for every second day me is on appearance affords inexpreslīble Polenta " horseback, and continues the sport nity to the scene, and carries back the

mind to those primeval ages, when the

axe had not yet invaded the boundless (To be continued.)

regions of the forest. * Rowland Whyte to Sir Robert Sidney, dated September 12, A. D. 1603 It is to be remembered at this time her Majesty had just entered the feventyseventh year of her age. She was then at her palace at Oatlands: and frequently, when she was not disposed to hunt herself, the was entertained with the fight of the pastime; as at Cowdrey, in Sussex, the feat of Lord Morte cute, A.D. 1591, one day after dinner her Grace fáw from a turretó listetil • bucks all having fayre lawe, pulled downe with greyhounds in a lawnd us • lawn. Nichols's Progrefles, vol. ii.”

• long'

P. 9

** But

“ But the most remarkable of Mr. tory leads me to some general observaFarquharson's improvements are the tions on Scottish music, which may roads which he has carried, in a variety form no unpardonable digression of directions, through his estate, for The harp was formerly in general use purposes both of utility and of plea- among the peasantry.' It is supposed sure. They are in all considerably by Ritfon to have been chiefly confined more than twenty miles; they are ex to the Highlands; though James I. is cellently constructed, and their level to mentioned as a masterly performer on well kept, that you reach, by a regu- it, and it is enumerated among the lar progress, the very tops of the moun Lowland instruments by Silvester Gi. tains ere you are well aware of having raldus. The flock-and-horn is a pipe ascended. Before any of the roads, fixed into a horn. It seems improperly public or private, were formed, Inver- confounded by Ritson with the comcauld was much more completely re- pipe, which is nothing more than a parated from focial intercourse than at blade of green corn, framed by theppresent. Among many instances of herd boys into a pipe, as defcribed by this, perhaps more humorous than ac- Chaucer, Shakspeare, &c. The trump, curate, I heard the following :-Some or Jew's harp, is of great antiquity in time previous to the year forty-five, a

Scotland. Lochaber is celebrated for number of Invercauld's tenants were it, as is the isle of St. Kilda: at the observed by a neighbouring proprietor former of those places I myfelf heard marching in a long proceflion, and ap a young man perform, with great dex-' parently heavily laden. Upon invefti- terity, on two at once, not without gation, it was found that they had some musical effect. This inftrument been to Aberdeen, and on their return, is mentioned in Wedderburn’s Com. had each brought a large piece of coal "plaint; if it be not rather that, which as a present to the laird. Of the local in old English is called by the same attachment of the very lowest classes, name, and of which the trumpet is Mr. Farquharfon himself related to me only a diminutive. The ariolin is now the following instance. He had recom- deservedly becoming popular; and as mended a young herdsman to a gentle- played by the Gows, it must be ovued man in the south of Scotland, who to give all the spirit of the Scotch dangave him very good wages; but walk- cing tunes. But the instrument geneing out a short time afterward, he was rally considered as peculiar to Scotsurprised to see Donald returned, and land, and in favour of which there is fauntering idly about the fields. He a trong national partiality on the part immediately inquired the cause, and of that people, is the bagpipe. There Donald answered, that ' he did not are two kinds (besides the Irish pipes);

like the south country, it was sae the Highland, which is played by the 'cauld be could not find a tree or a month, and the Lowland, with which • hill to keep him warm.' The fond- the bellows are used. The latter kind ness of a Highlandman for whisky is is also supposed to be of Irish origin: proverbial; but perhaps it was never the former is exceedingly ancient, not more forcibly expressed than by a man only in Scotland, but all over Europe of this neighbourhood, who said he To this day, it is ufed by the Calabrian ' was aye wae, when the taste was out fhepherds. It appears on Greek and of his mouth'.” Vol. ii. p. 166. Roman bas-reliefs, and is seen among

the curious Saxon sculptures, which ornament Adderbury church in Ox

fordshire. It is alluted, I know not on “ THE country of Athol, in gene. what authority, to have been brought ral, is not unproductive of materials into Scotland by the Danies, but is not for antiquarian research. On and near improbably as old as the Roman times. the banks of the Tilt are the remains In the · Briefe Description,' 1633, it of several cairns, fortrelles, and other is said of the inhabitants of the Hebrimonuments of the olden time. The des, that in place of a drum, they Athol men were always remarkable for • ufe a bagpip;' but this does not aptheir military ardour; nor is that cha- pear either to have been confined io racter yet obliterated. Many of them the islanders, or to have been dedicated are good performers on the great High- folely to war. It is mentioned in the land bagpipe, an instrument whose his early poem of Peblis to the Pley, about

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