« PreviousContinue »
advised his young friends to procure a yet, during the application, some large loaf; to fcoop out part of the warmth was perceptible in the subject. crumb, and fill the cavity with quick “ The fame phenomena which are filver; he then directed them to throw produced by violent electric shocks, are this quicksilver pye, upon the current, obfervable in persons who have suffered and averred, that it would be stationary by lightning, namely, shivering and at the place where the drowned was heat of the extremities, anxiety, asthmalying. They followed his advice, and tic complaints, and extreme fenfibility adually found the body.” P. 64. of the electric atmosphere, on the ap
proach of a thunder-storm.
A man who had received a violent shock from LIGHTNING.
an electric battery, afterwards suffered “ A MAN who stood in a kitchen, by a fimilar fentation, lost his appetite near an unfinished chimney, was struck and sleep for a long time, and was by lightning, and conlidered as dead. seized with giddiness and stupor. From
The body had no visible marks of in- experiments made with animals, elecjury, except a few red streaks on the tricity was analogically inferred to be a breuft and right arm. Two minutes very powerful refufcitative, in cases of after the accident happened, he was accidents by lightning. Animals were carried into the open air. The pulse apparently killed by electricity, and vas strong and irregular: the whole afterwards rettored to life, by a second body, except the face, was iminediate- ihock through the head and heart.”ly covered with a layer of earth, fix inches thick, and cold water poured upon the face. In eight minutes, he began to move his shoulders anui tongue; LXXIX. Comparative Statement of the and, in twelve minutes, he was fo far
Food produced from arable and profi restored, as to be able to articulate
Land, and the Returns arising front fome incoherent words. He was then removed from the carth-hath, put to
each; with Observations on the bed, and rubbed with vivegar. A mix
late Enclofures, and the probable ture of vinegar and water was likewile Eifects of a general de for enpoured down his throat. An hour and cioning Coinnions and aftes, a half after the accident, he had entire Heaths, &c.; together with other ly recovered the ute of his senfes, but Matters. Addressed to Jobin Fane, complained of exceflive thirst, and a
E1q. M. P. By the Rev. Luke painful burning sensation in his right
HESLOP, Archdeacon of Bucks, arin, and the fingers of both hands.
Author of " Obiervations on the The following night, he could not
Alize of Bread,” &.c. 460. Pp. 18. fleep, on account of intenso pain: he role the next morning; but, for many
Rezields. nights afterwards, he did not enjoy a. quiet repote; and even after the ex
EXTRACTS. piration of half a year, the fentation of IN the Report of the Committee, pain had not entirely forsaken him.
printed the 27th April 1797, it “ In this case, the application of the is stated that for nineteen years, earth-bath is the most remarkable reme- ‘enuing in 1965, Great Britain gained dy: it is, however, to be observed, that by its corn at the rate of 651,0col. the use of this excitement of refufcita per annum; whereas the balance on tion, like all others, ought to be con; "the importation for twenty years, tinued several hours, till ligns of return ending the 25th March 1797 (on an ing life appear. I know an inttance of
zverage of these years), is moderately a physician, who, having accidentally stated at 600,cool. per annum, making heard of the earth-bath, applied it, but a deficiency (or lofs) in the balance of only for a few minutes. Though, in 'the agricultural production of the this case, resuscitation was not effected, country at the rate of 1,251,00cl. per
* " The friend to whom I have the honour of addreffing this, favoured me with the Report; and at the same time mentioned that the inference drawn in favour of enclosures did not follow from the premises."
annum: or in twenty years no less a the three first periods, the number of fum than 25,020,000l.?--Also, that enclosures, on the average of ten years, the value paid to foreign countries for had never amounted to fix, except in
the last three years, viz. 1794, 1795, that ending in 1755; and that in the 6 and 1796, was 7,446,0121.'--And-by following period, ending in 1765, they other calculations, the real cost of increased to 31; and in the three fuc
grain, imported in the year 1796 alone, ceeding ones were still much greater, • amounted to 4,500,000l.'AlfotheCoin. If, therefore, an increase of the number
mittee having received accounts from of enclosures naturally produces an in• the custom-house, stating the quantity crease of grain, this increase should
of grain (of every kind) imported, it have commenced about 1765, when • appeared, that 148,000 acres of addi- their number became five times more !tional land, cultivated under there ar numerous than in any former pe
ticles of produce, would have yielded riod; and it bould also have been fill • the imported quantity, and conte- greater in the three following periods, . quently---that if such a breadth of in which the enclosures received fill • walte land (capable of yielding these further increase. But the Report states "products) were in future to be added the fact to be otherwise; and that in
to the culture of the kingdom, there 1765, the exportation of corn (which on . would not be a fimilar neceflity for the average of the nineteen years pre'importation. Nor is that all; can ceding amounted to 651,cool.) eben 6 any person doubt that double the quan- ceafed ; and from that time importation tity wanted might be brought into cultia commenced, and continued during all vation if the Legislature would give the following periods, and, on the Sufficient encorragement, or even per- average of twenty years, ending in 1797, mission, for that purioje?'Permission amounted to 600,000l. per annum. It here evidently implies (and in other cannot, therefore, be inferred, that by parts of the Report it is expressly increasing the number of enclofures, stated) that if the difficuliies and great the quantity of grain will therefore be expenses with which enclosures have increased. Much less that if permishitherto been attended, were but re- fion was given for that purpose,
' the inoved, or sufficiently leffened, that a increase would amount to twice the quantity of land would soon be en- present,'or late deficiency. In fpecuclosed, and bronght into cultivation, lative reasoning, on a subject to comwhich would be sufficient to produce plicated and extensive, the most discerna continued annual irerease of grain ing may err: but here two facts only are equal, or even double to the patt defi- ftated,--an extraordinary and rapid inciency.—But before this conclufion is crease of enclosures, and (from the time adopted, it should be compared with these enclosures would naturally proa former part of the Report (p. 7th), duce their effects) a change from exportwhere the average number of enclosure ation to importation. The exportation bills for ten years . cominencing anno also prior to these numerous enclosures •1726,' is stated as follows:
had been uninterrupted *, on an aveNumber of bills for ten years. rage or ten years, from the earlieft time
Average (1697) in which regular accounts had • Ending anno 1735
been kept; and the importation has 1745 39
continued also uninterrupted *, on 3 1735 61
like average of years, to the present 1765 312
day. It may, therefore, be fairly pre1775 471 47 fumed (except some other cause can be 1785 469
afligned, and none is here fuggefted, 1795 371
neither does any fufficient † one ap“ From hence it is evident, that in pear), that the numerous enclosures * “ See the table, extracted from ' Accounts presented to the House of Commons respecting corn, four, provisions, &c.' Ordered to be printed 18th Nov. 1800."
† " A change in the kind of bread in general use,-an increafe in the popula tion of the kingdom,-in the number of horses-aor any other like cause, muft evidently be gradual,--and (if they had commenced even at the same time) inadequate to produce such a sudden and great change as here represented, viz. from an exportation to the amount of 651,000l. per annum, to an importation announting to 600,000l.”
produced this effe&; and as this is in from that which has already been endirect opposition to the conclusion closed ?--And here, perhaps, fome dif. drawn in the Report, it may be pru ference may be found.--For large tracts dent at least to pause-and contider,- of land may be of a quality inferior, on Whether a general act of encloture the average, to the lands hitherto enwould realize the present expectations closed, and leis favourable to grass. of the fanguine, and produce the effect They may in general be fituated at here ftated *, viz. that even in years greater distances from cities and popu. • of scarcity there would be a sufficient lous towns, where the produce arising . quantity of grain for the consumption from grass, as hay, butter, &c. is par
of the country, and in favourable ticularly war.ted, and which cannot be • seasons there would be a considerable brought with advantage from distant • furplus---which, exported to other places. The foil, also, of a consider. ' nations, would add to our commerce able part, may be light, and less ca! and our wealth ;'-And if, upon full pable of producing natural grass, and investigation, or upon the more certain therefore must be cultivated in a course evidence of the returns which govern- of husbandry, including artificial grasses, ment, with great wisdom, has required &c. But the crops of grain on such to be made, it should appear, that the lands would also be light, and probably produce of grain has not been increased not apswer the present expenses of till. by the numerous enclosures, but de- age. And it must also be remembered, creafed ;-it may then be prudent to that the crops of bread corn would reconfider,-Whether the land remaining turn only every fifth or fixth year, or to be enclosed is under different cir- perhaps at a diftance ftill greater.”cumstances as to situation, soil, &c. P. II.
“ A Table of the quantities of Wheat and Flour exported, or imported, beginning in
1697 (the first Year in which regular Accounts were kept in England) on an Average of ten Years (except in the three first Periods), extracted from a Table in the Accounts presented to the House of Commons respecting Corn, Flour, • Provisions, &c. Ordered to be printed 18th November 1800.
“ N. B. These periods commence one year earlier (and confequently end one year earlier) than the periods of the enclosures in the • Report from the Committee
of Waste Lands,' &c.; but it seemed more expedient that this difference should remain, than the whole arrangement of the table ihould be changed.
LXXX. Poems. Translated from the EXTRACT FROM FRIENDSHIP. French of Madame de la VIOTHE
“ WHO seeks a friend, should come Guloy. By the la:e William
dispos'd Cowper, Esq. Author of " The T'exhibit in full bloom disclos’d Task.” To which are added, fome The graces and the beauties original Poems of Mr. Cowper, That form the character he feeks, not inserted in his Works. 18mo. For 't is an union that bespeaks PP. 132. 35. Wakefield, New Reciprocated duties. port Pagnel; Williams, Stationers' “ Mutual attention is implied, Court, London.
And equal truth on either (de,
And constantly fupported; 'Tis fenfeless arrogance t'accuse
Another of finister views, RANSLATION of the devo
Our own as much diftorted. tional Poems of Madame de la Mothe Guion-Original Poem - An
« But will fincerity fuffice? Epistle to a Protefiait Lady in France It is indeed above all price,
Ard must be made the basis; -Friendliip--Separate Stanzas sub
But ev'ry virtue of the foul joined to Bilis of Mortality for the Must constitute the charming whole, Years 1787, 1788, 1789, 1790, 1792, All fhining in their places. 1793-Epitaph.
“ A fretful temper will divide
The closest knot that may be tied, EXTRACTS.
By careless iharp corrosion;
A temper pasionate and fierce HAPPY SOLITUDE-UNHAPPY MEN.
May suddenly your joys diiperse
At one immense explosion.
“ In vain the talkative unite
The secret just committed, I smile, though fad, when thou art in Forgetting its important weight, my sight:
They drop through mer delireto prate, The more my woes in secret I deplore, - Ard by themselves outwittid. I taste thy goodness, and I love, the
“llow bright foe'er the prospect seems All thoughts of friendthip are but
dreams “ There, while a folemn stillness reigns around,
If envy chance to creep in ; Faith, love, and hope, within my soul
An envious man, if you succeed, abound;
May prove a dang'rous foe indeed, And while the world suppose me loft
But not a friend worth keeping. in care,
“ As envy pines at good pofTefs’d, The joys of angels, unperceiv'd, I So jealousy looks forth diftrefs'd Share.
On good that seems approaching,
And if success his steps aitend, 6 Thy creatures wrong thee, O thou
Difcerns a rival in a friend, sov'reign Good!
And hates him for ereroaching. Thou art not lov’d, because not underftood;
6 Hence authors of illustrious name, This grieves me moft, that vain pur Unless belied by common fame, fuits beguile
Are fadly prone to quartel, Ungrateful men, regardless of thy smile. To deem the wit a friend displays
A tax upon their own just praise, “ Frail beauty, and false honour, are
And pluck each others laurel. ador'd; While Thee they scorn, and trifle with
“ A man renown'd for rapartee thy word;
Will feldom seruple to make free Pass, unconcern'd, a Saviour's sorrows With Friendship’s fineft feeling, by;
Will thrust a dagger at your breatt, And hunt their ruin, with a zeal to die.” And say he wounded you in iest,
By way of balm for healing.
“ Courtier and patriot cannot mix
Without an effervescence Afpertion is the babler's trade,
Like that of falt with lemon-juice, To listen is to lend him aid,
Which does not yet like that produce And rush into difcuffion.
A friendly coalescence. " A friendship that in frequent fits
“ Religion should extinguish ftrife, Oi controversia: rage emits
And make a calm of human life; The spirks of difputation,
But riends that chance to differ Like haw in hand insurance plates,
On points which God has left at large, Mottura voidably creates
How tiercely will they meet and charge, The thought of contlagration.
No combatants are stitfer! " Sume fickle creatures boast a soul
“ To prove at last my main intent,
Needs no expense of argument, Tik is a needle to the pole;
No cutting and contriving-
Secling a real friend, we feem
With still less hope of thriving,
" Sometimes the fault is all our own, * The great and small but rarely meet Some blemish in due time made known' On terms of amity complete;
By trespass or omillion; Plebeians must surrender,
Soinctimes occasion brings to light And yield so much to nobler folk,
Our friend's defect, long hid from fight, It is combining fire with fmoke,
And even from suspicion. Obfcurity with fplendour.
“ Then judge yourself, and prove your " Some are so placid and ferene As Irish bogs are always green), As circumfpectly as you can;
They deep secure from waking; And having inade election,
Such as a friend but ill endures, Unmov'd and without quaking. Enfeeble his affcction.” P. 106.
NEW PUBLICATIONS. The Case of the farmers; with a Deo
dication to the Board of AgriculAGRICULTURE--ARTS AND SCIENCES ture; and an Address to all prefent -ART MILITARY.
and future Writers on Agriculture. A COMPARATIVE Statement of the By a HERTFORDSHIRE FARMER.
Food produced from arable and 8vo. IS. Budcock. mafs Lands, and the Returns arising The third Part of Observations and truncach; with Obfervations on the Advices for the Improvement of the le Enclosures, and the probable Manufacture of Muscovado Sugar Effect of a general Aet for enclosing and Rum. To which is added, a Commons or Waites, Heaths, &c.: Description for a new Kiln for drytogether withother Matters. Addrefl ing Coifec, interspersed with occaed to Joha Fane, Esq. M.P. By the fional Observations on this Business. Rev. LUKEHESlop, Author of "Ob By Bryan HIGGINS, M. D. 8vo. fervationson the Allize of Bread,"&c.
4to. 25. (See p. 453.) Reynolds. Synoptic Tables of Chemistry, intended Anal:tical Hints, relative to the Pro to ferve as a Summary: of the Lec
Ceis of Ackernian, Suardy, and Co.'s tures delivered on that Science in Nianufactories for water-proof Cloths the public Schools at Paris. By A. and Wearing-apparel, at Belgrave P. Fourcroy, Member of the NaPlace, Chelsea, and at Meflrs. Dou tional Inftitute of France, and Pro. plats and Co.'s Manufactory, Cupei's feflor of Chemistry at the Museum Bridge, Lambeth.
IS. Hurll. of Natural History, &C. Translated VOL. V.-No. L.