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A penny on the ground had thrown; “ Here's a fly, a disconfolate creature But the poor Cripple was alone,
perhaps, And could not ftoop-no help' was
A child of the field or the grove, nigh.
And forrow for him! this dull trea“Inch-thick the dust lay on the ground,
cherous heat For it had long been droughty wea
Has seduc'd the poor fool from his ther:
winter retreat, So with his staff the Cripple wrought
And he creeps to the edge of my stove. Among the duft till it had brought “ Alas! how he fumbles about the The halfpennies together.
domains “ It chanc'd that Andrew pass’d that which this comfortless oven environ; way
He cannot find out in what track he Just at the time; and there he found
must crawl, The Cripple in the mid-day heat
Now back to the tiles, and now back Standing alone, and at his feet
to the wall, He saw the penny on the ground.
And now on the brink of the iron. “ He stopp'd, and took the penny up:
« Stock till there he stands like a traAnd when the Cripple nearer drew,
veller bemaz’d, Quoth Andrew, Under half-a-crown,
The best of his skill he has tried; • What a man finds is all his own,
His feelers methinks I can see him put "And so, my friend, good day to
To the east and the west, and the « And hence I said, that Andrew's But he finds neither guide-post nor
south and the north, boys Will all be train'd to waste and pil
“ See! his spindles sink under him, And with'd the press-gang, or the
foot, leg, and thigh; drum
His eyesight and hearing are lost; With its tantara sound would come;
Between life and death his blood freezes And sweep him from the village !”
and thaws, P. 89.
And his two pretty pinions of blue
Are glu'd to his fides by the frost. WRITTEN IN GERMANY, ON ONE OF
“ No brother, no friend has he near
him, while I' TURY.
Can draw warmth from the cheek of I must apprize the reader that the stoves As blest and as glad in this desolate
in North Germany generally have the gloom, inprefion of a galloping borse upon As if green summer grafs were the them, this being part of the Brunswick floor of my room,
And woodbines were hanging above. “ A FIG for your languages, German Yet, God is my witness, thou small and Norse,
helpless thing, Let me have the song of the kettle, Thy life I would gladly fuftain And the tongs and the poker, instead Till summer comes up froin the South, of that horse
and with crowds That gallops away with such fury and Of thy brethren a march thou should'st force
found through the clouds, On this dreary dull plate of black And back to the forests again.”
metal. « Our earth is no doubt made of excellent stuff,
THE OLD CUMBERLAND BEGGAR. But her pulses beat sower and lower
A Defcription. The weather in forty was cutting and rough,
[The class of beggars to which the old And then, as Heaven knows, the glass man here described belongs, will stood low enough,
probably soon be extinci. It conAnd now it is four degrees lower. lifted of poor, and, mostly, old and VOL. V.-No. XLIII.
THE COLDEST DAYS OF THE CEN
infirm perfons, who confined them Sidelong and half reverted. She who selves to a stated round in their tends neighbourhood, and had certain fixed The toll-gate, when in summer at her days, on which, at different houses, door they regularly received charity; fome. She turns her wheel, if on the road times in money, but mostly in pro Me fees visions. ]
'The aged Beggar coming, quits her “ I SAW an aged Beggar in my And lifts the latch for him, that he may
work, walk, And he was seated by the highway side The post-boy, when his rattling wheels
pafs. On a low structure of rude masonry Built at the foot of a huge hill, that. The aged Beggar in the woody lane,
o'ertake they Who lead their horses down the steep. Shouts to him from behind, and, if
perchance rough road May thence remount at ease. The The old man does not change his
course, the boy aged man Had plac'd his staff across the broad Turns with lets noisy wheels to the
road-side, fmooth stone That overlays the pile, and from a bag Upon his lips, or anger at his heart.
And pafles gently by, without a curse All white with flour, the dole of village He travels on, a folitary man;
dames, He drew his scraps and fragments, one
His age has no companion. On the
ground And scann’d them with a fix'd and His eyes are turn’d, and, as he moves
along, serious look Of idle computation. In the sun,
They move along the ground; and Upon the second step of that small pile, Inftead of common and habitual fight
evermore, Surrounded by those wild unpeopled Of fields with rural works, of hill and hills,
dale, He sate, and ate his food in folitude; And ever, scatter'd from his paired
And the blue sky, one little span of
earth hand, That ftill attempting to prevent the
Is all his profpeét. Thus, from day to waste,
day, Was batħed fill, the crumbs in little Bowbent, his eyes for ever on the showers
ground, Fell on the ground, and the small He plies his weary journey, seeing still, mountain birds,
And never knowing that he sees, some
straw, Not venturing yet to peck their deftin'd meal,
Some scatter'd leaf, or marks which, Approach'd within the length of half The nails of cart or chariot wheel have
in one track, his staff.
left “ Him from my childhood have I Impress’d on the white road, in the known, and then
fame line, He was so old, he seem's not older At distance still the same. Poor tra. noiv;
veller! He travels on, a solitary man,
His staff trails with him; scarcely do So helpless in appearance, that for him his feet The sauniering horfeman-traveller does Disturb the funmer duft; he is so still not throw
In look and motion, that the cottage With careless hand his alms upon the curs, ground,
Ere he have pass’d the door, will turn But itops, that he may safely lodge the away, coin
Weary of barking at him. Boys and Within the old man's hat; nor quits
girls, him fo,
The vacant and the busy, maids and But Atill when he has given his horse youths, the rein
And urchins newly breech'd, all país Towards the aged Beggar turns a look,
Him even the low-pac'd waggon leaves And happiness, which to the end of behind.
time " Bat deem not this man useless. Will live, and spread, and kindle ;
minds like thefe, Statesmen! ye
In childhood, from this folitary being, Who are so reflefs in your wisdom, ye This helpless wanderer, have perchance Who have a broom still ready in your
(A thing more precious far than all To rid the world of nuisances; ye
that books proud,
Or the folicitudes of love can do !) Heart-swoln, while in your pride ye That first mild touch of sympathy and contemplate
thought, Your talents, power, and wisdom, deem In which they found their kindred with
a world A burden of the earth. 'Tis Nature's Where want and forrow were. The law
easy man That none, the meanest of created Who fits at his own door, and, like the things,
pear Oi forms created the most vile and Which overhangs his head from the
brute, The du!kst or moft noxious, should Feeds in the sunshine; the robust and exift
young, Divore'd from good, a spirit and pulse The prosperous and unthinking, they
who live A life and soul to every mode of being Shelter'd, and Aourish in a little grove Inseparably link'd. While thus he Of their own kindred, all behold in
him From door to door, the villagers in
A filent monitor, which on their minds
Must needs impress a transitory thought Behold a record which together binds Paft deeds and offices of charity
Of self-congratulation, to the heart Elle unremember'd, and so keeps alive His charters and exemptions; and per
Of each recalling his peculiar boons, The kindly mood in hearts which lapfe
chance, And that half wisdom half experience Though he to no one give the forti
And circumspection needful to preMake How to feel, and by sure steps
serve refign To felhi thness and cold oblivious cares.
His present blessings, and to husband up
The respite of the season, he, at least, Among the farms and solitary huts, Hamlets, and thinly-scatter'd villages,
And 't is no vulgar service, makes them
felt.” P. 151. Where'er the aged Beggar takes his
rounds, The mild necessity of use compels To acts of love; and habit does the RURAL ARCHITECTURE.
work Of reason, yet prepares that after-joy « THERE's George Fisher, Charles Which reason cherishes. And thus the Fleming, and Reginald Shore, soul,
Three rosy-cheek'd schoolboys, the By that sweet taste of pleasure un highest not more pursu'd
Than the height of a counsellor's Doth find itself insensibly dispos'd
bag; To virtue and true goodnefs. Some To the top of Great How* did it there are,
please them to climb, By their good works exalted, lofty And there they built up without morminds
tar or lime And meditative, authors of delight A man on the peak of the crag.
* Great How is a single and conspicuous hill, which rises towards the foot of Thirl-mere, on the western side of the beautiful dale of Legberthwaite, along the high road between Keswick and Ambleside.”
« The H 2
“ They built him of stones gather'd up ment of pecuniary Aid-By Impartaas they lay,
tion---By suitable Agencies eftablished They built him and christen'd him all throughout the Kingdom-By a proin one day,
per Plan of economical Consumption An urchin both vigorous and hale ; And so without feruple they call’d him Fcod during the ensuing Spring and
-By Growth of Crops for supplying Ralph Jones.
Summer Now Ralph is renown'd for the length
-By Measures, which, of his bones;
though compulsory, will be highly The Magog of Legberthwaite dale. advantageous, and even necessary in “Just half a week after the wind fallied certain Cases of Emergency:-V. The forth,
Increase of Population, and addiAnd, in anger or merriment, out of tional Numbers to be maintained by the North
the Produce of the Kingdom, a Cause Conting on with a terrible pother, of Scarcity, and how this may be From the peak of the crag blew the inost effectually obviated.--VI. Exgiant away:
ceifive Burdens, imposed particularly And what did these fel. volboys!--The upon agricultural Industry, a Cause very next day
of Scarcity, and how this may be They went and they built up ano
most effectually obviated.-VII. The ther. “ Some little I've seen of blind boiste- in regard to the Necessaries of life,
too great Prevalence of Speculation, rous works In Paris and London, 'mong Christians
a Cause of Scarcity, and how it may or Turks,
be most effectually obviared.--VIII. Spirits busy to do and undo: The defetive or inadequate State of At remembrance whereof, my blood the Agriculture of the Kingdom, a sometimes will fiag.
Cause of Scarcity, and how it may Then, light-hearted boys, to the top be most effectually obviated--By the of the crag!
Advancement of Agriculture, as a And I'll build up a giant with you." practical Science, and removing ObP. 163.
stacles in the Way of its Progress--
By exciting greater agricultural Spirit X. Radical Means of counteralling the closing Lands held in common-By
throughout the Kingdom---By enpresent Scarcity, and preventing Famine in future; including the Pro- limiting the Number of Stock kept posal of a Maximum, founded on upon Wastes--By improving the a new Principle. 1o which is ordinary Agriculture of the Kingdom prefixed, an Address to the Legisla. Lands of inferior Quality throughout
---By meliorating the old enclosed ture, on a Plan for meliorating the the Kingdom-By Farms of proper Condition of Society at large. By Sizes. -ix. The exorbitant Prices of George EDWARDS, Esq. 8vo. Con modities in general, a' Cause of pp. 153., 35. 6d. Forjin.
Scarcity, and how this may be most effectually obviated ----By removing
Taxes from the Necessaries and ellenI. THE Author's Motive.-II. Tlie tial Comforts of Life By leffening,
Engagements of Society, in re. at the public Expense, the high Price spect of applying the Conimunity of Corn to the lower Orders-By withi Provision and the Neceliaries of meliorating the Condition of the Life.--III. Heads of the different lower Orders.--X. The practical Causes of the present Scarcity.--IV. Application of Agriculture for the Real Scarcity of the Necciaries of Benefit of the wealthy, a Cause of Lifes
, arising from Causes which hu- Scarcity, and how this may be most man Precaution cannot prevent; and effectually obviated-By growing a how it may be most effectually pal- ' fufficient Quantity of Wheat and Rye liated or removed ---By the Advance. By preventing the Interference of
Grazing with the Corn System---By life. Certainly it ought to be spared substituting, so far as is proper, Oxen in future. May it not be asserted, that, for Horses.-XI. The Combination according to the old ftanding policy of of both real and artificial Scarcity, lands one fifth is fet apart for the land
this country, of the annual value of with Excess of Competition among the Buyers, a Cause of Scarcity, and how repairs wanted upon the farm, one for
tax, another for parochial cesses and this inay be moft effe qually obviated. tithes, one for the landlord, and ano, -XII. The Proposal of a Maximum ther for the tenant; and that the preupon a new Principle; and all Ob- fent expensive war must leave the landjections made to a Maximum ftu. lord and the tenant only one of these dioufy collected, and fully answered. parts, or less than one, between them, XIII. Remarks upon the Measures unless agricultural produce is raised to of Relief adopted by the Legislature.
an enormously high price? Why do the poor-rates and various other parish
celles rest upon landed property? On EXTRACTS.
what principle of finance can it be just,
for a tax to be imposed upon land exEXCESSIVE BURDENS ON AGRICUL- clufively? Why, though it can supa TURAL INDUSTRY, A
port very great burdens, is the mainSCARCITY.
tenance of the established church to be “ EXCESSIVE burdens imposed imposed upon its fhoulders? The latupon the agricultural industry of the ter query may certainly be resolved kingdom, are certainly a very material with propriety by an absurd answer: it cause in preventing the adequate sup- is imposed on land purposely to adply of physical fustenance and proper vance the prices of the necessaries of necessaries for the support of the com- life, and produce absolute scarcity and munity.
famine. The tithes prevent effectu“ Such burdens must be repaid from ally the melioration of an immense the produce of land; and the farmer, quantity of old enclosed ground in the unwilling to discharge thein from his kingdom, capable of the highest imown profits, will consequently lay them provements, under the most favourable upon the public, and advance the price. circumstances; and the spirited cultiof the different articles in which he vation of numerous tracts of land, lying deals. The general advance of the in a neglected and unenclosed ftate. prices of commodities; the great in. They are incompatible with the eincrease of the old cefles, and the dew ployment of large capitals in these taxes, laid within these few years im- views; for money will never be laid mediately upon the fariner; the great out, where others beside the proprierise of rents, for which the gentlemen, tors must be admiited, to partake oppressed by the additional weight of largely of the returns and advantages taxes, cannot properly be blamed; and expected from it. They are an effecthe tithes, which are continually ad. tual stoppage to all future hopes of vancing, are powerful incitements to plenty and abundance in the kingdom; raise the price of provision. Farmers for they prevent that further advancewill not gain less, but more money, ment and perfection of agriculture, than they have done ; for, goaded for- upon which these happy prospects acwards by such incentives, they are no tually depend. They have always been longer able to keep within moderate instrumental in preventing farmers and bounds. Hence the numerous necef- their landlords from freely bestowing saries of life, which agriculture tup- their industry, ingenuity, and money, plies, come at last to be so much in- upon the improvement of their land; creased in price, that the abilities of and must continue to be so, unless the lower classes are no longer able to commuted, or by fome means removed purchase them.
from agriculture, a they readily may “ The reason should be seriously in the most unexceptionable manner. investigated, why landed property is Hence the public will lose that ample burdened fo grievously as it is at pre- produce, and thuse increased stores of sent; when through its channel, the fertility, which it las a right to expect community is supplied with infinitely from such improvements. the greater part of the necessaries of Tithes must always impede the